I will explain why death is not an experience that should be feared. Fear of death affects lives in a negative manner. For example, the act of carrying a firearm for self defensive purposes actually increases the likelihood of being shot. I assume death is a state of non existence, with no consciousness. The soul is material and dies with a person.
Epicurus as an empiricist, he made use of his senses to form judgements about the world around him. "Get used to believing that death is nothing to us. For all good and bad consists in sense experience, and death is the privation of sense experience.” Epicurus contends that the nature of death is that of annihilation. The living cannot experience annihilation, since experiencing annihilation is death. Death is not harmful for the living. An experience can not be bad for a person if they don't exist. A person who experiences frequent pain from a permanent injury, will not feel pain or any discomfort. The dead do not exist. Consequently, death is not harmful for living people nor the the dead.
Epicurus believed that the soul provided locomotion to the body as well as created facial expressions and the like. Here is a simplified materialistic argument that lends credence towards this claim. The soul and body can causally interact if souls are material. Soul and body do causally interact. Therefore, souls are material.Epicurus thought an argument claiming the soul was immaterial, or as he said: “incorporeal,” made little sense because something that was of the void could neither act or be acted upon and the soul both acts and is acted upon (Letter to Herodotus, 67).
Soul is an argument for not fearing death. As people die they are without locomotion, their bodies decay and their bodies are devoid of warmth. The material soul must dissolve and disperse with death and leave the body frigid and cold. The body cannot hold itself together. Epicurus was an atomist, he would argue that all the elements, atoms, that make up the body are returned back into the world – including the atoms that comprised the soul. Fear of an afterlife of punishment and suffering are dissipated with the atoms of the soul. It is unreasonable for a person to dwell on death because it will have no effect on them once it is upon them.
A person in pain from an injury will not feel pain . If an individual is not in existence, there is nothing with qualities of value or harm that affects him. Following this, Epicurus asserts, a person that is dead cannot exist and is therefore not a person. It's irrational for this fear to cause a person pain now. This argument supports the idea that death is harmless. The anxiety that's attributed to death, is mistaken with dying. For example a person might fear death because they look to the excruciating pain of dying in a house fire, rather than what is the unaffected state of annihilation, wherein there is no harm.
A critic might respond to these arguments in several ways. For example, he could say that Epicurus' cavalier attitude towards death assumes an indifference to life. However this response fails, as it is an incorrect assumption. Living must be a state that is considered valuable.
The following considerations support the argument for precautions against death. Precautions against death are taken as being alive is a good. Secondly the precautions that are taken reduces the chance of a painful death, or worse, disfigurement and a life of suffering debilitating injuries. Another critic could claim that Epicurus' claims presuppose indifference to murder. This fails, one person shouldn't be able to end the good of another. Furthermore, the murder might inflict pain and suffering to the deceased's families who must live with their loss. Thus, Epicurus' death argument is sound.
A critic such as Thomas Nagel might respond to these claims laid out by arguing that, non-existence after death is different. This passage...
The Manager’s Job:
Folklore and Fact
The classical view says that the manager organizes,
coordinates, plans, and controls; the facts suggest otherwise.
question: What do managers do? Without a proper answer, how
can we teach management? How can we design planning or information systems for managers? How can we improve the practice of management at all?
Henry Mintzberg is the Bronfman Professor of Management at McGill University. His latest book is Mintzberg on Management: Inside Our Strange
World of Organizations (Free Press, 1989). This article appeared originally
in HBR July–August 1975. It won the McKinsey Award for excellence.
Our ignorance of the nature of managerial work shows up in
various ways in the modern organization—in boasts by successful
managers who never spent a single day in a management training
program; in the turnover of corporate planners who never quite
understood what it was the manager wanted; in the computer
consoles gathering dust in the back room because the managers
never used the fancy on-line MIS some analyst thought they
needed. Perhaps most important, our ignorance shows up in the
inability of our large public organizations to come to grips with
some of their most serious policy problems.
f you ask managers what they do, they will most likely tell
you that they plan, organize, coordinate, and control. Then watch
what they do. Don’t be surprised if you can’t relate what you see
...fierce internal debate in which he was torn between holding on to his concentration
and an intense desire to look straight down into the vastness below. Hesitating, his eyes flickered as
he looked at the rope attached to the ledge beneath his feet. He struggled to keep his balance – and
failed. Potter was tethered to the rope by a leash attached to a harness that was wrapped around his
waist and legs. He felt the sharp jolt as he tumbled two metres and bounced up like a yo-yo.
He experienced the full force of his fears; he was terrified by the vast expanse of space between the
slack-line and the ground below. The danger loomed ominously. He knew that even if he should do this
lower crossing un-tethered and slip, he would plummet to his death.
Despite this fall, Potter’s determination to master this skill was relentless. He would, without fail, master
slack-lining without a safety rope, and make the higher crossing, a feat that only a few brave souls had
ever accomplished. He knew this extreme walk to Lost Arrow Spire would be the most terrifying and
exhilarating experience of his life. As he was not a man to be beaten by his own fear, he spent months
practising over and over in preparation on low slack-lines between trees in the valley, trying to get used
to their demonic unpredictability and curved bounces. Yet he still felt like a novice.
Several months later, as autumn casts its first chill across Yosemite Valley, Potter steels himself for...
...The Gettysburg Address
November 19, 1863
On June 1, 1865, Senator Charles Sumner referred to the most famous speech ever given by President Abraham Lincoln. In his eulogy on the slain president, he called the Gettysburg Address a "monumental act." He said Lincoln was mistaken that "the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here." Rather, the Bostonian remarked, "The world noted at once what he said, and will never cease to remember it. The battle itself was less important than the speech."
There are five known copies of the speech in Lincoln's handwriting, each with a slightly different text, and named for the people who first received them: Nicolay, Hay, Everett, Bancroft and Bliss. Two copies apparently were written before delivering the speech, one of which probably was the reading copy. The remaining ones were produced months later for soldier benefit events. Despite widely-circulated stories to the contrary, the president did not dash off a copy aboard a train to Gettysburg. Lincoln carefully prepared his major speeches in advance; his steady, even script in every manuscript is consistent with a firm writing surface, not the notoriously bumpy Civil War-era trains. Additional versions of the speech appeared in newspapers of the era, feeding modern-day confusion about the authoritative text.
Ever since Lincoln wrote it in 1864, this version has been the most often reproduced, notably on the walls of the...
...Primarily speaking, the necessity of death penalty has been the prolonged clamour of victims' immediate family and relatives of these predators who demoralize and disrespect the life of their preys. A plea for justice has always been the battle cry of these innocent victims who impatiently wait the verdict of this bureaucratic delayed justice system. Moreover, some of these convicts are generally given life imprisonment which in the long run can be granted with parole; years after repayment, vengeance is once sought after by these criminals. Though this humane world has been able to give a glimmer of hope for these prodigal sons to repent for the acts committed, the financial backwash should also be taken into consideration. The need to construct more prisons and jails is growing in leaps and bounds and the hungry stomachs of these people have long been siphoning our economic budget. On the long run, the taxes we pay are feeding these lackadaisical convicts more than the benefits we accumulate
For what we pay.
The first established death penalty laws date back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon, which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes. The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B.C.'s Hittite Code; in the Seventh Century B.C.'s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all crimes; and in the Fifth Century...
...THE DEATH PENALTY ERASES NOTHINGDeath; the one thing everyone is aware of, but has yet to experience. Penalty; a consequence one would receive if they’ve done wrong. The two words combined make up a horrific consequence to unacceptable actions; the death penalty. This occurrence refers far back in history. The death penalty first began in the 18th Century B.C. in the Code of the King of Hammurabi in Babylon. During this time, the death sentence was a penalty for 25 different crimes. The death penalty carried on over the centuries and became more gruesome; by the 1700s, about 222 crimes in Britain were punishable by death. These deaths would include boiling, beheading, burying at stake, crucifixion, burning alive, drowning, beat to death, and hanging. People were killed for reasons such as treason, marrying Jews, and several others. The British heavily influenced America’s use of the death penalty. With so many European settlers, they brought the practice of capital punishment along with them. In the new colonies, breaking any moral and martial laws would result in the death penalty; things such as trading with Indians, stealing grapes, and killing chickens. However, from 1823-1837 100 crimes were eliminated from being punishable by the death penalty. Today people still receive this sick and...
...1985-2010: Bobbie Jones was a chemical engineer at Natural Shalegas and then a successor at Penn HydraGas. Pg 66
2002-2009: Simpleton was employed as Vice President for Penn HydraGas
2005: Tomley bought Natural ShaleGas and renamed it Penn HydraGas
2009: It is revealed that Mitchel Tomley was encouarging his company to make its operations more productive by using diesel in the drilling operation. pg. 63
2009: Simpleton left Penn HydraGas.
June 2010: Bobbie Jones fired from Penn HydraGas. Pg 66
December 2010: Bobbie Jones was fired from Natural Shalegas pg. 48
September 2011: Tomley sent an email to Larry. pg. 70
January 2012: Bobbie Jones was hired as a water quality engineer. pg. 49
April 2012: McDonald had a diesel fuel leak on farm. pg. 50
May 2012: McDonald was expecting a new shipment of fuel. pg. 50
June 2012: McDonald noticed that some of his hogs and cows were lethargic and not feeding as usual.pg 57
A crack was found in cement casing of Penn HydraGas well bore. Pg 62
July 2012: Jones noticed increasingly higher levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. pg. 49
September 2012: 3 of McDonalds hogs one of his cows died. Pg 57
September 2012: Jones found out that PennHydra had began fracking a few months ago pg. 49
October 2012: Farmer Bob told McDonald to have his water checked. McDonald called Ryan Toolittle to test his water. pg. 57
November 2012: Toolittle confirmed that McDonalds water was contaminated. pg. 57
...spermatogenesis happens in embryonic development. B) oogenesis produces four haploid cells, whereas spermatogenesis produces only one functional spermatozoon. C) cytokinesis is unequal in oogenesis, whereas it is equal in spermatogenesis. D) oogenesis ends at menopause, whereas spermatogenesis is finished before birth. E) spermatogenesis is not completed until after fertilization occurs, but oogenesis is completed by the time a girl is born. 2. Mature human sperm and ova are similar in that A) they both have the same number of chromosomes.
BIO 102-BioJeopardy II Exam is February 27th
B) they are approximately the same size. C) they each have a flagellum that provides motility. D) they are produced from puberty until death. E) they are formed before birth. 500- For both men and women, the hypothalmus is releasing __________ which stimulates the anterior pituitary gland to secrete _____________ and ______________.GnRH, FSH, LH In turn, these hormones are in part controlled by what two main hormonal products in women and one main hormonal product in men. estradiol and progesterone, testosterone When does meiosis II occur for sperm and for an oocyte? sperm- before ejaculated oocyte-after fertilization
If It’s Yellow…
100-1. The advantage of excreting wastes as urea rather than as ammonia is that A) urea can be exchanged for Na+. B) urea is less toxic than ammonia. C) urea requires more water for excretion than ammonia. D) urea does not...
...CASE STUDY #1 Fall 2013
Struggling Operations in a Manufacturing Organization
You are the Chief Operations Officer a midsized window frame, aluminum siding, and tire recycling equipment manufacturing company located in the northeastern United States. Your company is organized along product lines, and you directly supervise the three people in charge of each of these product lines. The plants for these products are geographically dispersed over a two state area; the nearest plant is located only ten minutes away but the farthest plant is a two hour drive from the company headquarters. Although your company has been financially sound over the past ten years, over the past four months your company has been experiencing a serious cash flow problem. You believe part of this problem stems from the recent downturn in the local, regional, and national economy. However, you also believe this problem may be due to inefficient plant operations. You have called in the heads of the three product lines to determine whether plant operations can be improved to help alleviate the cash flow problem. The following is a more complete description of the three product lines and the people responsible for running these operations.
Navya started with the company 20 years ago assembling window frames and has been in charge of the window frame plant for a little over two years. Navya is in charge of 12 full time employees, and this is the first formal supervisory position she has ever...