Child marriage is a serious form of human rights violation affecting young girls globally. It was estimated 10 million girls under the age of 18 get married every year (Bruce & Clark 2004) and according to Population Council Analysis of United Nations Country Data on Marriage (2002), more than 100 million girls will get married in the next decade if the current pattern persists. Girls who are disproportionately the most affected by this inhumane practice suffer tremendously. It is unreasonable such practice that robs away a girl's childhood can exist, considering the devastating effects such as physical and psychological damages, severe health consequences and denial of personal development.
1.1 Physical and Psychological Damages
Many young girls who are being forced into marriage face abuse and violence as their daily reality, yet most of them believe that a husband is justified in beating his wife (Jenson & Thornton 2003). For example, in Kenya, 36 percent of girls married before 18 consider the action of a husband beating his wife is acceptable as compared to 20 percent of married women (UNICEF 2005). Prolonged violence behaviours towards child brides including coercive sex, verbal abuse, slapping and beatings cause them to be emotionally affected and undergo post-traumatic stress. According to Khan and Lynch (1997), such symptoms are like feeling of hopelessness, helplessness and severe depression. Young married girls are extremely vulnerable and have little power in relation to their husbands and in-laws. They are often treated as domestic slaves to work in their in-law's households. As much as young married girls are desperate to run away from their brutal marriages, they are often tied down with reasons that oblige them to stay. Most often than not is because of economic pressures and other social circumstances.
There are those who seek for avenues to leave their spouses, there are also those who are abandoned, divorced or led into widowhood. They suffer a loss of status and ostracized by society with additional discrimination, for example being denied of property rights, as in many cultures divorced, abandoned or widowed women are often looked down upon (Tamunoimama 2012). They usually end up living in poverty as they have no financial support and bear the responsibility of raising their children on their own.
The high rates of Vesico-Vaginal Fistula (VVF) amongst young married girls is one of the reasons why child marriage is linked to wife abandonment. Sexual reproductive organs of the child brides that are not fully developed cause them to endure very prolonged labour. The relentless pressure from the baby's skull breaks the walls of the birth canal and leads to uncontrollable leakage from the bladder into the vagina. They are usually perceived as unclean and often abandoned or divorced by their spouses. In Nigeria, around 150,000 women with VVF, 80 to 90 percent of them are divorced by their husbands; in Niger Republic, VVF is the reason for 63.3 percent of all divorce cases (Tamunoimama 2012).
In many countries, young girls are married off to older men of twice their age, because their parents believe that it is the best way to ensure their daughters are protected when being placed firmly under a male's control. Influenced by negative social and religious norms, girls are married early to older men in the belief that a husband will provide a safeguard against her 'immoral' or 'inappropriate' behaviour (Senderowitz 1995). Consequently, when the girl is still young, their spouses died, leaving her with the sole responsibility on taking care her children. For some traditions, girls are not allowed to remarry and her families are also unlikely to accept her back once she has become widowed (UNICEF 2001).
Even when a child bride feels able to challenge and leave her marriage, it usually takes her years to do so. Her families will cut her off from their lives because it is believed...
...Arranged Marriage: A violation of humanrights?
December 7, 2011
Do arranged marriages violate humanrights as they are protected by international humanitarian law? Marriage is a vital part of the social and economic life of a person’s life. It forms the foundation for a continued family line, and the backdrop for raising children. In most societies, marriage is an important relation both between the two people and between the person and the society, and there are many rituals and traditions tied to the marriage. In many parts of the world, arranged marriages are still common, and are the expected and accepted way to find someone to share a lifetime with.
A definitive distinction between arranged marriages and forced marriages is difficult to define, as the division is fluid. One distinction is to say that arranged marriages are marriages planned by parents, guardians and brokers, based on what they believe is the best for the spouses, but in this case, the intended future spouses hold the final say in whether to go through with the union of marriage. Forced marriages, on the other hand, completely lack the element of free consent, either by lack of given consent or because consent is...
...Violation of ChildRights
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of childrights we have to define childrights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.", World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have humanrights too.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force on September 2nd 1990. The Convention spells out the basic humanrights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four foundation principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views...
...Q) Can the violation of humanrights ever be justified?
What is humanrights? We have always heard the phrase ‘humanrights’ being used in newspapers, essays, even in daily life but have we ever truly understood its meaning? Humanright is an act that aims to protect the basic welfare of the people in the world regardless of age, religion or race. It is an act that aims to ensure that there is equality among the people. However, the question here is – Is it being followed? Are people, companies and governments abiding by the basic rights or is there any rights being opposed? I believe that the humanrights act was passed for a reason and under no context should it be acceptable to violate it.
Under humanrights, we have the right of freedom, the right to education, to healthcare, to equal job opportunities, to minimum wages and to equality where we are not discriminated based on our race, religion or gender. Yet even with all of these in place, there are still cases where there is inequality.
The rights to freedom gives us the power of choice, to make our own decisions, to speak our mind, to live our life as we wish and to do what we want how and when we want to. But do we really have the right to freedom?...
...ChildMarriage: A Silent Health and HumanRights Issue
Marriages in which a child under the age of 18 years is involved occur worldwide, but are mainly seen in South Asia, Africa, and Latin America. A humanrightsviolation, childmarriage directly impacts girls’ education, health, psychologic well-being, and the health of their offspring. It increases the risk for depression, sexually transmitted infection, cervical cancer, malaria, obstetric fistulas, and maternal mortality. Their offspring are at an increased risk for premature birth and, subsequently, neonatal or infant death. The tradition, driven by poverty, is perpetuated to ensure girls’ financial futures and to reinforce social ties. One of the most effective methods of reducing childmarriage and its health consequences is mandating that girls stay in school.
Key words: Childmarriage, Early marriage, Maternal mortality
Childmarriage, defined as marriage of a child under 18 years of age, is a silent and yet widespread practice. Today, over 60 million marriages include girls under the age of 18 years: approximately 31 million in South Asia, 14 million in sub-Saharan Africa, and 6.6 million in Latin America and...
Childmarriage in India, is it ethical?
Childmarriage, do the poor parents of these children have a choice?
47% of the girls in India get married below the age of 18. To prevent this, maybe, the laws could be altered and mare more strict. Educating the poor would be another cause for reducing the amount of childmarriages. Poor conditions and a small compensation seem to be the reason for the poor to sell their daughters to a male who is five time their age. The governments could also introduce compensate the poor.
The research would be conducted mostly on secondary data, as collecting primary data would not be possible due to far locations. The research would be carried out mainly from magazines, tabloids, newspapers articles and internet sources. Even though first hand data is essential for this particular research, some aspects like the personal interviews of the parents could also be referred through the internet sources.
The legal age for marriage in India is 18 years for girls and 21 for boys. Any marriage of a person younger than this is banned under the ChildMarriage Prevention Act, 1929
Childmarriage means that two children are forced to marry...
...What is childmarriage?
Child/Early marriage refers to any marriage of a child younger than 18 years old, in accordance to Article 1 of the Convention on the Right of the Child. While childmarriage affects both sexes, girls are disproportionately affected as they are the majority of the victims. Their overall development is compromised, leaving them socially isolated with little education, skills and opportunities for employment and self-realisation. This leaves child brides more vulnerable to poverty, a consequence of childmarriage as well as a cause.
Childmarriage is now widely recognised as a violation of children's rights, a direct form of discrimination against the girl child who as a result of the practice is often deprived of her basic rights to health, education, development and equality. Tradition, religion and poverty continue to fuel the practice of childmarriage, despite its strong association with adverse reproductive health outcomes and the lack of education of girls.
Child and forced marriage
A forced marriage is defined as a marriage "conducted without the valid consent of one or both parties and is a...
...Present time, childmarriage is a curse in the global society. Childmarriage is a violation of humanrights. In most cases young girls get married off to significantly older men when they are still children. Childmarriages must be viewed within a context of force and coercion, involving pressure and emotional blackmail, and children that lack the choice or capacity to give their full consent. Childmarriage must therefore always be considered forced marriage because valid consent is absent - and often considered unnecessary. Childmarriage is common practice in India, Niger, Bangladesh, Pakistan Guinea, Burkina Faso, Africa and Nepal, where mostly girls are married below the age of 18.
Consequences of childmarriageChildmarriage has its own worse effect on the young girls, society, her children and health. Young girls who get married will most likely be forced into having sexual intercourse with their, usually much older, husbands. This has severe negative health consequences as the girl is often not psychologically, physically and sexually mature. Child brides are likely to become pregnant at an early age and there is a strong correlation between the age of a mother and maternal mortality and morbidity....
...ChildMarriageChildMarriage is an ancient practice that is prevalent especially in poorly developed countries having devastating consequences on the children involved. Every year millions of girls get married worldwide, before the age of eighteen. The worst thing is that the children don’t even know what is going on at the engagement ceremony. Most girls who start early marriages become pregnant immediately. Statistics show that the number of death cases during pregnancy is twice as frequent for women under twenty, because when they become pregnant, their body is not sufficiently developed.
To start with, I think that living away from these practices, few of us realize that these things really exist. This is the reason why I chose to write about this topic and also because I think that we have to make those around us understand that this issue is a priority and each of us could do something in order to protect these children. I strongly believe that children should always be a priority for us. Coming across a shocking article which said that forty million girls under the age of eighteen, marry each year or around one girl every two seconds, had made me more aware of this subject than ever before.
Marriage is a formalized, binding partnership between consenting adults. Childmarriage involves either one or both spouses...