Creationism or Evolution? The Dilemma Remains
Since the advent of philosophical thought, man has questioned the genesis of our existence. Before the enlightenment, society was accepting of a deity-based existence as the answer to all of life’s questions. In this belief, God created the world and everything in it in seven days. It wasn’t until Darwin’s Origin of Species became popular among many scholars that people began to change their perspectives on the miracles of life. Before the discovery of DNA, Darwin argued that the visible similarities and slight differences between animals of the same species pointed to a hereditary connection for these animals, which he claimed was evidence of the species evolving from one form into another in response to environmental pressures. Darwin’s theories on the evolution of nature sparked a firestorm of debate that continues to rage today (Lofaso 1). People’s extreme differences of opinion on this issue have caused a division in society for the past century. This division is deepened by the question of whether evolution should be taught in public schools. In fact, the debate that inevitably accompanies this question has been the basis of many political arguments, court cases, and changes in legislation. These arguments are indicative of a paradigm shift from a creation-based belief system in public education to an evolution-based one. As with many disagreements founded in a belief system, however, this debate is not over. In fact, in recent years, proponents of creationism have once again launched an assault on the teaching of evolution in schools. We are, quite possibly, in the midst of another paradigm shift.
The history of the evolution/creation debate is long and complicated. Although Origin of Species was published as far back as 1859, in most states, educators were not allowed to teach the theory of evolution in public schools until a century later (Horder). In a country that is often characterized as strongly Christian, for many people, the theory of evolution was basically a form of heresy that they did not want their children exposed to. In fact, in response to a period of fundamentalist Christian fervor, some states adopted anti-evolution legislation in the 1920s (“The Anti-Evolution Crusade of the 1920s”). Some of these states, notably Tennessee and Arkansas, would eventually face legal challenges to these laws. The evolution debate was brought to national attention in 1925 with the case State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes, more commonly known as the Scopes Monkey Trial. This case clearly depicts the attitudes of people during the early 20th century. A professor and evolutionary activist by the name of John Scopes violated Tennessee’s Butler Act, which made it illegal to teach evolution in any state-funded institution. The Butler Act was, in fact, named for the law’s advocate and head of the World’s Christian Fundamentals Association, John Butler (Linder). Scopes was arrested and put on trial where he was represented by legendary defense attorney, Clarence Darrow, who was a known agnostic (Linder). The prosecution was led by William Jennings Bryan, a former candidate for the United States’ presidency and a fundamentalist Christian who argued that the word of God took priority over any scientific knowledge (Linder). Bryan believed that teaching evolutionary theory would lead to dangerous social movements and possibly even a revolution. In fact, he argued that the Bible must be interpreted literally because evolutionary theory was simply “millions of guesses strung together” (Linder). The men involved in this case were the physical embodiments of both sides of the evolution/creation debate. Needless to say, the examination and cross-examination of witnesses was vitriolic. The heated rhetoric of the trial brought unprecedented publicity to the long-lived debate. In fact, it was the first trial to be broadcast on national radio (Adams). In what was undeniably...
...been no issues more hotly debated than that of evolution vs. creationism. The issue is passionately debated since the majority of evidence is in favor of evolution, but the creation point of view can never be proved wrong because of long standing religious beliefs. Human creation is seperated into three simple beliefs; creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and theistic evolution theory. The complexities of all three sides create a difficult dilemma for what theory to support among commom people, religious or non-religious.
The theories of human evolution tend to always cause a heated dispute in modern American society. Each theory presents its own evidence proving its acceptance, but lacks enough evidence to prove the other theories incorrect. All the theories that attempt to explain human existence fall under the categories of creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and the theistic evolution theory. The creation theory explains that a certain God, or God's created the humans, and evolution does not exist. The naturalistic evolution theory states that evolution is driven by purely natural forces, and is not controlled by any input from a god, goddess, or multiple deities. The theistic evolution is a mixture of both creation and naturalistic theories. The theistic...
...Evolution and Creationism
Thesis: "Acceptance of Creation is growing in spite of overwhelming evidence proving Evolution."
I. Acceptance of Creation is growing in spite of overwhelming evidence proving Evolution There is no easy resolution for whats true and evolution or creationism. It is a complex topic with profound scientific, religious, educational, and criticism. How can a student or parent come to grips with this issue? Evolution vs. Creationism provides a badly needed, comprehensive, and balanced introduction to the many facets of the current debates about what should be taught in a classroom or in reality itself. Evolution relies on scientific facts while creationism clings on biblical beliefs. But the legal and educational basis for its teaching, and the various religious points of view is what puzzles todays classrooms and peoples beliefs. Just as important are the resources that we learn in life, people have the right to question the controversy of creationism and evolution.
I. Acceptance of Creation is growing in spite of overwhelming evidence proving Evolution There is no easy resolution for whats true and evolution or creationism. It is a complex topic with profound scientific, religious,...
...merged into a complex, abstract manifestation called religion. However, as the human race has grown and advanced itself, many ideas expressed by religion seem less and less plausible. Advances in science and technology have yielded a new breed of human thought that has disturbed and shaken the foundations of religious ideology. Our new, scientifically grounded understanding of the universe has unfolded a plethora of answers to age-old questions, which oppose the explanations offered by religion. As strong scientific evidence has surfaced which is contrary to the prevailing religious view, open-minded believers have adapted their beliefs accordingly, but many fundamentalists refuse to accept scientific evidence. This is the root of the dilemma between science and religion. Many scientists and theists have offered their views concerning the ongoing battle between the scientific ‘big bang’ theory and the religious creation stories.
The Big Bang theory is the major scientific theory about the origin of the universe. According to this theory, the universe was created between 10 billion and 20 billion years ago from a cosmic explosion that sent matter flying in all directions, consequently creating the universe. Before the Big Bang, every part of the universe was tightly compacted together during a very dense phase. When the explosion occurred, every particle of all that our universe consists of shot out in every direction in that one instant. It is believed...
..."Creationism" can also refer to creation myths, or to a concept about the origin of the soul. Creation science refers to the pseudoscience movement in the United States. For the movement in Spanish literature, see Creacionismo.
Creationism is the belief that the universe and living organisms originate from specific acts of divine creation, such as in a literal reading of Genesis, rather than by natural processes such as evolution. As science developed during the 18th century and forward, various views aimed at reconciling the Abrahamic and Genesis creation narratives with science developed in Western societies. Those holding that species had been created separately (such as Philip Gosse in 1857) were generally called "advocates of creation" but were also called "creationists", as in private correspondence between Charles Darwin and his friends. As the creation–evolution controversy developed over time, the term "anti-evolutionists" became common. In 1929 in the United States, the term "creationism" first became associated with Christian fundamentalists, specifically with their rejection of human evolution and belief in a young Earth—although this usage was contested by other groups, such as old Earth creationists and evolutionary creationists, who hold different concepts of creation.
Today, the American Scientific Affiliation, a prominent religious organisation in the...
Evolution alongside Creationism School
In the essay “Why Evolution should be taught in public school” by Laura Kahn. According to Kahn, we need to educate the next generation of scientists on understanding how microbes develop and change to give them the tools to develop treatment against antibiotic resistant bacteria emerging viruses, and other deadly microbes. As she learned from her time in medicine, she recognizes the necessity of learning evolution to develop treatments in this rapid microbial environment. Unfortunately, certain aspects of society insist that religious doctrine be taught instead of evolution. According to a 2005 Harris poll, a majority of U.S citizens believe in creationism. Another survey show that two-thirds of U.S citizen believe creationism should be taught alongside evolution. Mrs. Kahn believed if we fail to teach science in public schools we would become scientifically illiterate. Therefore, we need to remain vigilant that our children receive a good science education to further enhance human understanding, and a good science education includes learning about evolution.
In the nineteenth century, during the “Spontaneous generation” scientists and physicians were unprepared in developing strategies against infectious killing diseases. Until French chemist Louis...
...education: Teaching Evolution, Creationism, and Intelligent Design
As a high school student I attended Indian Hill in Cincinnati, Ohio. Sitting in my fourth period class on yet another boring day of high school I couldn’t help but notice my science teacher acting a little peculiar. My teacher was teaching the subject of evolution to a diverse class. It is like he became a different teacher. I remember that was the fastest day of class. All through high school I noticed my teachers would act uncomfortable when dealing with the subject of evolution. Most of my teachers would quickly hurry through the lecture with little class participation and discussion. Other times I’d notice my teachers becoming bias to certain viewpoints and swaying the class activities to their side. So I wondered, do teachers feel uncomfortable teaching a subject or subjects so strongly debated over. On the other hand my teachers would never give an alternative theory or belief to counter what evolution says. With all the different opinions around the spectrum, is it impossible to narrow down one specific theory or belief to teach? Evolution, creationism and intelligent design should be taught in public schools only to inform and educate students with the knowledge from the theories debated upon.
Evolution and intelligent design are two intricate theories while...
"Creationism can be studied and taught in any of three basic forms, as follows:
(1) 'Scientific creationism' (no reliance on Biblical revelation, utilizing only scientific data to support and expound the creation model).
(2) 'Biblical creationism' (no reliance on scientific data, using only the Bible to expound and defend the creation model).
(3) 'Scientific Biblical creationism' )full reliance on Biblical revelation but also using scientific data to support and develop the creation model)." (All quotes are from ICR Impact No, 85, "The Tenets of Creationism", Henry Morris, July 1980)
The second and third of these three "forms", of course, rely explicitly on religious doctrines (as indicated by the Book of Genesis and the rest of the Christian Bible), and are, therefore, illegal to teach in public schools in the United States (under the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment). The first "form", presumably, is the one that creation "scientists" are investigating and defending, and is also presumably the one that the creationists would like to have taught in science classrooms as an "alternative" to the scientific model of evolution.
That these three "forms" are, in fact, one and the same is explicitly acknowledged by the creationists themselves. The ICR points out, "These are not contradictory systems, of course, but supplementary, each appropriate for certain...
...“Creationism, as told in genesis is the better theory of explaining human life than evolution”.
Today I am here to defend my Christian position on the creation of life in opposition to evolutionary scientific theory. I will like to begin by explaining that As a Christian we are compelled by faith by the exterior force that created life. We refer to this force as God and his son Jesus Christ who is our Lord and Savior. We rebuke scientific evolutionary theory fabricated by man. For us Christians we seek for the truth in the word of God, which is the Bible, and the ultimate source of truth and knowledge.
The opening statement of the book of Genesis 1:1 reads as follow ” In the Beginning God created the heaven and Earth” (King). Here is evidence that prove that the Supreme Being, which is God, is the only and unique basis of the creation of universe. It does not emphasize on the beginning of God, as there is not beginning or end to the existence of God. But, rather it tells us about the beginning of time and the creation of earth, as well as the environment in which we live. The book of Genesis explains in specific details how the sequence of events developed.
The word of God is not a fictional source of entertainment like Charles Darwin’s book “ On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection”. Although evolutionary theory is an opposition of the biblical account of creation we believe the Bible provides an accurate account that...