Built by the last of Great Mughals, Aurganzeb, it is among the largest mosques in the world. No doubt Aurangzeb, well-known for his piety, was fulfilling an urge to pay the most impressive tribute to God in the form of a grand mosque. Inspired by the Jamia Mosque of Delhi and Agra, which predate it, the Badshahi Mosque is even more massive than they are. Aurangzeb entrusted the mosque to Fidai Khan Koka. Above the arched entrance are many small turrets of red sandstone and marble. A tablet of white marble on the outer face of this entrance has the following inscription (besides the Kalima): "The mosque of Abu Zafar Mohiuddin Muhammad Alamgir, the Ghazi King, completed under the superintendence of the humblest servant of the household, Fidai Khan Koka, in 1084 AH". Its exterior walls are painstakingly decorated with sculptured panels. Each corner is marked by a square tower capped with a red sandstone turret with a white marble cupola. The white-capped turret idea is repeated on a larger scale atop the 176-foot minarets which mark the corners of the mosque. These have 204 steps each.In the chambers above the gate of the mosque are housed relics attributed to the Holy Prophet of Islam, his daughter and his son-in-law. These are said to have been brought to the subcontinent by Amir Taimur. The relics include a green turban, a cap, a green coat, white trousers, and a slipper worn by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the mark of his foot impressed on a sand-colored stone, and his white banner, with verses of the Holy Quran embroidered on it. The Mosque was built at a cost "exceeding six lakhs of rupees," according to Khulasat-ul-Tawarikh by Sujan Rac.The courtyard of an immense size 530'x530', dazzles you with its vastness as you enter the peshtaq of the east portal. The prayer chamber is placed on a raised platform, in the tradition of mosques built during Shah Jahan's period, which itself forewarns you regarding the immense scale of this mosque....
Islamic Studies Project
Most Sacred Mosques in the World
Akash Daniel Jamal
Masjid Ubudiah is Perak's royal mosque, and is situated in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Malaysia. Masjid Ubudiah Mosque is the Malaysia's some of most beautiful mosques, the Masjid Ubudiah (or Ubudiah Mosque) has golden dome and minarets creating a spellbinding sight, from near and afar. The mosque was designed by Arthur Benison Hubback, a government architect .This Masjid was built in 1917 during the reign of the 28th Sultan of Perak, Sultan Idris Murshidul'adzam Shah. It was commissioned on the orders of the Sultan, who vowed that he would build a mosque of great beauty as thanksgiving for recovery from an illness which plagued him in those early days. The construction of the mosque was not without difficulties. Work was interrupted several times, once when two elephants belonging to the sultan's and Raja Chulan were fighting and ran over and damaged the imported Italian marble titles. Its architecture is in the Indo-Saracenic style. Besides that, the Makam Al-Ghufran or a Perak royal mausoleum is located near the mosque. The Ubudiah Mosque was built during the British Occupation of Malaysia, hence, it is known as the colonial mosque, which is...
Reflective Essay 2
Muslim Mosque vs. Christian Basilica
There are many differences between the muslim and christian Basilica as well as many similarities. They also have so many things that make them unique in their own way. Taking a further look at each belief helps us have a clearer understanding of the Mosque and the Basilica.
The word Islam is Arabic and means "submission to the will of God." Islam teaches that one must submit to God in Arabic in order to achieve true peace of mind. Allah is God, the same God Christians and Jews worship.The word Muslim means one who submits to the will of God, regardless of race, nationality or ethnic background. Muhammad is believed to be the final prophet. Human beings are not believed to be sinful, but are seen as capable of both good and evil. Muslims believe God has given people free will. It is known “One's deeds and actions measure one's faith”. Islamic teachings encompass all aspects of life and ethics; consciousness of God is encouraged in all aspects of human affairs. Worship in Islam is not limited to religious rituals. Muslims believe the Qur'an has been perfectly preserved in both its words and meaning in a living language. God's final revelation to humankind was publicly recited in front of both Muslim and non-Muslim communities during the lifetime of the Prophet.The Qur’an's main message is submit to Almighty God and worship Him alone. Muhammad, a documented, historic figure,...
...Friday, May 11, 2012
Religious Visit To A Mosque
This would be the second time I visited a mosque. The first time I had the chance to visit was with a government class I had taken in high school. The mosque were not alike, this mosque I visited this time was called Islamic Center of Des Moines located on 6201 Franklin Avenue in Des Moines. I had called the Mosque beforehand to find out the Muslim weekly service time is on Friday so I visited on Friday, May 6th at 1:30 p.m.
I had went with a friend who had little to no knowledge of this religion like myself. The mosque did not look like a mosque; it was just a building with minimal parking space. There were a ton of cars there, parked along the drive way and in the grass.
My friend and I weren’t very familiar with this religion except for the bits and pieces we know of the religion and what we learned in our previous religion classes. I remember being very nervous about what to wear, what to say, etc. I didn't know how conservative this mosque would be. It was a hot day outside, but as I was researching on the internet I saw that women were supposed to wear clothing that would cover everything but their feet and hands so I made we were both covered.
The service started at 1:45 PM. We arrived at 1:30 and got to speak a little bit with the some of the leaders there. The imam was there (or one of the...
... The Eid at The Mosque
With the excitement that kept me awake all night long and the overwhelming feelings of joy,
delight, and happiness I started preparing my self for one of the happiest days in every Muslim life.
Usually, every family welcomes the Eid-Muslims holidays- with rituals by cleaning process that goes
on for days, changing the entire house furniture, for who can afford it, and baying new clothes
especially for the occasion. And with main ready even before the crack of dawn we started to prepare
our self for the trip to the mosque.
On the way to the mosque my father starts to sings a religious chants all the way, and he
keep raising his voice until he got everyone in the car singing along with him. In that day everything
seems to be breathtaking the sunrise, the smell of early morning, even the streets was decorated with
festival lights. At last we arrived at the mosque, I rushed out of the car to the women section so I can
meet my friends. As we enter door we are welcomed with a beautiful smells of incense, perfumes, and
a group of three women greeting with salution with “Eid mubarak”--”blessing Eid”. Through out the
screaming running children, the laughs of the girls, and the voices of the women's chatters I tried to
find a familiar faces. When the voices the speakers arises, we started to arrange our self’s in...
The Blue Mosque, Dubai
1960880238125000On the last Friday before the holy month of Ramadan of the year 2011, another landmark was added to Dubai’s list of achievements with the opening of the Blue Mosque. Dubai- the land where architecture is highly appreciated, the Blue Mosque fits right in with the Arabian landscape. The mosque held its first congregation with the Friday prayer on the 29th of July 2011. It was built by Khalaf Al Habtoor, the chairman of Al Habtoor Group. The mosque is named after Umar bin Al Khattab, Prophet Mohammed’s (P.B.U.H) companion, who went on to become the second Caliph after Abu Bakr and was given the title Al Farooq, which means someone who can distinguish the truth from the false. This is one of the three mosques in the United Arab Emirates which is open to people who believe in other religions other than Islam with the other two being the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi and the Jumeirah Grand Mosque in Dubai. This mosque has a capacity to hold upto two thousand worshippers. Being about 8,700 square metres in area, this mosque is the largest mosque in Dubai. The Blue mosque in Dubai, also known as the Al Farooq Umar ibn Al Khattab Mosque, draws its inspiration and is structurally based on the famous Blue Mosque of Istanbul (The Largest...
...The Suleymaniye mosque was truly a masterpiece during the time it was built in the mid 1500s. Today, it still never fails to captivate its audience through the complexity of its design and the intellectual analysis of its significance. The mosque was actually said to be as magnificent as the Seven Wonders of the World according to two European travelers, Freynes Moryson and John Sanderson, soon after its completion (Nelipogulu 221). The mosque is definitely symbolic in the city of Istanbul, sitting a top the highest hill, in that it represents central power and strength of the Turkish Empire (see Image 1) (Yayinlari 30). As we take a closer look at the Suleymaniye we see many aspects of religion through its sensual and visual experience. We also find a great deal of complexity, from the contradictory aspects Sinan applied to the mosque, throughout a more in depth intellectual analysis.
The general structure of the Suleymaniye mosque mirrors that of many Islamic mosques, but Sinan's work shows that it can remain a unique piece of architecture. The mosque is designed around a central axis. The length is running from north to south while the width spans east to west. This is appropriate for the purpose of the building, where Muslims must face the cardinal direction of Mecca during prayer (Freely 124). Sinan further emphasizes the north and south direction by place...
...Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria
Space and Symbolism
By Shijo Jose (A/2371/2011)
History of Architecture
II Year Sem IV
Great Mosque of Damascus, also called Umayyad Mosque, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between ad 705 and 715 by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church ‘Basilica of Saint John the Baptist’. Some Syrio-Roman fragments remain in the structure, as does a shrine supposedly enclosing a relic honoured by Muslims as well as Christians - the head of St. John the Baptist.
The mosque occupies a huge quadrangle 515 by 330 feet (157 by 100 m) and contains a large open courtyard surrounded by an arcade of arches supported by slender columns. The liwan, or hall of worship, running the length of the south side of the mosque, is divided into three long aisles by rows of columns and arches. A transept with a central octagonal dome, originally wooden, cuts across the aisles at their midpoint. The marble grilles that cover the windows in the south wall are the earliest example of geometric interlace in Islāmic architecture. The walls of the mosque were once covered with more than an acre of mosaics depicting a fanciful landscape thought to be the Quʾrānic paradise, but only fragments survive. The mosque was destroyed by Timur in 1401, rebuilt...
...The Great Mosque of Cordoba
The Great Mosque of Cordoba can be seen as “the earliest extant example of Andalusi architectural culture”[i]. The Mezquita’s history begins with its initial inception and assembly in the late eighth-early ninth century, continuing into its expansions of the tenth century, culminating in its unexpected welding of ideology in the sixteenth century. “As the premier monument of al-Andalus, the Cordoba mosque embodies the history of the Iberian peninsula from its Islamic takeover in 711 through successive stages of Umayyad and post-Umayyad dominion and beyond. Following the fall of Cordoba in 1236, the mosque was preserved as the repository of Castillian Spain’s signs of victory, and became a source of aesthetic and architectural inspiration that was eventually transported to the New World”[ii]. The mosque lies on the foundations of a former Christian Visigothic church, believed to have been started in 600 A.D. Built in a Spain under Moorish rule, the construction of the actual Mezquita, formally the “Aljama Mosque,” began between 784-786 A.D during the reign of 'Abd al-Rahman I[iii]. Rahman built the mosque as an adjunct to his palace, naming it in honor of his wife. Expansions, such as commissioning a new minaret to enlarging the building entirely, most notably occurred under the reigns of 'Abd al-Rahman II between 833-852 A.D, al-Hakam II...