Declaration of Rights (Article I) of the Florida Constitution 1. Do the rights identified in each document differ at all? No, they seem to be on the same path in all documents although in section describing Basic Rights they say “No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability” but then two sections later in the religious freedom section they say “There shall be no law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting or penalizing the free exercise thereof. Religious freedom shall not justify practices inconsistent with public morals, peace or safety” so it seems as if they contradicted themselves in that particular section but other than that I’d have to say the remaining sections were quite fair and didn’t really differ. 2. Pay particular attention to the sections concerning religious liberties and rights, the right of gun ownership, cruel and unusual punishments and the death penalty in particular. Can you detect any difference in the language used to describe these rights in each document? No, there doesn’t seem to be a change or difference in the language. These sections all provide similar information. 3. How might any differences in the language affect the meaning of these rights? It can affect the meaning of these rights tremendously because if you have a change in language or person than the rights will seem very contradicting. 4. I also have a link to the European Union Declaration of Rights. This represents a contemporary and European vision of what rights should be in a political democracy. Is the list of rights in the EU Declaration more extensive than what we find in either the U.S. or Florida Constitutions? 5. Do the content of the rights defined in these documents differ? If so, how? What might explain these differences? Yes the rights tend to differ throughout the sections of article 1, for example in article 1 section 3 of religious freedom it says “There shall be...
...Two early American documents, the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence have, over the past 200 years, influenced a great number of democratic ideas and institutions. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights share many obvious similarities to both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
TheDeclaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen was written by the Marquis de Lafayette, approved by the National Assembly of France in 1789, and gave meaning to the revolutionary cry "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity." The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was written on December 10, 1948 by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Its purpose was to make known the "standards" for living set by the members of the United Nations.
Although there are many similarities between the two American documents and the two later documents, only four are the most impacting and relevant. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 17.1, "Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others." This is taken from the Declaration of Independence, "...that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." At the time...
...Declaration of the Rights of Man - 1789
Approved by the National Assembly of France, August 26, 1789
The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen:
1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.
2. The aim of all political association is the...
Bill of Rights of the Constitution
Bill of Rights of the Constitution
The Constitution, which establishes the powers and structures of the three branches of government, is very significant. More though is the Ten Amendments known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments focus on our basic rights as citizens and are the standing ground for the Constitution. In this paper, I will share the views of four individuals from Team B. Our rankings will vary depending on each person’s perspective. First, we will explain what we believe is most important and why. Next, we will describe what we feel is least important and least threating. Lastly, we will be exploring anything that we feel has been left out or should be added to the amendments.
Unanimously it is agreed in Team B that the most important and significant is the First Amendment. The First Amendment includes the rights of free speech, a free press, and peaceful assembly (Madison, 2007). The First Amendment allows all of these freedoms to everyone and limits government and guarantees freedom. In our opinion, without these fundamental rights America would not be the land of the free. Ashley McDonald (personal communication, July 31, 2015) people would be limited to speak up for themselves and their beliefs.
For those worrying about having a war on...
...The Creation of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Though human rights as a whole (or for most of history, the idea of human rights) have been present since the beginnings of civilization, its prevalence as a “normal” and “obvious” component of international relations did not emerge until much recently, with the ratification of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created by the United Nations in order for all people in all nations to recognize each individual’s humanity, and the equal rights that are given to them on the basis of that humanity. As the UDHR’s preamble articulates, the Document aims for the “recognition of inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family”, grounded by the “foundation of freedom, justice, and peace”. 1 In other words, no human is excluded from possession of human rights; regardless of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, or class, so long as one is a member of the human race, they are inherently entitled to the rights listed in the UDHR.
Today, the UDHR, legitimized by the United Nations in 1948, is widely regarded as one of the most important documents of the twentieth century. The UDHR was drafted following the footsteps of previous international human...
"Perhaps the greatest service rendered by the Articles of Confederation was the impetus its shortcomings gave to those who favored a strong central government."
After the Declaration of Independence, there was a sense among Congressman that they wanted a written document creating a government justifying the existence of the United States. The delegates of the Second Continental Congress were attempting to codify arrangements that had never before put into legal terminology. As a result, in late 1777, the Articles of Confederation, creating a loose "league of friendship" between the thirteen sovereign or independent colonies, were passed by the Congress and presented to the states for ratification. The Articles created a type of government where the national government derives its powers directly from the states. The Articles was finally ratified by all the thirteen states in March 1781. Although it had its flaws, the government under the Articles of confederation saw the nation through the Revolutionary War. However, once the British surrendered in 1781, and the new nation found itself no longer united by the war effort, the government quickly fell into chaos.
The Articles of Confederation was written during the War for Independence and at a time when a strong national government was regarded with suspicion. The Articles created a confederacy where...
...Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNHDR), I can see how many countries and private institutions use the UNDHR as its basis. I can also see how the UNDHR has taken many of its articles from other Countries’ declarations or constitutions (specifically the United States).
The UNDHR was adopted on 1948 and arose directly from the World War II. It represents the first global expression of “rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled”. During his State of Union speech in 1941, President Roosevelt addresses the Four Freedoms (which the allies adopted), freedom of speech, and freedom of religion, freedom from fear and freedom from want as their basic war aims.
In the community section of Saint Leo’s Core Values, it states; “Saint Leo University develops hospitable Christian learning communities everywhere we serve. We foster a spirit of belonging, unity, and interdependence based on mutual trust and respect to create socially responsible environments that challenge all of us to listen, to learn, to change, and to serve.”
In the UNDHR, there are thirty (30) articles that lay out the basic rights that every person is entitled to. Although, this is not a legal document and has no standing in court, this is more of a covenant that the member (most) agreed upon. In the United States, some of these articles...
...The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence
University of Phoenix
American History 110
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was a Document to the King of England declaring their intentions to sever all political ties with England. It was addressed to the supreme Judge of the World Court; basically it was a petition to the world to be recognized as a legitimate government. The Colonist had final had enough of the English King and his oppression, they got together and formed a Continental Congress to come up with a plan. They drafted the Declaration of Independence as the last desperate act of an oppressed people, addressed to the world the colonist requested that the world recognize their sovereign right to govern themselves.
The U.S. Constitution was the document put forth by the Continental Congress to set into motion the laws of the newly formed country. The basis of all our current laws the Constitution is ideas and ideals of the new country. It set forth the provisions to have a government and how the government should be formed and the restrictions imposed upon it. The newly elected Continental Congress met in Philadelphia and drafted the United States Constitution. Once they...
...Apolonio E. Muñoz III
The Declaration of Independence, and The Constitution
LA City College
M-Th 7:15 PM
1) Identify three goals of the Declaration of Independence. Hint: the answer is not just life and the pursuit of happiness.
The Declaration of Independence Primarily was drafted by the founding fathers as a formal declaration to the Colonies as well as the British Monarchy that they were absolving, and becoming Free & Independent States. The Declaration of Independence also outlines the many injustices that the King of Great Britain had been doing such ad cutting off trade to other parts of the world, obstructing the administration of justice, forcing the colonies to quarter the King’s Armies, and imposing taxes on the Colonies without consent. The Declaration of Independence then goes on to state that the Colonies have the full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract Alliances, establish commerce, ad do all that an independent state would do.
2) Read the definition of democracy below and apply it to the Constitution. Then, try to find any undemocratic element in the Constitution.
Honestly I don’t see any elements to the Constitution in how it can be undemocratic, since each section is designed to uphold the principles of democracy. For example it sets up the government to be lead by the...