Convention on the Rights of the Child
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25
of 20 November 1989
entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
The States Parties to the present Convention,
Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to special care and assistance, Convinced that the family, as the fundamental group of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members and particularly children, should be afforded the necessary protection and assistance so that it can fully assume its responsibilities within the community, Recognizing that the child, for the full and harmonious development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment, in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding, Considering that the child should be fully prepared to live an individual life in society, and brought up in the spirit of the ideals proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, and in particular in the spirit of peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity, Bearing in mind that the need to extend particular care to the child has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924 and in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly on 20 November 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (in particular in articles 23 and 24), in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (in particular in article 10) and in the statutes and relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children, ' Bearing in mind that, as indicated in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, "the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth", Recalling the provisions of the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally; the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules) ; and the Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict, Recognizing that, in all countries in the world, there are children living in exceptionally difficult conditions, and that such children need special consideration, Taking due account of the importance of the traditions and cultural values of each people for the protection and harmonious development of the child, Recognizing the importance of international co-operation for improving the living conditions of children in every...
...The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
In 1989 world leaders decided that children needed a convention that protected their rights and that people recognised that children had rights too. They felt that children needed special care and protection that adults do not The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.
The Convention has set out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It covers all the basic human rights and states that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children's...
...Children rights under the UN Convention
“No social problem is universal as the oppression of a child. No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent” (Maria Montessori). Children rights are applicable to every human being under the age of 18 years, regardless of their race, sex, colour or social background. Despite the rights outline by the United NationConvention there are various persons who try to violate these rights. Children are like flowers they have to be nourished and groom so that they can blossom and spread their fragrances for a brighter future. In the United Nation Convention there are four categories of rights. This paper will clearly explain these categories of rights and present a discussion on whether or not these rights are being violated or catered to.
The United Nation Convention on the rights of a Child is a comprehensive, internationally, binding agreement on the rights of children, adopted by the United Nation General Assembly in 1989. This convention is established to transform the way the world view children. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care, education and legal, civil and social services. The...
...UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was brought into effect to recognise that Children needed their own set of specific human rights that should be protected and that these were a universal right not a privilege. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was drawn up and accepted by the UN in 1989. The UK government agreed to abide by the principles in 1991 and it was fully implemented in 1992. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. These articles have been split into four main categories: the general requirements for all the rights; the basic rights to life, survival and development of one’s full potential; being kept safe from harm; and respecting the views of the child. The Convention also sets out minimum standards in areas such as health care, education and social services to protect those children’s rights. There are 54 articles in total that apply to all children with no exceptions,...
The implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the Caribbean was met with the issue of parental resistance. The concept of children's rights was characterised as foreign to parents. The critical traits valued in the Caribbean are obedience and mannerliness. As a result, the concept of Children's Rights is seen as undermining the right of the parent to control and discipline the child and develop the valued traits.
The Convention for the Rights of the Child was signed by Barbados on 19 April 1990 and ratified on 9 October 1990. At the time of ratification, some of the legislative requirements necessary to implement the Convention were already in place. "Since ratification of the Convention, two areas were specifically addressed, namely:
(a) the non-imposition of capital punishment in respect of convicted offenders under the age of 18 years;
(b) the provision of legal services to and for the benefit of minors."
In order to assist in the publicizing of the Convention, many activities were held. These include the following:
Several discussions on the Convention were held with various schools, Parent- Teacher Associations, churches and youth groups across the island. These were held as a part of the Child Care Board's...
Rights of the Child
Assignment: Discuss in detail how the principle of the Best Interest of the Child has been applied in Kenyan Courts
Presented by: Mugangu Marie Providence
Year: 4th year/ 2nd semester
Reg. No: 1016393
Unit code: CLS 413
Lecturer: Mr. Dunstan Omari
Date due: 14th March, 2013
The Best interest of the Child is a concept that has now gained international recognition and has been incorporated not only in international instruments1 but also in domestic laws of several countries. Children like women originally had more or less the value of property or were considered statements of wealth rather than individuals entitled to rights and protection; and when women were finally granted rights that were previously denied to them the child was alas not given the same. Indeed the child was assimilated with the mother and the understanding was that if the mother is happy so is the child. In other words the child was identified as being “a part” of the mother so that if the issues related to mothers are addressed so are the issues related to children.
The best interest principle was introduced as a way of making a distinction between the mother and the child and of recognising the child as an independent...
The Rights of the Child
* Children's Rights in India
1. Children right of protection
Child sexual and emotional abuse in India
hildren abuse is considered as a serious phenomenon in many countries around the world in which a person below the age of eighteen is being emotionally and sexually maltreated. I had chose India because India as in other countries lacks the understanding of the extent and trends of the problem. India has to acknowledge the consequences of the child abuse, which absolutely has serious physical and psychosocial that affect the health and overall well-being of a child. The issue of child abuse and violation is one of the most critical matters on the international human rights agenda. Hence, in Indian the acceptance of childrights as primary inviolable rights is fairly recent, as is the universal understanding of it. Therefore, the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and the government of India, in 2005, attempts to understand the extent of the problem, its dimensions as well as its intensity.
A. Child emotional abuse:
The World Health Organization has defined this issue as "Emotional abuse includes the failure to provide a developmentally appropriate, supportive environment". In addition, the main forms of...
...of the ChildRight Act 2003’, the article is poised to examine the various legal impediments in the practical implementation of the Act since it has been legislated. It included an in depth analysis of its content and other circumstances that could either facilitate or hinder its implementation both nationally and internationally. The Act took cognizance of every person and individual concerned in the care and concern of children. Its basic provision could be said to follow fundamental human rights contained in Caption IV of the 1999 Constitution with specific focus on the children. It is important to note that there are other areas and issues covered by the Act, such as the responsibility of a child, parental responsibility, child justice and other important issues. The Act could therefore be described as an innovative and commendable one. He concluded without making a reference to the unborn.
Years backs the extract on injuries to unborn child by the law commission report has a great relevance to this topic of discussion, in this journal analysis of causes of medical injury to an unborn child was analysed. This includes Drugs, poisonous waste, effect of illness and disease of parents on unborn child, injury caused during the attempt of abortion others. It also looks at the difficulty in proofing the occurrence of all this events. Recommendations were made...