25 April 2010
Defending the Frontiers
One of the most controversial political issues today is the topic of Illegal immigration. Illegal immigration is a problem that affects all Americans. Illegal immigration describes the long term shift of populations across national borders without complying with the legal requirements. Illegal immigration is probably one of the oldest controversial topics, for the last thousand years beginning with the foundations of ancient Rome and Europe in the middle ages immigration and border security has been one of the biggest problems a country can overcome. Motte-and-bailey keeps and castles were first formed to protect a small courtyard and keep from being attacked from outsiders. They would surround their lands with a large wooden fence and only allow a single point of entry onto their grounds. Sitting on top of the motte near the rear of the lands stood another wooden fence surrounding the wooden or stone structure known as the keep. These wooden structures did not last for long as they could burn down easily; but with the utilization of stone innovations taken from middle eastern Muslims, Europe soon began much bigger stone castles with layers of stone walls and eventually brought back rural living by employing these techniques to surround entire cities.
Illegal immigration into the United States is currently massive in scale. More than 10 million undocumented aliens currently reside in the U.S., and that population grows by 700,000 per year. The outrageous number of immigrants stands to show the great attractiveness of America, though on the negative side it stands to show how dangerously open our borders really are. When three out of every 100 people in America are undocumented (or possess forged and faked papers), there is clearly a profound security problem. Even though they pose no real security threat, the presence of millions of undocumented migrants distort the law and effectively...
...What is justice? Is it when a person’s demise makes society feel better? Or is it when a suspect gets acquitted of all charges brought against him? Wherever there is justice there is obscurity. No matter how it is looked at, there is no real justice in the judicial system. In Albert Camus “The Stranger” the narrator, Meursault, is being trialed for the murder of a man he encounters at the beach. At his trial, the prosecutor makes much of Meursault’s demeanor and the prosecutor focuses on irrelevant information like Meursault’s failure to properly show grief at his own mother’s recent funeral. The prosecutor based the trial on events which had taken place prior to the murder. Even though, his points did not have the connection with the murder which the prosecution maintained. Therefore, the prosecutor created an unfair trial, by not giving Meursalt adequate time to speak in his own defense, bringing up irrelevant situations such as his relationship with his mother and his beliefs. Meursault was not given the chance to defend himself because of questions from the prosecutor and lack of knowledge of his lawyer. The case was rather built upon his lack of feelings towards his mother’s death and his choice not to believe in God.
Typically, throughout a trial, the defendant is given time on the witness stand to plea innocence, and explain why he committed the crime. Meursault, however, stood before the judge and was asked yes or no questions. This left him with little...
...Critical Analysis on Defending Slavery, Finkelman Paul
Defending slavery demonstrate the opinions and knowledge that the Southerners held concerning blacks and slavery. Paul Finkelman talks about slave legitimacy in colonial America. He argues that the first defense of slavery became visible after the end of American Revolution; it attempted to justify continuous forced labor with the Declaration of Independence. This essay aims at critically analyzing ideologies and racial theories that Southerners promoted to defend slavery, which included racial, political, legal, economic, and religious ideologies. Most specifically, this essay will discuss the legitimacy of slavery, in the earlier days, and justify this idea by using the religion and racial defenses of slavery.
In the earlier days, masters in other areas rather than the South saw no reason to defend their acts of slavery. In a lot of cultures, the ruling classes treated other individuals in the society as inferiors, and or oppressed and enslaved them and this did not result in any dilemmas in their morality. For example, Romans felt no need to defend slavery as they did not think of slavery as a strange practice. For the Romans, nakedness of exploitation and expression facilitated ideological openness, and false consciousness became unnecessary.
In the traditional world, the Islamic world, a lot of the Pre-Columbian America, Europe and much of Africa, agreed that...
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the issue of African slavery in America in the antebellum by late eighteenth century and before the antebellum crisis as discussed in Paul Finkelman’s book: Defending Slavery.
This paper will summarize the first part of book taking as a main topic racial aspects of the slavery. After the introductory summary, this paper will focus in two specific sections found in the second part of the book: “Religion and Slavery” and “Racial Theory and Slavery”.
Lastly, this paper will analyze these two themes used as a justification of African Slavery in early history of America
In his book “Defending Slavery”, Finkelman presents a collection of historical documents written by politicians, lawyers, clergymen and an anonymous author supporting proslavery. In the first part of the book, Finkelman, gives a briefly introduction to the arguments supporting pro slavery in America during the Antebellum. The thoughts defending slavery have in common that slavery in America was justified based on racial aspects.
The sociological term “mudsill theory” was first used by James Henry Hammond, a South Carolina Senator. This term was placed as a strong racial argument in favor of slavery.
The basic premise of this theory was that all great societies must have someone to do the menial labor, in order to create a distinction between social classes....
...US History I Honors
Jan. 14, 2012
Frontier Thesis Analysis
Throughout the early 20th Century, Fredrick Jackson Turner changed many people’s views on evolution by creating his idea of the Frontier Thesis. Throughout his entire thesis he explained that the more west the settlers move, the more distant and individualized they become from their homeland of Europe. After receiving his PhD from Johns Hopkins University and later becoming a professor of history at Wisconsin and Harvard University, he became one of the most intelligent men when it came to history. His encyclopedic knowledge of American history earned him the reputation by 1910 as one of the two or three most influential historians in the country at that time. After completing the US History I class, I can confidently say that I agree with Jackson’s thesis. History has proven that as the years progress so does the evolution of the American people. Not only did people evolve more as they moved west, individuals also established their own religion, government, and education system.
Religion was a topic that was extremely strict in Europe; it was their way or no way. As more immigrants came to America looking for a fresh start, they realized they had more freedom to do as they pleased, for example, the Mormons. The Mormons were not accepted by many, therefore forcing them to move around the country and expand westward into the unknown territory....
An Examination of the “Frontier Thesis” and the Revisionists Arguments
Fredrick Jackson Turner delivered his “Frontier Thesis” or also known as the “Turner Thesis” in 1893 at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. It was in this essay, Turner delivered a thesis that would shape the interpretation of American history.
“The frontier is the line of most rapid and effective Americanization," Turner declared. “American social development has been continually beginning over again on the frontier. This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character.”(Turner)
“Stand at Cumberland Gap and watch the procession of civilization, marching single file – the buffalo following the trail to the salt springs, the Indian, the fur-trader and hunter, the cattle-raiser, the pioneer farmer – and the frontier has passed by.”(Turner)
Turner thought there was such a thing as an American character, and that that character was distinctive, concrete, militarily-accomplished, and formed by economic opportunity and social progress. He believed that westernized American character helped secure our democracy.
“In the crucible of the frontier the immigrants were Americanized, liberated, and fused into a mixed race, English in...
...Defending The Meat and Poultry Industry
In the article “They Die Piece by Piece” Joby Warrick of the Washington Post tells a dramatic story of how animals are slaughtered and strongly advocates for further regulations on the meat and poultry industry in order to better protect animal rights. Thesis: While it may seem like the moral high road to support animal rights regulations, upon evaluating the effects of the proposed solution on our economy it will prove that the status quo remains the most viable option. In order to further understand this situation it is important to evaluate the impact the meat and poultry industry has on the United States economy, the effects of imposing further regulations upon it and the counter arguments to the issues presented by the animal rights movement.
Body 1: impact the meat and poultry industry has on our economy
Since the end of the second world war the United States has been the world's predominate super power with the efficiency of meat and poultry industries begin a driving factor in maintaining this status. As the world's super power the citizens of the United States have enjoyed an unprecedented amount of opportunities which are often over looked and taken for granted. The United States has an annual gross domestic product of over $15 trillion, the largest in the world and approximately 25% of the global economy (International Monetary Fund). As result of this the possibilities for entrepreneurs and...
...In Hurtado’s Intimate Frontiers, the author argues that, by the late 1800s, an Anglo-American presence in California had dominated the region, and Anglos in that territory had risen to the top of the social hierarchy. There were many draws to California for the migrating Anglos, and numerous reasons for braving the often dangerous journey, just as the means of establishing an “Anglo hegemony” were numerous as well. Hurtado analyzes the period through the lens of gender-relations and sex, and through this lens the reader is able to better understand the unifying conditions of settlers and citizens in 19th century California.
Hopes of prosperity were the most common and convincing appeal of travel to California from the early Spanish settlers in the 18th century, to the American and Chinese gold miners in the 1850s. Spanish missionaries formed the earliest settlements in the California territory, establishing missions in hopes of spreading God and a Catholic way of life to the native peoples. Spaniards brought with them the strict sexual standards of the church, opposed to the “unnatural sexual behavior” Hurtado 4) they found among these people. The Spaniards also brought with them a more complex sexual ideology not taught by the friars or priests of the church - one focused on honor and the assertion of male dominance through the seduction of women (whose family honor would be stripped in the process). It’s no wonder that the Indian responses to the...
...The Western Frontier
The western frontier is full of many experiences that changed the frontier. Each significant event has an important role on the shaping of society and way it influenced a new nation. Each author brought a new perspective and thought process to the western experience which either contradicted Turner or supported his theories. The frontier ideas that interested me include topics such as tradingfrontier, farming frontier, nationality and government, and the neglecting of women.
Frontiers shaped the west and how settlers approached it. Each different frontier had a different affect on people and the ways they lived life. The trading frontier created and established a good and bad relationship with the natives. The Norsemen, Vespuccius, Verraconi, Hudson, and John Smith all trafficked furs and other goods to Native Americans. They trafficked goods all the way from Maine to Georgia, which then led to the opening of river courses to trade farther in the continent. After getting involved in the trading, native power was getting undermined by making them dependent on the whites "Turner p.25". Traders soon turned the roads into turnpikes and turnpikes into railroads. The river systems that traders trafficked goods turned into cities such as Albany, Pittsburg, Detroit, Chicago, St. Louis, and Kansas City. These areas were then all...