Child Rights in India: An Introduction
India is a party to the UN declaration on the Rights of the Child 1959. Accordingly, it adopted a National Policy on Children in 1974. The policy reaffirmed the constitutional provisions for adequate services to children, both before and after birth and through the period of growth to ensure their full physical, mental and social development. Accordingly, the government is taking action to review the national and state legislation and bring it in line with the provisions of the Convention. It has also developed appropriate monitoring procedures to assess progress in implementing the Convention-involving various stake holders in the society. India is also a signatory to the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children. In pursuance of the commitment made at the World Summit, the Department of Women and Child Development under the Ministry of Human Resource Development has formulated a National Plan of Action for Children. Most of the recommendations of the World Summit Action Plan are reflected in India's National Plan of Action- keeping in mind the needs, rights and aspirations of 300 million children in the country. The priority areas in the Plan are health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and environment. The Plan gives special consideration to children in difficult circumstances and aims at providing a framework, for actualization of the objectives of the Convention in the Indian context. Status of Children in India
Recent UNICEF (2005) report on the state of the world’s children under the title “Childhood Under Threat”, speaking about India, states that millions of Indian children are equally deprived of their rights to survival, health, nutrition, education and safe drinking water. It is reported that 63 per cent of them go to bed hungry and 53 per cent suffer from chronic malnutrition.
The report says that 147 million children live in kuchcha houses, 77 million do not use...
...Constitutional Principles on the Rights of the Child
• Article 38B of the Constitution provides for a very important principle regarding children
- the best interest of the child is to be the primary consideration in relation to all matters involving children. So your best interests are what is to be the guide for your upbringing and development.
• Article 38C of the Constitution also provides that where a child is to be adopted, the best interest of the child must be taken into consideration before the adoption is allowed.
• Article 38D is another very important provision in relation to the welfare of children as it provides that every child has the right to maintenance and accommodation or housing from his or her parents and guardians.
• Article 38E highlights how important education is and states that formal education is compulsory or a must for children up to the age of 15 years.
These constitutional principles must guide Parliament, the government, the courts and all other public agencies and officials regarding how they carry out their functions and duties in relation to ensuring that children have the best environment in which to grow and develop.
Protection of Children Act 2009
• The Protection of Children Act was passed to ensure that children are protected from threatening situations and allows for children in vulnerable...
...Proposed Rights of Children and Young Persons (Wales) Measure 2011
Explanatory Notes and an Explanatory Memorandum are printed separately.
Proposed Rights of Children and Young
Persons (Wales) Measure 2011
Duty to have due regard to Convention on the Rights of the Child
The children’s scheme
Preparation and publication of the scheme
Duty to promote knowledge of the Convention
Power to amend legislation etc
Application to young persons
The Convention on the Rights of the Child
Other interpretive provisions
Schedule — The Convention, Protocols, Declarations and Reservations
Part 1 — Part I of the Convention
Part 2 — Protocols
Part 3 — Declarations and Reservations
Proposed Rights of Children and Young Persons (Wales) Measure 2011
Proposed Rights of Children and Young
Persons (Wales) Measure 2011
A MEASURE of the National Assembly for Wales to make provision for and in connection
with giving further effect in Wales to the rights and obligations set out in the United Nations
Convention on the Rights of the Child; and for connected purposes.
Duty to have due regard to Convention on the...
Children and young people’s rights: provision, protection and participation
Student candidate name and number
HNC Early Education and Childcare
Submitting your assessment:
Your work should be presented in accordance with the guidance notes provided in your student handbook under ‘Assessment Style Guidance’. You must include your word count in the box above. Submit your completed assessment to the appropriate tutor in person, via e-mail or using the assignments function on Blackboard for online Units.
Declaration of originality and authorisation to hold this assessment electronically and verify that it is original:
UHI recognises that plagiarism, where deliberately engaged in, is unacceptable and is considered serious academic malpractice. Students are responsible for ensuring the work they submit is their own. If you have any queries you should contact your Tutor or Personal Academic Tutor before submitting your assessment.
By submitting this assessment I declare that the attached piece of work is my own. I have acknowledged all the sources I have consulted and where I have used words which are not my own, I have clearly indicated this in the references.
Student candidate signature:
Staff use only
...Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 1 (Definition of the Child): A ‘child’ is defined as a person below age 18, unless the laws of a particular country set a younger age limit.
Article 2 (Non-discrimination): The Convention applies to all children, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, culture, religion, family status, or ability. Governments are responsible for ensuring children are protected from discrimination.
Article 3 (Best interests of the Child): With regard to decisions that affect a child, his/her best interests should be taken into consideration. When parents, elected officials, and other adults make decisions, they should think about what impact their choices and actions will have on children.
Article 4 (Implementation of Rights): Governments are responsible for translating the Convention’s provisions into action.
Article 5 (Parental Guidance): Governments should respect the rights and responsibilities of parents, families, and guardians to care for their children. These adults should help children learn about their rights, including how to use them in an appropriate manner.
Article 6 (Survival and Development): Children have the right to live. Governments are responsible for making sure every child grows up healthy.
Article 7 (Name and Nationality): All children have the...
Child Relocation Essay
The topic of this essay is essentially the relocation of children after divorce and whether it is in the best interest of the child or children’s psychological development. I will be start with who decides which parent should gain custody, what should be taken into consideration, who the child is more likely to be attached with. Subsequently, I will view why I solemnly believe that relocation should be the last resort if absolutely necessary and the reasons it is not recommended. Finally, I’ll be showing alternative methods as to make relocation a lot less of a disruption to the child’s life. This usually involves a child and his or her biological parents undergoing divorce. My position in this topic is an against child relocation, and I believe in taking a humanistic approach. True that life has its problems, but we should pick ourselves up and search for a solution.
The whole decision as to where the child is relocated depends entirely on the child’s age and the needs. This in turn will determine the duration of which the child needs to see the non-custodial parent and also his or her educational opportunities (Elrod, 2008). In the recent, more modern years, parents normally settle the case of who is given custody out of court. But if an agreement cannot be met, the choice of...
Children are the most important asset of any nation. Each child is an asset to the society. The future welfare of society is closely related to the welfare of the child.
Children are the future of the nation. They are flowers of our national garden. It is our duty to protect these flowers. Child labour is a socio-economic problem. Child labour is not a new phenomenon in India. From ancient times, children were required to do some work either at home or in the field along with their parents.
However, we find in Manusmriti and Arthashastra that the king made education for every child, boy or girl, compulsory. In those days there was a system of trade of children, who were purchased and converted to slaves by some people. The problem of child labour was identified as a major problem in the 19th century when the first factory was started in mid-19th century. Legislative measures were first adopted as early as 1881. Since independence there have been several laws and regulations regarding child labour.
Child labour has been defined as any work done by the children in order to economically benefits their family or themselves directly or indirectly, at the cost of their physical, mental or social development. Child is the loveliest creation of nature. But it is the circumstances which force them to hard labour. They have to...
Name: Lisa Michelle Morgan
Student Number: MD1136429
Address: 23, Willington Road,
Postcode: B79 8As
Course: Award in Supporting Teaching And Learning In Schools
Assignment Number: 1
Date Submitted: 13/9/14
Number of pages: 5
Email: [email protected]
student number : MD1136429
1.Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2years, 3-5years and 5-8years.
Raising a baby, especially for the first time, is both exciting and challenging. This is a time for developing the bonds that will last a lifetime providing the child with the inner resources to develop self-esteem and the ability to relate positively with others. It is also the time for parents to begin to discover who this new person really is. Each child is unique and its important that parents learn to understand, respect, support and encourage the unique characteristics and abilities of each child.
0-12months- It doesn't take long to develop the confidence and clam of an experienced parent. Your baby will give you the most important information- how she/he likes to be treated, talked to, held, and comforted. They can raises head and chest when on stomach, stretches and kicks on back, begins to develop social smile, enjoys playing with people, follows moving objects, recognizes familiar objects...
...The Best Interest of the Child
Thomas C. Wight
General Psychology I, Monday and Wednesday 1:00 to 2:15pm
22 January 2013
The Best Interest of the Child
A Review of the Literature
The divorce rate among Americans has steadily risen in recent years with approximately 50% of marriages ending in divorce, or at least that’s what we have been told. The divorce rate in America has actually taken a slight decline in recent years and is approximately 35% to 40%. While that is still a very large percentage, it is an improvement. It has made fairly consistent climb from approximately 5% at the turn of the 20th century, mostly due to individuals no longer needing to provide sufficient grounds for divorce as they have in years past. (Clarkson, L 2011.) While nobody argues an individual’s right to divorce, separate or remained married. We need to consider how our children will develop psychologically in a world where divorce is not only acceptable, but a normal chain of events for approximately half of the marriages in America. Will our children begin to blame themselves for their parent’s marital problems? The review of this article examines the courts battle when deciding child custody cases in relation to divorce, separation, or the death of a spouse. Child custody raises many questions:
1. Should the court consider the needs of the child or base the decision purely on State or...