Civil Rights Issue
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines civil rights as individual liberties that are protected by the United States Constitution. The Free Exercise Clause, which accompanies the Establishment cause of the 1st Amendment serves to protect our individual liberty to practice any religion we see fit—a tenet of American society. After all, the established religions in our society promote peace and are examples of inter-community tolerance. Nonetheless, the proposed Park51 community center and prayer space has been attacked by opponents, who believe that it will be a training ground for Islamic extremists.
Modeled after the 92nd Street Y, a renowned Jewish Community center, Park51 was designed to promote inter-community peace in New York City. As further proof of its benign intentions, Park51 was originally titled Cordoba House to emulate the peaceful coexistence between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Cordoba, Spain between the 8th and 11th centuries. The plan for Park51 includes a 13-story multi-faith community center and prayer space, which will be two blocks away from the World Trade Center site. In addition to a prayer space, the proposed design contains a performing arts center, culinary arts school, swimming pool, September 11 memorial, and 500-seat auditorium. Despite the Muslims’ intentions to build a peaceful community center, their proposed plan has faced backlash from New Yorkers, religious leaders, and politicians.
Opponents of Park51 object to its close proximity to “Ground Zero” and have attacked the proposed design as a training ground for terrorism. CNN polls taken in August 2010 show that 58% of Americans oppose the project. First, Park51 opponents attacked the original name, 1
Cordoba House, which they believed was a tribute to the Muslims conquest of the Spanish city rather than a symbol of inter-community tolerance. Mainly, opponents have condemned the project as a training ground for terrorism...
...Prejudice”). Curley’s wife is a victim of sexism in this novel. In Of
Mice and Men, Curley’s wife has no name. This shows the low status of women in that
time period. She is only referred to as a bitch, a tramp, and a tart. “I’ve never seen no
piece of jail bait worse then her.” The men all make fun of her. They see her as trouble
and never take the time to listen to her wants and needs. When someone finally does
listen, he ends up accidentally killing her.
Since the 1920‘s, things have changed. Civilrights laws have been set up to
protect the rights of the disabled, the elderly, African Americans, women, and other
people who suffered from discrimination. The CivilRights Act of 1964 outlawed those
major forms of discrimination (“withy law”). Other laws such as the Equal Pay Act of
1963 and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibited sex-based and
age-based prejudice (“withy law”). Today, all American citizen’s have the same basic
rights. Everyone has equal educational, social, economical, and political Opportunities
(“scholastic”). No longer is it acceptable to let judgments fuel people’s opinions.
Both the black civilrights and the women’s rights movements had a similar goal in mind: create opportunities for their groups that were as equal as the majority had, and to end discrimination against them and enforce constitutional voting rights to them. These two movements had to deal with the question of how one goes about pursuing such opportunities effectively. In this essay my goal is to compare and contrast the effectiveness of the methods used in both the black civilrights and the women’s rights movements.
These two movements were characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government authorities. Federal, state, and local governments, businesses, and communities often had to respond immediately to these situations that highlighted the inequities face by these two movements. Forms of protests and disobedience included boycotts, marches, of course, the woman’s suffrage and a wide range of other nonviolent activities.
The movement within the larger CivilRights Movement (which started with the Brown v.Board of Ed. ruling and moved through desegregation in public facilities up the voting rights act) that I want discuss first is the Selma to Montgomery march that Southern...
...that the Federal Government hindered the CivilRights movement in the period 1945-1968?
The Federal Government was a significant part in pushing the civilrights movement forwards, but in some cases it hindered the civilrights movement, especially with Presidential figures such as Eisenhower who had no interest in the CivilRights movement. He believed that the social status and power of the black community in the US would improve naturally of its own accord over time and that there was no need for the government to get involved, or it was not the governments job to improve the conditions for black people.an example of Eisenhower hindering the CivilRights Movement would be at the Little Rock campaign where he was very slow to respond to the much needed help of the nine black students, as they were not being allowed into the school because of the national guard and he didn’t condemn any of the white violence directed towards the black students or people of Little Rock. Although Eisenhower can also be seen to have pushed the movement forwards in some ways, for example at Little Rock he used federal troops to uphold the Brown ruling, but again he was very reluctant in doing this, which I think doesn’t show that he tried to move the CivilRights Movement forward, but was in fact forced to intervene because of...
Chapter 5 Review Questions
1. CivilRights are the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by governments or individuals. The concept of equality got introduced into the constitution. The 14th Amendment, one of three Civil war Amendments ratified from 1865 to 1870, introduced the notion of equality into the constitution by specifying that a state could not deny “any person within jurisdiction equal protection of the laws.” It is evident in the recent Walmart vs. Duke case, where women were not allowed to attend management meetings or further their career at Walmart. It is important because today, this amendment protects a variety of groups against discrimination.
2. Bakke was followed by a 1979 case in which the Court ruled that a factory and a union could voluntarily adopt a quota system in selecting black workers over more senior white workers for a training program. This outraged blue collar Americans who traditionally voted for the Democratic Party. Later they abandoned the party, a foe of affirmative action.
3. The statute defines a disabled person as someone with a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more “life activities” or who has a record of such impairment.
4. The DADT policy is where the military would no longer as gays and lesbians if they were homosexual.
5. Homosexual people should be, and under our existing system generally are,...
...the cause of protest and objection. Civilrights and inequality cases and issues are focused on by Congress, the courts, and the bureaucracy. Not only is discrimination an issue against race and gender, other groups have been demanding social and constitutional protection. There are some that have to do with age and disability, and there are more controversial ones like sexual orientation.
Civilrights must be demanded and quieted upon. These fights have to take place on philosophical levels, as well as Constitutional interpretations. The Declaration of Independence might have stated equal rights for all, but does it actually mean equal opportunities for all. Even though we might have equal opportunities, does that mean we all have equal chances of succeeding? Do all of these other minorities have the same chance to succeeding as do all other peoples? Are they all getting the same results and reward? This is the focus of the 21st civil liberties fight. Founding fathers did not explicitly mention equal rights for all; however, the interpretations of the constitution and other historical documents do no not limit freedom to any specific government.
The constitution is unequal in many terms. The First Amendment didn’t explicitly allow freedom of expression which allows people to protest for equality. Equality only appeared in the post-Civil War in the Fourteenth...
...Before the CivilRights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was commonly practiced in many of the Southern and Border States. This segregation while supposed to be separate but equal, was hardly that. Blacks in the South were discriminated against repeatedly while laws did nothing to protect their individual rights. The CivilRights Act of 1964 ridded the nation of this legal segregation and cleared a path towards equality and integration. The passage of this Act, while forever altering the relationship between blacks and whites, remains as one of history's greatest political battles.
Racial unrest by the summer of 1963 was at its height since the Civil War. President Kennedy picked up the situation at the close of the Eisenhower years at a time when tensions were rapidly increasing. By the summer of 1963, however, after a series of violent demonstrations in the South, particularly in Birmingham, Alabama, President Kennedy pushed for a very strong civilrights bill in Congress. The first of its kind since the Civil War, this bill drastically called for the end of all segregation in all public places. In the eyes of the civilrights movement leaders, this bill was long over due.
Kennedy's crusade began slowly to the dismay of many civilrights leaders in February of 1963....
In total there are fifteen laws that count towards the topic of civilrights in the United States, alone. Kenji Yoshino, author of “The New CivilRights” says that in order for us to turn our current beliefs into a set of ‘new’ civilrights, law must play a role. Obvious enough, law alone cannot bring about a new set of civilrights. There are more than enough pieces that could make up this puzzle. For instance, media plays a huge role in this situation. The media only shows what they want us, the people, to see. If we only see what they want us to see then wouldn’t that leave us very narrow-minded? The media adds irrelevant detail to every situation. For example, a person’s race, which otherwise makes no difference, could be the topic of discussion while a news crew covers a crime. Another component to solving this dilemma is spreading word of a new set of civilrights to the next generation starting at a young age. If adults with young children start to tell their kids what is right and what is wrong, from a civilrights perspective, from a young age, they will go their whole life knowing these ‘new’ civilrights.
If we, the people were to put an exclusive focus on laws and how they affect civilrights it...
...Yoshino’s “A New CivilRights” is a captivating passage, which unveils his theory on how to completely abolish all unnecessary forms of assimilation and discrimination. Throughout his essay, Yoshino encourages society to move away from dehumanizing stereotypes, and to employ the New CivilRights. Unlike the CivilRights that exist currently, his new theory would not protect individual groups but rather humanity as a whole. For instance, in the 60s when the CivilRights movement occurred it protected a single racial group, rather than everyone. This is what Yoshino means when he says we must utilize the liberty paradigm, not the equality paradigm. Covering is defined as suppressing one’s true and disfavored identity to blend in with the majority population (Yoshino 479). Yoshino’s main argument is that it is not up to the law entirely, but rather all of society, to enact the New CivilRights. Marshall Poe’s “The Hive” does just that and takes this theory a step further. He discusses how technology, specifically the internet, plays a tremendous role in our everyday lives. He goes in depth explaining Wikipedia and how society, rather than experts, chooses the articles on the site in one collaborative effort. Alfred Weaver and Benjamin Morrison also go more in depth on this subject describing the connection between social...