Awrah (Arabic: عورة) is the Islamic term that represents a part of the body, whether male or female, who illegally opened or displayed. Awrah is interpreted differently depending upon the sex. In other words, it is obligatory as Muslim to cover and hide themselves from being seen in front of unrelated men or women. Exposing their bodies are unlawful in Islam and is regarded as sin.
These obligations to cover themselves based on evidences from Hadith which are :-
"If you marry one slave boy to his daughter or his employer, so the slave girl never looked things at his body (awrah her master). Truly, what is under center until his knee is 'aurat'.'' (Narrated by al-Bayhaqi) Narrated Aisha (the Prophet's wife) : Asma, daughter of Abu Bakar, entered upon the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) wearing thin clothes. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) turned his attention from her. He said : 'O Asma, when a women reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her that she displays her parts of body except this and this, and he pointed to her face and hands(Narrated by Abu Daud)
Differences between awrah men and women are :-
Most Muslims accept that for men everything between the navel and the knee is awrah and therefore should be covered at all times.
Rules for women are more complicated. There are a number of scenarios for women:
i)In front of unrelated men (Muslim or non-Muslim), women must cover everything except the hands and face
ii)In front of close male relatives, awrah is the navel to the knee and the stomach and the back
iii)In front of other Muslim females, awrah is from the navel down to, and including, the knees
iv)Awrah in front of non-Muslim women is a point of debate:
Some scholars say that women should cover all but the hands and face. This is to prevent non-Muslim women (who may not understand the rules regarding hijab) from describing the appearance of the hijab...
...Islam: Field Study Research
Professor Jonathan Pedrone
REL212: World Religions-Summer
September 4, 2011
Islam: Field Study Research
After interviewing a member of the Islamic faith, I came to the realization that there are very many misconceptions about the religion of Islam and that these misconceptions are very hurtful, disrespectful, and inhumane. In this paper, I will first discuss several misconceptions that I had about the Islamic faith. I will then analyze how my prior understanding about the religion was altered through interviewing a member of the Islamic faith. Next, I will discuss my beliefs on misconceptions about other people’s religion being common or not. Lastly, I will recommend steps that can be taken to minimize misconceptions people have about religions that are not their own.
I had many misconceptions about Islam before speaking with a member of the religion. The first was that Islam oppresses women. When I thought about women in Islam, I thought of the image of a woman wearing a veil, and other heavy, dark clothing, where no skin would be visible, even in the hot summer months. I thought about how women were forced to stay home, and were not allowed to drive vehicles. I also believed that the Muslim’s God, Allah, was not the same as the God in Christianity, and was a false god. I...
...REL1006S: COURSE ESSAY
Discuss how Islam is a quest to be faithful to the transcendent, both directly and through social engagement
Islam is a religion based on the belief in one God, His messenger and the four other pillars. These five pillars are central to Muslims, followers of Islam and mould their beings and are part of their everyday lives. This essay will look at the abovementioned pillars, what they are and how they form part of the quest to be faithful to the transcendent. Mention will also be made to how Islam ‘plays out’ in everyday life, thus how this quest is and can be done both directly and through social engagement.
Firstly, we need to establish who or what the Transcendent is. I would like to describe the transcendent, according to Islamic beliefs, as being both Allah (Arabic word for God) and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah, of course is the most important aspect of Islam but it is also relevant that great emphasis is placed on the Prophet. Muslims strive to be more like the Prophet, by following his ‘way of life’, the Sunnah and as a result, pleasing and becoming closer to God. The Five Pillars of Islam, based on work by Mark Sedgwick (2006) are important components of Muslim worship. The first of the five pillars is the “…recognition that there is no god other than God, and that Muhammad is the Prophet of God” (Sedgwick: 2006, 70). This may not seem like an ‘act of...
...Islam is a tradition of love and submission to God that ultimately strives for peace. The ancient religion emerged in the seventh century and was able to appeal to the public through its deeply entrenched attitudes to peace. Islam’s constant endeavour for peace can be presented through its ancient traditions and sacred texts, history and historical events and current practices and contemporary events of the religion.
The sacred texts of Islam are the Quran, which contains the revelations from Allah and the Hadith, which outlines the way of the prophet Muhammad. These sacred texts are fundamental to Islam and it is through these texts that Muslims formulate an understanding of peace. This is reflected through the Quranic statement:
“O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into complete peace and follow not the footsteps of evil. Surely he is your open enemy.” (2:208)
Despite the world of violence and belligerence that Muhammad was born into, his approach to the ethics of war and peace differed from the prevailing tribal culture of the time. Muhammad’s attitude with regards to the concept of peace was one of active non-violent resistance and open defiance of persecution by non-believers. The essence of this is represented in the Quranic verse:
“The recompense of evil is punishment like it, but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah; surely he does not love the unjust.” (Sural al-Shura 42:40-43 ‘The...
Cultural Discussion |
[A discussion and Identification of the history and location of the second largest religion and culture in the world, Islam and the followers of the faith, Muslims. A look at and description of the positive and negative points of the culture as well as ways in which Islam have affected and contributed to society.] |
Roddric Dodd Paragraph Word Count: 1041
Professor: Jason M. Brocato Total Word Count: 1128
Social Science 101-The Human Behavior Perspective
May 12, 2013
Cultural Discussion Paper
Islam, a culture that I am least knowledgeable on, began in Mecca in western Saudi Arabia during the seventh century. Even though it is believed that this faith began with a small group of followers Islam is now one of the largest religion and culture practiced in the world today. It is said that Islam began with the prophet Muhammad during 570-632 AD when he was visited by an angel and received the message of Islam which believes “Allah is the only god” (Wuthnow 383). Those that submit themselves to this faith and Allah are called Muslims.
Muhammad a business man from Mecca and the founder of Islam was born 570-571 AD (Rieber). He was born into one of the most powerful and influential tribe of the time, Quraish. Muhammad’s father was a successful merchant who died...
...head were shaved. If a woman does not cover her head, she should have her hair cut off; and if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut or shaved off, she should cover her head. (1 Corinthians: 11:5-6)
Islam the religion of peace stresses the relationship between body and mind. The ultimate goal of Parda is righteousness of the heart because in covering the body one shields the heart from impurities. Women of Islam wear Parda and loose clothing to fulfill the command of Allah Subhan wa tala. It encourages them to be modest and not to dress in a manner that attracts men.
The Parda (veil) can take many forms,
In first hijab, generally refers to covering only head and neck, leaving face uncovered. This covering may have many styles but its main purpose is to cover the hairs properly.
In Niqaab is generally understood as clothing that covers the face as well as head, with the eyes showing.
The Burqa is a complete and proper form of Parda which covers the body of women from head to toe. This form of Parda (veil) is seen in many region of Islamic world. It may have many different styles and according to the cultural and traditional influence.
Key Words: Islam, Parda(veil), Quran, Hadith(Sunna)
Islam: Islam is not a new religion, but the same truth that Allah revealed through all His prophets to every people. Muslims follow a religion of...
The principal ethical teachings within Islam are derived from both the Qur’an and Hadith. These teachings include the belief that there is no God but Allah, that God is the origin of all creation (The first revelation 96:1-5), that man can be forgiven of their sins through prayer (Hadith Bukhari), the belief in the last day (yawm a-Din) and the world to come (al-Akhira), the following of the books of Allah (Kutubu’llah), the belief in His messengers, the belief in fate (al-Qadr), and that the actions of the prophet Muhammad should be followed as best as possible (Qur’an 59:7).
The principal ethical teachings within Islam enable Muslims to differentiate between Halal and Haram. These principal ethical teachings include the rule that all things are Halal unless explicitly forbidden by the Legislator (Allah). This teaching is derived from clear verses in the Qur’an, including “The lawful is what Allah has made lawful in His Book and the unlawful is that which He made unlawful” (19:64). This verse also describes another principal ethical teaching within Islam that declares that only Allah has the right to legislate for man, and nobody is allowed to forbid something that Allah has forbidden. According to the principal ethical teachings within Islam, forbidding Halal and allowing Haram is synonymous with Shirk. The Qur’an strongly condemned the pagans of Arabia for forbidding lawful things like...
... Islam is one the oldest and most followed religion there is. It is one of the greatest monotheistic religions of the world today. The foundation of Islam and its story is very popular and has influenced people even if they aren't Islamic. Islam was founded by the Prophet Muhammed and his journey to Mecca in the Middle East. Islam has a belief system that is similar to Christianity and Judaism, but also has many special beliefs that are unique to Islam alone. Even if you don't believe in the religious aspect, you can apply yourself and follow the moral values of this religion, which many people have done which has become very popular.
The story of Prophet Muhammed and his journey to Mecca has become very popular amongst Islam people and even non-islamic peoples. Islam was founded on Muhammed's teachings as an expression of surrender to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer of the world. Muhammed was born in the city of Mecca on the Arabian Peninsula. Traditionally, The Quran began with revelations to Muhammed, when he was 40 years old, in 610. The Prophet Muhammed received The Word of Allah, a revelation, through the archangel Gabriel, or The Holy Spirit. This revelation comprises the Religion of Islam.
Islam has many belief systems, some that relate to other religions and others that are very unique to Islam. One...
...Social Teachings of IslamIslam is an Abrahamic religion followed predominantly by those living in the Middle East and northern parts of Africa. The Arabic word “islam”, or “surrender” in English, encompasses what all Muslims are expected to do--surrender to Allah and his will. The teachings of Allah through Muhammad are known as the Qur’an. To Muslims, these teachings are a way of life that reaches past being a moral code for the individual and into the social aspects of their society.
The Five Pillars of Islam is the basis of every Muslim’s life. The Five Pillars is a set of five practices that every Muslim takes a part in. The first is recognizing that there is no god but Allah. Muslims are also expected to give 2.5% of their total wealth annually to those in need. Another Pillar is daily prayer or salat. Muslims pray to Allah five times daily facing Mecca, which is considered to be the holiest place in the Islamic world. Fasting from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan is included in the Five Pillars of Islam as well. The final Pillar is pilgrimage to Mecca, or Hajj. On this hajj, a Muslim, who is now called a hajii, performs several acts that are symbolic to acts performed by Abraham. This pilgrimage is to be made at least once in a Muslim’s life as long as they are physically and financially able to do so.
One of the primary social issues of Islam regards gender. In...