Children rights under the UN Convention
“No social problem is universal as the oppression of a child. No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent” (Maria Montessori). Children rights are applicable to every human being under the age of 18 years, regardless of their race, sex, colour or social background. Despite the rights outline by the United Nation Convention there are various persons who try to violate these rights. Children are like flowers they have to be nourished and groom so that they can blossom and spread their fragrances for a brighter future. In the United Nation Convention there are four categories of rights. This paper will clearly explain these categories of rights and present a discussion on whether or not these rights are being violated or catered to. The United Nation Convention on the rights of a Child is a comprehensive, internationally, binding agreement on the rights of children, adopted by the United Nation General Assembly in 1989. This convention is established to transform the way the world view children. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care, education and legal, civil and social services. The Convention spells out four categories of rights that a child under 18 has. The first category of rights is Survival Rights, these includes the right to life and the needs that are more basic to existence, such as nutrition, shelter, adequate standard of living and access to medical services. The second category of rights is, Development Rights which includes the right to an education, play, leisure, cultural activities and access to information. The third category of rights is Protection Rights this includes the right to be protected from abuse, neglect, exploitation and discrimination. The fourth category of rights is Participation Rights this encompasses children’s freedom to express opinion, to have a say in matters affecting their own lives, to join associations and to assemble peacefully (Barrow, 2002). The first category of rights I would like to discuss is the right to survival that is outline by the UN Convention in article 6, “All children have the right to life. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop health.” I believe that this right is being violated and to a lesser extent catered to. The term survival means to have the ability to enjoy another day of life, happiness and content without the interference of human. This right is violated on regular bases in our society, where children are killed by numerous personal. Children right to survival which encompasses the right to life has being violated when parent kill the children or when they are murdered by civilians. We all can attest to these scenarios, when the pressures of life are unbearable for parents and they killed the entire family include themselves and the kids. For example, it was alleged that a man killed his two sons and then hung himself in Trelawney because the children’s mother decides to leave him. In this case the children’s right to life was violated; they did not get the equal opportunity to live their lives to the fullest. Another reason why I believe that the children’s right to life is violated; is when children are killed innocently in shoot out by law men or gun men. For example in Trelawney, where eight year old, Imani Green was shot and killed by gunman in a bar. Parents did not take the child safety into consideration because she should not be at that place and at that time. As well as the gun man have no regard for children. Thus, she was killed innocently. The chance to survive is a right owed to every child, parents and state should safe regard that right. On the other hand United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is the leading organization that is working to end preventable child death. Therefore, I believe that this organization can do more to ensure that the lives of the children are...
...The UNConvention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
In 1989 world leaders decided that children needed a convention that protected their rights and that people recognised that children had rights too. They felt that children needed special care and protection that adults do not The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.
The Convention has set out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It covers all the basic human rights and states that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects...
Rights of the Child
Assignment: Discuss in detail how the principle of the Best Interest of the Child has been applied in Kenyan Courts
Presented by: Mugangu Marie Providence
Year: 4th year/ 2nd semester
Reg. No: 1016393
Unit code: CLS 413
Lecturer: Mr. Dunstan Omari
Date due: 14th March, 2013
The Best interest of the Child is a concept that has now gained international recognition and has been incorporated not only in international instruments1 but also in domestic laws of several countries. Children like women originally had more or less the value of property or were considered statements of wealth rather than individuals entitled to rights and protection; and when women were finally granted rights that were previously denied to them the child was alas not given the same. Indeed the child was assimilated with the mother and the understanding was that if the mother is happy so is the child. In other words the child was identified as being “a part” of the mother so that if the issues related to mothers are addressed so are the issues related to children.
The best interest principle was introduced as a way of making a distinction between the mother and the child and of recognising the child as an independent...
...Convention on the Rights of the Child
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by
General Assembly resolution 44/25
of 20 November 1989
entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
The States Parties to the present Convention,
Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,
Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations...
...UNCONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The UNConvention on the Rights of the Child was brought into effect to recognise that Children needed their own set of specific human rights that should be protected and that these were a universal right not a privilege. The UNConvention on the Rights of theChild was drawn up and accepted by the UN in 1989. The UK government agreed to abide by the principles in 1991 and it was fully implemented in 1992. The UNConvention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. These articles have been split into four main categories: the general requirements for all the rights; the basic rights to life, survival and development of one’s full potential; being kept safe from harm; and respecting the views of the child. The Convention also sets out minimum standards in areas such as health care, education and social services to protect those children’s rights. There are...
The implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the Caribbean was met with the issue of parental resistance. The concept of children's rights was characterised as foreign to parents. The critical traits valued in the Caribbean are obedience and mannerliness. As a result, the concept of Children's Rights is seen as undermining the right of the parent to control and discipline the child and develop the valued traits.
The Convention for the Rights of the Child was signed by Barbados on 19 April 1990 and ratified on 9 October 1990. At the time of ratification, some of the legislative requirements necessary to implement the Convention were already in place. "Since ratification of the Convention, two areas were specifically addressed, namely:
(a) the non-imposition of capital punishment in respect of convicted offenders under the age of 18 years;
(b) the provision of legal services to and for the benefit of minors."
In order to assist in the publicizing of the Convention, many activities were held. These include the following:
Several discussions on the Convention were held with various schools, Parent- Teacher Associations, churches and youth groups across the island. These were held as a part of the Child Care...
...Violation of ChildRights
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of childrights we have to define childrights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.", World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have human rights too.
UNConvention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force on September 2nd 1990. The Convention spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four foundation principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and...
Children’s Rights in Australian
Early Childhood Settings
Children’s Rights in Australian
Early Childhood Settings
There are many documents which guide our practice in how we care for and educate children, work within our team, provide support to families and help to develop our community into a child-focused environment. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of theChild (UNCROC), the Australian Early Childhood Code of Ethics, The Children’s Services Regulations, the National Child Care Accreditation Council (NCAC) developed the Quality Improvement & Accreditation System, and the recently created Department of Human Services has developed further guidelines for ‘keeping them safe’ in reference to reporting child protection violations. Each of these documents is a working document which guides our daily practice in early childhood settings. The children we care for and educate, the families and communities we work with and our professional experiences with other staff and educators all have expectations of the level of care and protection we will provide to them. Brigss (2005, p.62) states, “The most important professionals involved in child protection are those in early childhood care and education".
Early Childhood Teachers have an important role in working closely with the children and their families....
Belong to an individual or group of individuals as a consequence of being human. They refer to a wide continuum of values or capabilities thought to enhance human life and declared to be universal in character, in some sense equally claimed for all human being.
Refer to persons below 18 years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves, from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation, or discrimination because of physical or mental disability or condition.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
4 categories of childrights
1. Survival (mabuhay)
2. Development (umunland)
3. Protection (Maproteksyonan)
4. Participation (Makilahaok)
Rights of EVERY CHILD
* To be born, have a name and a nationality
* To have a family who will love and care for him/her
* To live in peaceful community and a wholesome environment
* To have a adequate food and a healthy and active body
* To obtain a good education and develop one’s potential
* To be given opportunities for play and leisure
* To be protected against abuse, exploitation, neglect, violence and danger
* To be defended and given assistance by the government
* To be able to express my own views
KINDS OF CHILD ABUSE
Child Abuse – refers to a maltreatment whether habitual or not to a child...