James A. Coleman’s English-medium teaching in European higher education article seeks to measure the extent to which English is progressively becoming ‘the language of higher education’ in Europe. First, it describes the global context in terms of the spread of English as a lingua franca and of the marketization of higher education. Secondly, it explores the reasons for English-medium teaching in Higher Education Institutions across Europe. Thirdly, it seeks to assess the extent of the phenomenon and its impact, and to explore possible future trends. Put them in more details. The first parts is titled “Globalization”. In this part, author fully demonstrates and explains to the readers the results of the globalization and how the globalization puts the impact on the popularity of English and at last to be the super central language in the world. James then discusses the relationship between globalization and the economics of higher education. Because of the globalization, the rapid expansion in the European countries is notable, which brings the additional funding of the countries, therefore, the European counties need the international marketization of higher education. On the second part, author smoothly goes on from the previous topic to discuss about English and higher education and he demonstrates seven reasons which impel the English using in the higher education. The analysis is given to each of those seven reasons. The author also conducted two large and several smaller studies, from which he concludes several predictable problems from the wide adoption of English-medium teaching, After the problems analysis, the author uses examples of University of Maastricht, the universities in Hungary, Norway, Turkey, Cyprus and Denmark to manifest the rapid growth in English using in the European countries. The third segment of the article is the conclusion or the prediction of English-medium in higher education. James A. Coleman also predict that the world will...
... The medium of instruction at all stages should be the mother tongue of the learner and in special cases regional language. English should be used as a library language. Students should learn only mother tongue at the primary stage. At the secondary stage a foreign language, preferably English should be taught as the second language and another Indian language- classical or modern-may be offered as an optional subject.
It should be clearly maintained in the language policy that English shall not remain as a medium of instruction and as a medium of public examinations.
Shri R.N. Madhale, Principal, New English School & Junior College, Mahimangad, Tal. Man Distt. Satara, Maharashtra (9.11.1990)
Primary and secondary education should be in the medium of mother tongue. The medium of instruction for highereducation should be Hindi or English, or regional language.
Learning of Hindi should be encouraged and regional languages should be taught only upto the middle level.
English should not be considered as a bad legacy of the colonial days. 'Nav Bharat Times', New Delhi, dated 12th September, 1990 (Editorial)
The paper is silent about the place of English in the school system and also about the medium...
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
November 15, 2014
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
Although many people believe you have to have a highereducation; a lot of people do not feel it is necessary to have a highereducation. There are many reasons people choose not to pursue ahighereducation. A few of those reasons include: possible debt incurred, not being guaranteed a higher paying job and success can be achieved without having a degree.
Some people believe that getting a highereducation is worth the possible debt no matter what because they believe they will be making a better life for their families, or they will be guaranteed higher paying jobs. However, a recent report released by Mintel in April of 2014, states the percentage of consumers who think student loans are a good investment dropped from 54% in 2012 to just 20% in 2014. (Andrus 2014) Danielle Andrus stated in 2014, “Mintel surveyed 2,217 Americans 18 and older.” (Andrus 2014)
Even with a highereducation, not everyone can afford their loan payments, because they are so high. “In 2012, the majority of respondents were paying less than $300 a month (79%), and only 21% had payments...
...Highereducation is now a controversial topic. That fancy piece of paper in a frame that we lose sleep over for four years has been victim of heavy scrutiny in recent years. Every side of the argument seems to agree that we place too much importance on it, but the variety of explanations(and potential solutions) can be overwhelming. At the risk of looking like a cop out, I firmly believe, after thorough research, that there is not a sole guilty side. There are multiple factors that play into this.
Peter Thiel, co-founder of Paypal, is one the most outspoken about the subject. In an interview with Sarah Lacy for Tech Crunch, he expresses that, although not a complete lie, highereducation isn't always as beneficial as our society likes to think. We are taught from a young age that the world will be without worries for those who try hard and graduate from a college or university, and that financial hardships will not even be a notion in our minds. Thiel thinks highereducation can be counterproductive in this aspect and Lacy seems to agree with this. “..the idea that attending Harvard is all about learning? Yeah. No one pays a quarter of a million dollars just to read Chaucer,” says the interviewer.
There's this idea that the more you pay for an education or the more prestigious the institution you attend, the better the job and income you will enjoy in the end. Thiel suggest...
Contrast HigherEducation System
North Dakota State
Comparing and contrasting the highereducation system(Japan Vs. USA).
Have you ever wonder who has the better education system between the United States and Japan ? Well, This essay will announce on how the US is similar to Japanhighereducation system. It will also compare and contrast three different areas such as student loans, popular fields of study, ages and of students attending highereducation programs.
Japan's highereducation system is broken into two different bodies limited public that is governed by its national and local governments and a private sector that is market driven. Japan has reformed their student loan system through the Independent Administrative Institution. Because of this reform Japan has two type of student loans. The first class loans have zero rate of interest and are academically selective. The Second class loan are interest baring and are not academically selective as the first class loans. Both types of loans could be used for living and school expenses. The United States has several types of student loans that are very different than Japan's because they help cover the fees and helps need based...
...are the characteristics of the Algerian
Literature lectures: three antagonistic
The profile of graduation and post-
The programme of the Ministry of HigherEducation→ Quantity
The Student’s career worries→ Efficiency
On the need to depict three
The TEACHER→ Who is he?
The INSTITUTION→ What
does it aim at?
1970s till mid 1980s→ A Quality-oriented system
(graduation + sophisticated post-graduate degrees)
From (1971 to 1974)→ The first ‘Reforms’ at
lecturer vs. students and programmes
Two Philosophies behind Quality
The licence ‘Ancien Régime’
Rooted in the French
system of education
Gave more weight to
The knowledge of the FL;
-history of ideas….
Unconscious process of
Licence des Belles Lettres
Quality as a criterion
The highly specialised
the acquisition of an indepth knowledge in a
antagonizes with the
rather shallow initiation
level the institution
requires from him.
The Institution: New Targets
Quantity→ More teachers needed for the
Utility→ English is a means to have access to
documents especially in Science and
Technology( the Market’s requirement)
- The same infrastructure
The words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles.
Types of Articles
The article “the” points to a definite (particular) person, place, or thing
Articles in English are invariable. That is, they do not change according to the gender or number of the noun they refer to
Example - the boy, the woman, the children
'The' is used:
1. To refer to something which has already been mentioned.
An elephant and a mouse fell in love.
The mouse loved the elephant's long trunk, and the elephant loved the mouse's tiny nose.
2. When both the speaker and listener know what is being talked about, even if it has not been mentioned before.
'Where's the bathroom?'
'It's on the first floor.'
3. in sentences or clauses where we define or identify a particular person or object
The man who wrote this book is famous.
'Which car did you scratch?' 'The red one.
My house is the one with a blue door.'
4. To refer to objects we regard as unique
The sun, the moon, the world
5. Before superlatives and ordinal numbers
The highest building, the first page, the last chapter.
6. With adjectives, to refer to a whole group of people
The Japanese (List of nationalities in English), the old
7. With names of geographical areas and oceans
The Caribbean, the Sahara, the Atlantic
8. With decades, or groups of years
She grew up in the seventies
College Level in Korea & Nepal
By Yam Bahadur Khatri
Academic Ph.D. Dissertation Programme Division
Department of the EnglishEducation & Literature of Liberal Arts Sejong University, Seoul, South Korea
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR TEACHERS
This questionnaire is a part of my research study entitled "EnglishEducation at the College Level in Korea, & Nepal" under the supervision of Professor Dr. Kim Sun Bok, Department of EnglishEducation, Faculty of Education, ... ... ... .University, Nepal/Korea. The major objectives of this study are to find out the techniques adopted by English teacher while Research on EnglishEducation at the College Level, to experience the opinion of the teachers towards the TEL and to suggest some feedback implication.
Your cooperation in completing the questionnaire will be of great value to me. Please feel free to put your responses required in questionnaire. I assure you that the response you make will have no harmful effects but useful, and carry out valuable meaning to you as well as others.
Yam Bahadur Khatri
Teachers' Name : Date :
Name of School : Gender:
Number of Students:
Questionnaire for ELT Teachers
...By: Mengwei (Cindy) Zhang
The Next Step to the U.S. HigherEducation
For years, the U.S. has been making an effort to exert its highereducation system to its best performance. However, recent evidence has shown that the large amount of money, such as government budgets, students’ tuitions, and public donations that the U.S. spends on education has not been very effective. Despite the contributions from charities and nonprofit organizations, along with the economic crisis, the education system is still terribly under-funded. Many critics and fiscal conservatives believe that the education system has enough money, but that this money has not been spent efficiently. While there is some truth to this, it is more likely that the highereducation system requires a structure reform.
One of the best examples of the kind of government budget that has not been spent sufficiently is the money that has been spent on the nation defense and wars instead. A chart from an article “Iraq War Spending vs. Education Spending” shows that $1,731 billion dollars, which contribute 27% of the entire tax dollar spend has been allocated to the military, and only $289 billion dollars, which contribute 5% of the entire tax dollar spend has been allocated to the education. By providing such chart, it clearly proves that the...