BLUE BLOOD OF THE BIG ASTANA
By: Ibrahim Jubaira (1941)
“Although the heart may care no more, the mind can always recall.” Ibrahim Jubaira started with that. The main character, Jafaar, recalled all the bittersweet memories he had with the blue blooded girl of the big astana, whom he loved a long time ago. The story tells us the life of a Muslim when this short story is written because of the different symbols used in the story like the blue blood and the big astana, the bittersweet memories of Jafaar and the appearance of the Christian Government. These symbols used in the story define the life of a Muslim in 1941 on the eve of World War II where Christians migrated to Mindanao. (“Blue Blood of the Big Astana”, 5)
The blue blood and the big astana are used to define the life of a Muslim. The Muslim community is showed in the story because of the appearance of the words usually associated to the Muslims like Ramadan, Quran, and Mohammedan. In my reading, the blue blood represents the superiority of the Muslims before the migration of the Christian Society. In the text, it says that the daughter of the datu has blue blood and the datu is the leader of the society. He is the superior of the Muslims at that time. While the big astana represents the community of the Muslims. The astana shows that the Muslims have their own community and they consider themselves as an individual or separated from the others. One text in the story when the astana was made bigger by the time that Dayang-Dayang, the daughter of the datu, was married shows that the Muslims widen their community and they wanted to spread their religion.
These symbols show how independent the Muslims were before the Christians went to Mindanao to migrate. Another thing showed in the story is the rich traditions of the Muslims like the wedding of Dayang-Dayang and the young datu. It showed how they give importance to their traditions and culture. We can say that their way of celebrating occasions...
Professor Ned Johnson
18 March 2013
Actor, Singer, Songwriter
Marshall Bruce Mathers III was born on October 17, 1972 in St. Joseph, MO. He began life rough and that is how it stayed. As a child he frequently moved around from place to place because his mother could not secure a home to stay in and/or could not keep up with the payments and would be evicted. He did not always want to be a rapper, in fact, as a child he wanted to be a comic book writer. At the age of twelve he heard one of his first rap songs, Ice-T’s Reckless and fell in love with it. Marshall went by two nicknames in high school, Matrix and M&M, from M&M came Eminem and that is what has stuck ever since. At the age of sixteen he worked as a cook in a restaurant named Gilbert’s Lounge. If he was ever working and thought of a few lyrics to write but had nothing to write on he would take an old receipt and jot it down. Also when his friends would come in to fetch something to eat he would often rap them the menu. He attempted to pass ninth grade three times but failed every time so he just decided to drop out. Around this age is when he started on his infamous rap career. The piece of literature that I chose from him is his song Stan.
Eminem released Stan on December 9, 2000 as a single to his album The Marshall Mathers LP. The song boomed everywhere as his songs usually do, but this song topped the charts in Britain and Australia because it features British singer Dido....
Literary Criticism of Murders in the Rue Morgue
Some of the greatest analytic minds in history have made discoveries that started within their imagination. For instance Albert Einstein remembered riding in a streetcar in Bern and looking back at the famous clock tower that dominated the city. He then imagined what would happen if his streetcar raced away from the clock tower at the speed of light. He quickly realized that the clock would appear stopped, since light could not catch up to the streetcar, but his own clock in the streetcar would beat normally. This eureka moment is what eventually led to his formation of his famous equation E=mc. In Murders in the Rue Morgue the reader embarks on a detective journey with an unnamed narrator and C. Auguste Dupin, a man of remarkable cunning. Throughout the story, Poe challenges the minds of the characters as well as the reader. Poe wants the reader to understand that true genius is not solely based on having a strong analytic mind, one must also possess ingenuity.
Poe begins the story with an unnamed narrator describing the analytic mind. While at first read this may seem unimportant to the story, however, Poe is essentially preparing the reader for what is to come. He tells exactly how one would have to think in order to solve the mysteries that lay ahead. When the narrator describes Dupin he does so like an admirer. He is amazed by Dupin’s ability to observe the importance of seemingly insignificant details in order...
...“plain folks,” as well as the use of the Big Brother posters to achieve the idea of suppressing freedom. By utilizing propaganda techniques, introducing new language concepts and using literary devices, Orwell successfully warns us about the potential dangers of totalitarian control in our society today.
Orwell uses the phrase “Big Brother is watching you” to instill fear in the people. An inevitable motif in Nineteen Eighty-Four is the “Big Brother Is Watching You” poster, which is first introduced when Winston enters the Victory Mansion. The elevators in the Victory Mansion are broken, meaning that the inhabitants have to walk many flights of stairs day in and day out. The more they walk, the more posters they see, further enforcing the oppression free thought and action; the posters are omnipresent and boundless. This poster is propaganda; it is used to disseminate the idea that Big Brother tracks your every move. The purpose of this campaign is to induce fear into the proles. Instead of watching out for them, the Party watches over them, apprehends and condemns any thought of opposition that could enter their minds. There are two main elements in this poster: The first is the face of Big Brother, and the second is the phrase “Big Brother is watching you” (Orwell, 2). Big brother’s poster is an example of a “plain folks” propagandistic technique. Propagandists use this...
...Shit Tits McGee
World Lit Paper
"How does the author use literary techniques in order to keep the social stereotypes of the early 1900’s Spanish society intact?"
"Life--that's what they need more than anything else--life." This quote spoken by The Mother is true in Blood Wedding's early spanish society, yet it causes one to question what kind of life is one really living when being succumbed by social stereotypes? In Frederico Garcia Lorca’s tragic play, Blood Wedding, he uses many literary strategies in order to maintain various social stereotypes. Three main techniques the author chooses to incorporate include atmosphere, archetypes, and resolution to further his critique of the social stereotype present in this spanish society.
To begin, Frederico Garcia Lorca uses atmosphere constantly throughout the play. Lorca aimed to create a brooding atmosphere of early 1900’s Spain. This time period was characterized by a patriarchal familial structure as well as a roman catholic worldview. The gender roles of the characters are heavily affected by this religious influence throughout the piece, as shown in how marriage and family life is portrayed in the work. During the 1920’s - 1930’s, the period portrayed in this piece, women had little to no rights and no ability to hold a job, so marriage and birthing children was seen as the main aspect of a womans life. As The Mother condescendingly stated “See if you...
...Hook: Shakespeare undoubtedly uses many literary devices and elements throughout Macbeth. One such element is the characterization of Macbeth.
Thesis: Shakespeare shows how Macbeth is an emotionally and mentally weak character, leading to his downfall.
I. Macbeth is easily swayed
A. Macbeth is easily influenced by Lady Macbeth to murder his first victim.
1. Lady Macbeth taunts Macbeth about his personality traits. Anna Brownell Jameson draws attention to how she sarcastically calls Macbeth a coward—a word a man can’t bear to hear from another man, less from woman, and least of all from the woman he loves (Jameson 2).
2. James Schiffer claims that the Macbeths’ definition of womanly is to be daunted and fearful, powerless and unfulfilled, while to be manly is to be strong and valorous and quick to act, regardless of the action (Schiffer 2). Lady Macbeth uses this against her husband, suggesting that he is more of a woman than a man.
3. William Maginn mentions that Lady Macbeth has persuaded herself that Macbeth is too full of the milk of human kindness to murder the king, and therefore it is her duty to push him into doing so.
II. Macbeth misinterprets what the three witches tell him
A. Macbeth takes everything that the witches say literally
1. James Schiffer identifies that Macbeth believes his initial greeting with the Weird Sisters is a “supernatural soliciting” to murder, even though he is aware that fate may crown him king without his action...
...Ethan Frome Lit. Crit. Essay
Throughout the story of Ethan Frome, Ethan shows how he would give up anything for his responsibilities. Ethan did not want to give up law school. He had to because of his father getting sick. He felt obligated to do things he didn’t want to do. For example his parents getting sick at different times, he felt obligated to take care of them instead of someone else. He had to move back and they money but then his father lost it all and they became poor so now Ethan had to do something to get some money to provided for his family. Marxism is mainly about money and if you don’t have money then your not happy and you will be unhappy because you wont have as much as you would like.
The narrator needed a ride to his work and he couldn’t find anyone someone told him about Ethan, that he will do anything to make a buck. The narrator asked Ethan and he ended up saying yes because he needed the money.
When Ethan came back from law school, for good, his mother hired Zeena to take care of her but then people started talking and he felt obligated to marry Zeena in the end. When Ethan’s mother died she was worried about money and what Ethan’s dad had done. Ethan worked in his lumber limb that he had and did anything to get a few bucks here and there. Since Zeena “always” got sick, since Ethan’s mother died, she would spend most of their money to pay for her medical bills and medication. Instead of paying a...
...1.) After performing any alternative procedures, the auditor should evaluate the combined evidence provided by the confirmations and the alternative procedures to determine whether sufficient evidence has been obtained about all the applicable financial statement assertions. In performing that evaluation, the auditor should consider (a) the reliability of the confirmations and alternative procedures; (b) the nature of any exceptions, including the implications, both quantitative and qualitative, of those exceptions; (c) the evidence provided by other procedures; and (d) whether additional evidence is needed. If the combined evidence provided by the confirmations, alternative procedures, and other procedures is not sufficient, the auditor should request additional confirmations or extend other tests, such as tests of details or analytical procedures. (AU 330)
Paragraph .09 of section 326, Audit Evidence, states that the auditor should consider the reliability of the information to be used as audit evidence. Confirmations obtained electronically can be considered to be reliable audit evidence if the auditor is satisfied that (a) the electronic confirmation process is secure and properly controlled, (b) the information obtained is a direct communication in response to a request, and (c) the information is obtained from a third party who is the intended respondent.
2.) During the performance of confirmation procedures, the auditor should maintain control over the...
...Republic of the Philippines
Tarlac College of Agriculture
Institute of Education
Expanded Course Outline in ENGL04-Philippine Literature in English
Philippine Literature in English
The course is a study of literary genres exemplified by the selected literary texts from different regions of the Philippines written at different periods in the Philippine literary history. It aims to equip students with literary appreciation that may guide them towards wholesome development of the innate potentials and values.
Introduction to Literature
The course has the following objectives:
1. show the relevance of the study of literature in human’s life;
2. link the present to the future based on the thoughts of the past as presented
and preserved in the literary texts;
3. point out the value of reading Philippine literary texts;
4. identify and differentiate the various elements of the different genres like short
5. articulate the importance of each element in the proper understanding of the
6. showcase the meaning and lessons derived from the literary texts;
7. recognize the value the literary prowess of the writers;
8. help students appreciate the richness and value of Philippine literature; and
9. relate literature to human experiences.