Bangladesh Education at a Glance
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with about 140 million people within an area of 147,570 thousand square kilometers. Its vast population is one of the major resources. But the problem lies in transforming the potential people into a productive force and ensuring a dynamic environment for social, economic and political development. Though the literacy rate is officially said to be 66%, but according to private survey the rate is only 42%. Education therefore has been recognized as a priority sector by all governments since her independence. The mainstream education system in Bangladesh is structured as follows: -
Bangladesh education system in brief The three main educational systems in Bangladesh, ordered by decreasing student numbers, are: •General Education System
•Madrasah Education System
•Technical - Vocational Education System
Other systems include a Professional Education System.
Each of these three main systems is divided into four levels: •Primary Level (years 1 to 5)
•Secondary Level (years 6 to 10)
•Higher Secondary Level (years 11 and 12)
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT EDUCATION SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH
1. General Education
a) Primary Level
The first level of education is comprised of 5 years of formal schooling (class / grades I - V). Education, at this stage, normally begins at 6+ years of age up to 11 years. Primary education is generally imparted in primary schools. Nevertheless, other types of institutions like kindergartens and junior sections attached to English medium schools are also imparting it. b) Secondary & Higher Secondary Level
The second level of education is comprised of 7 (3+2+2) years of formal schooling. The first 3 years (grades VI-VIII) is referred to as junior secondary; the next 2 years (grades IX -X) is secondary while the last 2 years (grades XI - XII) is called higher secondary. In secondary education, there are three streams of courses such as, Humanities, Science and Business Education, which start at class IX, where the students are free to choose their course(s) of studies. The academic programme terminates at the end of class X when students are to appear at the public examination called S.S.C. (Secondary School Certificate). The Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Educations (BISE) conduct the S.S.C. examination. The secondary education is designed to prepare the students to enter into the higher secondary stage which is being offered by Intermediate Colleges or by intermediate section of degree or master colleges. c) Tertiary Level
The third stage of education is comprised of 2-6 years of formal schooling. The minimum requirement for admission to higher education is the higher secondary certificate (H.S.C). HSC holders are qualified to enroll in 3-year degree pass courses while for honours, they may enroll in 4-year bachelors' degree honours courses in degree level colleges or in the universities. After successful completion that, one can enroll in the master's degree course. Master degree courses are of one year for honours bachelor degree holders and 2 years for pass bachelor degree holders. For those aspiring to take up M.Phil and Ph.D courses in selected disciplines. The duration is of 2 years for M.Phil and 3-4 years for Ph.Ds after completion of master's-degree.
There are 73 universities in Bangladesh. Out of these, 21 universities are in the public sector, while the other 52 are in the private sector. Out of 21 public sector universities, 19 universities provide regular classroom instruction facilities and services. Bangladesh Open University (BOU) offers Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) and Master of Education (M.Ed) degrees. BOU conducts 18 formal courses and 19 non-formal courses. Bangladesh National...
...Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences NCES 2005–160
Feasibility of a Student Unit Record System Within the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System
Research and Development Report
Alisa F. Cunningham
Institute for Higher Education Policy
Project Officer National Center for Education Statistics
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Margaret Spellings Secretary INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION SCIENCES Grover J. Whitehurst Director NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS Grover J. Whitehurst Acting Commissioner The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting, analyzing, and reporting data related to education in the United States and other nations. It fulfills a congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report full and complete statistics on the condition of education in the United States; conduct and publish reports and specialized analyses of the meaning and significance of such statistics; assist state and local education agencies in improving their statistical systems; and review and report on education activities in foreign countries. NCES activities are designed to address high priority...
Education is the backbone of sustainable development. Education stimulates and empowers people to participate in their own development. A plan for sustainable development must address the issue of education because it plays a critical role not only in expanding further educational opportunities, but also in fostering basic intellectual abilities such as literacy that are crucial to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. Primary education must receive a great amount of attention in developing nations for this reason.
In Bangladesh the expansion of primary education is crucial, just as it is in other developing nations within South Asia and beyond. Bangladesh’s low literacy rate of 39% is one of the many low development indicators that remind us how far our nation has yet to go in its pursuit of sustainable development. Primary education has been a priority in Bangladeshi politics since independence from Pakistan in 1971: basic measures to implement universal primary education were taken from the outset. However up until recent times, enrollment, as well as government spending on the education sector, has remained very low; little progress was seen in the primary education sector throughout the 1970s and 80s.
EDUCATIONAL STRUCTURE OF...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
...Education in Bangladesh is basically state financed. However, government depend heavily on external aid for financing the educational sector. Government allocate fund for the education sector out of its revenue expenditure & development expenditure. Revenue expenditure on educational sector has gradually increased over the year but development expenditure fluctuated.
Revenue expenditure on primary and secondary education also constitute major portion of revenue expenditure and it was consistent over year. Development expenditure on primary and secondary education also constitute major portion of development expenditure however it was not consistent over year. Expenditure on technical and higher education is not significant. Development expenditure on primary education are spent largely on building infrastructure whereas revenue expenditure are spent on teacher’s salary, grants stipend, etc.
Significant improvement has been achieved in terms of access to the primary educationsystem. This has been possible because of several reason as example rapid growth in primary institution introduction of “Food for education” stipend for poor etc. there has been also significant improvement achieved in no of enrollment in primary education. But there is lack in quality education. According to survey percentage...
...North South University
Term Paper On
The Role of Primary Education in Bangladesh Economy
Sakib Bin Amin (SBn)
Department Of Economics
North South University
Names ID #
Nazia Ahmed 072069030
Isma khan 073271520
Shamima Akter 082396020
Rumaiya Tanzin 0910506020
Farzana Alamgir 0910713520
Date of Submission: 28th December, 2010
We are solemnly grateful to Almighty Allah who has given us this opportunity to carry out such an interesting term paper and enabled us to finish it for ECO 304. We would like to add a few hearty words to the people who helped us in numerous ways.
Special thanks goes to Mr.Sakib Bin Amin, Course Instructor, Department Of Economics, North South University, for giving us the opportunity to prepare this term paper and gain new and practical knowledge in the process. Their valuable advice, guidelines and continuous monitoring have made this task possible.
We have thoroughly enjoyed our term...
...THE BANGLADESH VOCATIONAL
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
SYSTEM: AN ASSESSMENT
Human Development Unit
South Asia Region
The World Bank
Document of The World Bank
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Australian National Training Authority
Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information SystemBangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Bangladesh Garments Manufacturer's and Exporter's Association
BGMEA Institute of Fashion Technology
Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturer and Exporter's Association
Board of Investment
Bangladesh Polytechnic Teacher's Association
Bangladesh Technical Education Board
Bangladesh Textile Manufacturer and Exporter's Association
Board of Technical and Vocational Education and Training
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Comptroller of General Accounts
Integral Quality and Modernization Program of Mexico
Chittagong Skills Development Center
Certificate in Vocational Education
Diploma in Technical Education
Diploma in Vocational...
...EDUCATION IN GHANA
The Republic of Ghana is located in West Africa which borders Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" and derives from the Ghana Empire.
Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan Kingdoms, including the Akwamu on the eastern coast, the inland Ashanti Empire and various Fante and, also non Akan states like the Ga and Ewe along the coast and inland. Trade with European states flourished after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established a Crown colony, Gold Coast, in 1874.
The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, becoming the first African nation to do so and the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of West Africa. Ghana is a member of many international organizations including the Commonwealth of Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union and the United Nations. Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world.
Formal education in Ghana preceded colonization.
The first schools were established by European merchants and missionaries. During the colonial period, a formal...
...The educationsystem in Saudi Arabia
Education in Saudi Arabia is segregated by sex and divided into three separately administered systems: general education for boys, education for girls and traditional Islamic education (for boys). The Ministry of Education, established in 1952, presides over general education for boys, and education for girls comes under the jurisdiction of the General Presidency for Girls' Education. Both sexes follow the same curriculum and take the same annual examinations.
Islamic education trains Saudi boys to become members of the Ulema (religious clergy). The religious secondary school curriculum includes the general academic secondary school curriculum but focuses primarily on Islamic and Arabic studies. Religious secondary schools are administered by Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University and the Islamic University of Medinah. These schools, along with religious institutions of higher education, parallel the secular system.
PRIMARY EDUCATION :
I. Primary School
Duration: Six years (ages 6 to 12)
Curriculum: Arabic, art education, geography, history, home economics (for girls), mathematics, physical education (for boys), Islamic studies and science
II. Intermediate School:
Duration: Three years...