Caliphate of Umar II Essay - 1657 Words

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Caliphate of Umar II

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Text Preview Umar Ibn 'Abdul Aziz

'Umar Ibn 'Abdul Aziz was born in the year 63 Hijrah. His father 'Abdul-Aziz was the appointed Wali of Egypt and when 'Umar was young he sent him to AlMadinah to be raised in an Islamic environment. So he went, memorised the Qur'aan at a young age and was educated by the foremost scholars from the Islamic Ummah and from the great generation that followed the Sahaabah (rah). When his father passed away the Ummayyad Khaleefah Abdul-Maalik called him to Damascus and he was married to the Khaleefah's daughter Faatimah bint Abdil Maalik.

In the year 86 Hijrah he was appointed by Al-Waleed the son of Abdul-Malik as the Wali of Al-Madinah and he ruled until the year 93 Hijrah. He was known for his justice and Zaid bin Aslam said in regards to him: "I have not prayed behind an Imaam after the Messenger of Allah ‫ ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬who resembles his ‫ ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬salaah more than this young boy (al-Bayhaqi)." It is said that 'Umar Ibn 'Abdul Aziz was removed because of his justice and fairness which exposed the other Wulaa like Al-Hajjaj Bin Yousuf who was ruthless and ruled with an iron fist. This was the type of ruling that characterised the rule of Khaleefah Al-Waleed whom the historians described as an oppressor and tyrant despite his many achievements in regards to the spreading of Islaam and conquests. In particular those in Andulus under the leadership of Taariq Bin Ziyaad and Sind under the leadership of Muhammad Bin Qaasim.

The Umayyads had turned the Khilafah into a family business, they lived like kings and princes in luxury and extravagance and they would use the wealth of the Ummah to satisfy their greedy desires. When 'Umar became Khaleefah he invited them to a banquet and kept them waiting for hours until they complained of hunger. He asked them to wait and that it would be worth it however after further hours they complained again and said that they would eat anything that he had that was ready. So he brought to them the... Show More

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