Child Rights: A Gist
The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines basic rights of children covering multiple needs and issues. India endorsed it on December 11, 1992. Following are a few rights in the immediate purview of Smile Foundation as well as India. The right to Education: 50% of Indian children aged 6-18 do not go to school Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V, its 50% for boys, 58% for girls. The right to Expression: Every child has a right to express himself freely in which ever way he likes. Majority of children however are exploited by their elders and not allowed to express. The right to Information: Every child has a right to know his basic rights and his position in the society. High incidence of illiteracy and ignorance among the deprived and underprivileged children prevents them from having access to information about them and their society. The right to Nutrition: More than 50% of India's children are malnourished. While one in every five adolescent boys is malnourished, one in every two girls in India is undernourished. The right to Health & Care: 58% of India's children below the age of 2 years are not fully vaccinated. And 24% of these children do not receive any form of vaccination. Over 60% of children in India are anemic. 95 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their fifth birthday. 70 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their first birthday. The right to protection from Abuse: There are approximately 2 million child commercial sex workers between the age of 5 and 15 years and about 3.3 million between 15 and 18 years. They form 40% of the total population of commercial sex workers in India. 500,000 children are forced into this trade every year. The right to protection from Exploitation: 17 million children in India work as per official estimates. A study found that children were sent to work by compulsion and not by choice, mostly by parents, but with recruiter playing a crucial role in influencing decision. When working outside the family, children put in an average of 21 hours of labour per week. Poor and bonded families often "sell" their children to contractors who promise lucrative jobs in the cities and the children end up being employed in brothels, hotels and domestic work. Many run away and find a life on the streets. The right to protection from Neglect: Every child has a right to lead a well protected and secure life away from neglect. However, children working under exploitative and inhuman conditions get neglected badly. The right to Development: Every child has the right to development that lets the child explore her/his full potential. Unfavourable living conditions of underprivileged children prevents them from growing in a free and uninhibited way. The right to Recreation: Every child has a right to spend some time on recreational pursuits like sports, entertainment and hobbies to explore and develop. Majority of poor children in India do not get time to spend on recreational activities. The right to Name & Nationality: Every child has a right to identify himself with a nation. A vast majority of underprivileged children in India are treated like commodities and exported to other countries as labour or prostitutes. The right to Survival: Of the 12 million girls born in India, 3 million do not see their fifteenth birthday, and a million of them are unable to survive even their first birthday. Every sixth girl child's death is due to gender discrimination. Child Rights in India: An Introduction
India is a party to the UN declaration on the Rights of the Child 1959. Accordingly, it adopted a National Policy on Children in 1974. The policy reaffirmed the constitutional provisions for adequate services to children, both before and after birth and through the period of growth to ensure their full physical, mental and social development. Accordingly, the government is taking action to review the national and state legislation and...
Being a first generation student attending college was the hardest but yet the most rewarding achievement I've made until today. Putting aside the sleepless nights in high school with all the homework and projects. It was the courage I overcame with all the obstacles that life had thrown at me even when I was at my lowest point. Now that I've started attending college you somewhat begin to start the same high school routine, but with a completely different state of mind. Being a first generation student was not only confusing but it made me feel lost. The reason was because, unlike myself, my parents and siblings never had the opportunity to attend college, so they never really quite knew how to help me when starting school.
My parents always wanted the best for my sisters and I. We would get dropped off and get picked up if dad had the chance to. If not we'd somehow find a way home. Whether it's a friend's mom who would give us a lift or simply we'd just take the long walk home. All we knew was that coming up with any type of excuse within my household was never going to work to skip a day of school. My mother always supported me in my decisions. She always believed that I knew what I was doing, although she had always thought that finding a decent jobs in my small town would be a not only better because I'd learn new skills quickly but It'll help out the family immediately. In fact, It all...
...EDUCATION AND CHILDRIGHTS
The importance of education cannot be denied because, it gives confidence and awareness of the world outside. However, not all the children around the world are not lucky enough to receive an education. There are various reasons why children cannot go to school. The main reason of missing out on an education is poverty. Poor families cannot afford to pay for school expenses such as books and uniforms. This leads to another problem:; parents make their children work to support their families. Therefore, these kids – especially girls- spend time at home cooking and doing other chores, helping their families,. wWhereas boys help their fathers on the farm, or working at different jobs. In addition to poverty, early marriage is another reason why kids cannot go to school. Sofia, from Tanzania, says that “My father tells me that, my main responsibilities are those of a future wife and mother, and that I won’t need an education for that.” (Save the Children) Early marriage is a global issue which can be considered as the violation of children rights. It effects the development of communities. Also, some children are more at risk of missing out on school than others, for example disabled children. Many people think that they cannot be taught or the conditions of the schools are not suitable for these kids. “Disabled children in...
...on the Rights of the Child UPHOLD BY UNICEF
The rights of education are stressed out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child in article 23, 28 and 29 respectively. In these articles, it is about the right of mentally or physically incapacitates children, the right of children to educations and all that goes with it such as disciplines and among other things.
In article 23 (1) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child is where the States Parties will recognised a mentally or physically disabled child and they should enjoy a full and decent life, to ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child's active participation in the community. Children who have any kind of disability have the right to special care and support, as well as all the rights in the Convention, so that they can live full and independent lives.
Article 23(2) and (3) of the convention talks about the special rights of the disable child and the extensions that will be given to the disabled child using available sources which may be deem appropriate to the child's condition and to the circumstances of the parents or others caring for the child. Also, the articles talks about that the assistance will be extended in accordance with...
...Role Of Teachers In Child's Development At The Primary School Level
“If you have knowledge, let others light their candles at it. “ ~Margaret Fuller
Every paradox of life is the product of its heredity and environment. where each is necessary to the result as the other. Neither of them can be eliminated or isolated. Education is an environmental force which influences a child's life dominantly.
Education by all norms is an endeavor, to mould and shape the behaviour of the pupil, with an aspiration to produce desirable changes in the child for the all around development.The crucial design of education is to transform the conduct of the child according to the needs and expectancy of the society.
Teaching is a people profession that appeals a large proportion of time being devoted to personal interaction. Positive teacher-student relationships are believed to be necessary for effective teaching and learning to take place. Effective teachers are those who, in addition to being skilled at teaching, are attuned to the human dimension of classroom life and can foster positive relationships with their students. But what is meant by positive teacher-student relationships? Why are teacher-student relationships important and how are they to be measured?
Positive teacher-student relationships are...
...UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was brought into effect to recognise that Children needed their own set of specific human rights that should be protected and that these were a universal right not a privilege. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was drawn up and accepted by the UN in 1989. The UK government agreed to abide by the principles in 1991 and it was fully implemented in 1992. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. These articles have been split into four main categories: the general requirements for all the rights; the basic rights to life, survival and development of one’s full potential; being kept safe from harm; and respecting the views of the child. The Convention also sets out minimum standards in areas such as health care, education and social services to protect those children’s rights. There are 54 articles in total that apply to all children with no exceptions, here are two examples; Article 19 states that all young people have the...
...Evolution of the AttitudetowardChild Labor
Henry Mayhew's "Watercress Girl" and William Blake's "The Chimney-Sweeper" both focus on the child labor that was prevalent during the Romantic and Victorian time periods. Throughout both of these time periods, poverty provided the fuel that burned the fire of child exploitation. Due to the differences in the two periods, the attitudes and perceptions concerning child labor had distinctive variations. These works provide a brief look at the evolution and change of the attitudes and perceptions surrounding child labor.
Poverty provided the basis for the need of children workers. For instance, the narrator of "The Chimney Sweeper" states that his father sold him before he, "could scarcely cry " 'weep! 'weep! 'weep! 'weep!" (3). He establishes that his father subsequently sold his childhood and innocence. He even mentions when his friend, Tom Dacre, lost his innocence along with his childlike curls in the quote, "There's little Tom Dacre, who cried when his head,/ That curl'd like a lamb's back. was shav'd" (5). Poverty also provided the basis of the exploitation of the protagonist of Henry Mayhew's "Watercress Girl." She is described as wearing "a thin cotton gown" (1069) in severe weather.
The loss of a childhood because the need to work provides a basis for the outlooks of the youth mentioned....
...Education is a right or privilege
in life we need to learn more new things, why? Because it will help us to succeed
What is right to education?
Education is the most important thing in man life, it makes sense, it effect on mind, it change the character. The right to education is an inherent right. Right to education is the right which deals with the right to know and right to change their life and life style. The various types of right to education are primaryeducation, secondary education, vocational education and higher education. Every child has the right to education of primaryeducation. “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. …”. Education shall be free for development of human personality. The human rights are developing of understanding, gender...
...The Right to Education – A Global Perspective
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
This saying of Nelson Mandela reveals a lot about the importance of education as a mean of achieving the changes we want to see in the world. Realizing the importance of education is highly significant for the nation and the world as a whole; however, giving equaleducation opportunities to people within specific countries and around the world remains a challenge for the global society. In order to overcome, or at least ease, such challenges, the right to education has been a subject of matter of international law, as well as state constitutions. While a great number of countries have been signatories and ratifiers of international conventions that protect the right to education, many countries have failed to provide the essential capacities to assure this right for various reasons. The failure to protect this right, no matter the reasons, has been quite harsh for the most vulnerable groups of different societies; hence, leaving millions of people worldwide without the capacity to contribute to a better world. As such, this paper will firstly focus on the protection of this right by international law, and it will later focus on the protection of...