Unit 3 Project: Crossing the Threshold
The Courage of Scott Carde
It is difficult to know what one will do when faced with a life or death decision. Many do not even encounter such choices. What is thought in that spit second moment? You could save yourself or possibly save another; you could also die trying. Could you put all self-regarding values aside and complete an absolute act of courage? This is a man who did. Scott Carde had the courage to risk his own life for another’s. It was Scott’s third deployment. He is Infantry. He and his men walk directly into an enemy ruse. Gunfire and grenades threaten their very existence. Staff Sergeant screams to take cover, but it is too late for one man. He is down, lying vulnerably in the open. Between shots and explosions, Scott can hear the agonizing screams. He has no time to hesitate, enemy fire is closing in. Stay behind cover in safety or aide his brother in arms. No man left behind he shouts at his commanding officer. Scott tears through the sand toward the screaming, toward the danger, toward his possible death. As he reaches his destination, he is shot through his hand by an enemy’s rifle. Does he flee? No. He drags the man who has been shot through his stomach the 500 ft. to cover with his other hand. Scott hears an all too familiar screech. He will not lose this man, not now; he knows what to do. He lies on top of him to absorb the airborne shrapnel from the grenade. The metal pierces his back and side.
That man is alive today because Scott risked his life for him. Scott crossed the threshold when he stepped out of cover to retrieve a friend. He overcame fear of death and fear of failure. Courage is not absence of fear, but making the choice to overcome it, facing it head-on. Scott Carde was awarded a bronze star and multiple purple hearts in reward of his single act of courage. He did not give up. He was determined. Do not give up on your objective; you may...
Threshold Differences in Weight Perception
Experimental Psychology (PSYC 3070)
Aina Sofia binti Muhamad Ali (1011816)
Atikah binti Ishak (1015168)
Hamed Shafiul Haque (1027057)
Nurul Atikah binti Azmi (1018156)
Shaqira Afina binti Mohd Azman (1021348)
Siti Hajar binti Norhan (1024812)
13 March 2014
Paper submitted as partial fulfilment of requirement for PSYC 3070 Experimental Psychology, Section 3, instructed by Dr. Harris Shah Abdul Hamid at the Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Malaysia, Semester 2, 2013/2014.
This paper is a report on an experiment conducted with the aim to find out whether the value of difference threshold is equal to the proposed theory of Weber’s law. This present paper is also interested in investigating on the extent to which the threshold may occur. The difference threshold in this study is determined by using the basic idea of Weber’s law in which the constant is 0.02. Thirteen participants (five male and eight female) students have been selected by using convenience sampling. By using independent group designs (between subject designs), the participants have been exposed to a different testing factor (constant weight and random weight) at once. For the result, Weber’s constant was calculated by using the formula ΔI / I = k. Two graphs were presented to show the result and the comparison between both graphs showed that there...
Question 2 – The Crossing
As one encounters dramatic experiences, the impacts those create may significantly alter that way in which that person views his surroundings. In Cormac McCarthy’s passage from his novel The Crossing, the main character is challenged with major obstacles that come to change his opinion of nature and its doubtful peacefulness. By employing techniques such as selection of detail, religious symbolism and sublime imagery, McCarthy paints the tragedy which has impacted the protagonist by infusing his journey with the presence of biblical elements as well as incorporating his longing for repentance and mourning. With the aid of such techniques, McCarthy identifies the protagonist’s underlying gratitude and respect for powerful, majestic creatures unlike himself while revealing his realization that nature’s serenity has the ability to destruct.
Beginning the passage, the main character is presented with the obstacle of carrying the lifeless body of a wolf up the Pilares Mountain. McCarthy utilizes selection of detail as he unveils the main character’s tenderness towards the female wolf. In line 5, the narrator watches as he “[cradles] the wolf in his arms and [lowers] her to the ground.” This careful treatment of the wolf by the protagonist is somewhat unexpected as animals are frequently viewed as being beneath humans – they are beaten, starved, neglected, even killed by humans yet this character displays respect and...
Nothing is stronger than a bond between a child and a parent. In all cultures the parent educates the child with skills and values and these remain with the child all his or her life. The reason why a parent has such impact on its child is because of trust. A relationship build on trust is the strongest and every parent wants to have such a relationship. This is the kind of relationship the main character in the short story Crossing (2009) by Mark Slouka is trying to build with his son.
Crossing is a story told by an omniscient third person narrator. The composition is chronologically structured with a few flashbacks in the form of the main character's childhood memories, and an explanation of why he ended up in the situation where the telling begins. The main character of the short story is a middle-aged father who tries to repair matters due to his many ‘fuckups’. He is divorced, at least separated, and has become a stranger to his wife as well as his home: “…the azaleas he´d planted…wiping his shoes and ducking his head like a visitor” (ll. 14-16). This example attends to illustrate that he is disconnected and displaced. He has not been happy in a while, and he knows everything that had happened is his own fault: “…all his other fuckups were just preparation for this” (ll. 135-136) Therefore, in a last-ditch attempt he goes for an outing in the mountains with his son. He wants to get to know his son because he as well...
The short story “Crossing”, written by Mark Slouka, begins as a straightforward account of a man who takes his son to a remote area where he remembers similar experiences with his own father. He carries their packs across a shallow but fast moving river, and then goes back and carries his son across. They spend one night exploring the area, but the next day when he recrosses the river, he knows that the current is a bit stronger than the day before. When he takes the boy back across, he loses his footing. Although he does not fall, he is moved downstream four or five feet to a point that makes it seem impossible to move forward or backward. The story ends with the man in the middle of the river, telling his son that they are okay and just to “hang on.”
“Crossing” deals with the son and father relationship, while bringing up the theme man vs. nature but combined with man vs. self.
The narrative technique used in Crossing has a significant meaning for the reader’s understanding of the short story. We are presented to the man through a third person limited narrator and as the narrator only knows what the main character, the father, thinks, feels and recalls, it is naturally told from his point of view. We get glimpses of the things that he struggles with, “he hadn’t been happy in a while” (l. 6-7). By using this narrative technique Slouka brings us closer to the father, and the reader feels and experience his...
...Crossing - Abstract
This paper examines the narrative technique and the significance of the setting in the short story Crossing. It also investigates the main character in the short story. The first part sets out to define the narrative technique. This is done by reading through the text and noting down any time one reads something useful about the narrator. After this is done one can do the examination of the narrative technique. The second part examines the main character in order to get an understanding of who he is as a person and what he wants. The examination is done by making an analysis and interpretation him. The final part of this study assesses the significance of the setting. This can be found by noting every time the setting is described. Afterwards one can do an analysis of the setting in order to evaluate the significance of it. The paper shows that the author is working with indirect speech when the reader experiences flashbacks. Otherwise quotation marks are used when the father is speaking with his son. By analyzing the main character it is shown that he longs for getting back together with his former wife and of course his child. It is concluded that the significance of the setting is somewhat important. It helps the reader to get a clear understanding of the events that takes place by the way it is described.
Crossing - Abstract
This paper examines the narrative technique and the significance of the setting...
Since the beginning of human life, fathers from around the world have played a vital role in their sons’ lives, whom they have had to learn to fish, hunt and survive in general. It has been crucial for fathers to hand over their knowledge to their sons.
Concurrently with the development of human life and its foundation, it has been possible to form a social stratum given that it has been facilitated for some people to make more money than other people have. Furthermore, this evolution was an influence on the family relationship, were the man became the new capital in society, and thus became more important than the woman. As the men were working, the women became responsible for the children and therefore had an enormous impact on the behaviour and upbringing of the children. Mark Slouka’s short story, ‘Crossing’, from 2009 shows a number of these important themes, such as the father/son-relationship and man vs. nature.
The protagonist in the short story is the father, an unnamed man somewhere between 30-50 years old. The father finds himself in a small depression: ”He hadn’t been happy in a while.”1 Recently, the father was divorced from the mother of his son, which is shown in his thoughts about whether he had missed his wife or not. “…he hadn’t wanted her back, hadn’t wanted much of anything really”2 Even though the main character has a guilty conscience, and it seems that he is the one to blame for the divorce – he feels a...
...Absolute Threshold and Differential Threshold
Our five physiological senses have unknowingly fooled us – on a regular basis, no less – to the benefit of marketers and manufacturers. By exploring the psychological and physiological concepts of human perception, companies are discerning the differences of absolute and differential thresholds and applying it to marketing their products and effectively influencing consumer’s buying decisions. Once a product’s thresholds are distinguished, companies apply the results to marketing principles in manipulating consumer’s perceptions so that the reality of their product purchases are never fully realized. In order to educate consumer’s future purchasing decisions, this paper explores absolute threshold, differential threshold (or j.n.d.), their causal relationship with human perception and marketing applications, along with examples of these sensory principles.
Absolute threshold is the minimum point at which individuals experience or detect a stimulus. As a human sensory perception, absolute threshold encompasses the minimum observed detection of “something”. Whether circumstantial due to individual differences or testing environment, its definition is considered imprecise because of the variability in its measurement. Not all people are created equal therefore; absolute threshold has been more...
...Absolute thresholds are the minimum level of stimulus intensity needed for a stimulus to be perceived. In other words, the absolute threshold is the amount of intensity needed for a person to detect a difference between something and nothing.
Differential thresholds refer to the intensity difference needed between two stimuli before people can perceive that stimuli are different. Thus, the differential threshold is a relative concept.
Weber’s law (1834) states the positive relation between the first stimulus and the second stimulus. The greater the initial stimulus, the stronger the additional intensity need for the second stimulus to be perceived as different.
Absolute threshold Differential threshold
Amount of stimulus One stimulus Two stimuli
Measurement Distance between stimulus and nothing Distance between two stimuli
Compare between absolute threshold and differential threshold, absolute threshold just include one stimulus while differential threshold include two. In measurement, absolute threshold measures the distance between stimulus and nothing while differential threshold measures the distance between two stimuli.
As I am a marketing student, therefore, the first thing which comes to my mind when I am trying to start off with this piece of journal is that, do these differences between...