“Education, being necessary to the State for the promotion of its welfare and the preservation of its life, must be so developed and directed in such a way as to conform to the philosophy of the people as a whole and not of any special interests and to realize the objectives of the entire race and not any particular sector of it. Private education may necessarily have certain goals which may not altogether be in consonance with those of the State-Unless we first ground our people in things which are common to us all, in the faithfulness to authorities of our land and in the loyalty to our common country, we shall be planting the seeds of division in our ranks, the fear and obedience to authorities over those of our government and loyalty to an organization other than of our own, noted by Enrique Sobrepena, a Constitutional Convention delegate”. 1
progress and growth. Thus, in this complex physical environment, education must be fully developed must be so as to balance with the drastic changes . The goals of
universal. Hence, everyone should have a common national
purpose in education. Education in the Philippines has been subjected to many reforms and changes to meet the increasing demands of the society .2 All the citizens must be fully equipped to be able to survive. Indeed, education plays a vital role in shaping an individual. In the past years, many educational laws and policies were
enacted. Nonetheless, several problems or issues still arise. In 2012, a new reform was established, namely, the K to 12 program . This program has two additional years in the basic education. The overall objectives of the K to 12 program are pertinent and beneficial to the growing demands of this present era .
Antonio Isidro, Trends and Issues in Philippine Education (Quezon City: Alemar-Phoenix Publishing House, Inc., 1972), 2. 2 Elena Tanodra, Philippine Educational System( Quezon City: Verh Educational Enterprise, 2003), 2.
In this globally competitive society, one must be equally competent in all aspects of life so as to meet the international standards . Thus, the newly implemented program aimed to produce graduates with adequate knowledge, talents, skills, and experiences .
However, in the Philippine setting, there are numerous problems that needed to be addressed more fundamentally.
II. Overview of the Philippine Educational System Education “Education, like any other terms, has various meanings and covers a number of aspects . Education, as defined in the Dictionary of Education, is (1) the aggregate of all processes by which a person develops ability, attitudes, and other forms of behavior of practical value, in society in which he lives; (2) the social process by which people are subjected to the influence of a selected and controlled environment (especially that of the school) so that they obtain social competence and optimum individual development.”3
Generally, education is a process of instructing, training and learning to ameliorate and to develop the proper knowledge, understanding, skills, and formation of character of each individual to be utilized in the real world and to be of help for the nation‟s economic, political, moral, and social development. Education has always played a vital role in attaining the general goals of national development and progress . Thus, the national leaders and all spheres of society are expected to give each individual all the chances of acquiring the aforementioned objectives that education aims .
Herman Gregorio, Introduction to Education in Philippine Setting(Quezon City: Garotech Publishing, 1976), 1.
Brief History of Philippine Education During the pre-Spanish period, there was no definite system of education in the archipelago....
...Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through autodidacticism. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts.
Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. Schools systems were also based on people's religion giving them different curricula.
Main articles: Curriculum, Curriculum theory, and List of academic disciplines
School children in Durban, South Africa.
In formal education, a curriculum is the set of courses and their content offered at a school or university. As an idea, curriculum stems from the Latin word for race course, referring to the course of deeds and experiences through which children grow to become mature adults. A curriculum is prescriptive, and is based on a more general syllabus which merely specifies what topics must be understood and to what level to achieve a particular grade or standard.
An academic discipline is a branch of knowledge which is formally taught, either at the university–or via some other such method. Each discipline usually has several sub-disciplines or branches, and distinguishing...
The K-12 education system is the public education system that most people are familiar with today. Comprised of 13 grades, kindergarten through 12th, it refers to the public school system in all of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and parts of Europe as well. It is difficult to pinpoint the exact history of education, as it has been occurring in some form for centuries in all parts of the world. The K-12 Program has been initiated by the Aquino administration where students will have to undergo a new system of education. The Enhanced K+12 BasicEducation Program is a DepEd program that will improve the standard of education and give more opportunities for graduating students. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basiceducation (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. Moreover, the program aims to uplift the quality of education in the Philippines in order for graduates to be easily employed. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work...
...Education, in its broadest sense, refers to the ways in which people learn skills and gain knowledge and understanding about the world, and about themselves. One useful scheme for discussing education is to divide these ways of learning into three types --- formal, informal and nonformal.
Formal education is instruction given in school. It is often called schooling. In most countries, people enter a system of formal education during their early childhood. In this type of education, the people in charge of a school decide what to teach, and learners then study those things under the direction of teachers. Learners are expected to come to school regularly and on time., to work at about the same speed as their classmates, and to pass tests to show how well they have progressed. At the end of the year, successful learners move up to the next level, that is, to the next standard, form or grade. In the end, they may earn a diploma, a certificate, or degree as a mark of their success over the years.
Informal education involves people learning while they go about their daily lives. For example, young children learn language simply by hearing others speak and by trying to speak themselves. In the same informal manner, they learn to dress themselves, eat with acceptable manner, ride a bicycle, make a telephone call, or operate a television set.
Education is also informal when...
...Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin ēducātiō (“A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing") from ēdūcō (“I educate, I train”) which is related to the homonym ēdūcō (“I lead forth, I take out; I raise up, I erect”) from ē- (“from, out of”) and dūcō (“I lead, I conduct”).
The role of government
A right to education has been created and recognized by some jurisdictions: Since 1952, Article 2 of the first Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights obliges all signatory parties to guarantee the right to education. It does not however guarantee any particular level of education of any particular quality. At the global level, the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 guarantees this right under its Article 13.
Throughout history various governments have made it illegal to educate children privately or at home. Various totalitarian regimes, for example, have mandated indoctrination through propaganda in the Hitler Youth and propaganda in education under various communist regimes.
School children line, in Kerala, India
Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. Schools systems are sometimes also based on religions, giving them different...
...Education in the past in our country
The education system in Moldova consists of preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. The preschool education is for children up to the age of seven years. The primary education is between grades one through four and typically involves children between the ages of 8-12. The secondary education consists of two tracks: general and vocational. General secondaryeducation from grades 5-9 is called the gymnasium, and grades 10-12 is called liceul (lyceum). The vocational track is called the professional liceul. Higher education consists of two stages, short-term college education and university education. These institutions were traditionally awarding Diplomas but, in the year 2000, were also using the titles of Bachelor and Master to conform to international standards.
The first higher education institution on the territory of Bessarabia,
located in Chişinău, was devoted to the study of music. Named Unirea
Conservatory, it opened its doors in 1919. Later on, the Unirea Conservatory
became the Gavriil Musicescu State Conservatory
In the decades prior to independence, the Moldavian SSR's education system made substantial progress toward being available to all citizens. At the beginning of the twentieth century, illiteracy had been common among Moldova's rural...
...The BasicEducation in Japan
In Japan, education is compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels. Most students attend public schools through the lower secondary level, butprivate education is popular at the upper secondary and university levels. Japan's education system played a central part in Japan's recovery and rapid economic growth in the decades following the end of World War II.
After World War II, the Fundamental Law of Education and the School Education Law were enacted in 1947 under the direction of the occupation forces. The latter law defined the school system that is still in effect today: six years of elementary school, three years of junior high school, three years of high school, two or four years of university.
Education prior to elementary school is provided at kindergartens and day-care centers. Public and private day-care centers take children from under age one on up to five years old. The programmes for those children aged 3–5 resemble those at kindergartens. The educational approach at kindergartens varies greatly from unstructured environments that emphasize play to highly structured environments that are focused on having the child pass the entrance exam at a private elementary school.
The school year in Japan begins in April and classes are held from Monday to either Friday or Saturday, depending on the...
...“Compare the British and America Education System
1. Introduction: Education is reputedly the hallowed halls of intellectual development that produce the leaders of the world emerge to set the world ablaze with the fruits of intellectualism However, the produce all vary in flavours according to the nature of the curriculum prescribed.
Thesis statement: A major source of the difference between the US and British educational system can be ascribed to the different curriculum formats imposed by the governments.
In the US, the government imposed the No Child left behind act, which allowed each state the freedom to create their own curriculum under certain limited federal regulation. In Britain, the government has created one national standardized curriculum for all public schools.
Topic sentence: In the USA. the curriculum is not nationally standardized.
Although the No Child Left Behind act regulates educational practices by setting standards and enforcing accountability, the curriculum is determined by a local government, either on a state level or by school districts (Slavin, 2006).
Under the act, schools are required to give annual tests in reading and math in grades 3-8, and once in the grades 10-12. (United State Department of Education, [USDE], n.d.).
According to Slavin (2006), 95% of schools student population must take these standardized tests, regardless if English is their second...
...The History of Visual Basic
The Visual Basic programming language was bought by Microsoft as something called project Tripod on March 6, 1988. A man named Alan Cooper who is known as the “Father of Visual Basic” showed a drag and drop shell prototype to Microsoft CEO Bill Gates, which was code named Tripod; later changed by Microsoft to Ruby. In which Gates made a deal with Alan Cooper for the rights to project Tripod. On March 20, 1991 Microsoft introduced the finished product Visual Basic 1.0 at Windows World. Microsoft combined Quick Basic with the Ruby shell app creating the first tool able to create windows apps very easily. This combination was originally codenamed Thunder.
Shortly after VB’s introduction in 1991 MicroHelp’s VBTools was introduced along with many others as standard add-on for Visual Basic 1.0. In March 1992 Visual Basic 2.0 Toolkit was released. The toolkit integrated third parties in a single package handing the reins over to the Visual Basic Developers for the first time. In September of the same year the Visual Basic 1.0 for DOS was released; although, version 1.0 wasn’t completely compatible with Visual Basic for windows. The next edition of DOS compliers such as QuickBasic and Basic Professional Development System were the editions to close the compatibility gap. June of 1993 was when...