IRACST- International Journal of Research in Management & Technology (IJRMT), ISSN: 2249-9563 Vol. 2, No. 1, 2012
Comparative Study on Singapore VS Indian Higher Education System Naganathan Venkatesh Research Scholar, NITTTR, India
Abstract: In the world of globalization almost every country in the world wants their education system to be the best, so their students can obtain the necessary skills and knowledge taught by the schools/universities that meets the challenges of the 21st century. The present article explores how Singapore and Indian way of higher education system works; in which way both the countries differ and how they are leading in the field of higher education and it also highlight the different pathway that leads to the student’s progression from their nursery to doctorate degree. 1.0 Indian education system: The University Education Report had set goals for development of higher education in the country. While articulating these goals Radakrishnan Commission on University Education, 1948-49 put it in following words: “The most important and urgent reform needed in education is to transform it, to endeavor to relate it to the life, needs and aspirations of the people and thereby make it the powerful instrument of social, economic and cultural transformation necessary for the realization of the national goals. For this purpose, education should be developed so as to increase productivity, achieve social and national integration, accelerate the process of modernization and cultivate social, moral and spiritual values.” India's higher education system is the third largest in the world, after China and the United States. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission (India) is a statutory organization established by an Act of Parliament in1956 for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education. Apart from providing grants to eligible universities and colleges, the Commission also advises the Central and State Governments on the measures, which are necessary for the development of higher education. Central Government is responsible for major policy relating to higher education in the country. It provides grants to University Grants Commission (UGC) and establishes central universities in the country. The Central Government is also responsible for declaration of Education Institutions as ‘Deemed to be University’ on the recommendation of the UGC. Accreditation for higher learning is overseen by 12 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission.
At the end of the third year of XI Plan (2009-10), the number of Universities has gone up to 493 (42 Central, 130 Deemed and 316 State Universities and 5 Institution established under Special State Legislature Acts) and the number of Colleges to 31,324, thus registering an increase of 36% in the number Universities and 48% in the case of Colleges in comparison to the figures at the end of X Plan (31.03.2007). During the academic year 2009-10, there had been 146.25 lakhs (provisional) students enrolled in various courses at all levels in universities/colleges and other institutions of higher education as compared to 136.42 lakhs in the previous year, registering an increase of 7.2 per cent. Out of 146.25 lakhs, 60.80 lakh had been women students, constituting 41.6 per cent. The comparative trend of total students enrolment and enrolment of women students, among states during 2009-10 had been increased. The enrolment of women students, in terms of absolute numbers, had been the highest in the state of Uttar Pradesh (8.4 lakhs), followed by Maharashtra (7.8 lakhs), Andhra Pradesh (6.1 lakhs), Tamil Nadu (5.2 lakhs) etc. In terms of percentages, Goa accounted for the highest percentage of 59%, followed by Kerala (57%), Punjab and Meghalaya (51%) etc. indicating the dominance of girl students over boys in these states and A&N Islands (52%), Chandigarh (51%), Puducherry...
...Essay on IndianEducationSystem
To strengthen the IndianEducationSystem, an educational policy was adopted by the Indian Parliament in 1968. Education was made an important and integral part of the national development efforts. After independence there has been an effort to spread education to all levels of Indian society. Statistics point to the fact that 99 per cent of children in age group 6-11 years have been enrolled in school. However, to bring the remaining into the ambit of universal primary education is proving difficult because some reside in inaccessible areas, there is a deep rooted prejudice against educating girls there are practical difficulties of distance and inaccessibility of schools. Moreover, the dropout rate is so high that universal elementary education (UEE) is quite an elusive goal.
Since, education is important for the growth of developing nation like India, various steps have been devised to reduce the percentage of dropouts. Non-formal education to provide educational facilities for the drop-outs and to fulfill the desire for additional education in the grown-up-drop-outs is being given a new orientation to make it purposeful and to attract a broad spectrum of the drop-out population.
India has a long history of organized education. The Gurukul system of education is one of the oldest on earth but before that the guru shishya system was extant, in which students were taught orally and the data would be passed from one generation to the next. Now everything has changed. New method of education has taken the Indians to the next level. Thus it improved the knowledge and innovative ideas has come up in the minds of the Indians.
II. Types of Education
There are different types of education in India. Every individual has the right to choose a method (As mentioned below) for his education. Universities plays a major role in the lives of students in India. There are universities focusing on the study of medicine, arts and language, journalism, social work, business, commerce, planning, architecture, engineering, and other specialized studies. Most Indian universities teach in English Medium and conduct special language classes for those weak in English.
With 343 universities and 17000 colleges, India offers a wide spectrum of courses that are recognized globally. Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and polytechnics that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a highereducation, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various...
...The Singaporeeducationsystem has been noted for the high stress of participating students. The educationsystem, with its unique characteristics and unique needs, had led to the establishment of the streaming system in 1984.
The implementation of streaming was to cater to the needs of each student according to his or her academic ability. Streaming sought to prevent the occasion where academically inclined students become insufficiently challenged with the educational curriculum and weaker students struggle to keep afloat. Hence, by streaming students, it allowed for the academically stronger students to be categorized and placed in a more rigorous course, whereas weaker students are given more time and guidance in their learning.
However, this system has instilled high stress levels in the students as individuals strive to get into the top stream to be given a more challenging education. To be able to cope with a challenging and rigorous course curriculum is tied in together with an individual’s pride, where being enrolled in the top stream meant that an individual is more ‘intellectual’ than others in a lower stream.
Stress comes not only in the form of academics. Students also compete on the basis of who can ‘do it all’, excelling both in co-curricular activities as well as academics. A successful student, in this case, not only excels academically,...
...Singapore’s educationsystem is one of the top among the world. I am glad to grow up in such system whereby we are trained since young to try and achieve the best of both worlds - balancing academic and non-academic achievements like CCAs.
I would like to know the views on looking into various “loopholes” in the educationsystems. Ministry of Education (MOE) is offering new paths for students, who did well for their GCE ‘N’ Level, to further their studies at Institute of Technical Education (ITE) or even local Polytechnics without taking the GCE ‘O’ Level, yet at the same time do not have any plans to further support these students such that most of them could not enter the local universities due to lack of qualifications.
Singapore’s educationsystem is one of the top among the world. I am glad to grow up in such system whereby we are trained since young to try and achieve the best of both worlds - balancing academic and non-academic achievements like CCAs.
I would ask the Prime Minister for his views on looking into various “loopholes” in the educationsystems. Ministry of Education (MOE) is offering new paths for students, who did well for their GCE ‘N’ Level, to further their studies at Institute of Technical Education (ITE) or even local...
Improving the IndianEducationSystem Using
Germany as a Benchmark
In conjunction with Dr. Anil Kishan and Dr.Venkata Krishnan
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” - Nelson Mandela
“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepares for it today” - Malcom
Chapter 1. Introduction
“In India, one get an Engineer’s degree and then chooses his/ her career”
This project is about unravelling the mystery behind the above quote which is not only humorous but alarming at the same time for the progress of a developing country like India. Taking Germany (a pioneer in the field of Education especially Mechanical Engineering) as a benchmark we plan to find the reasons behind the probable under development of Indianeducationsystem.
The project is chiefly focused on improving the Indianeducationsystem. For the past 25 years there has been no revolutionary change in the Indianeducationsystem. In this project we will identify the problems faced by Indianeducationsystem and we will propose the solution based on our survey and...
...Kautilya's Arthasahtra are only some of the milestones that the traditional Indian knowledge system boasts of. There are evidences of imparting formal education in ancient India under the Gurukul system.
Under the Gurukul system, young boys who were passing through the Brahmacharya stage of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher's home and complete their education. Although the ancientsystem of education has produced many geniuses and still a major area of research. Women and people of lower castes gradually lost their right to educate themselves.
The spread of Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti and Sufi movements did have some liberating effects on the condition of the women. But it is the English language and the reformation movements of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India. Thus, the Britishers, although rightly criticized for devastating the Indian economy, can also be credited for bringing a revolution in the Indianeducationsystem.
II. Types of Education
There are different types of education in India. Every individual has the right to choose a method (As mentioned below) for his education. Universities play a major role in the lives of students in India. There are universities focusing on the...