Changes of American Immigration
in patterns and policies
Called “the melting pot” and “the salad bowl”, America is a country containing people of different colors--white, black and yellow, which is a result of long-term immigration. According to data from United States Census Bureau, the number of foreign-born residents in America, occupying 12.5% of the total population, has reached 38.5 million, which is the highest in the world (Grieco & Trevelyan,2010).For a long time since colonial era, America has served as the most popular destination for a steady flow of immigrants. Oscar Handlin(1951) once said “Once I thought to write a history of the immigrants in America, I discovered that the immigrant were American history”. So we can easily find out how important immigration is to America, whether in the past or at present. This paper will focus on exploring how and why patterns of and policies towards immigration to the United States change in modern times. We can know more about the development of American Immigration, which can help us to know more about its ethnicity, culture and other aspects of America.
Changes in patterns and policies
During American history, the country experienced successive waves of immigration which rose and fell over time and the immigration rules became more restrictive. Patterns of immigration have changed a lot in modern times. At the same time, US immigration policies have gone through three major phases: laissez-faire, qualitative restrictions, and quantitative restrictions(Martin,2011). Patterns of and policies towards immigration to the United States are actually two inter-related factors that influence each other.
1.Changes in patterns
American Year Book of Immigration Statistics divides immigration into four patterns--Legal Permanent Residents, Refugees and Asylees, Naturalizations and Nonimmigrant Admissions....
Public PolicyImmigrationPolicyImmigration is important to a nation’s growth and economy. As of 2012, U.S. immigrant population is 40.8 million, or 13% of total U.S. population (Nwosu, Batalova, Auclair, 2014). Between 2011 and 2012, foreign-born population in the US increased by 447,000, or 1.1% (Nwosu, Batalova, Auclair, 2014). 16% of the United States civilian labor force, or 25.7 million out of 157.6 million workers is made up of immigrants (Nwosu, Batalova, Auclair, 2014). The top 5 U.S. states for number of immigrants are California with 10.3 million, New York with 4.4 million, Texas with 4.3 million, Florida with 3.7 million, and New Jersey with 1.9 million (Nwosu, Batalova, Auclair, 2014). However, immigration is a controversial issue. Just like many issues, the Democrats and Republicans have apposing viewpoints when it comes to immigrationpolicy. The Democrats are pro-amnesty, while Republicans are anti-amnesty. In the United States, most of the illegal immigrants enter the country through the US/Mexico border. As of 2011, there are around 11,500,000 illegal immigrants in the United States (ProCon.org, 2013).
With this many illegal immigrants in the country, it causes problems. For example, it puts an economic burden on tax-paying citizens by taking away jobs from US citizens and giving some businesses unfair economic advantages. Since...
...Immigration in the United States has been a major contribution to population growth and cultural change throughout much of the nation's history. Throughout the years 1880 through 1925 the United States witnessed a rise in immigration. Many of these foreigners came to America in hopes of striking it rich, get away from monarchies, and just simply be free as America was known for (Doc A). In the early 1880’s, immigration was gladly welcomed, but as time progressed, government saw it as a growing problem. The many aspects of immigration caused controversy in economic benefits, jobs for the non-immigrants, settlement patterns, crime, and even voting behavior. Congress has passed laws that have to do with immigrants especially in the 19th century such as the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882, and the Immigration Act of 1903 all to insure specific laws and boundaries to be set on immigrants. The life of immigrants has been drastically changed throughout the years of 1880-1925 through American suspicion of European communism, and the immigrant resistance to Americanization.
Much of the controversy that was brought up during this time period was based on the fact that immigrants were coming over and taking over many jobs of the non-immigrants. Many Americans saw it unfair that the immigrants were gaining the wages that the Americans...
...Immigration to the United States of America has been an ongoing process since colonizing America. The changing pattern of immigration has varied throughout the last century. These changes were brought on by new immigration laws, political, economical, and demographic pressures. The most profound changes in immigrationpatterns occurred after the Immigration Law Reform in 1965 resulting in immigration from countries that did not send immigrants before, and a dramatic increase of immigrants from previous sending countries. For example Europe, which accounted for two-thirds of legal immigrants in the 1950s, added only 15 percent in the 1980s.
Modern immigrants groups after 1965 came from Vietnam, the Philippines, South East Asia, Latin America and the latest major influx from Africa. The increase in Asian immigration has been the most dramatic. While the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 had ended immigration from China, immigration from Japan and the Philippines to Hawaii and the continental United States continued to the early 1900s. Japanese Immigration had been restricted by the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907, and the immigration Acts of 1924 ended all Asian immigration by establishing a fixed quota in the proportion of the national population in 1880....
Political battles have taken place in American issues for many years, one of which is the current battle over the state of immigration. The United States of America, for many years, has been considered “The Land of the Free” with qualities that appeal to many foreigners that want to immigrate to the United States. People wanting to live the “American Dream” come here to pursue the riches and opportunities that America has provided to countless others settling here. On the other hand, it wasn’t all fun and games as they have thought; not all people welcomed these newcomers with warmth. Over the years, new immigrants were faced with discrimination whether through stereotypes, hostility, or anti-immigration laws from Americans that are against the current state of immigration. America is the land of the free and opportunity and should continue to open its borders to immigrants.
To begin with, immigrants add an additional group of cheap labor and to the flexibility of business, leading to cheaper prices, better quality products, and higher profits. For example, Chinese immigrants are highly known for being hard workers. This is shown in their necessary but inexpensive labor on the Transcontinental Railroad during the mid 1800’s. Additionally, since the 1960’s, Chinese cuisine has been an important part of American...
...Americanimmigration history can be viewed in four epochs: the colonial period, the mid-19th century, the start of the 20th century, and post-1965. Each period brought distinct national groups, races and ethnicities to the United States. During the 17th century, approximately 175,000 Englishmen migrated to Colonial America. Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries arrived as indentured servants. The mid-19th century saw mainly an influx from northern Europe; the early 20th-century mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe; post-1965 mostly from Latin America and Asia.
Historians estimate that fewer than one million immigrants—perhaps as few as 400,000—crossed the Atlantic during the 17th and 18th centuries. The 1790 Act limited naturalization to "free white persons"; it was expanded to include blacks in the 1860s and Asians in the 1950s. In the early years of the United States, immigration was fewer than 8,000 people a year, including French refugees from the slave revolt in Haiti. After 1820, immigration gradually increased. From 1836 to 1914, over 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States. The death rate on these transatlantic voyages was high, during which one in seven travelers died. In 1875, the nation passed its first immigration law, the Page Act of 1875.
The peak year of European immigration...
...U.S. ImmigrationPolicy Reform
The United States is well- known for its greatly diverse population, and the nation is receiving continuous influx of immigrants year by year. As a result, American economy and even its culture have been deeply influenced by increasing alien population over time. The United States has become an empire with the dominant economy in the past few decades. Although it is undeniable that the U.S’s competitive society and low-cost undocumented labors are the most important factors of the impressive national economic progress, the illegal immigrants have caused different kinds of inconvenience to the nation. The increasing demand of social benefits cannot be fulfilled by limited government budget; public services are undergoing overuse due to the growing population. Therefore, it is significant to improve the U.S. immigrationpolicies by restricting the illegal immigrants’ benefits and legalizing more undocumented workers in order to reduce the national burden.
Creating a pathway to undocumented immigrant’s legal status is effective to help with the U.S. government budget problem. Undocumented labor force triggers the government’s budget deficits despite the fact that they have been contributing to the national economy in the big picture for decades. According to Sonia Nazario, the author of “Benefit and Burden”, the unauthorized immigrants generally make less money and also...
8 December 2012
High immigrant areas are not the only places being effected by the ever enlarging annual intake of both legal and illegal immigrants; the workplace is already harsh for the working poor in America as it is. The facts of the working poor life style are hard enough to understand but don’t compare to immigrant workers life style. This essay will discuss the financial and physical effects on the working poor and immigrants, and why immigration is doing more harm than good for our economy. I will put together a practical solution and express my feelings on the matters.
The educated article by Steven Camarota, “Does immigration harm the poor?”, has multiple statistical points over immigration that come from a sturdy research council called the NRC. Each year the United States admits between 700k and 900k legal immigrants; additionally, the Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that 5 million illegal aliens now live in the country with 400k new illegal aliens settling annually (Camarota 1). Those numbers are relatively small compared to the overall population of the country but they still have a big effect. Six states—California, New York, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois—which have only 38 percent of the nation's total population, account for three-fourths of the immigrant population (Camarota 18). What happens in...
...Immigration: Liberty and Justice for All
There are many social problems making up our criminal justice system. The significant problem I chose to emphasize on is illegal immigration. Immigration is a major social problem in the criminal justice system because the laws or regulations are always changing, and some people are just not willing to accept change. As with anything, illegal immigration does have its consequences and does not always impact society in a positive manner, but in general, immigration is very important to the economy and diversity of the United States. Immigration has been responsible for religious changes, cultural change and population growth throughout the history of the United States. The political, economic, and social aspects of immigration have created much controversy in regards to religion, ethnicity, job growth, economic benefits, poverty, crime, moral values, and work habits.
Immigration is a highly debated and significant issue in our criminal justice system today. Immigration has several outcomes both good and bad. New immigrants bring our country diversity and introduce new customs, beliefs, and ways of life. Immigration also causes problems for some in our society who feel as if they are taking away jobs, criminally active and overall negatively...