Human Rights Day
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Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December. The date was chosen to honor the United Nations General Assembly's adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. The formal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of theGeneral Assembly on 4 December 1950, when the General Assembly declared resolution 423(V), inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the day as they saw fit. The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition, it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Many governmental and nongovernmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organisations. The theme for 2006 was the struggle against poverty, taking it as a human rights issue. Several statements were released on that occasion, including the one issued by 37 United NationsSpecial Procedures mandate holders “| Today, poverty prevails as the gravest human rights challenge in the world. Combating poverty, deprivation and exclusion is not a matter of charity, and it does not depend on how rich a country is. By tackling poverty as a matter of human rights obligation, the world will have a better chance of abolishing this scourge in our lifetime... Poverty eradication is an achievable goal.| ”| —UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour, 10 December 2006| The 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human...
Children are the most important asset of any nation. Each child is an asset to the society. The future welfare of society is closely related to the welfare of the child.
Children are the future of the nation. They are flowers of our national garden. It is our duty to protect these flowers. Child labour is a socio-economic problem. Child labour is not a new phenomenon in India. From ancient times, children were required to do some work either at home or in the field along with their parents.
However, we find in Manusmriti and Arthashastra that the king made education for every child, boy or girl, compulsory. In those days there was a system of trade of children, who were purchased and converted to slaves by some people. The problem of child labour was identified as a major problem in the 19th century when the first factory was started in mid-19th century. Legislative measures were first adopted as early as 1881. Since independence there have been several laws and regulations regarding child labour.
Child labour has been defined as any work done by the children in order to economically benefits their family or themselves directly or indirectly, at the cost of their physical, mental or social development. Child is the loveliest creation of nature. But it is the circumstances which force them to hard labour. They have to...
...The Best Interest of the Child
Thomas C. Wight
General Psychology I, Monday and Wednesday 1:00 to 2:15pm
22 January 2013
The Best Interest of the Child
A Review of the Literature
The divorce rate among Americans has steadily risen in recent years with approximately 50% of marriages ending in divorce, or at least that’s what we have been told. The divorce rate in America has actually taken a slight decline in recent years and is approximately 35% to 40%. While that is still a very large percentage, it is an improvement. It has made fairly consistent climb from approximately 5% at the turn of the 20th century, mostly due to individuals no longer needing to provide sufficient grounds for divorce as they have in years past. (Clarkson, L 2011.) While nobody argues an individual’s right to divorce, separate or remained married. We need to consider how our children will develop psychologically in a world where divorce is not only acceptable, but a normal chain of events for approximately half of the marriages in America. Will our children begin to blame themselves for their parent’s marital problems? The review of this article examines the courts battle when deciding child custody cases in relation to divorce, separation, or the death of a spouse. Child custody raises many questions:
1. Should the court consider the needs of the child or base the decision purely on State or...
Rights of the Child
Assignment: Discuss in detail how the principle of the Best Interest of the Child has been applied in Kenyan Courts
Presented by: Mugangu Marie Providence
Year: 4th year/ 2nd semester
Reg. No: 1016393
Unit code: CLS 413
Lecturer: Mr. Dunstan Omari
Date due: 14th March, 2013
The Best interest of the Child is a concept that has now gained international recognition and has been incorporated not only in international instruments1 but also in domestic laws of several countries. Children like women originally had more or less the value of property or were considered statements of wealth rather than individuals entitled to rights and protection; and when women were finally granted rights that were previously denied to them the child was alas not given the same. Indeed the child was assimilated with the mother and the understanding was that if the mother is happy so is the child. In other words the child was identified as being “a part” of the mother so that if the issues related to mothers are addressed so are the issues related to children.
The best interest principle was introduced as a way of making a distinction between the mother and the child and of recognising the child as an independent...
...EDUCATION AND CHILDRIGHTS
The importance of education cannot be denied because, it gives confidence and awareness of the world outside. However, not all the children around the world are not lucky enough to receive an education. There are various reasons why children cannot go to school. The main reason of missing out on an education is poverty. Poor families cannot afford to pay for school expenses such as books and uniforms. This leads to another problem:; parents make their children work to support their families. Therefore, these kids – especially girls- spend time at home cooking and doing other chores, helping their families,. wWhereas boys help their fathers on the farm, or working at different jobs. In addition to poverty, early marriage is another reason why kids cannot go to school. Sofia, from Tanzania, says that “My father tells me that, my main responsibilities are those of a future wife and mother, and that I won’t need an education for that.” (Save the Children) Early marriage is a global issue which can be considered as the violation of children rights. It effects the development of communities. Also, some children are more at risk of missing out on school than others, for example disabled children. Many people think that they cannot be taught or the conditions of the schools are not suitable for these kids. “Disabled children in developing countries had very little chance of going to school – their...
Children and young people’s rights: provision, protection and participation
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HNC Early Education and Childcare
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...Constitutional Principles on the Rights of the Child
• Article 38B of the Constitution provides for a very important principle regarding children
- the best interest of the child is to be the primary consideration in relation to all matters involving children. So your best interests are what is to be the guide for your upbringing and development.
• Article 38C of the Constitution also provides that where a child is to be adopted, the best interest of the child must be taken into consideration before the adoption is allowed.
• Article 38D is another very important provision in relation to the welfare of children as it provides that every child has the right to maintenance and accommodation or housing from his or her parents and guardians.
• Article 38E highlights how important education is and states that formal education is compulsory or a must for children up to the age of 15 years.
These constitutional principles must guide Parliament, the government, the courts and all other public agencies and officials regarding how they carry out their functions and duties in relation to ensuring that children have the best environment in which to grow and develop.
Protection of Children Act 2009
• The Protection of Children Act was passed to ensure that children are protected from threatening situations and allows for children in vulnerable...
...As a childminder I work towards EYFS and meet Every Child Matters in everything I do. I would like children in my care achieve as much as they can so I start the learning and development process from torough talk to parents before child starts attending to my setting to find out child’s likes, dislikes, abilities, achievements. Then I do observe, asses particular child and plan activities following his interest, abilities, individual achievements, background. The important part of my observation is child’s response to activities provided to make sure he/she enjoys learning. I look after 3 children at the moment. I see they eyes, they body moving to the music while we listen children music from cd and use music instruments so I can be sure he enjoys. Also I am so happy to see his little achievements e.g. putting hands together when I say “ bravo”,using more and more new words, then putting 2 words together, feeding himself etc. It gives me the feeling my efforts, methods help him learn and develop. In the process of learning and development very important for me is to build warm, trusting relationship with children and work together with parents e.g. by exchanging our observation, information, making the diary on the daily basis, ask parents for comments; by trying to involve parents in children’s learning and development .
I try to help a child enjoy learning and achieve as much as he can by making the activities...
...view about children and young people in their care when any need arises, to help to keep the children safe from harm and promote their welfare, to diagnose a special need quickly in children and get the help that is needed to the child/family as soon as possible without confusing the child or their families. And as a pre-school setting it is good to know that you are not on your own if any concerns should arise about a child in the setting and that specialist help is available to all the children and young people if required.
1.2 Identify who relevant partners would be in own work setting
* Social worker
* Health visitor
* Speech therapist
* Other members of staff
1.3 Define the characteristics of effective partnership working
A partnership can be formed between a number of organisations, agencies or individuals with a shared interest. Most partnerships have a common reason for working together. They are often formed to target specific short- or long term issues. The characteristics of effective partnership working are as follows, Involve agencies working together for mutual benefit have an aim that is agreed and understood by all the partners Put the child and their family at the centre of the partnership have clear, effective leadership
1.4 Identify barriers to partnership working