Directed and written by Louis Dai, David Elliot-Jones and Lachlan McLeod
Produced in 2012
Convenient Education is a documentary that explores Australia’s social processes; tension, competition and change. It focuses on ‘the rise and fall of a migration market that made international education an 18 billion dollar industry only to spiral out of control’. It documents the stories of immigrants who were exploited in the international education scheme. It expresses how the system was set up by a “ruling class” (who in this case was the Australian Government) in order to exploit a subject class (the immigrants) by using them to ‘solve the countries skill shortages and super-charge the economy’. The documentary explains how the Australian economy thrived on the cheap and steady flow of migrants eager to find their wealth and prestige in ‘the lucky country’. The economy was able to do this by setting up the super structure of society in a way that allowed the education sector to train as many migrants as possible as cheaply as possible and then using that labour power to fill in all the gaps in the Australian work force.
‘We get these young students, they will pay for their skilling, and we’ll get a young skilled migrant labour force that was designed for Australia’s needs alright? So it was plus and plus.’ 1.30min
‘Convenient Education’ documents the social change influenced by the shifting interests of the Australian economy and international students and the competition for their own advantage.
Due to the growing needs of the Australian economy and the vast amount of profit made from International education it is extremely valuable and a big issue in the Australian immigration debate. In 2009 Australia hosted 7% of the world’s international students, the students are not only an asset to Australia but Australia is an asset to them. Response 3
With the end of World War II three perspectives on sociological theories emerged-structural functionalism, conflicttheory, and symbolic interactionism. These three theories reflected "national cultural and political trends" in Northern Americ (Garner, 307). Structural functionalism created an ideology that society consisted of shared values and a system of social cohesion. In contrast of the functionalist theory; conflict theorist repudiated the notion that society was relatively harmonious. In fact, conflicttheory by no means viewed society as a system; rather it was depicted as dichotomous groups inhabiting unequal power and unequal life chances. The conflicttheory argues that the unequal distribution of wealth, power, status, and opportunity is the center feature of our society.
The conflicttheory was inspired by the works of the great historian, Karl Marx. Marx was the most influential socialist thinker from the 19th century. He was considered to be a great historian, philosopher, social scientist or revolutionary. Through Marx's works, such as The Power Elite, he proposes the theory of conflict within many aspects of society. One of these aspects are in our economy. The competitve...
There are many theories people create and analyze on how we as a society would become obsolete. If we lived in a perfect world, there would probably be one solution or sociological theory that could solve all our problems. With all of the sociological theories created over centuries, I believe that the three main theories, structural functionalism, the conflicttheory, and symbolic interactionism, are all important attributes to what make us successful as individuals and society, play an important part in what makes us fail and all consist in the United States today.
The structural functionalism approach is a framework for all parts of society to work and function together. This theory points to social structure, which gives our lives shape in families, workplace, classroom, community, etc., and is the pattern of our social behavior. As one pioneer of this approach, Herbert Spencer, began to explain in more detail how social structure works was by using an example of the human body. He argued his point by stating muscles, bones, and organs in our body work interdependently to help the entire body to survive. He compared this to social structure by exclaiming that just like the functions of our organs, bones and muscles help the body to survive, social structures work together to preserve society. How one can say how this...
...According to ConflictTheory, society is:
• A struggle for dominance among competing social groups (classes, genders, races, religions, etc.). When conflict theorists look at society, they see the social domination of subordinate groups through the power, authority, and coercion of dominant groups. In the conflict view, the most powerful members of dominant groups create the rules for success and opportunity in society, often denying subordinate groups such success and opportunities; this ensures that the powerful continue to monopolize power, privilege, and authority. You should note that most conflict theorists oppose this sort of coercion and favor a more equal social order. Some support a complete socioeconomic revolution to socialism (Marx), while others are more reformist, or perhaps do not see all social inequalities stemming from the capitalist system (they believe we could solve racial, gender, and class inequality without turning to socialism). However, many conflict theorists focus on capitalism as the source of social inequalities.
The primary cause of social problems, according to the conflict perspective, is the exploitation and oppression of subordinate groups by dominants. Conflict theorists generally view oppression and inequality as wrong, whereas Structural-Functionalists may see it as necessary for the smooth running and...
...Functionalism and conflicttheory are two theories that influence the purposes of schooling. These two theories are both different and similar in their view and relation to schooling. Basically, the differences lie in the way these two theories explain transmission, as well as way functionalists are more accepting and conflict theorists want to change things. The two theories are similar in their views of structure and culture.
"Functionalism...argues that society operates as does the human body: Like living organisms, all societies possess basic functions which they must carry out to survive. Like living organisms, they evolve structures to carry out the functions" (Bennett deMarais and LeCompte, p. 5). Functionalism is a theory that certainly concentrates more on the social aspects and cultural aspects more than any other areas within the schooling systems. Based upon these two aspects, functionalists will try to recognize the social system. From there, functionalists explain how the school systems operate, while at the same time keeping order and equilibrium preserved.
Functionalists focus on intellectual, political, economical, and social purposes as what they perceive as the purposes of schooling. The intellectual purposes of schooling according to functionalists are learning and applying cognitive, substantive, and inquiry skills throughout their...
I have decided to use a different approach to my essay and use personal experience for inspiration. As defined in the Wikipedia the “Social ConflictTheory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society have differing amounts of material and non-material resources (the wealthy vs. the poor) and that the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with less power.” There are many different scenarios that would hold true for the social conflicttheory. However, for this essay I will use husband vs. wife because this is a little something I know a lot about. In my case my husband used his power to exploit and control me because he felt that I had less power than he did. Or maybe it was because I didn’t share his views, at any rate men treat women like this all of the time. The power that I am speaking of is not politics or weather he had more money than me, all of that did not matter. He was controlling and abusive. My next point covers the Rational Choice Theory in which I had to make a rational choice to stay and take the abuse or was I going to do something about it and get out. Well the choice I made was to put him in prison because that was the only was I was going to get rid of him so that I could lead a peaceful, safe, life so that I could raise my...
...Conflict and Labeling Theory
Labeling theory is concerned less with that causes the onset of an initial delinquent act and more with the effect that official handling by police, courts, and correctional agencies has on the future of youths who fall into the court system. Labeling theory states that youths violate the law for a number of reasons; these reasons are poor family relationships, neighborhood conflict, peer pressure, psychological and biological abnormality and delinquent learning experiences. Cesar Lombroso was called the father of Modern Criminology, originally came up with the labeling theory. (Labeling Theory) Cesar Lombroso classified criminals into four major categories: born criminals, insane criminals, occasional criminals and criminal of passion. Born criminals are a form of human sub-specie with arrested development and degeneracy. Lombroso believed that recurrence of previous behavior could be identified by a number of measurable physical traits, which included protruding jaw, drooping eyes, large ears, twisted and flattish nose, long arms relative to the lower limbs, sloping shoulders, and a resembled tail. Insane criminals are not “born criminals”; they become criminal as a result of an alteration of the brain, which completely upsets their moral nature. Occasional criminals unlike borne criminals are individuals that passively are looking to commit...
...Harriett Martineau/ Conflict Theorist
Instructor: Emily Frydrych
When I look over the theories we have discussed in our text: functionalism,symbolic interaction and conflict, I think the one I relate to best is the conflict theorist. The conflict theorist that I agree with the most is Harriet Martineau. She was a conflict theorist that the book describes as, “Scholar Harriet Martineau (1803–1876), an English opponent of slavery and capitalism who felt they oppressed women, children, and nonwhites, translated the work of Comte so people could understand the importance of his perspective (Adams & Sydie, 2001). Regarded as a radical in her day, her work was largely dismissed by people in authority.” ( Vissing, 2011, chapter2 sect 3 para 13) There were many female activists who were active early on in the field but they were ignored until feminine activists brought it to the attention of the American public arena ( Vissing, 2011). She would best referred to as a conflict theorist.
The conflicttheory is defined as, “a theory that assumes that the institutions and interactions within society foster inequality and competition, and when they are challenged, then...
...criminal or deviant were critical in shaping the rights movements for African Americans, women, and homosexuals in the United States. Without questioning the traditional way of treating disadvantaged groups, the norms of discrimination and prejudice could not be broken.
Criticisms of functionalism focus on its acceptance and rationalization of social inequality and societal evils. Since functionalism holds that all aspects of society are necessary, human rights issues like poverty, hunger, slavery, and genocide must be accounted for. Critics suggest that functionalism can be used as a rationalization of such issues. The perspective is also criticized for its lack of testability, which is critical for the upholding of any social science theory. Several questions stand against its reliability.
Functionalism could be described as the most generalized and ineffective of the sociological schools. It is not logically in synch with variability between cultures and it cannot effectively explain change. Still, it has its strong points, such as its ability to explain crime and deviance. Functionalism essentially serves as the most conservative of the sociological schools of thought
Functionalism's view on the social stratification of our society is centered on their basic viewpoints. These viewpoints lend themselves to promote the functionalist's standpoints. These state that the function is a consequence, which adds to the stability of the system. A...