Controlling Irrational Fears After 9/11
The premise for the author's argument is that America's high level of panic after 9/11 was actually excessive in relation to the number of deaths. The conclusion is that Americans actually aided the success of the terrorists by giving in to their desire to shake us up so badly.
The author's second premise is that our country's misguided response to 9/11 was to start throwing money around in the hope of preventing further attacks. The conclusion is that the random and inefficient way in which we spent would have little effect in the war against terror.
1. The first argument's premises do validate the conclusion. The author supports his claim with the statistics on other types of causes of death, and by commenting on the milder way we react to them.
The author has a difficult time supporting, and ultimately doesn't prove, his second argument. To support the argument he only focuses on general opinions and anecdotes instead of the many details he provided for the first argument. He discusses how annoying the new antiterrorism procedures are and how much money we've wasted on them, but can't document that they are really useless.
2. The first argument is inductively strong. The author's contention is true: if we agree that America overreacted to 9/11, then it probable that, unfortunately, we did help the terrorists succeed in frightening us to an irrational level.
The second argument is much flimsier than the author's first, and is invalid and weak. No statistics or explanations are given to prove that the money spent right after 9/11 s has not helped prevent further attacks. Actually the argument would be almost impossible to prove, for anyone, because it's so difficult to prove that just because you lock the door of your house, that's the reason you are never robbed. It might be that the money you spent on a good lock helps, or it could be that your neighborhood watch prevents thefts, or...
...When reading the essay ControllingIrrationalFearsAfter9/11, the first argument to catch my eye was directed around the strong reaction to the number of deaths, 2800, on 9/11. Americans immediately began to react to the catastrophe of that day. The supposed reason behind this reaction is the number of deaths in the single day when not so much as one bullet was discharged to cause one of the deaths. The author of the essay used two premises to prove the conclusion that the number of deaths was not the sole reason for the reaction of the American people. The first premise is the fact that the number of deaths per month in 2001, and every month since, in America outweigh the number of deaths caused by the terror attacks on 9/11. While there is naturally some reaction to these deaths the reaction is nowhere near as strong or irrational as the response to the attacks. The second premise to support the conclusion is the unlikelihood that Americans remember that also in 2001 another catastrophe occurred, an earthquake in Gujarat, India, killed at least 20,000 people if not more. The premises that the author included to support the conclusion are sufficient in proving to the readers the number of deaths only played a small role in the irrational reaction to the terrorist attacks. If the number of deaths was the...
...The premise for the first argument is that relative to the death toll on 9/11, the panic level showed by American following the events was irrational. The conclusion is that to that extent Americans gave the terrorist exactly what they wanted: to spread fear.
1. The author provides examples of other situations that happened in 2001, an earth quake that killed almost 20,000 people and statistics of how many people die yearly in car crashes, as examples of Americans milder reactions as support to his conclusion.
2. This argument is inductively strong, and the contention is true. Americans did help the terrorist agenda succeed.
3. The argument is difficult to prove because one cannot compare car accidents and natural disasters to terrorist attacks.
The premise for the second argument is that in response to the growing national fear the government created new unnecessary government positions and wasted billions of taxpayers’ dollars. The conclusion is the ineffective way the money was spent had no effect on the war on terror.
1. Although the author offers a lot of opinions he does not provide supporting evidence to support his conclusion. Just saying how annoying the new antiterrorism procedures are and how much he says we have wasted on them without stating any statistics does not make the claim true.
2. The argument is weak and invalid. The author offers no statistics to backup his claim...
April 6, 2015
Muslim American after9/11
There are 5 to 8 million Muslims living in USA according to the US census 2010. They all have normal and happy life. They are living in peaceful and friendly environment. But no one had expected to live that kind of luxurious life back then. It was the event of September 11, 2001, which changed their way of life drastically. On the day of September 11, 2001 two airplanes crashed in the heart of New York, the twin towers. It was a surprise attack by the terrorist group called Al Qaida. Al Qaida was the extremist form of Muslim. Since they were Muslim many Muslim American were about to face the difficulties that they haven’t even dreamed off. After9/11, Muslim Americans went through a lot of struggle, including profiling and religious stereotyping, which reveals that the violation and chaos of that time was widespread.
There was a drastic change on how people viewed and treated Muslim American after9/11. According to Khan Mussarat, the author of “Attitudes towards Muslim Americans”, people stopped going near Muslim American and stopped talking with them because they were scared of them. This meant that Muslim Americans were physically and mentally isolated from all the other Americans. This proved that it was not only a local...
...After a horrible terroristic attack that shocked the whole world on September 11th in the center of New York City, Muslims in the Western world have been constantly fighting against prejudice. After September 11, media interest in Islam increased, where Islam was usually portrayed in a negative way. Before 9/11, many Muslims lived the normal, everyday life. However, the attack has changed lives of many people that belonged to the Muslim community, where they were the victims of guilt. Unfortunately, many Americans were introduced to Islam, after the 9/11 attack, thus even till today, Islam is associated with terrorism. For the past ten years, Muslims felt excluded from the American society by being rifled, attacked, discriminated, checked by FBI and controlled at the airports. At first, it might have seemed that with time the Western world will heal from the scratches, however, the scratches of 9/11 turned out to be the scars. Even now, Muslims and their religion are insulted through the nasty gazes and comments, threat of burning of the Quran, and publication of Muhammad cartoons, as well as the anti-Islamic movie. Though Muslims were isolated from the world stage before 9/11, they have, since then, been vilified through the influence of the mass media.
Nowadays, for many people, terrorism is closely...
... Affects on Tourism after9/11
New York City is one of the most populated cities in the world. The terrorist attack of September 11th in 2001 affected the whole city, shutting down transportation, affecting business revenue, police and the public’s safety. The emotions of New Yorkers were horrified. This was one of three terrorists attacks that impacted America on that day, but also not the first terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. That morning of 9/11 was a regular day in New York City; children were on their way to school and adults were going to work. The weather was clear, the skies were blue and the temperature was in the 70’s. No one expected something so devastating to occur on such a beautiful autumn morning. September 11th affected New York negatively and recently it has affected the city positively with more growth to the city’s businesses and tourism activity.
Before September 11th the first terrorist attack attempt of the World Trade Center was at 12:18 PM on February 26,1993 a tourist bomb explodes in the parking garage of the world trade center in New York City. An attempted to knocking down the tower failed. This explosion created a crater of 60 feet wide and collapse of several steel reinforced concrete floors from the bomb. Even though the attempt failed this did leave six people killed and more than 1,000 were injured. This bombing created more than 500 million in...
June, 4th, 2012
9/11: The After-effect on Canada
The events of September 11, 2001 (9/11) are remembered throughout the world. On this unforgettable day, three aircrafts crashed at different locations throughout the United States. Two of which crashed into the famous World Trade Center taking thousands of innocent lives. These attacks had allowed countries to learn and prepare to avoid any similar future events. Moreover, the effects of 9/11 had indirectly influenced Canada, beneficially and detrimentally. Canada as a nation had learned from this tragic experience as well as mourned the losses of its neighboring nation. The terrorist attacks had dramatically affected Canada; socially, economically, politically.
To begin with, Canada’s social atmosphere had been indirectly affected by 9/11. The aftermath of 9/11 mirrored similar social effects of the United States, within Canada. Canadians developed a sense of paranoia for unexpected terrorist attacks, which may possibly occur at any given period. Many Americans believed that the terrorists had slipped through Canadian borders; in consequence, attacking Canada may be easy for terrorists. The events of 9/11 had influenced many of the majority class Canadians to assimilate a patriotic...
... Is the U.S really as safe as we think it is post 9/11? Some would say 9/11 is one of the most tragic events to ever happen to this country, and many would agree. Looking at how things have changed in this country to prevent events like these from happening again makes it obvious to realize that this country will do whatever it takes to make the people safer. The question is are we actually safer? and are the liberties that we sacrifice worth the security that we gain? After reading through numerous articles and statistics of whether people are actually safer or not the answer is we will never know. Through most of the publicity and some of the failed terrorist attacks like the time square bombing we might know that those attacks have been stopped. What we don’t know is how many attacks have we deterred? How many terrorists have we stopped from even attempting there attacks? Because knowing the security they have to go through is close to impossible.
So what changes did take place in national security? An article from a website called toptenz.net lists the Top 10 U.S. Government Changes Since 9/11 at number 10 the list suggests that the “September 11 attacks had an impact on the audiovisual entertainment business.Television coverage of the terrorist attacks and their aftermath was the longest uninterrupted news event in the history of U.S. television. It...
...The AFSPA and
After-effects of the Act
This Term Paper / Assignment / Project has been submitted by
Ms. Aishwaria S Iyer
ID No: 212034
On Sociology II
During the Winter Semester 2012 -13
Everyone knows 9/11 as the day of the infamous airplane crash that brought down the twin towers in New York, destroying thousands of lives all at once. Few however, realise that the date is ominous for Indians in a different way. It is the date when The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act or AFSPA, was passed, way back in 1958, much before the 2001 attacks. Although the effects of this act were not instantaneous, the consequences of the same have been disastrous and have led to a complete destruction of the lives of the people of North East India, where the brunt the effects have been, and still are being, faced especially by the women of the region.
In this project, questions of what AFSPA is, why it was passed, its provisions, effects and how the women in Manipur are fighting it. There is also a short description of Irom Sharmila’s Fight for the repeal of the AFSPA.
II. Background of Women’s movement as a social movement in Manipur
There is a long history of social movements led by women in Manipur. The non-tribal Meitei women of Manipur have a long and established tradition of agitations for social reforms or against administrative oppressions. This significant role dates back to ancient...