Professor J. Eastman
English 102, Tues and Thur 5:00
11 March 2010
The Wonderful World of Omelas
The city of Omelas is a city compared to heaven, but in reality, it is more like hell. The Festival of Summer paints a perfect picture of a city of happiness with an air of excitement, characterized by boisterous running children, prancing horses and flag-adorned boats. The mere reason all the people in the small town are so happy is because this one adolescent child is taking all the weight. “The Child” is an independent and significant character in the short story, “The Ones Who Walk Away From the Omelas” because he is sacrificial, lived in despair for others happiness and spent much of his life in fear. He lived in an extremely small area with none of the necessities that are important to basic survival. His appearance suggests the child to be about six; however, he was actually ten years old. The story of this utopia of a city and the boy show great symbolism and is a lot more in depth than one may think.
This child can be compared to Jesus because they both did something sacrificial. Just as Jesus died on the cross to cleanse people of their sins, this child suffered so that the others of the town could live a guilt free life. Jesus is an example of a martyr, which is a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounces his or her religion. Not only did he suffer pain and humiliation, but Jesus sacrificed His is life for who He claimed himself to be. However, the child is a scapegoat, meaning he bearded the blame for others or suffered in their place. The child sacrificed his life for the other people’s happiness. He also called out, “I will be good, please let me out (Le Guin 325).” That is a huge weight to bear, especially for a young child.
In Omelas, the one emotion citizens are not allowed to feel is guilt. The people of the city believe that someone has to take the burden and it is the child. He is living in...
Cities of the Future
Presented To: John Gillies
Presented by: Devon Francis
Wednesday, October 8, 2013
The arrival of the cities of the future and what it has to offer such as technology and many other things evolves as everybody awaits to see what the city has to offer and what changes and improvements the city will have also. Many people have these types of question stuck in their heads and wonder: “Could the changes and improvements that are being made in the city actually benefit everybody living here or are these improvement and changes going to make everything worse?” These are the questions that people ask themselves.
Racism is something we've all witnessed. Many people fail to believe that race isn’t a biological category, but an artificial classification of people with no scientifically variable facts. In other words, the distinction we make between races has nothing to do with genetic characteristics. Race was created socially, primarily by how people observe ideas and faces we are not quite used to. The definition of race all depends on where and when the word is being used. It seems that is racism has been around so long we would have been able to overcome it as our species developed, but contact with those of whom we are afraid of often lead to disputes, which, in time, is what caused racism to transform from people simply...
31 March 2014
What is a city? People often confuse a city for a town. Merriam-Webster definition of a city is “A place where people live that is larger or more important than a town: an area where many people live and work.” (Merriam Webster definition). The definition of a town is “an urban area that has a name, defined boundaries, and local government, and that is generally larger than a village and smaller than a city.” The official definitions of these terms do not help clarify the question we are looking for. A city has many more characteristics than being a bigger version of a town. The characteristics of a city have changed over time. (NEED MORE ON INTRO)
Gordon Childe wrote an article, The Town Planning Review, in 1950 in which Childe defined an ancient historic city in ten different metrics. First, “In point of size the first cities must have been more extensive and more densely populated than any previous settlements.” Webster dictionary used this example as the main characteristic of a city. Second, “In composition and function the urban population already differed from that of any village.” Differentiation between people leads to specialization which is an essential quality for a city to thrive. Next, Childe stated that “Each primary producer paid over the tiny surplus he...
...are cities with populations of over 10 million (UNFPA, 12). Based on this definition, it is expected that the number of megacities in the world will be mostly located in the developing world. However, the definition of megacities based on the population size is arbitrary given that the population in any given city changes with context and time. In the ancient times, for example, Rome, which has a population of slightly over 1 million inhabitants, was considered to be a megacity (Bugliarello).
Urbanization has been a major characteristic of human development. In the 1800s, for example, not many people lived in urban eras. However, by the 1950s, there were almost 100 cities throughout the world with populations of over 1 million people. In the recent times, this number has increased tremendously. With the increase in population, there has emerged the need for people to access vital services, such as housing and medical services. Given that these services are mostly available in urban areas, majority of rural residents have moved to urban areas. Therefore, the development of megacities has been associated with the desire of people to get access to better services. According to the projections by the UN, ten of the world’s megacities will be located in Asia alone (Bugliarello, 153).
While there might be various examples of megacities in the developed world, the concept of megacity is purely a developing world...
... When writing it is very important to use either logos, pathos, or ethos. Ethos is the appeal to moral character, logos appeals with reason and logic, and pathos appeals to the emotions. It is very important to use all of these when writing but of course, everyone has a favorite. My favorite happens to be Logos. I would prefer to use logos because I like backing myself up with logical ideas that are facts.
When using logos I like to use clear and concise information to help readers see logically why they should agree with me. When you can get someone to agree with your logic then it is really easy to convert them to your way of thinking. Nevertheless, pathos and ethos are also very good ways to change a person’s views on a certain idea.
Ethos, for example, can be used when trying to persuade the audience that a character is a good person. This is because pathos appeals to moral character and it would be very helpful when trying to show the worth of what a certain character is doing.
Pathos is a rhetorical device used to get readers to stop thinking and start feeling. “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but the content of their character.” –MLK In this quote, King used his little children to emotionally appeal to his audience and get them to see his side of things.
Lastly, logos is the easiest rhetorical device to use out of the three. It is easy to find logical...
My first essay was a literary analysis of The Ones Who Walked Away From Omelas. The first aspect I would change is to develop a more arguable thesis. The thesis I use is more of a statement and summary of the short story. One could argue it, but it is not something that would have a lot of people opposed to it. To make my thesis more arguable, I would either narrow down my claim or direct it to a specific instance where there might be more who disagree with it.
The second aspect that I would approach differently is the use of textual evidence and the analysis of this textual evidence. There are many instances in my first essay where I try to analyze the evidence, but it is more of a summary than an analysis of the word by word syntax and meaning. I would change this by looking at what words were used and providing a reason for why each word was used in relation to my argument.
There have been many specific writing/revision skills that I have developed over the semester. The first method is to focus on one definite thesis. Having a set thesis steers you along the correct path throughout drafting. There is one solid goal, and that is to back up the thesis with educated and knowledgeable claims. The thesis makes it known what the point the writer is trying to get across to the reader. Despite this usefulness to the reader, the thesis is perhaps even more important to the writer. By having a clear and set goal of the paper, the writer is...
...Life in Omelas
Ursula K. Le Guin's short story "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" describes a Utopian village. The beautiful city of Omelas is described as though it were in a fairy tale. The city has no crime, enemies, and most importantly the citizens have no sense of guilt. Unfortunately the beauty of the city is built upon the torture and abuse of a small child whose suffering serves as a scapegoat for the sins of the city's society. Some of the citizens of Omelas choose to leave the city because they do not wish to partake in the social contract that binds the city to its prosperity. Le Guin uses the themes of the scapegoat and the rite of passage to explore the values of Omelasians.
The first appearance of the scapegoat is the Festival of Summer, Le Guin does not directly state why the celebration is taking place, but the festival is of great significance to the city of Omelas. In medieval Europe Mid-Summer Fire Festivals occur to celebrate the sun, but also to expunge the evil. Sir James George Frazer, states that, "The annual expulsion of evil generally coincides with some well marked change of season, such as the beginning or end of winter, the beginning or end of the rainy season, etc" (Frazer 224-225). Frazer also explains that," the three great features of the midsummer celebration were the...
...Omelas and American Society. Disturbingly Futuristic?
Nothing in this world is perfect, just as no single person is perfect. You can’t attain perfection in an imperfect world. There can be no light without dark. But in the short story “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas” you come across a truly perfect world with a small catch: the suffering of an individual for the happiness of the rest. Of course there are many differences between the two worlds that present themselves easily. However there are a number of similarities between our world and Omelas, similarities that one wishes never existed. The story of Omelas glorifies the differences between our worlds but sheds light on similarities that can be looked at as truly inhumane.
The world that we live in can be a terrifying place at times. Global warming threatens the planet every day, our economy is changing consistently and lately our country has been sorrowfully coping through many of the school shootings that have taken place. The city of Omelas represents the ideal utopia; no pain, no sorrow, not a care in the world. It’s easy to see why this is such a realistic dream for any human being. However Omelas is very different from our world. In the beginning of the story, the reader is taken on a marvelous journey through a world that sounds like one that you might read about in a fairytale. Who wouldn’t want to live...
...Antoine David de Beublain
Stanford Summer Program
“Smarter Cities and Communities”
What is a smart city?
What should it be?
What problems do smart cities solve?
What issue do you foresee with them?
I- What is a smart city? What should it be?
A “smart city” is a new concept, which developed itself during the past few years: Indeed, its very existence is directly linked to the emergence of new problems, caused mostly by urbanization, climate change or the need for supply. In the wake of the globalization, some new issues have in fact arisen. Urbanization means the increase in percentage of a population living in settlements, which could be classified as urban areas
Even though life conditions around the world continue to improve, it also implies some deep transformation, which humanity has to take into account.
When it comes to the past decade, we have entered an era of urbanization: in 2010, more that half of the global population was living in a city. In 2050, this number will rise up to 70%. Hence the idea that cities and their way of growing seem to be a key issue in the next years to come.
What we need to understand though is that a city can play many roles in the future of humanity. It can be explained by the fact that a city is not just buildings and areas. A city is a center that allows...