...that the Federal Government hindered the CivilRights movement in the period 1945-1968?
The Federal Government was a significant part in pushing the civilrights movement forwards, but in some cases it hindered the civilrights movement, especially with Presidential figures such as Eisenhower who had no interest in the CivilRights movement. He believed that the social status and power of the black community in the US would improve naturally of its own accord over time and that there was no need for the government to get involved, or it was not the governments job to improve the conditions for black people.an example of Eisenhower hindering the CivilRights Movement would be at the Little Rock campaign where he was very slow to respond to the much needed help of the nine black students, as they were not being allowed into the school because of the national guard and he didn’t condemn any of the white violence directed towards the black students or people of Little Rock. Although Eisenhower can also be seen to have pushed the movement forwards in some ways, for example at Little Rock he used federal troops to uphold the Brown ruling, but again he was very reluctant in doing this, which I think doesn’t show that he tried to move the CivilRights Movement forward, but was in fact forced to intervene because of...
Chapter 5 Review Questions
1. CivilRights are the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by governments or individuals. The concept of equality got introduced into the constitution. The 14th Amendment, one of three Civil war Amendments ratified from 1865 to 1870, introduced the notion of equality into the constitution by specifying that a state could not deny “any person within jurisdiction equal protection of the laws.” It is evident in the recent Walmart vs. Duke case, where women were not allowed to attend management meetings or further their career at Walmart. It is important because today, this amendment protects a variety of groups against discrimination.
2. Bakke was followed by a 1979 case in which the Court ruled that a factory and a union could voluntarily adopt a quota system in selecting black workers over more senior white workers for a training program. This outraged blue collar Americans who traditionally voted for the Democratic Party. Later they abandoned the party, a foe of affirmative action.
3. The statute defines a disabled person as someone with a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more “life activities” or who has a record of such impairment.
4. The DADT policy is where the military would no longer as gays and lesbians if they were homosexual.
5. Homosexual people should be, and under our existing system generally are,...
...Chapter 29 CivilRights and Uncivil Liberties (1947-1969)
1. The chapter introduction tells the story of a schoolgirl and a teacher to make the point that
D. the wrenching changes of the 1960s, which affected most Americans, grew out of the social trends and conditions of the 1950s.
2. Approximately what percentage of cotton was picked mechanically in 1960?
A. 50 percent
3. What finally pushed the Kennedy administration to commit to federal legislation to end segregation and protect voting rights?
D. the violent repression of nonviolent demonstrations
Chapter 29 - CivilRights and Uncivil Liberties (1947-1969) 29-2
4. The case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka concerned
C. racial segregation in public schools.
5. In the 1947 Texas desegregation order there was an exception; the first grade could continue to be segregated. What was the rationale for this exception?
A. language skills
6. What event, more than any other, catapulted Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to national prominence?
B. the Montgomery bus boycott
7. The Black Panther party believed in
B. armed protection and protest.
Chapter 29 - CivilRights and Uncivil Liberties (1947-1969) 29-3
8. Martin Luther King, Jr. rose to leadership in the civilrights movement during the 1950s.
His strategies, different from...
...One of the major groups that were in the CivilRights movement was the NAACP which fought for CivilRights by changing the laws thinking that if the law stated that the white community had to treat them equally, they would do so. They continually argued the 14th amendment which granted them equal protection under the law and the easiest cases that pointed this out were the ones about the inequality in education. Thurgood Marshall, the main lawyer for the NAACP, is famous for his court case Brown vs. Topeka Board of education and Brown vs. Board of Education II. The first case was not a success because the supreme court agreed with the board, but the second case in 1953, came to the agreement that segregation was wrong on the grounds that separating black students from others that are the same age and intelligence as them because of their race, “generates a feeling of inferiority... that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone,” (Chief Justice Earl Warren). This was a major success for the NAACP although implementing the new ruling proved to be more difficult because the federal government did not force the state governments to apply them to their cities. This ruling did change some districts but most did not comply. Many schools and school districts were closed because the cities would have rather close them than integrate. Also because of President Eisenhower’s lack of support, the...
...the cause of protest and objection. Civilrights and inequality cases and issues are focused on by Congress, the courts, and the bureaucracy. Not only is discrimination an issue against race and gender, other groups have been demanding social and constitutional protection. There are some that have to do with age and disability, and there are more controversial ones like sexual orientation.
Civilrights must be demanded and quieted upon. These fights have to take place on philosophical levels, as well as Constitutional interpretations. The Declaration of Independence might have stated equal rights for all, but does it actually mean equal opportunities for all. Even though we might have equal opportunities, does that mean we all have equal chances of succeeding? Do all of these other minorities have the same chance to succeeding as do all other peoples? Are they all getting the same results and reward? This is the focus of the 21st civilliberties fight. Founding fathers did not explicitly mention equal rights for all; however, the interpretations of the constitution and other historical documents do no not limit freedom to any specific government.
The constitution is unequal in many terms. The First Amendment didn’t explicitly allow freedom of expression which allows people to protest for equality. Equality only appeared in the post-Civil War in...
...Before the CivilRights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was commonly practiced in many of the Southern and Border States. This segregation while supposed to be separate but equal, was hardly that. Blacks in the South were discriminated against repeatedly while laws did nothing to protect their individual rights. The CivilRights Act of 1964 ridded the nation of this legal segregation and cleared a path towards equality and integration. The passage of this Act, while forever altering the relationship between blacks and whites, remains as one of history's greatest political battles.
Racial unrest by the summer of 1963 was at its height since the Civil War. President Kennedy picked up the situation at the close of the Eisenhower years at a time when tensions were rapidly increasing. By the summer of 1963, however, after a series of violent demonstrations in the South, particularly in Birmingham, Alabama, President Kennedy pushed for a very strong civilrights bill in Congress. The first of its kind since the Civil War, this bill drastically called for the end of all segregation in all public places. In the eyes of the civilrights movement leaders, this bill was long over due.
Kennedy's crusade began slowly to the dismay of many civilrights leaders in February of 1963....
...Yoshino’s “A New CivilRights” is a captivating passage, which unveils his theory on how to completely abolish all unnecessary forms of assimilation and discrimination. Throughout his essay, Yoshino encourages society to move away from dehumanizing stereotypes, and to employ the New CivilRights. Unlike the CivilRights that exist currently, his new theory would not protect individual groups but rather humanity as a whole. For instance, in the 60s when the CivilRights movement occurred it protected a single racial group, rather than everyone. This is what Yoshino means when he says we must utilize the liberty paradigm, not the equality paradigm. Covering is defined as suppressing one’s true and disfavored identity to blend in with the majority population (Yoshino 479). Yoshino’s main argument is that it is not up to the law entirely, but rather all of society, to enact the New CivilRights. Marshall Poe’s “The Hive” does just that and takes this theory a step further. He discusses how technology, specifically the internet, plays a tremendous role in our everyday lives. He goes in depth explaining Wikipedia and how society, rather than experts, chooses the articles on the site in one collaborative effort. Alfred Weaver and Benjamin Morrison also go more in depth on this subject describing the connection between social...
...This essay will cover points on the main events of the CivilRights movement from 1954-65, and the impact that was made through them.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-56
On the 13 November 1956 the Supreme Court outlawed segregation on Montgomery buses in the Browder v. Gale case. There had been successful mass boycott of buses by all Black citizens of Montgomery who were fuelled with intent to fight oppression and a determined onward pursuit for desegregation. In order for the Boycott to make an impact, Black people chose to walk to work or travel by taxi or private car pools, no matter what age or state of physical health. My feets is tired but my soul is rested'. Throughout the Boycott the NAACP constantly challenged the courts on the terms of complete desegregation, which eventually reached the Supreme Court. The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted 381 days, and paved the way for further civilright actions.
Impact/effect on the CivilRights movement
- Paved the way for Martin Luther King to invoke his message and thoughts to the Black people and to become one of the most prominent leaders in the CivilRights movement.
- Ordinary Black citizens now new that they themselves could make a difference.
- Depiction of how non-violent protest could accomplish desegregation.
- The SCLC was an organisation created through the Boycott to continue the battle for...