Computer crimes are criminal activities that involve using a computer and a network to gain unauthorized access with the intent of deleting, altering, or damaging computer data. Due to them being extremely versatile, establishing criminal and noncriminal behavior when in use can be very difficult at times. “According to the U.S. Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics, by 2000 more than 300 million users around the globe accessed the World Wide Web. Of those, at least 1 million were engaged in illegal Internet activities (computer crime or "cyber-crime"). Cyber-crimes include Internet-related forgery, embezzlement, fraud, vandalism, and the disposal of stolen goods. The potential threat to the overall development of e-commerce was serious—so much that online security expenditures were expected to double to $30 billion in 2004” (Computer Crime – Definitions). The four most common categories of computer crimes are infrastructure attacks, technological facilitation, information attacks, and promotion.
Due to cyber-attacks on critical infrastructure companies being on the rise, I believe this presents the greatest threat at the present time. It allows damage to be done to services, facilities, and organizational structures needed for society to operate. The most well know event that caused pure devastation was the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. In order to prevent more incidents happening, all non-military planes were grounded and there was a great amount of response from law enforcement and medical rescue. This has gone beyond just a government problem; there is a need for private organizations to get involved as well. The FBI needs to continue working closely with other agencies and most importantly, the owners & operators of infrastructures. More outreach, informative websites, and training needs to be implemented as well.
“Information technology has played a great role in the emergence of networked terrorist groups, such as al Qaeda and...
Computercrime in today’s world has become more common than in the past. Everywhere you go there is always some sort of Internet access. For instance most restaurants have Wi-Fi for their customers to connect. Cellular networks also provide Internet access away from home making computer criminals be able to work wherever. Having the Internet at the tips of your fingers makes it easier for today’s criminals to commit a crime. There are three main categories in which computercrimes are categorized.
The first category is “Target” crimes, which means crimes in which the computer is the target. This type of computercrime includes offenses such as theft of intellectual property and theft of marketing information. There are many crimes under this category, for instance Techno Vandalism occurs when unauthorized access to a computer results in damaged files or programs. Another crime that relates to this category is Techno-trespass, which means that the offender is basically walking around exploring the computer; in cases like this the intruder just looks at a file violating the owners privacy. In all of these crimes, the offender uses the computer to obtain information or to...
...Categories of ComputerCrime
CIS 170 Information Technology in Criminal Justice
There are four categories of computercrime.
• The computer as a target.
• The computer as an instrument.
• The computer as incidental to crime.
• Crime associated with the prevalence ofcomputers.
This paper will describe and give examples of each of these crimes.
When an intruder hijacks your computer and denies you entry into your files or your network this is considered targeting your computer. Viruses and Malware also can be introduced to your computer to damage your operating system, your files or just give you a headache.
Disgruntled employees are a large percentage of companies’ monetary losses due to altered, damaged, stolen files or even embezzlement. “Unlawful access to criminal justice and other government records is another crime that targets the computer directly. This crime covers changing a criminal history; modifying wants and warrant information; creating a driver's license, passport, or another document for identification purposes; changing tax records; or gaining access to intelligence files (Carter, D. n.d.).” There are some vandals or “hackers”...
...Categories of ComputerCrime
Professor Masudur Chowdhury
July 4, 2013
Explain in detail the four common categories of computercrimes and provide at least one example for each.
There are many different types of computercrime and multiple ways to categorize them. I will discuss four categories in detail to shine light on how vulnerable people are, when we choose to use a personal or publicly used computer to transmit confidential information, conduct business transactions or transfer funds between accounts. Even the most knowledgeable experts on computers are not exempt from being victims of computercrimes.
The Computer as a Target
Crime can happen in many different ways. One of the most common areas is the use of the computer. According to Ronald B. Standler, there are three major classes of criminal activity with computers. The first way is unauthorized use of a computer, which might involve stealing a username and password, or might involve accessing the victim's computer via the Internet through a backdoor, operated by a Trojan Horse program. The second way is creating or releasing a malicious computer program (e.g.,...
This type of crime is the illegal exploitation of computer technologies, usually involving the Internet, to support crimes such as fraud, identity theft, sharing of information, and embezzlement.
Exactly what is illegal varies greatly from state to state. Consequently, the growth of international data communications and in particular the Internet has made these crimes both more common and more difficult to police. Luckily there are people fighting computercrime and it is taken very seriously by government agencies. In particular the U.S. Department of Justice has an extensive computer forensics team.
Computercrime can be broken down into two basic categories. Crimes that are aimed at IT systems, and crimes that turn IT systems into weapons to target other systems and information.
Examples of crimes aimed at IT systems are:
- Unauthorized access to or modification of programs (software cracking and hacking).
- Spamming wherever outlawed completely or where regulations controlling it are violated.
- Deliberate circumvention of computer security systems.
- Writing or spreading computer viruses or worms.
- Denial-of-service attack, where company websites are flooded with service requests and their website is...
...Computers and CrimeComputers are used to track reservations for the airline industry,
process billions of dollars for banks, manufacture products for industry, and
conduct major transactions for businesses because more and more people now have
computers at home and at the office.
People commit computercrimes because of society's declining ethical
standards more than any economic need. According to experts, gender is the only
bias. The profile of today's non-professional thieves crosses all races, age
groups and economic strata. Computer criminals tend to be relatively honest and
in a position of trust: few would do anything to harm another human, and most
do not consider their crime to be truly dishonest. Most are males: women have
tended to be accomplices, though of late they are becoming more aggressive.
Computer Criminals tend to usually be "between the ages of 14-30, they are
usually bright, eager, highly motivated, adventuresome, and willing to accept
technical challenges."(Shannon, 16:2) "It is tempting to liken computer
criminals to other criminals, ascribing characteristics somehow different from
'normal' individuals, but that is not the case."(Sharp, 18:3) It is believed
that the computer criminal "often marches to the same drum as the potential
victim but follows and unanticipated...
...information. Because of computer networks, just about everyone can now access an astounding range of information. The Internet is international, even though 80 percent of the Internet use occurs in the United States, and a staggering amount of information on every subject imaginable is available for free.
Because so many people now have access, computercrimes have become more frequent. Everyone with a computer and a modem can commit a computercrime if so inclined. Anyone, conceivably, could become a ?white collar? computer criminal. When the term ?white collar? crime came into wide spread use several decades ago, it was thought that certain crimes were committed by persons whom no one would normally suspect of criminal behavior: professional, ?white collar? workers. In the late 1990?s, however, the term ?white collar? is somewhat inaccurate. The playing field has been leveled by the widespread use of computers. Now ?white collar crime? tends to mean simply ?non violent crime? or ?economic crime.? As technology becomes increasingly accessible to more and more people, it also becomes a potential tool for increasing numbers of criminals. Most computercrimes do not involve violence but rather greed, pride, or play on some character weakness of the victim. They are...
Computer and networking technology is improving day after day and people are benefiting from the progress of computer and internet world. At the same time, the effects of computercrimes are widening and causing tremendous consequences that makes computers a double-edged sword. Computercrimes are a threat to societies and the well-being of many business entities. Businesses by their sizes and orientation are increasingly affected by computercrimes and the financial losses caused by computercrimes are skyrocketing. Although there are many ways to prevent and stop these criminals and fraudsters, business entities are not taking the right steps to protect their assets.
There is no question that computers have simplified communication among the billions of people around the world, who communicate and share information with each other through their computers. Computers and social media are not only for teenagers now. A recent survey showed that 77% of Americans now have internet access with 64% of them using broadband high speed internet (Goldsboroug, 2008). Businesses and organizations are conducted more easily and provide convenient service through using the computers. At the same time, crimes committed using computers...
Computer Literacy 103
Professor Sally Rogers
October 9, 2008
A computercrime would be defined as criminal activity where a computer or network is the source or place of a crime. Computercrimes have become more common in today’s society. In the old days people would rob banks to get a pay out, nowadays people are committing crimes through computers. Besides the obvious difference, computercrimes have a much larger pay out than the old fashioned bank robbery. Someone who may rob a bank could walk away (that’s if they get away) with a couple hundred thousand, someone who commits a crime through the network will walk away (they usually get away) with millions. Personally I believe the reason for increasing computercrimes is because so many are unaware of them.
It has been estimated that 85-95 percent of computercrimes are not even detected. That is a lot of crimes and money that we are not even aware of. If agencies who strictly work on detecting crimes over the network are unaware of them, then the likely-hood of the public having known is about a zero chance. With the internet becoming ever so popular...