Barriers to Quality Education Essay - 1747 Words



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Barriers to Quality Education

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Barriers to Quality Education

Quality is at the core of education. It determines what students learn, how well they learn and what benefits they draw from their education. These issues have pushed the countries to have on their agenda the mission to ensure students’ optimum learning outcomes that help them play a positive role in creating a civil society. While it is difficult to define the quality of education operationally due to its complex nature, it is believed that it may be viewed in terms of the quality of various components of input, process and out-put dimensions. Some of these components may be: need-based curriculum, appropriate physical facilities, use of modern approaches to teaching, scholastic performance of students, professional preparation of teachers, and linking education to life skills and world of work. Higher Education has a great role to play to meet the aspirations of all the sections of society. In order to meet the challenges of the 21st Century, only the knowledge based Education can contribute significantly. Unfortunately scenario of higher education in India does not match with the global Quality standards thereby raising enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. Traditionally, these institutions assumed that Quality could be determined by their internal resources, viz., faculty with an impressive set of degrees and experience detailed at the end of the institute’s admission brochure, number of books and journals in the library, an ultra-modern campus, etc., or by its definable and assessable outputs, viz., efficient use of resources, producing uniquely educated graduates. This view of determining Quality in higher education does not measure the competencies students develop through the courses offered. The competencies are recall, understanding, and problem solving. “Recall” amounts to a competency of gaining knowledge by way of reading, viewing, listening, assimilating, and demonstrating it when required. In nut-shell we can say that the function of Quality Education is at least four-fold:- 1)Preparation of an adult to a role of a good citizen.

2)Development of personality, especially inter-personal skills. 3)Training to fit for an occupation.
4)Conversion to employed from unemployed status of considerable and ever-increasing proportion of the population. In order to achieve these four-fold objectives we have to remove the following barriers which pose a great threat to Quality education in the country. The barriers are as follows:

Teacher competence and institution efficiency
The first important barrier to quality education is the teacher. Success or failure of teaching always revolves around the teacher. Though it’s very difficult to measure the quality of teacher however the efficient is one who has the capacity to transmit the curriculum to student effectively. Teachers’ presence in the classroom represents the starting point. Many teachers face transportation and housing obstacles that hinder them from getting to institution on time and staying until institution hours are over. Many teachers must hold second jobs, which may detract from the time and energy they expend in the classroom. Teachers may miss institution altogether. A study in China, Guinea, India and Mexico found that nearly half the teachers interviewed reported being absent at some point during the previous month (Carron & Chau, 1996), requiring other teachers to compensate for them or leaving students without instruction for the day. Next, when teachers are present, learning occurs when teachers engage students in instructional activities, rather than attending to administrative or other non-instructional processes (Fuller, et al., 1999). As mentioned above, the opportunity to learn and the time on task have been shown in many international studies to be critical for educational quality. Finally, some institutions that have been able to... Show More

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