1.1 list the aspects of employment covered by law
The law in UK covers the following aspects:
Minimum wage, Hours worked, Discrimination, Health and safety, Holiday entitlements, Redundancy and dismissal, Training, Disciplinary procedures, Union rights and consultation, among many others. Labour law covers the deal between employee and employer. Health and safety laws cover the work conditions, and minimum wage and other laws set basic compensation levels. We also have the Disability Act, Manual Handling Operations and Regulations, Data Protection Act, The Medicine Act, General Social Care Council code 2001, RIDDOR 1995 and more.
1.2 list the main features of current employment legislation Pay
Being paid and payslips
Company sick pay rights
Employment contracts and conditions
Contracts of employment
Changes to employment conditions
Breach of contract
The National Minimum Wage
The National Minimum Wage rates
Calculating the National Minimum Wage: the basics
Help getting paid the National Minimum Wage
Time off and holidays
Annual leave and holidays
Time to train: request time at work to learn new skills
Time off for dependants
Working time limits (the 48-hour week)
The right to request flexible working
Working from home
Time off for sickness
Statement of Fitness for Work (fit note)
How work can keep you healthy
Business transfers and takeovers (TUPE)
Employment protection during business transfers and takeovers (TUPE) Transfers of employment contracts
1.3 outline why legislation relating to employment exists. To stop the exploitation of workers by their employers mainly. For example the minimum wage, safety standards, holiday entitlements, maternity leave, redundancy payments, discrimination laws, maximum working hours, age requirements, are all good things that protect employees from unscrupulous bosses.
1.4 - identify sources and types of information available to employment responsibilities and rights could include: HR department
Citizens Advice Bureau
Community Legal Advice
Access to Work
Additional Learning Support
advice from trade unions and representative bodies
• The Equality Act 2010
• Health & Social Care Act 2008
• The Sex Discrimination Act, 1975 and Code of Practice
• The Race Relations Act, 1976 and Code of Practice
• Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000
• The Disability Discrimination Act, 1995 and Code of Practice • Data Protection Act 1998 - - guidance 2002
• Employment Rights Act 1996
• Employment act 2002
• National Minimum Wage Act (1998)
Working Time Directive and Working Time Regulations 1998
• The Gender (Re-assignment) Act 1999
• Harassment Act 1997
• Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The Health and Safety Young Persons Regulations March 1997
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) (2002) The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (as amended in 2002) The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981
• Human Rights Act 1998
• Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 (Whistle Blowing Charter) • Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974-1986 Amendment
• Sexual Discrimination Act 1976
2.1 Describe terms and conditions of own contract of employment. The terms and conditions meet the requirements of section 1 of the employment rights act 1996. It tells you the hours you work and overtime, these hours will be your normal working hours unless agreed otherwise. It tells you your salary and what your salary will be weekley, fornightly, monthly and annually. a performance review will be carried out once a year to see your progress. It will tell you the companies holiday year, and what you are entitle to. compassionate leave and time off for family emergencies. sick pay, reporting sickness absense.
2.2 Describe the information on own pay statement.
... Unit 16 Code p5
Understand safeguarding of children and youngpeople
1. Understand policy, procedures and practices for safe working with children and youngpeople.
1:1 Explain policies, procedures and practises for safe working with children and youngpeople.
In order to ensure the safety of the children and youngpeople in our care there are a number of policies, procedures and practices that must be adhered to.
Policies are documents within the work place put together, influenced by law, by the manager. The policy will be designed around an area of practice that needs to be evidenced as being in line with law. The document gives a list of procedures for carrying out the task required, the potential risks and how to respond in a situation. The workers practices should always reflect the procedures with in the policy.
The safe guarding policy outlines the required procedures and practises for the safe working with children and youngpeople. It includes;-
The procedures to be taken when employing new members of staff- They must complete an enhanced CRB. Provide two references. And provide identification. This must all be cleared and satisfactory before an employee is able to work with the children....
Edexcel Level 3 Diploma for Children and YoungPeoples Workforce
Unit 1 & Unit 18
Understanding Children and Young People’s Development
Learner Name: Sammy-jo Wood
Q1. (1.1) Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years.
In your Answer, you must include the pattern of Development from: 0-3, 3-7, 7-12, 12-16, 16-19 years. You must also explain the following:
Gross Motor Physical Development
Intellectual / Cognitive
Emotional and Behavioural Development
0-3 years – In the early stages of a childs life they would rely completely on their caregiver for everything; such as feeding, bathing, changing and nurturing. Their way of communicating that they want something would be to cry. A child will learn physical skills frm 0-3 years which start with being able to roll over, then sitting up, then crawling, then walking with assistance to walking unassisted. Language will also begin to form starting with babbling, then a toned babble that expresses their pleasure or displeasure at something, they will start to respond to their name and also respond to the word “no”. Words such as “mama” or “dada” will follow and by age 3 they should be able to say simple sentences and phrases and follow simple instructions.
3-7 years – At this point a child will start to...
[CYP Core 3.1.1] Understand the expected pattern of development for children and youngpeople from birth - 19 years.
This is an explanation of the sequence and rate of development from birth to nineteen years. When giving an example of the rates of different types of development it must always be taken in to account that children develop at different times and at their own pace, any information provided here should only be used as a general guide.
The difference between the rate and sequence of development
A child's development sometimes follows a definite sequence this is mostly seen in a child's physical development for example: Babies will usually start sitting up, followed by crawling. They will then use their arms to pull themselves up to standing, then on to walking and so on. While the sequence of development is typical in all children what is seen to differ is the speed or rate of development. This is how some babies will sit at seven months and others will learn to sit much later. It is important when working with children and youngpeople to be aware of both the sequence and rate of development in each of the developmental areas. Having knowledge of the sequence of development in children and youngpeople is needed to plan activities effectively. Becoming familiar with the rate of development is essential...
1. Identify a current a national legislation relevant to safeguarding children and young people’s welfare.
The children act 2004 - This act requires every child, whatever their background or circumstance, to have the support they need to be healthy, be kept safe and to enjoy and achieve.
2. Identify two current local policies, procedures or guidance in relation to safeguarding the welfare of children andyoungpeople.
- Child protection policy
- Health and Safety policy
3. Complete the following table with two examples:
Agency name (involved in safeguarding children and youngpeople)
Role of agency (in own work setting)
Supports families and individuals and often play a leading role in safeguarding children and youngpeople.
They are responsible for the health of babies and children under the age of five.
4. Complete the following table.
Types of child abuse
List three characteristics for each type of child abuse
Flinching when approached
Repeated admission to hospital
Mental health problems
- Substance abuse
Loss of self-esteem
Inappropriate sexual behaviour
Unusual weight loss
Untreated physical problems
Support positive attachments for children and young people.
Outcome 1- Understand the importance of positive attachment for the well being of children and youngpeople
1 summarise theories of attachment
Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space (Ainsworth, 1973; Bowlby, 1969).
So what are the attachment theories focusing on? Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners. In my line of work, I have to focus on the parental and child attachment rather than the romantic partner one.
Bowlby (the creator and psychologist that researched into attachment theories) believed that the attachment that a child has from a young age affects how they will be when they are grown up. He came up with 3 different categories: secure attachment, ambivalent attachment, and avoidant attachment.
Secure attachment- where a child shows distress when the care giver leaves them and shows obvious joy on their return.
Ambivalent attachment- when the care giver leaves, the child is also distressed, but once they return, the child does not settle and in some cases, the child might passively reject the parent by refusing comfort, or may openly display direct aggression toward...
...Support Children and Young People's Health and Safety
1) When planning for youngpeople you need to take several factors into account to make sure the environment and services are safe. The first factor is the individual needs, ages and abilities of the children and youngpeople. This requires you to work out staff to children ratio’s to make sure there is legally enough staff for the number of children present and to ensure all children will have supervision. Ratio numbers will vary depending on the age of the children. You should also make sure that the environment both inside and outside caters for all different abilities, making sure there are not steps up to any entrances or doors in and around the setting, that clear walk ways can be seen through the setting to avoid any accidents and to meet the needs of any children with any disability. Children of different abilities may require one to one time with a member of staff to ensure they are always safe, for example in my setting a child has visual impairment which means he has a trained member of staff to support him whilst he is in the setting.
Another factor you need to consider is specific risks to individuals such as pregnancy or impairments. My setting has a child with mild autism, a child with visual...
...SHC 31: Promote communication in health social care or childcare and young people’s setting.
1.1 Identify the different reasons people communicate
The people communicate with each other and the varied methods of communication; how communication affects individuals and groups. Communication not only affects the professionals but the children and the relationships between the various people linked to the work place setting.
People communicate with each other on a regular basis. This is a key skill acquired from birth, a skill dominant in humanity since the beginning of time. It is a vital survival skill acquired learned enhanced and practiced to make perfect. The most basic of which is speech and body language.
Communication is a tool with which we exercise our influence on others bring about changes in society, in ourselves, in our attitude and in our environment.
Through communication we can motivate the people around us and can establish and maintain relationships.
Communications make up a major part of our daily active life; and are a social requirement to mingle via communication. It is a social activity to verbally communicate, correspond by reading writing or even body language! Communication is the giving and receiving of information.
Communication is not specific to methods which speech is relayed such as writing or reading but it is refined by caste,...
...Safeguarding the Welfare of Children and YoungPeople
Know about the legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and youngpeople including e-safety
Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and youngpeople including e-safety
The current legislation for safeguarding the welfare of children and youngpeople is the Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006 Act. This Act is applied in both England and Wales and authorised guidance on how organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and youngpeople in accordance with the Children Act 1989 and the Children Act 2004.
Child protection policies and procedures
Settings must have the succeeding policies and procedures:
Health and safety
In each workplace there are child protection policy and procedures that set out the setting’s safe working practices. This term makes reference to how practitioners work to protect children and to protect themselves from accusations of abuse. The setting’s guidelines are based on the requirements of a person’s...