“There is a reason the word belonging has a synonym for want at its center; it is the human condition.” ― Jodi Picoult
Belonging is the perceptions held by individuals, which enables them to be inherently connected and to develop an affinity with themselves as well as an intimate bond with place. I believe I have learnt that belonging is the most basic human desire, a part of the human condition. In order to achieve true belonging, however, many feel the need to belong to a particular place. In Peter Skrzynecki’s poem Migrant Hostel, and in a feature article in the Sydney Morning Herald titled All at sea in a leaky boat, the concept of belonging to self as a human desire is explored through displacement.
Displacement is a fundamental aspect of not belonging but it is a human desire to try to belong and have a connection with place. The title of Migrant Hostel shows the context of Skrzynecki’s own experience in Parkes Migrant Hostel in NSW from 1949-51. Time and place are established in the poem expressing the values and attitudes in this contextual time period. “Comings and goings/…newcomers/…busloads/…sudden departures/…who would be coming next.” This list of phrases is associated with the transitionary environments, which thousands of migrants experienced after WWII. This technique creates the sense of dislocation felt by the migrants through the use of words describing the uncertainty they felt in their lives. “Comings and goings” juxtaposing each other and creating a paradox that suggests there is no permanence or belonging to this place.
All at sea in a leaky boat reinforces the displacement experienced by the lack of emotional connection to place. Published in 2008, the text allows for a continuity of a similar theme of displacement over time, therefore expressing the similar attitudes and supporting the thesis for the human condition to desire a sense of belonging to place. The text reads “…will remain imprinted forever… the scent of...
...A Brief Guide to Successful
You can use this guide to prepare for your fi rst speech and
as a checklist for all the speeches you give in your public
speaking class. You can also use the guide as a handy
reference for speeches you give aft er college.
Presenting a speech involves six basic stages:
1. Determining your purpose and topic (Chapter 4)
2. Adapting to your audience (Chapter 5)
3. Researching your topic (Chapter 6)
4. Organizing your ideas (Chapter 8)
5. Practicing your speech (Chapter 12)
6. Presenting your speech (Chapter 12)
Th ese stages blend together—they’re integrated parts
of a whole, not discrete units. For example,
■ As you’re analyzing your audience (stage 2),
you revise your topic focus (stage 1).
■ What you fi nd out about your audience (stage 2) will
infl uence how you research your topic (stage 3).
■ When practicing your speech (stage 5), you may
decide that the fl ow of your ideas won’t work for
your audience (stage 2), so you go back and
modify the organization of your ideas
Although public speaking may seem to be all about
presenting, most of a successful speaker’s work takes place
behind the scenes, well before the speaking event. Let’s go
through each activity in the speechmaking process.
1. Determine Your Purpose and Topic
a. Decide on your overall goal, or the general purpose
of your speech.
...WRIITEN TASK 1: SPEECH AFTER ELECTION VICTORY
Good morning respected Principal, teachers and students. I stand here in front of you all today, being bolder and more debonair than ever before. It is because you have given me power to run and be part of this school’s engine. I stand with pride as the new School Captain of this prestigious institution. You have given me strength to be as sturdy as an oak and tell everyone with panache that it is me who the entire body feels capable enough to shoulder this great task ahead.
But I want to question you about something as well. Have you chosen me for no reason? Of course not. We consider giving our precious vote only to those chosen few whom we lay full trust on. Your votes stood by my side throughout this campaign. I thank each one of you integrally for that. I feel fully for all my worthy opponents who made this election what it was. One filled with suspense and jitteriness right till this day. Thank you so much for being competition.
This day will be written down in the books of our school for it received yet another new bunch of student leaders for the budding academic year, the head of which I am. Your strong support and blissful benevolence have resulted in this. I know I can take this very well. I know we can work towards a better school experience. I know I can see that smile on two thousand faces the day I graduate and say goodbye to you all. The only thing we need to do, is go hand-in-hand each step of...
...What if a speaker had an important topic that they needed to get across to their audience? How would the speaker go about it and what type of speech would the speaker choose. Well chapter 13 contents the creative process for informative speaking. What informative speaking is how to choose a focused informative topic, how to conduct a research and informative outline? The chapter also contains how to organize the body, introduction, and conclusion of the informativespeech. Lastly chapter 13 contents explain how to prepare to present the speech and evaluate and informative speech.
In order to make a well informative speech the speaker needs to be logical and purposeful. There are five steps to achieve a well-spoken speech. The first step is starting, then researching, next is creating, presenting, and listening and evaluating.
Part of starting a informative speech will be knowing what an informative speech is. The informative speech is giving audience completely new knowledge, skills, or understanding about a topic. as well increases current knowledge, skills, or understanding. Most informative speeches also describe, explain, or instruct. An inform speech can also report.
Next the way that a speaker starts their speech is getting to know the audience and situation. By knowing the place a speaker will most likely...
Speaking out to persuade others . . .
From Reading to Writing Martin Luther King, Jr.’s
powerful “I Have a Dream” speech helped convince
Congress to pass landmark civil rights legislation. It
also continues to influence people of all ages to
believe in and work to achieve their personal dreams.
Speaking out to persuade others . . .
Persuasive speeches such as Dr. King’s can move
listeners to tears and inspire them to move mountains.
Politicians, advertisers, and businesspeople—and
those students who want more input into school policy,
later curfews, or a bigger allowance—all use
persuasive speeches to help them reach their goals.
Basics in a Box
GUIDELINES & STANDARDS
A successful persuasive speech should
• open with a clear statement of the
issue and your opinion
• show clear reasoning
• be geared to the audience you’re trying
• include strategies such as frequent
summaries to help listeners remember
• provide facts, examples, statistics, and
reasons to support your opinion
• end with a strong restatement of your
opinion or a call to action
• answer opposing views
A successful presenter should
• convey enthusiasm and confidence
• stand with good, but relaxed, posture
and make eye contact with the
• include gestures and body language
to enhance the presentation
• incorporate visual...
...Speech to Entertain: An Overview
The primary purpose of a speech to entertain is to have the audience relax, smile and enjoy the occasion. The speech should have a central theme or a focus. A series of jokes will NOT work well for this type of speech. Good speeches to entertain typically mix humor with more serious morals, lessons learned, or experiences. In other words, they have a real point to make… they are not just silly, slapstick humor. You can tell a lighthearted, personal story that reveals a life lesson you’ve learned or examine a familiar subject from a different and unexpected viewpoint or take a lighthearted look at a particular issue. Example: Summer jobs: “Summer jobs for high schoolers: The daily diary of the American Nightmare.”
Additional suggestions for the composition and delivery of after dinner speeches are as follows:
1. Carefully select an interesting, timely, and appropriate topic. Having something familiar in the talk that the audience can relate to will enhance listener interest.
2. Build your speech around a central theme, moral, or idea.
3. Support your main point or central theme with colorful stories, narrative and examples.
4. Be imaginative and creative when delivering your talk. Few speeches demand more imagination and creativity than the speech to entertain.
5. Be positive and good-natured when delivering your talk—irony and sarcasm...
...Sample Persuasive Speech Outline For Public Speaking
Sample persuasive speech outline including speechwriting tips on outlining the main speech topics for public speaking.
Sample Persuasive Speech Outline
YOUR NAME, SPEECH CLASS AND DATE:
SUBJECT: Your persuasive speech topic.
GENERAL PURPOSE: To persuade
SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To persuade the audience to ... (fill in your ultimate goal of course :-)
A. Your attention grabber. Try a snappy one if you like :-)
B. Clarify the goal of your writing topic. By the way, don't write pursuasive speech topic, use the correct spelling! What do you want to persuade them to think, change, act or to move exactly?
C. Preview main points: Use the Roman numeral divisions of this sample persuasive outline.
D. Relate the issue to your audience.
E. Your credibility and authority: Why are you talking about this speech topic?
Transition sentence here
How to make a speech outline of your key ideas? Use one of my speech outline examples. Or the Problem Solution and Monroe Motivation Sequence.
A. First Point
1. First Subpoint
a. First Sub-subtopic
b. Second Sub-subtopic
c. Third Sub-subtopic
2. Second Subpoint
a. First Sub-subtopic
b. Second Sub-subtopic
c. Third Sub-subtopic
...known as lectures, when lengthy.
Host: What are Process speeches?
Brian: Process speeches are speeches that demonstrate things. They usually demonstrate how something is made, done, or work’s.
Host: How would you prepare and conduct a good Process speech so that it is effective?
Brian: TO prepare for a Process speech you will first want to …
carefully think about the steps in the process and set them up in the order they occur.
THEN you will need to group the steps AND create explanations for each step and sub step.
YOU should prepare AND use…. Visual aids and demonstration during your speech. But….. some process speeches are not suited for demonstrations.
Host: What do you mean by some are not suited for demonstrations?
Brian: Well, for example, …on a speech on how trash is turned into energy it wouldn’t be practical to actually try to demonstrate the process, but… visual aid should still and can be… used TO enhance your verbal descriptions of the process.
Host: What would be some examples of process speeches?
Brian: Speeches on how to bake a cake,… speeches on how to build a dog house or even speeches on how to conduct an informative speech.
I knew you were going to ask me that today… so I also brought a video clip I made a while back to show you as an example.
>>>(PLAY VIDEO CLIP)<<<
Host: Wasn’t that interesting? Well, Brian I a...
...Writing a speech can be a daunting task for many people. Perhaps you're worried about the quality of your writing skills, you're nervous about your public speaking inexperience or maybe you just don't know what to write.
By setting out a few clear goals before you start writing your speech, you will be better equipped to judge its progress and success of your speech prior to its public airing. A hilarious Best Man speech may have your audience rolling in the aisles, but if you fail to give tribute to the Bride and Groom you will have failed in your role.
By setting clear goals, you will be better positioned to judge the likely success of your speech.
This section will show you how to write a speech, subsequent chapters will show you how to deliver that speech, and yes, conquer your public speaking nerves.
At this stage you should have a great plan for your speech. That is to say: you have considered the occasion at which you will be speaking, potentially speaking to a selection of people who can help you write your speech. You have also thought about the potential themes of your speech and identified one primary theme with a small number of sub-themes. You have also given thought to the people key to your speech including the subject(s) of the speech and those who know them, other speakers and the...