UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted in 1989 and applies to all young people under 18 years of age. A total of 193 countries have signed the convention up to the present time. Since the Netherlands signed it in 1995, it has been obliged to keep to the rules laid down in this convention. Main points of the Convention on the Rights of the Child:
They may be grouped in three categories:
provision: good and free education, good and accessible health care and other forms of care protection: freedom from ill-treatment, exploitation, neglect, child labour, acts of war, child trafficking and slavery participation: children should be given an opportunity to participate in everything that is related to their lives. This includes the right to freedom of expression and an opportunity to make their views known and take part in decision-making about matters that have a bearing on them. The full Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the United Nations Human Rights website, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Coalition of organisations for children’s rights
The Dutch NGO Coalition for Children’s Rights is a group of organisations working to enforce children’s rights. Its member organisations are Defence for Children International, UNICEF, the National Youth Council and the National Youth Fund Jantje Beton. The Coalition for Children’s Rights is consulted regularly by the State Secretary for Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS) especially in relation to important debates in parliament and reports to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. At the same time as the government submits its report to the UN on the implementation of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Coalition for Children’s Rights submits a report of its own to the United Nations. In 2009, for the first time, this was expanded to include a report prepared by young people themselves. In September 2010, UNICEF and Defence for Children presented the third annual report on children’s rights to the government. The annual report describes the state of affairs in the areas of aliens law, exploitation, youth care, child abuse and juvenile criminal law.
Child Rights Home provides information on children’s rights The Child Rights Home in Leiden draws attention to children’s rights issues in regional, national and international forums. It also offers space to organisations that are active in this area. Groups of children and young people − and adults – wishing to learn more about children’s rights are welcome to visit this centre. The Child Rights Home also offers young people opportunities to exchange ideas, to learn from one another and to set up joint projects.
In cases in which the problems in a family are so great as to place the child’s development in danger, for instance if parents neglect or ill-treat their child, or subject him or her to sexual abuse, child protection agencies may intervene. The government is working to improve child protection, for instance by ensuring that cases can be dealt with more quickly. The Dutch child protection system consists of the Youth Care Office, the Child Protection Board and the courts. They help families (and sometimes force families to accept help) when it becomes clear that parents cannot take care of their children properly.
Child protection measures
A children’s judge may issue an order obliging a family to accept help in raising a child. This may involve placing the child under a supervision order, possibly combined with a care order. In certain cases the children’s judge may divest parents of their parental responsibility. Placing a child under a supervision order
Placing a child under a supervision order is the most common measure. When this happens, a family supervisor from the Youth Care Office is assigned to the child. A family supervisor provides help with a child’s...
...Children rights under the UN Convention
“No social problem is universal as the oppression of a child. No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent” (Maria Montessori). Children rights are applicable to every human being under the age of 18 years, regardless of their race, sex, colour or social background. Despite the rights outline by the United Nation Convention there are various persons who try to violate these rights. Children are like flowers they have to be nourished and groom so that they can blossom and spread their fragrances for a brighter future. In the United Nation Convention there are four categories of rights. This paper will clearly explain these categories of rights and present a discussion on whether or not these rights are being violated or catered to.
The United Nation Convention on the rights of a Child is a comprehensive, internationally, binding agreement on the rights of children, adopted by the United Nation General Assembly in 1989. This convention is established to transform the way the world view children. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care, education and legal, civil and social services. The Convention spells out four categories of rights that a child under 18 has. The first category of rights is...
...Patient Bill of Rights
All patients have the right to receive safe service that respects all of their core values. This paper will focus on the patient’s bill of rights. It will explain it meaning and how it is set in place to aid the patient. This paper will list two obligations found in the bill of rights. It will also explain which rights are currently provided in the sanction of law.
The basicrights of human beings, such as concern for personal dignity, are always of great importance. The function of patient rights is to help improve patient outcomes by respecting each patient's rights and conducting clinical and health organization relationships in an ethical manner (Fremgen, 2009). The patient’s bill of rights was created in 1973 by the American Hospital Association (AHA). It protects the privacy and integrity of patients, doctors and other health-care providers (ehow, 1999-2010). This basically means that it is a bill that will help with the communication skills between all parties to provide the best care.
Listed below are obligations to the items found in A Patient’s Bill of Rights. First, the patient has the right to considerate and respectful care (Fermgen, 2009). The provider has to respect the dignity of the patient by being considerate and caring. The patient should not be discriminated...
21st November 2013
IDENTIFY EVIDENCE TYPE
DIRECT OBSERVATION REFLECTIVE ACCOUNT x
QUESTIONS EXPERT WITNESS
PRODUCT WITNESS TESTIMONY
Evidence: It is important that children, young people, families and communities are free from victimisation, exploitation and abuse because it is written in the UNCRC (United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child) which the UK signed in 1991.
This states in Article 19 that the Government must take all appropriate action to protect a child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parents, legal guardians or any other person who has the care of the child.
Article 32 states that children must be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or be to harmful to the child’s health or physical mental, spiritual, moral or social development.
Article 37 states that no child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below 18 years of age.
To victimise someone is to punish or discriminate against selectively or unfairly, or to...
...Violation of Child Rights
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of child rights we have to define child rights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.", World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have human rights too.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force on September 2nd 1990. The Convention spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four foundation principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child.
...Children and Young Peoples Rights: Provision, Protection and Participation
The Children Scotland Act sets out the Rights of all children in Scotland and the responsibility of parents and those legally caring for a child. The Act also covers duties and procedures for public organisations such as Local Councils and Social Work Departments and Children’s Hearing System involved in promoting children’s welfare. The Act puts children first and states the rights of each child to basic standards of care, upbringing and nurture. The foundations for this Act are, each child has the right to be treated as an individual, they have the right to express their views should they wish to do so and that parents should be responsible and share the responsibility of bringing up their child.
I think that this law promotes the rights of children well as throughout the Act the child’s best interests and welfare are the highest priority when their needs are being considered. The Law includes that the child’s view must be considered when decisions about their future are being made and unless a dispute arises the court should not make any order, I feel that when a child is mature and old enough to hold a view or opinion on a matter that effects them and their life that their voice should be heard and their opinion taken into consideration and I feel this Act helps...
...impact on their attainment of rights. You can illustrate your answer with example(s).
This assignment focuses on the exploitation through Child labour in India and reflects on the political and legal context for children’s rights. Furthermore considering the theoretical perspectives on the constructions of childhood and the needs and rights of all children. The 2001 national census of India estimated the total number of child labourers, aged 5 years to 14 years to be at 12.6 million. However, Child labour issues are not unique to India; worldwide, approximately 215 million children work, many of which are full-time (Ministry of Labour and Employment 2011). The statistics are alarming, displaying that millions of children across the world are victims of exploitation and abuse, subjected to appalling working conditions for very little or no money.
There is also an analysis of why some children are more vulnerable to exploitation through labour than others. This can be linked to poverty and globalisation, child labour markets and a link to the lack of education, affecting the rights of children. It is important to explore and evaluate the works of non-governmental organisations such as Pratham and RIDE India, and the work of the international Labour Organisation, who are a united nations agency dealing with labour issues worldwide. Furthermore, analysing why critics challenge being able to help certain communities...
...EDC 207 Child Right’s Report
OUTLINE FOR CHILDREN’S RIGHTS
REPORT/PROJECT DUE MARCH 2ND
HOW TO START:
- Begin with the section of the UN charter on Children’s Rights which you will cover
- Explain the meaning of that section - what? Explain the reasons it was included in the charter -why?
Declaration of the Rights of the Child - Plain Language Version
All children have the right to what follows, no matter what their race, colour sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, or where they were born or who they were born to.
Children have the special right to grow up and to develop physically and spiritually in a healthy and normal way, free and with dignity.
Children have a right to a name and to be a member of a country.
Children have a right to special care and protection and to good food, housing and medical services.
Children have the right to special care if handicapped in any way.
Children have the right to love and understanding, preferably from parents and family, but from the government where these cannot help.
Children have the right to go to school for free, to play, and to have an equal chance to develop yourself and to learn to be responsible and useful.
Children’s parents have special responsibilities for your education and guidance.
Children have the right always to be among...
Human Rights ---- Children rights
"Maybe we're all born knowing we have rights - we just need to be reminded”
--- Romanian HRE trainer
Human Rights can be defined as those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity as human beings. Human rights are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace. Their respect allows the individual and the community to fully develop. They are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled". Human rights are certain moral guarantees that people in all countries and cultures allegedly have simply because they are people. Calling these guarantees “rights” suggests that they attach to particular individuals who can invoke them, that they are of high priority, and that compliance with them is mandatory rather than discretionary.
You are a human being. You have rights inherent in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exist prior to law.
--- Lyn Beth Neylon
Human rights are frequently held to be universal in the sense that all people have and should enjoy them, and to be independent in the sense that they exist and are available as standards of justification and criticism whether or not they are recognized and implemented by the legal system or officials of a country.
An alternative explanation was...