Crude, a documentary by Joe Berlinger, provides an eye-opening look into the highly controversial battle between Texaco and the Amazon Jungle of Ecuador. The film follows the lawyers’s fight to improve the jungle’s living environment and restore the original beauty of the Amazon. Texaco has been contaminating the rainforest for around three decades, poisoning the water, air and land. The pollution has created a ‘death zone’ that has been increasing the rates of cancer, leukemia, birth defects, and several other health illnesses. This ‘David and Goliath’ story brings up an array of topics: human rights, the power of the media, global politics, multinational corporate power, and celebrity activism.
The film was shot in different countries and in multiple languages. Berlinger presented the situation and issue from all viewpoints, capturing the drama and events as they slowly unfolded. There were many people involved, but their main focus was to advocate and fight against the environmental and human suffering in the Amazon. The lawsuit against Chevron, the 5th largest corporation in the world, has been going on for 16 years already. They’re hoping that Amazon will run out of funds to fight against the company. In the beginning, there were only a few people supporting and helping the Amazon. But through interviews like Vanity Fair, it allowed the families and parents living in Amazon to tell their heartbreaking stories. Many of them have lost their children from birth defects, cancer, and died from poison because they drank from the streams. The Vanity Fair gained a lot of global recognition and soon, the President of Ecuador and the wife of the lead singer of ‘The Police’ were both trying to use their social and political status to advocate Chevron’s destruction and contamination of Amazon and it’s inhabitant’s violation of human rights. Berlinger reported this complex situation very well because he also interviewed representatives from Texaco, allowing audiences...
Real life, real stories, real people
During the winter/spring season when the weather is stormy and cold outside, we all just want to curl up on the couch with a warm blanket and watch movies. Well, when it comes to movies, we all know where to look for them. We ask friends for recommendations, check out cinema websites or read about them on one of the 1000 sites that provide us with reviews and trailers. What about those informative and interesting documentaries that no one ever talks about? We don’t watch them, because no one talks about them! So one day, I was browsing the internet, looking for documentaries and found a couple of alluring stories that I want to share with you all. I assure you that all of them will grab your attention, because they are all top quality, produced by the best of the best within the industry!
Searching for Sugar Man (2012) – I’ve recently watched this documentary and honestly I find it one of the greatest and amazing stories ever told. The story ’follows’an artist, called Rodriguez, who’s biggest passion is music. He kicks off his career in a small town in America, but unfortunately for him, he doesn’t make it a success. He disappears from the earth, not knowing that even though his American dream failed, he still managed to charm South Africa with his music. Despite all the rumours about his whereabouts and well-being, a music journalist...
...WHAT IS DOCUMENTARY?
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality,
primarily for the purposes of instruction or maintaining a historical record. Such films were
originally shot on film stock—the only medium available—but now includes video and digital
productions that can be either direct-to-video, made as a television program or released for
screening in cinemas. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic
tradition, and mode of audience reception" that is continually evolving and is without clear
Early film (pre-1900) was dominated by the novelty of showing an event. They were single-shot
moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving
work. These short films were called "actuality" films; the term "documentary" was not coined until
1926. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or
less in length, due to technological limitations.
Films showing many people (for example, leaving a factory) were often made for commercial
reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One
notable film clocked in at over an hour and a half, The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using
pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897...
...What is crude oil?
Crude oil is a naturally occurring liquid found inside certain rocks trapped beneath the Earth’s crust. It is dark and sticky, classified as a hydrocarbon, or rather mixture of hydrocarbons. We separate them in order to make something useful during a process called fractional distillation. Since it is highly flammable and can be burned to make energy, it is used as a major fuel source on our planet. This oil is a fossil fuel, what means that there is a limited supply of it in the Earth’s crust and since it takes so long for it to form it is a non-renewable fuel. It is believed that millions of years ago, many microscopic animals and plants died and fell to the bottom of the ocean. There, they were cover by layers upon layers of mud and by high temperature and pressure it started turning into rock. The remains of plants and animals inside were ‘cooked’ into what we now call crude oil. We use crude oil for a wide variety of other products than fuel such as asphalt for roads, tires, crayons, lubricants for machines, plastic, bottles and food wrappers.
Some people may think that oil is a simple homogenous substance without any unique differentiations but in fact, crude oil ranges from very light weight and volatile fluid to thick, semi- solid weight. It doesn’t only range in weight but also in colors. It can range from light yellow to deepest dark. In order to classify...
Crude fat is the term used to refer to the crude mixture of fat-soluble material present in a sample. Crude fat also known as the ether extract or the free lipid content the traditional measure of fat in food products. The lipid materials may include triglycerides, diglycerides, monoglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, free fatty acids, fat soluble vitamins, carotene pigments, chlorophylls, etc. The common approach for totalcrude fat determination is based on the solubility of lipids in non-polar organic solvents such as hexanes, petroleum ether, or supercritical liquid carbon dioxide with or without a solvent modifier.
The two methods most commonly used to determine crude fat are wet extraction and dry extraction. Wet extraction is performed with the water remaining in the sample while a common dry extraction method is Soxhlet extraction. It is performed with anhydrous ether. It is common crude fat determination method in many foods. This technique extracts the crude fat into ether which is finally evaporated. Dry extraction is preferred when it is inconvenient to remove most of the water from a food. After extraction the solvent is evaporated, the residue weighed and reported as percent crude fat.
This experiment aimed to: To determine the percentage fat present in a powdered milk sample and to use dry method extraction...
Effect on soil quality:
• Oil contaminated soil looses its fertility for more than 20 years.
• The texture and other physicochemical characteristics of the soil gets affected.
• The mites and other insects can’t survive in oil contaminated land leading to major imbalance in the food chain.
• Oil contamination has adverse effect on seed germination. Farmers loose its crops and are not able to grow agricultural crops for years after years.
• Effect on economy of the farmers.
Effect on Fresh water Eco-system and ecological habitat:
• A large percentage of the oil spills gets spread over the surface of the stagnant aquatic system resulting anaerobic environment in the water below the surface. This leads to death of the natural flora and fauna where oxygen is the key element for their respiration.
• Physical and chemical alteration of natural habitats of the fresh water ecosystem.
Effect on Fresh water Eco-system and ecological habitat:
• Physical smothering effect and lethal or sub-lethal toxic effects on the aquatic life
• Aquatic birds suffer from Hypothermia, Drowning, Loss in flight, Poisoning etc.
• Crude oil exposure may cause damage to lungs, liver, kidneys, intestines and other internal organs of the aquatic birds and animals.
• Reproductive Impairment in birds, fish and reptiles
• Plants covered by the oil, unable to photosynthesize.
• Oil spill significantly reduce the density of invertebrates and...
...The River (1938)
Gap Toothed Women (1980’s)
Lonely Boy (1960’s)
“Here I should digress for a moment and talk about this editing business. The fact is, every cut is a lie. The cutaway of someone intently listening to someone speak is shot after – or before – the actual conversation. Even with multiple camera shoots, the editor uses the ideal reaction shot rather than the exact, matching moment. And when one cuts back to the speaker, likely as not, a long chunk of the actual conversation is dropped in order to get to the point. So, the truth is adjusted. The irony is that, in editing, one has to like to tell the truth, otherwise the audience would die of boredom or the truth would be smothered under a mountain of chaff”
Three moments in documentary film history:
1. government sponsored education/propaganda in the 1930’s: The River
2. Made-for television direct cinema in the 1960s: Lonely Boy
3. “expressive” independent cinema in the late 1980/1990:
a. Gap Toothed Women (Les Blank, 1987)
b. The thin blue line (Errol Morris, 1989)
c. Roger and me (Michael Moore, 1987)
“The editing of a documentary is like creating something out of thin air, the shots are often unrelated in time and space and yet, by bringing them together correctly, they begin to attract each other and cohere, like mollecules.”
Types of non-narrative form in documentary films:
...THE BALANCED SCORECARD
For Operational Control (evaluating performance and taking corrective action) most companies traditionally relied upon Financial measures of performance ( Return-On-Investment, Net Income, Total Revenues, etc. ( particularly at the strategic company-wide level.
The problem with financial measures of performance is that they are:
lag indicators of performance
• are not operational – that is, they do not readily tell the nature of corrective action needed
This provides the motivation for operational control frameworks with an expanded set of performance measures:
The Balanced Scorecard is one such framework: it consists of an integrated set of four performance dimensions with a causal flow between them as shown in the chart below.
The objectives and measures for each dimension must be derived from the company’s strategy and support the company’s strategy throughout the organization.
So what is Strategy? Strategy is how an organization matches its own capabilities with the opportunities in the marketplace to accomplish its objectives.
Two basic strategies: product differentiation or cost leadership (firm’s may follow some combinations of these)
• Product differentiation is an organization’s ability to offer products or services perceived by its customers to be superior and unique.
• Cost leadership is an organization’s ability to achieve lower...
Creative Media Production - Journalism
Unit 53: Radio Documentary Production
Treatment and First Draft of Script.
Date of Issue:
Assignment Title: You are to write a one-page treatment and a first draft of the script you hope to turn into a radio documentary. You must also include a report on the production of this work.
Learning Outcomes To Be Achieved:
1.1. LO 2: Be able to develop scripts for radio documentaries for specific audiences.
1.2. LO 3: Be able to produce radio documentaries for specific audiences.
1.3. LO 4: Be able to reflect on own radio documentary
2.1 Develop imaginative ideas for a radio documentary for a specified audience
2.2 Present a proposal for a radio documentary for a specified audience working to a standard acceptable to an employer or client
3.1 Complete pre-production for a radio documentary for a specified audience working to a standard acceptable to an employer or client.
4.1 Critically evaluate own finished product against agreed criteria and make recommendations for improvements.
BRIEF / TASK
This is a one-page document that covers the following areas:
1. Programme: Describe the programme you want to make. What/who is it about. How long will it be? Is it part...