BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Migration was existed a long, long time ago. Biblically, Moises led his flock of believers to the Promised Land and several others followed. On the other hand, the Greeks also had theirs and called it “diaspora” which means dispersal. The Britons’ conquest of the United States of America, Canada, Australia and South Africa were even considered as another form of migration. In the present day, Asians were rank highest in terms of the most number of migrants, either in a neighboring Asian country or in the other continents. Apart from the records that will surely show the numbers, our neighborhood alone will reveal the score particularly China and India who had the most numbers of migrant workers. Chinese migrants started traveling thousands of years ago, while it is true that they left mainland China illiterate and poorly educated. Today, they are among the highly educated and most dominant business leaders in the majority of East Asian countries. In fact, most businesses are controlled by this race. The Gokongweis, Cojuangcos, Gotianuns, Uytengsus, Gatchalians, Sys, Tans, Tys and countless Chinese sounding family names are bywords in the country’s businesses and have held influences all over the world. Indians are almost everywhere too and proof of this is happened recently, they are buying companies in the USA and in the Philippines, most of them are in the accessories and lending businesses. As of today, it is estimated that there are 25 million Indian migrants scattered all over the world. The Philippines is in the fourth rank with over ten (10) million Filipinos abroad, majority of them, however, are in the USA and are mostly health professionals. The Middle Eastern countries and other continents likewise have played hosts to some health professionals, IT experts, construction engineers and workers as well as caregivers.
Another turn of events is the long queues of some medical practitioners in the offices of the Philippine Overseas and Employment Agency (POEA) and even the first-class domestic helpers representing the well-educated teachers are squeezing in as well in droves. While they are belonged to different echelons, they all have one common goal, which is to have better financial reward. Therefore, brain drain has been the downside of the seemingly government-sponsored economic migration.
Migration was already considered as the most preferred option not only for the skilled workers but also for the ordinary Filipinos who wants to uplift their living condition. In both instances, the advent of modern technology has been the biggest contributor to this phenomenon. News or reports about progressive countries or cities and the better lives of their inhabitants, whether true or not, can be heard or seen right in there or their neighbors’ living rooms. For that matter, the dream to try their luck mounts.
One of the reasons why skilled professionals from the Philippines migrate to developed countries is because of its economic condition. The wage given to the workers especially those skilled are lower compare to abroad. Some of the economic problem faces by the Philippines until now is poverty, graft and corruption, limited professional opportunities and weak management of the government. These problems contribute on our skilled professionals to work abroad because hopelessness comes within them if they continue stay herein. There must be an intensify campaign launch by the Philippine government to limit the migration of skilled workers, professionals and the ordinary immigrants abroad otherwise the country will goes to nowhere. One main economic problem experienced is that the local Filipino population becomes too dependent on the remittances sent back home by the OFWs. According to the World Bank’s 2005 Global Economic Prospects report, there is evidence to suggest that remittances retard local development by crowding out entrepreneurial initiative. This...
"No man's genius, however shining, can raise him from obscurity unless he has industry, opportunity and also a patron to recommend him."The term 'Brain-drain' has recently come into vogue for describing the flight of talent from our country to another. Often, it is loosely employed to describe all migration of educated and talented persons to countries abroad in search of better careers even though their services may be badly needed in their native land, and thus, this exodus of talent, depletes a country's intellectual resources and tells on national life.However, the problem of 'Brain-drain' is not peculiar to the present age of ours. It existed even in Medieval times when great conquerors carried away not only hoards of gold and rich treasures from the vanquished countries, but they also took away men of talent and genius as a matter of right. The only difference we see today is that now the talented and educated persons migrate of their own accord, attracted by the glitter and glamour of better emoluments and amenities.India has been facing this problem and it is discussed from time to time in a rather casual and cursory manner. It is revived with afresh momentum when some Indian repatriate in another country achieves some distinction in his field of work. It caught the headlines when Dr. Hargobind Khurana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1968, and also when...
...What Is BrainDrain?
Braindrain is also known as “The human capital flight”. It can be simply defined as the mass emigration of technically skilled people from one country to another country. Brain-drain can have many reasons, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts etc. Brain-drain can also be named as “human capital flight” because it resembles the case of capital flight, in which mass migration of financial capital is involved.The term brain-drain was introduced by observing the emigration of the various technologists, doctors and scientists, from various developing countries (including Europe) to more developed nations like USA. Now this phenomenon of braindrain has a conversed effect for a country in which people are getting migrated and brain-drain of a nation becomes brain-gain for that particular country. Usually all developing countries including India are suffering from braindrain and developed countries like USA are having brain gain from this phenomenon.
The loss of a country when skilled and intelligent people leave it to go and live in other countries for better opportunities is called braindrain. In India the...
Statistics on the braindrain from Africa are scarce but troubling.
According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Africa has already lost one third of its human capital and is continuing to lose its skilled personnel at an increasing rate, with an estimated 20,000 doctors, university lecturers, engineers and other professionals leaving the continent annually.................
Causes Of BrainDrain
• Lack of research and other facilities,including support staff; inadequacy of research funds, lack of professional equipment and tools.
• Low and eroding wages and salaries.
• Unsatisfactory living conditions, lack of
transport, housing, etc.
• Under-utilization of qualified personnel;
lack of satisfactory working conditions;
low prospect of professional development
• Substantial funds for research,advanced technology, modern facilities;availability of experienced support staff.
• Higher wages and income.
• Higher standard of living.
• Better working conditions;
Impacts of BrainDrain
Effects of BrainDrain
• Reduces the already low quantity of skilled manpower available in African countries and needed for their development.
• Reduces numbers of dynamic and innovative people, whether entrepreneurs or academics
• Increases dependence on foreign technical assistance
• Slows the...
Causes of BrainDrain 3
Global Statistics of braindrain 4
Brain Gain 5
Brain Circulation 5
Brain Waste 6
Reverse BrainDrain 6
Braindrain in India 8
Combating Braindrain 11
Braindrain is also known as “The human capital flight”. It can be simply defined as the mass emigration of technically skilled people from one country to another country. Brain-drain can have many reasons, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health...
...The Impacts of BrainDrain on Developing Countries
Braindrain, which is the action of having highly skilled and educated people leaving their country to work abroad, has become one of the developing countries concern. Braindrain is also referred to as human capital flight. More and more third world science and technology educated people are heading for more prosperous countries seeking higher wages and better working conditions. This has of course serious concequences on the sending countries.
While many people believe that immigration is a personal choice that must be understood and respected, others look at the phenomenon from a different perspective. What makes those educated people leave their countries should be seriously considered and a distinction between push and pull factors must be made. The push factors include low wages and lack of satisfactory working and living conditions. Social unrest, political conflicts and wars may also be determining causes. The pull factors, however, include intellectual freedom and substantial funds for research.
Braindrain has negative impact on the sending countries economic prospects and competetiveness. It reduces the number of dynamic and creative people who can contribute to the development of their country. Likewise, with more entrepreneurs taking their investments abroad, developing countries are missing an...
...Brian Drain refers the situation when highly qualified and trained people leave a country to permanently settle in some other country. It is also referred to as Human capital flight.
The problem of Brain-drain, in our age, has become very elusive. The developing countries like India are desperately in need of talents, especially in the field of science and technology but for one reason or the other the talents and fleeing their countries, leaving their native lands impoverished in the process. Thus it is an extremely serious problem, for on the solution of it depends upon the destiny of the poorer countries. India can be taken as an instance in point. After independence this country is engaged in difficult struggle against poverty. But struggles cannot be launched in papers; they require armies of trained personnel – the scientists, technical knowhow and specialists in the field of planned development. If, instead of contributing to the prosperity of India, the Indian scientists, research scholars, engineers, doctors and economists immigrate to other countries, it is difficult to see how India can implement her development plans and attain her goal of prosperity.
In ancient times the scholars of one country visited neighboring countries, and they often stayed there for years, both learning and teaching. The great scholars of China and Persia and other scholars from the West visited India during her prosperous days in the past...
...universe” - Albert Einstein
Good Morning ma'am, and Hello to my friends. let me tell about my topic, its 'the problem of braindrain.' The stupidity by Albert Einstein can be related with my topic. Before starting, my friends, i want to know, how many of you want to go to US, Canada, UK, France, or any other developed country. And how many of you have made up mind to stay there if you could?
Thats good you are aware about Human Capital Flight and most of you want to stay here and serve your country. But
This was a obvious result. i can you tell why? This phenomenon is what called braindrain or human capital flight. Like you,
Every year 250,000 youth are reported to leave the country for various reasons. And of them around fifty per cent of the 1,000 that graduate in medicine in Nepal each year leave to work abroad – permanently. They seek opportunities in its various manifestation — higher living standards, employment, better income, education, a luring western lifestyle, stability and security. Like you said. The list shows everything our country is incapable of providing to the youth. Hence, it is not surprising, if i say, that 556 youth leave the country to go across the seas in a given day. How many of them return to their homeland? The inflow number is almost negligible.
This is where the use of word 'braindrain' comes. “Braindrain”...
... Braindrain: an alarming issue in Pakistan
The crux of recession in a country lies when its denizens abandon their country for self-interest, fame, and money. This phenomenon, brain-drain, is considerable in Pakistan. Developing countries like Pakistan are at the apogee of this quandary. Denizens of such countries portray themselves as self-conceited, arrogant and pompous when they give their human capital to other countries after procuring a balance arsenal within themselves.
A person, when enters pragmatic life, probes to figure out launching pads from where one enables oneself to be breadwinner, independent, and proactive in making ad hoc decisions. Maximum proportion of doctors, engineers, jurists, and lawyers has opted for a venture by leaving their own country. This human capital-braindrain- do not even spit on their country, which gifted them with the basic knowledge of human’s psyche when they achieve their desired position. Among dozens of setbacks for poor economic condition in Pakistan braindrain is very phenomenal, but the government of Pakistan is trying to retrench it by creating more job vacancies and opportunities.
People of Pakistan are in intense adversity and poverty; they are deprived from basic needs i-e education, food, and shelter. On such grounds people get frustrated and vexed from the...