Control of Population Growth by the Government
Population growth is the increase in the number of people who live in a specific area. Population growth has a huge impact of economies, education, etc., therefore the levels of population growth is a huge concern around the world. There have been a number of countries that have been encouraging the population to produce more offspring, such as Shanghai. However, these policies are just to motivate the population to have more babies and there are always going to be cultural and religious traditions that might be more meaningful than what the government is encouraging. On the other hand, in some developing countries such as India, the government has been trying to decrease the population growth by increasing the amount of money for schools and family planning. Unfortunately, a number of people in India continue having huge families and ignore what they are being recommended. Another way governments have been trying to control their population growth is to limit the amount of migrants that enter their countries and a good example of this would be the United States of America. However, this has not been extremely successful because the amount of illegal migrants that pass the border is still incredibly large. On the contrary, there have been countries with successful attempts to control population growth. A good example of this would be the one child policy in China. This is because they did not only encourage the decrease of population growth; China made it a law with severe financial consequences and so far they have been successful. An example of a country that has had a successful increase in population growth is Dubai because of the Indian and Pakistani immigrants they allow into their country. These positive controls of population growth did not happen suddenly, but instead take a long period of time plus change in behavior. In my opinion, I believe that there are countries that show affective and ineffective...
...Should Government Attempt to Control Human PopulationGrowth?
Human population grows, and it has been calculated that by the year 2050 there will be over 9 billion people in the world. As a result of that the amount of land per person will have dropped to less than one square inch. It is clear that populationgrowth must stop in some close future due to various factors (Issitt, 1). Shortage in food and water, limited energy, pollution, death of plants and animals, and many more other shortages can be count as those factors. Controlling populationgrowth is essential for each person in the world as it might cause many dangerous situations. Each person has to know how exactly dangerous is overpopulation. Government has to stop this growth somehow by educating families about family planning, help women to get better financial progress, make a law to protect ecosystem and prevent illegal immigrants’ growth. Population growing is very dangerous especially for developing countries. Governments of those countries do not have easy job, and many of them use very drastically moves. China is one of them, where many kids have been killed, mostly girls. It is necessary to do something to stop populationgrowth, but many people argue how, and what tools should...
...POPULATIONGROWTH AND CONTROLPopulation is considered to be an important asset for any country for growth rate of any country is greatly dependent on the people living in that country. But when it starts growing without any proper proportion then it becomes a menace for that part of part of the world. The whole world is caught in the trap of overpopulation .people all over the world are distributed like pollen or germinating seeds and they are growing in number as anything. There is an uneven distribution of people throughout the world. The estimated population of the world has increased by 30% that means in 2011 there was an increase of 78 million people on earth. According to the World Bank group) the estimated increase in the world’s population by 200,000 people every day and if we look at the Pakistan then the estimated population in (2011 - 2012) is over 187 million and it ranked as world’s sixth most populous country in the world. The population of Pakistan is distributed in 7 folds or we can say that they are divided into classes on the bases of income, educated and other factors.
Pakistan is suffering from the biggest problem of increased populationgrowth .this issue is quite serious .the total estimated population of Pakistan is 170 million which is too much .and the population...
...The Government Should Take Steps to ControlPopulationGrowth
EAP2 Writer’s Workshop
February 21, 2013
During the last 30 years, the world’s population has haven an increase of 60%. This paper focuses on the demographic situation and the problems of populationgrowth. It discusses the benefits of populationcontrol in terms of economic development, environmental issues, employment pressure and education opportunities. It also talks about the disadvantage of populationcontrol that a country will advance into an aging society, but according to the research, the problems of an aging society can be solved through raising the employment rate. This research uses some evidence such as China and Nigeria to suggest that the government should controlpopulationgrowth. In conclusion, it points out that we cannot access a healthy society without populationcontrol.
The Government Should Take Steps to ControlPopulationGrowth
There are today 6.5 billion population in the world, six times more than in 1800. During the last 30 years, the world’s population has increased by 2.4 billion. It means the...
...1960s there was an exponentially rise in population going from 2.5 billion to 6.1 billion in just 50 years, from then on it was clear that populationcontrol would be on the forefront of government agenda’s worldwide. Population has a direct impact on the economy, providing services and the usage of scare resources. Governments therefore attempt to controlpopulation numbers. There are contrasting strategies depending on whether the country wishes to increase its population size or whether to limit it. With the two polices being pro-natalist which attitude encourages childbearing and anti-natalist which does not.
Firstly, I will discuss ineffective population policies that governments have put in place, yet have ultimately failed to control the population in its chosen direction. For instances, Singapore, between 1960s and 70s had an anti-natalist policy in place. However, as economic prospered and populationgrowth rate fell, it adopted a pro-natalist policy the target set at increasing population by 40% in 40 years. With a replacement rate of only 1.006 in 1975 action was needed. It introduced many campaigns that aimed to promote marriage; in this case incentives such as ‘love cruises’ and cash incentives to families that have 3 or more children. In...
...“Are Government Attempts to ControlPopulation Ineffective?”
Today, keeping control of the population is a huge issue that is on all of the world leader’s minds. The amount of people you have in your country is hugely important to whether you have enough resources, jobs, food, education, health services etc. It is mandatory that governments keep a track of the population and keep a lid on it if necessary. Many countries have implemented schemes, laws and policies that have tried to change the population demographic for the better of the country. I am going to discuss whether these policies have been effective in their job in controlling population, or not.
In China 1979, a famous policy was instigated by Deng Xiaoping that limited married couples to have only one child. It was the ‘One-Child Policy’. The reasons for its introduction were that previous to Deng, Mao Zedong had encouraged large families to increase productivity. The birth rate in 1970 was 33.43, so Deng knew something had to be done otherwise they would be seeing mass starvation for everyone by the end of the 20th century if the birth rate continued to rise.
They introduced many incentives to give people more of a motivation to have fewer children:
• 5-10% salary bonus for limiting to one child
• Priority in housing, education and health care for ‘only’ children
...WHY MALTHUS WAS WRONG
Over the past 10 years, Indian population has risen by 220 million people, reaching an estimated 1,22 billion in 2012. The effects of this population increase are evident in the increasing poverty, unemployment, air and water pollution, shortage of food, health resources and educational resources. With India as an example we will discuss Malthus, the populationgrowth theory and see if Malthus theory was maybe mistaken in the past but has some valid aspects today.
Thomas Malthus was an English priest and economist who lived during the late 18th Century. He is famous for his theories about population and its increase or decrease in response to various factors. His thought was influenced by living conditions of that period: the first negative effects of Industrialization and growing urbanization appeared. This caused an increase in poverty and unemployment, which made it necessary for the government to introduce the so called “poor laws”, guaranteeing a minimum income to every person.
Malthus defined two types of checks to populationgrowth: preventive checks and positive checks. Preventive checks are those that affect the birth rate and include marrying at a later age. He also called these “moral restraint”. So Malthus stated that a family should not have any children before they cannot make sure that they can supply their kids....
...Ways to controlPopulationGrowthPopulationgrowth is the rate of increase in the size of a given area, such as a city, country or continent. Populationgrowth is closely linked to fertility, which is the rate at which women produce offspring. Due to the limited resources on earth and in various countries, rampant populationgrowth can lead to inadequate food and other amenities, so in certain cases it can be beneficial to attempt to limit populationgrowth.
One way for a country or other ruling authoritative body to controlpopulationgrowth is to institute laws that prohibit high fertility. China, for instance, is well known for instituting a "one child policy" which makes it illegal for urban couples to have more than one child. Using regulations to controlpopulation in this manner is often frowned upon, and requires a governing body with supreme authority over its people, but it can be very effective.
Another important way to limit populationgrowth is to increase the rate of contraception among the population. Contraception, while not infallible, drastically reduces fertility rates, often with minimal expense. While contraception and education about using contraception is...
...Economic Growth is the increase per capita gross domestic product (GDP). There is a distinction between nominal and real economic growth, where the first is the growth rate including inflation, while the second is the nominal rate adjusted for inflation. Moreover economic theorists distinguish short-term economic stabilization and long-term economic growth. The topic of economic growth is mainly related to the long run. Short-run variation of economic growth is termed the business cycle. The long-run path of economic growth is one of the central questions of economics.
In 1377, the Arabian economic thinker Ibn Khaldun provided one of the earliest descriptions of economic growth in his Muqaddimah (known as Prolegomena in the Western world) (cited in Weiss, 1995):
When civilization [population] increases, the available labor again increases. In turn, luxury again increases in correspondence with the increasing profit, and the customs and needs of luxury increase. Crafts are created to obtain luxury products. The value realized from them increases, and, as a result, profits are again multiplied in the town. Production there is thriving even more than before. And so it goes with the second and third increase. All the additional labor serves luxury and wealth, in contrast to the original labor that served the necessity of life.