The Bill of Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are two vital documents dedicated to the safety, security, and overall well-being of two very different groups of people. The Bill of Rights was simply the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution, whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was made for all of the people governed by the separate and independent nations included in the United Nations. The key difference in the documents rests not in the words, but in the audiences to which they speak to and of. Comparing the one complete declaration of laws, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and part of another, Bill of Rights as part of the US Constitution, is very different from a comparison of both documents as a whole. I will look specifically to the Articles presented in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and not the Preamble to compare and contrast with the Bill of Rights.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights uses much more ambiguous but universally acceptable terminology, because it is speaking for the rights of millions of people worldwide of many races and ethnic and religious backgrounds. This cannot be attained without using words and laws that can be accepted by the persons of all the member countries. Article ten is a perfect example of this because it combines the ideas of two of the Bill of Rights Amendments, numbers six and seven, and forms a much more universally acceptable law. Article ten pertains to rights of a speedy trial as well as a trial by jury. It is also important to understand that while some things need to be said more open-ended for the world to understand it, it is just as important for some of the articles to be much more specific than those seen in the Bill of Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights instructs that all individual governments need to assure that each person in their sovereign state has the "right to marry and to found a family". This would be far too...
...The Creation of the
UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights
Though humanrights as a whole (or for most of history, the idea of humanrights) have been present since the beginnings of civilization, its prevalence as a “normal” and “obvious” component of international relations did not emerge until much recently, with the ratification of the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights (UDHR) in 1948. The UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights was created by the United Nations in order for all people in all nations to recognize each individual’s humanity, and the equal rights that are given to them on the basis of that humanity. As the UDHR’s preamble articulates, the Document aims for the “recognition of inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family”, grounded by the “foundation of freedom, justice, and peace”. 1 In other words, no human is excluded from possession of humanrights; regardless of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, or class, so long as one is a member of the human race, they are inherently entitled to the rights listed in the UDHR.
Today, the UDHR, legitimized by the United Nations in...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrightsuniversal...
SSC 102 – Global Perspective
The UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights
“THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSALDECLARATION OF HUMANRIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.”
The above statement was pulled directly from the declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948 in Paris, France. The declaration was created due to the disadvantages learned during World War II. It was the first deposition created concerning the rights of all human beings across the globe. The declaration is comprised of 30 articles which “elaborate in subsequent international treaties, regional humanrights instruments, national...
...indeed follow this declaration, doubts and reason why they should not have to come in mind as well. First, I question what nation’s idea was it to create this declaration and did all nations on this planet agree to the amendments and rules put into it. I also ask if all nations swore to follow it. Because like the question says, the United States does not follow this document, which means that the United States does not respect; and I can think of other nations and peoples who do not follow the declaration as well, right off the top of my head. If the answer to those questions id yes, then I do believe that every nation, including the United States should have to follow it. However, that does not seem to be the case. So therefore, I do not think that any nation should scrutinize or punish another nation for not following the document if that nation does not as well. Furthermore, I think that if all, or most nations, do not follow the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights then it was a pretty big waste of time and energy making it and since not respected it should become null and void, and just another piece of failed history.
First I am going to write about the Declaration in general; it’s history and what it consists of. The declaration was created and adopted in 1948. It arouse from the Second World War where people of the Jewish...
The UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights
Article XXVI: Right to Education
The UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights was drafted in 1948 and one of the articles, article XXVI deals with protection of the fundamental rights, right to education:
(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for humanrights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their
The right to education is a universalright and is recognized as a humanright. It includes the right to free, non biased and...
...Saint Leo University Core Value on Community as it compares to the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights
Saint Leo University maintains its core value of community which is comparable to the universaldeclaration of humanrights. Saint Leo University, a catholic based institution was created to promote an environment for everyone to be incorporated in a spirit of “belonging, unity, and interdependence which is based on mutual trust and respect.” Within the explanation of St. Leo’s core value of community it goes on to state that by “mutual trust and respect to create a socially responsible environment that challenge all of us to listen, to change, and to serve.” When observing how that is similar to the universaldeclaration of humanrights the same expressions can be followed. Within the preamble of the declaration it states that all people and all nations shall “strive by teaching and education to promote respect and effective recognition and observance.” Respect for others is fundamental values for both St. Leo as well as the declaration.
Article one of the declaration reads “humans are born free and should be allowed to remain free, equal in dignity and rights.” There are reasons and conscience that all should respect...
At three in the morning on December 7, 1948, after two months of over 80 meetings, the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights was created. The final obstacle for the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights was approval from the United Nation General assembly. In order for the document to be approved it required two-thirds of the vote. On December 10, 1948, the document was adopted.1 The United Nation has not been successful at enforcing the UniversalDeclaration of HumanRights because the underlying values in the document are not actually universal. Different states have different values about humanrights. Even though some states signed the document, they did only to appear humane to others and hidden Humanright violations continue.
In the aftermath of World War II, the United Nations created UDHR for the purpose of preventing the next generation from devastation of international conflict, such as World War II. The last good war was an unprecedented global devastation. The levels of severity of the crimes of Adolf Hitler and his military could not have been predicted by Europe. Before the outbreak of World War II in March 1938, Austria was annexed under Hitler, which led international crises of human...
..."Are HumanRightsUniversal?" World Policy Journal, Vol. XVI, No. 4 (Winter 1999/2000)
The growing consensus in the West that humanrights are universal has been fiercely opposed by critics in other parts of the world. At the very least, the idea may well pose as many questions as it answers. Beyond the more general, philosophical question of whether anything in our pluri-cultural, multipolar world is truly universal, the issue of whether humanrights is an essentially Western concept—ignoring the very different cultural, economic, and political realities of the other parts of the world—cannot simply be dismissed. Can the values of the consumer society be applied to societies that have nothing to consume? Isn't talking about universalrights rather like saying that the rich and the poor both have the same right to fly first class and to sleep under bridges? Don't humanrights as laid out in the international covenants ignore the traditions, the religions, and the socio-cultural patterns of what used to be called the Third World? And at the risk of sounding frivolous, when you stop a man in traditional dress from beating his wife, are you upholding her humanrights or violating his?
This is anything but an abstract debate. To the contrary, ours is...