Compare and contrast the two poems, “Migrant Hostel” and “10 Mary Street” As the hundreds and thousands of migrants arrived into Australia to start their new lives in their new homes, most of them experienced the difficulties of belonging while torn between two places. Peter Skrzynecki, poet of the Immigrant Chronicle wrote the poems “Migrant Hostel” and “10 Mary Street”, which explores his own feelings of belonging, place and alienation as he recounts his migration from Germany to Australia. However, each poem is a recollection from two different experiences of his lifetime. “Migrant Hostel” describes richly the very early and hostile stages of the migrant journey, and is mostly associated with the feelings isolation and desolation as the migrants were confronted with the government’s systematic approach of accommodation known as ‘hostels’. In the very first stanza, Skrzynecki, through imagery, puts emphasis on the large numbers of refugees arriving from Europe “Arrivals of newcomers/ in busloads from the station/ sudden departures from adjoining blocks”. It shows the migrants lack of belonging, where they have no control over their fate. The next stanza is juxtaposing two opposing ideas, the mention of “nationalities” shows some sense of belonging, however this idea is replaced by the quote “partitioned off at night”, conveying that the migrants are finding it difficult to let go off their own ways. The quotes “like a homecoming pigeon” and “we lived like birds of passage” emphasises the temporariness of their existence here, like the temporariness of migrating birds waiting for the changes in season to fly away. Unlike birds, however, they are “unaware of the season” and are completely confused by their situation. In the concluding stanza, images of separation and isolation are repeated, “A barrier at the main gate/ sealed off the highway”, the “gate” symbolising their journey of belonging being closed to them, separating them from the rest of the world. The...
* The poem is about Skrzynecki’s relationship with his house where he spent his childhood at 10MaryStreet, Regents Park. This poem chronicles the day-to-day lives of the Skryznecki family in their new country.
* Throughout the poem, the tone is one of empowerment and progress. Their home is a sanctuary, a safety net and protector for thee immigrants in an uncertain world. The house symbolizes the family unit’s connection during this ‘adaption’ process, which presents a positive view of family belonging.
* There is an atmosphere of live and joy at the home with nurturing parents. The fast paced materialism of the new country is contrasted with the joy in nature and relationship so much for the Skrzynecki’s household.
* He appreciates the experience as happy and values it as a key part of his childhood.
* All of this is captured in the effective imagery and symbolism.
* The memories are richly presented told in snippets of what was done, talked about, eaten, drunk and shared. Growing up in this house is remembered fondly, marked by stability, routine and familiarity.
* In some ways, the poem becomes representational of the post-war Australian immigrant experience – these post-war families kept their memories of their ‘pre-war Europe alive’ through their words, speech and cultural customs. They are then to adapt and adjust to their...
...10MaryStreet10Marystreet is a poem written by Peter Skrzynecki. It depicts his relationship with his home where he spent his childhood at 10MaryStreet, Regents Park, known as a working class suburb. It records the day-to-day activities of Skrzynecki's family in their new country. In the poem there are shifts in the mood from belonging to the family home to their ambivalence toward getting citizenship.
The Skrzynecki home is a sanctuary, it protects them from an uncertain world. In the poem there is use of various techniques, in the first stanza there is use of monosyllabic, “Each morning, shut the house, like a well oiled lock”. This shows that the Skrzynecki family is in control of their own sanctuary, their house. They make the decisions when to open and close the doors unlike in the hostel. The home represents the families connection during the 'adaption' process which shows a positive view of family belonging. The house is depicted as a home in the line “home from school earlier”. It shows how he leaves an unfamiliar place to come back to where he belongs, 'home'.
The poem also reinforces the idea of the parents sense of belonging in their new home, despite the “hum-drum” nature of work. In contrast they are devoted to family. The poem shows a clear sense of belonging. It also immediately captures a sense of...
...“10MaryStreet” by Peter Skrzynecki and “Neighbours” by Tim Winton both contain elements that contribute to a sense of belonging.
In “10MaryStreet”, their connection to their house is established through the nurturing of their garden. A simile is used “tended roses and camellias like adopted children” to emphasise this strong connection to their garden and their immense care towards it. Peter gains joy and fulfilment from his garden and this enables his attachment to his home to grow. The personification of the house with its “china blue coat” gives a sense of security and warmth to the house, highlighting its significance in terms of their belonging. In the forth stanza, it is evident that the family has established connections with people of similar cultural background, where a sense of familiarity is provided. They have a strong connection with their past and through the use of listing, Peter demonstrates the various memories and common values that they share. The “embracing gestures” evokes a sense of comfort and reassurance with this particular community. This reveals the strong connection that the family has with their house.
“Neighbours” by Peter Skrzynecki presents us with the idea that common interests can bring people together. In the beginning, the newlyweds move into a new environment and experience a cultural barrier. The simile “it made the newly-weds feel like...
...Belonging: Peter Skrzynecki study notes
• Restate the topic
• Define : belonging is a universal feeling which gives an individual the sense of acceptance or isolation for themselves and their surroundings
• Name texts:
o Migranthostel, 10MaryStreet, St. Pats college, from PS Immigrant chronicle
o LFA, Melina Marchetta
Paragraph One – MigrantHostel
• Topic sentence – link toMigrantHostel
• Technique, example, effect
• The poem describes the pessimistic experiences of the author and others in the Migranthostel in Parkes
o ‘constant comings and goings’ – unpleasant situation, characterises mood of disappointment
o “a barrier at the main gate sealed off the highway” – constant change, captivity, feel unsettled, unsure about themselves, barrier represents entrapment reinforced by the word sealed
o “as it rose and fell like a finger” – simile – patronising attitudes and authorities
o Changing environment creates the feeling of alienation and being alone
o “no one kept count” – not belonging, feel like they are of no importance,
o ‘wondering’ – connotations of confusion and absence of certainty
o ‘bus loads’ – enhancing mood of chaos
o “only begun or were dying” – contrast – suggesting their losing all their ties to their homeland as they fight to begin a new life
Paragraph two –...
...SPECS SLIMS – MigrantHostel
Subject: MigrantHostel is a poem composed by Peter Skrzynecki. It is a moving account of the experiences of migrants living in an overly-crowded lodge. The first stanza captures the temporary nature of the immigrants stay at the hostel; “comings and goings”, “arrivals of newcomers” and “sudden departures”. The second stanza goes on to express the cultural divisions existing within the hostel; “nationalities sought”. The next stanza reminds the responder of the seasonal, short time spent in the hostel and the boredom, tedium and uncertainty which results. The final stanza concludes the poem by creating a strong sense of oppression, explaining that the hostel controlled the migrants’ every action. Overall, Skrzynecki communicates that his stay within MigrantHostel is a negative experience: chaotic, depersonalised and imprisoning.
Purpose: Skrzynecki’s intention is to uncover the discrimination existing subconsciously within human thought. This relates to the concept of belonging. Belonging is a basic human need. Through cultural groups, age and socio-economic status individuals can gain acceptance by others and in turn, have an entity to belong to. The quote “nationalities sought each other out instinctively” shows that an individual’s primary means differentiation is...
...MigrantHostel is an account of Peter Skrzynecki’s time in the migranthostel, yet it is ambiguous and could apply to many immigrants. This suggests that many people were struggling to find belonging as immigrants in Australia.
A general experience is emphasized in the first stanza by the use of “us” in the 2nd last line. The last line of the stanza poses a question to the reader “Who would be coming next.” This technique is used to engage them in the poem. It also underlines the uncertainty and insecurity immigrants felt whilst living at the migranthostel.
In MigrantHostel we are presented with the arrival of post-war migrants who’ve come from a war-torn Europe to Australia in hopes of starting a new life, however the reality is quickly made apparent when we find out that the location of the hostel is in Parkes thus isolating the migrants from the general society itself, and also the start of their alienation.
This sense of alienation is further emphasized in the quote, “A barrier at the main gate sealed off the highway… As it rose and fell like a finger pointed in reprimand or shame.” From this quote the use of the simile and personification of the main gate gives it oppressive qualities, thus allowing the inanimate object to be the domineering force, isolating the migrants from society… Also...
...Skrzynecki’s ‘MigrantHostel’ reflects his own personal experiences as a migrant in Australia. The combination of “Comings, goings, arrivals and sudden departures” implies a sense of chaos, insecurity and instability.
Skrzynecki used similes such as ‘homing pigeon and birds of passage’ to explain the constant change because an homing pigeon is usually trained to find its own way home which gives a desire for the migrants for a home, a place to belong. Birds of passage do not have a home, they navigate from one destination to another, it emphasises the absence of a fixed home for these people. The constant changing of the hostel prevents Skrzynecki from finding a place of belonging, leaving him feeling lost and confused about his sense of self.
The migrants belong to a group, implying a lack of individuality which unites the migrants and creates a sense of belonging. The hostel provides a prison-like life and societal group to which the migrants belong. The “barrier at the main gate” is a metaphoric and literal barrier, giving the impression of imprisonment, sealing off the migrants from the rest of the world. This isolation allows the migrants to belong to a group, but not a country.
Skrzynecki used alliteration such as ‘hunger and hate’ to demonstrate the migrants emotions of other groups after their...
...MigrantHostelMigrantHostel is an important poem when expressing belonging and not belonging as both sides of the concepts of belonging are shown through connections with character groups as well as places. It explores the barriers that prevent belonging through a variety of techniques that allow readers to fully understand the types of barriers that can prevent belonging.
Stanza 1 and 4 show that characters may encounter barriers which prevent belonging. In stanza 4, the hostel is a barrier that holds the migrants back and prevents them from belonging. The barrier at the main gate is not only physical, but mental as well. It physically holds them back from continuing with their lives; whilst it also prevents them from feeling that they belong due to their lack of freedom. The line ‘A barrier at the main gate, sealed off the highway’ represents the metaphorical ‘highway of life’. The lack of control that they have over their life is what prevents them from feeling that they belong. The barrier holds them as ‘captives’ both mentally and physically. Stanza 1 shows that change can lead to a sense of not belonging. It creates ideas of uncertainty through the use of the words ‘arrivals’, ‘sudden’, and ‘left us wondering’. The changes that happen at the hostel only emphasise the lack of control that the migrants have their, and thus forcing them to feel that their...