A critical analysis of education system in Pakistan
Education is a systematic process of establishing the pillar of society. It brings up an empty mind with discourse tongue of awareness. The literal meaning of education and supplementary definition particularly on the ground of Pakistan poses an alarming condition. Sine the birth of newly independent state Pakistan, education lagged behind due to deliberate negligence of parochial feudal and state politician in particularly and bureaucracy in generally. From the emergence of Pakistan there has been centered censure by conscious group of common people and civil society, finally both influence over the government to think over seriously on their discussing point In the dilemma of authoritarian long regime and fragile civil government, education has been neglected because elite group from ruling class whether in military or so called civil representative, did not seriously boost the level of education through sound education policies. Instead of, political uncertainty, nepotism culture, thirst of power perpetuated the level of education in dregs of glass.
Pakistan inherited the system of education from British but after that no significant changes has been brought in education system of Pakistan. Consequently, the literacy rate have become less than the regional countries which got independence abreast of Pakistan. According to the Education Report 2009, it shows overall figures on education, literacy rate rose to 67 pr cent in 2009-10 than it was 57 per cent at the period of 1998-99. Out of literacy rate, male literacy stood 68 per cent and female 58 per cent in 2009-10. Female literacy rate was 57 per cent in 2008-09. Therefore, a slight one per cent increase was recorded during the period of 2009-10.
Literacy rate is measured from the prevailing level of education in the country. There are five education levels are operating in Pakistan, primary, middle, high schooling, intermediate and university education. Unfortunately, the policy maker of education has been determined and focused only on higher education. Through such policy, an independent body of Higher Education Commission ( HEC) was established to look after overall universities education through code of conduct and various allocations of budgeting the universities including foreign scholarships in various programs. To improve the quality of higher education, primary education has been ignored since the independence of Pakistan. Although the primary level of education do have a founding role of developing the nation in every walk of life. Some Asian and almost every Western developed countries hold the reign of education and developed their economies from the utilization of modern education. In contrast, country like Pakistan’s education witnesses of dilapidated condition by terms of structural and management problems. There are 154000 primary schools with 420000 teachers do exist in both the urban and rural areas of Pakistan. Majority of them are two or three classes of school buildings where nursery to five class education is given. One can assume the running of such schools in squeezed class. Result as, a bulk of incompetent students are being produced for upcoming level of education. One side the education condition is like that and on other side the schools with out teachers, having no furniture, schools are being used as guest house by landlords are other factors to mar the quality of education.
Middle school (vi-viii) is too reflects as the primary one with out guided steps by the government of Pakistan. All efforts to increase the quality of higher education on negating the gross root education have produced anarchy in education system of Pakistan; because, a country with heavy population along with expanding rate of unemployment with lack of education is threat even to democracy. The reason of expired middle education system is followed by the primary education. Moreover, feudal system,...
...A CriticalAnalysis of EducationSystem Of
Currently the educationsystem of Pakistan is flaw full. Today education of good quality is only accessible to the elite class. It is because of the private sector has overwhelmingly dominated.Public sector education is of low quality due to lack of accountability, small buget and less number of educational institutions. peripheral areas are totally ignored in education. Lack of qualified and trained staff is also a reason for poor education system.A little qualified people who come out of this system are never encouraged. That is why people always look abroad for proper education and good life.
Most important problem with our educational system is lack of a single, uniform and proper educational system. We do not have a workable educationsystem. There are mainly two types of educationsystem in our country, one for common people and one for elite class.the educationsystem for common people is divided into primary level, middle, secondary, higher secondary and university level.then there is second educationsystem specially designed for an elite class. That is A-level and O-level...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
...Educational Sector – UK vs Pakistan
UK is one of the renowned trading power and financial hub of the world, stands at third position in European Union following Germany and France. The agriculture sector of the region is particularly strong and mechanized. Its efficiency can be ensured through the production of 60 percent food needs with only 2 percent of workforce. The region has significant energy resource but due to increasing demands it is importing energy from 2005. The insurance and financial institutes in addition to bank are generating the largest portion of GDP of the region. The recent financial crises particularly influenced the economy of the region during 2008 because of the financial sector of the region (cia.gov).
Literacy rate of the region is 99 percent while 5.5 percent of GDP is fixed for the development of education sector. According to such percentage of GDP it stands at 44th position as compare to other countries (cia.gov). There were 89 universities and 131 higher education institutes operating till August 2011 (universitiesuk.ac.uk).
The expansion in higher educationsystem of the region is relatively slow as compared to the other countries competing with the region according to the report of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD, 2007). There are several countries coming up with significantly higher number of college and universities although...
...a uniform educationsystem for all is an exercise in futility. It can never happen. So resources should not be wasted on attempting to achieve the impossible.”
Poverty, terrorism and social and economic insecurity are a few of the numerous problems this country faces, the roots of all of which lie in a more basic issue: illiteracy. To solve the complex, ever-growing problem of illiteracy in Pakistan, numerous measures, including the prospect of a uniform educationsystem, have been suggested. Although the idea of a uniform educationsystem to tackle these problems shows promise because of the sense of unity and equality that it will give the nation and a more balanced educational curriculum it is expected to offer, the high costs relating to the project, the problems of centrally governing a one tier educationsystem and the long period of time that it will take to properly implement the idea nationwide make it an exercise in futility.
Broadly speaking there are 3 secondary educationsystems that exist in Pakistan: the SSC, HSC educationsystem locally termed as the Metric/Intermediate system administered by the Board of Secondary and Intermediate Education (BISE); the GCE (General Certificate of Education) system that...
...The educational system of Pakistan has been a topic of debate in the country since independence. There are different points of views regarding what type of educationsystem would be in the best interest of the country and yet there has been no consensus on this matter.
The educational system of Pakistan could be divided into three categories:
This educationsystem involves a curriculum based on the UK standard of education. Only the rich and elite of the country could afford having their children acquire UK based education. A majority of children who have acquired Cambridge level education go to foreign countries for higher education. This creates a disparity between the rich and the poor as the employers prefer candidates of the Cambridge educationsystem over others.
Pakistan Secondary EducationSystem:
This type of educationsystem is basically provided by the private and governmental schools. The schools for the middle class students is one in which half of the instructions are in English and the other half in Urdu. If these children are lucky to have parents who could afford the fees of recognized colleges then they are able to go to...
...The EducationSystem in Pakistan
At independence, Pakistan had a poorly educated population and few schools or universities. Although the educationsystem has expanded greatly since then, debate continues about the curriculum, and, except in a few elite institutions, quality remained a crucial concern of educators in the early 1990s.
Adult literacy is low, but improving. In 1992 more than 36 percent of adults over fifteen were literate, compared with 21 percent in 1970. The rate of improvement is highlighted by the 50 percent literacy achieved among those aged fifteen to nineteen in 1990. School enrollment also increased, from 19 percent of those aged six to twenty-three in 1980 to 24 percent in 1990. However, by 1992 the population over twenty-five had a mean of only 1.9 years of schooling. This fact explains the minimal criteria for being considered literate: having the ability to both read and write (with understanding) a short, simple statement on everyday life.
Relatively limited resources have been allocated to education, although there has been improvement in recent decades. In 1960 public expenditure on education was only 1.1 percent of the gross national product (GNP); by 1990 the figure had risen to 3.4 percent. This amount compared poorly with the 33.9 percent being spent on defense in 1993. In 1990 Pakistan was tied for fourth...
...Report on Education of Pakistan
Our great Quaid-e-Azam Muhamad Ali Jinnah said:
“The importance of education and the right type of education cannot be over emphasized. If we are to make any real, speedy and substantial progress, we must earnestly tackle this question and bring our educational policy and programme on the lines suited to the genius of our people, consonant with our history and culture, and having regard to the modern conditions and vast developments that have taken place all over the world”.
.“All Pakistan Educational Conference at Karachi: November, 27, 1947”
• Situation Analysis.
• Education For all
• Problems / Recommendations
Education has always been considered as one of the main factors for socioeconomic and subsequently the national development because of its ability to raise the quality and productivity of the human capital. Education also creates awareness, tolerance, self esteem and confidence, which empower people to defend their rights, reduce poverty and inequality and improve in health, status and good governance in implementation of socio economic policies. It also enables the people to protect their ideological inspiration and help in developing national...
...Education Reform In Pakistan – Challenges and Prospects
Education can be dangerous. It is very difficult to make it not
dangerous. In fact, it is almost impossible. The only way you can
prevent education from being dangerous is to try and develop an
educational system in which the pupil is exposed to no ideas
whatsoever. [Robert Hutchins]
The connection between education and human security – defined in a broad sense – is
immediate and direct. How future Pakistanis will live, the qua lity of their lives, the
kinds of employment available, the political system to be, the manner in which
citizens will resolve conflicts between themselves, and the country’s relationship to
the global community of nations, will ultimately be determined by the content and
quality of their education.
Education also provides a society with its scientists, engineers, managers, technicians,
and trained and trainable people. In a world where economies are increasingly based
upon the availability of sophisticated skills and a well- informed citizenry, education
in rapidly progressing countries is considered a sound investment into the future.
Belgium or Holland, for example, have few natural resources but have political and
economic power that is disproportionately large. On the other hand, Pakistan’s
greatest need – and its single greatest...