Are wars of terror different from other wars? Do they constitute a new form of warfare? If so, how?
"Osama is not a product of Pakistan or Afghanistan. He is a creation of America. Thanks to America, Osama is in every home. As a military man, I know you can never fight and win against someone who can shoot at you once and then run off and hide while you have to remain eternally on guard. You have to attack the source of your enemy's strength. In America's case, that's not Osama or Saddam or anyone else. The enemy is ignorance. That only way to defeat it is to build relationships with these people, to draw them into the modern world with education and business. Otherwise the fight will go on forever.”
~ Greg Mortenson~
This paper aims to identify what the war on terror is, whether it should be considered as a traditional war or not, what which are the main reasons why it should or should not be considered as such. It was a complete disbelief and shock when people from around the world saw footages of the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, when two commercial airliners slammed into the World Trade Center and damaged the Pentagon. This event led to US declaring and waging a ‘war on terror.’ In one very simple word, war is any large scale or violent act which many times resolve in the destruction of one’s territory, nation, and lives. Whereas terrorism, on the other hand, is regarded to as a threat of violence or other harmful acts committed for political or ideological purposes, usually aiming to spread fear among the world population and get global attention in order to achieve their goals. When putting these two different words together we end up with a new terminology ‘war on terror’ which nowadays is referred to actions taken aiming to fight terrorism around the world. However, the so called ‘war on terror’ is not only hard to be defined due to its misleading language, but it is considered to be a different type of war when compared to the traditional meaning of the war. The current ‘war on terror’ is ubiquitous, completely unconventional, non-traditional type of conflict, characterized with not having a clear beginning and ending, a specific battlefield and having an enemy which is not an army; therefore, this paper will argue that the war on terror is not a different war and does not constitute a new way of warfare; rather it has been a misleading road that the United States decided to undertake which without considering whether it was a proper decision or what the consequences might be. An article titled “Defining the War on Terror” the author Guy Raz, cited Bruce Hoffman-historian at Georgetown University-who said that “the war in terror, is a war without boundaries, directed against multiple enemies, not just one adversary”. Having in mind that for the past 2,000 years war has meant something very conventional and traditional, the war on terror simply does not fall within the borders of this definition. Moreover, Hedahl in one of his writings argues that it is simply morally problematic to think of war on terror as a war, since mobilization, increase in Force Protection, etc., are not by themselves acts of war; thus, he argues that it is absurd to realize that nothing of this so-called ‘war’ is actually a war. Furthermore, when talking about terrorist attacks and the war on terror, we also have to consider the terrorist attacks that took place in Britain on July 5th, 2005. Is Britain in a war? Is war on terror that Tony Blair adopted, a real war? Sir Ken Macdonald is cited in an article to have said that, “London is not a battlefield. Those innocents who were murdered on July 5th, were not victims of war, and the men who killed them were not ‘soldiers,’ rather they were deluded, narcissistic, criminals. And we need to be clear about this; on the streets of London there is no such thing as ‘war on terror’”. From this we can see, that the war on terror is not really...
...War on terror refers to the ongoing military campaign led by U.S and U.K against organizations identified as terrorists. Terrorism can be defined as an unlawful violence or war deliberately targeted to civilians. It can also be defined as a systematic use of terror to coerce or violent acts intended to create fear. This threat is normally perpetrated for religious, political or ideological goals. The conflict as also called byother names. They include World War III, The Long War, War on Terrorism, Bush’s War on Terror, The Global War of Terror and War on Al-Qaeda, (Coaty, 2010).
Terrorism became popular in 1996 when Al- Qaeda network was formed by the late Osama Bin Laden. The network was formed by the World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and their Crusaders. They declared war on the West and Israel. Immediately after its formation, there were bombings in U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Osama then plotted for the 2000 millennium attacks. There was an attempt to bomb Los Angeles International Airport but it was stopped. In October 2000, USS Cole bombing occurred. This was immediately followed by the renowned September 11 2001 terror attack. This marked the genesis of war on terror.
The essay explores on the...
"Terrorism" comes from the French word terrorisme, in turn derived from the Latin verb terreō meaning “I frighten” and referred specifically to state terrorism as practiced by the French government during the Reign of terror. Although "terrorism" originally referred to acts committed by a government, currently it usually refers to the killing of innocent people by a non-government group in such a way as to create a media spectacle. This meaning can be traced back to Sergey Nechayev, who described himself as a "terrorist", founded the "People's Retribution" in 1869. It was also used by the Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky in a book published in English as In Defence of Terrorism.
Terrorism is not new, and even though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history it can be relatively hard to define. Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy; a crime and a holy duty; a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. A highly complex and constantly changing phenomenon, terrorism stands at the forefront of national and international agendas. Taking on many forms, terrorism is associated with a wide variety of groups and motivations. In simple terms, terrorism is the threat or use of violence for political, religious or ideological purposes designed to influence the attitudes and behavior of a group or to achieve objectives that are otherwise unattainable....
...POL SCI 180
WAR ON TERROR
I, myself, before September 11, 2001 did not know what terrorism was. It is completely a new term for me, and I could never figure how terrible it is. But then, experiencing and witnessing the feeling of losing the one you loved who was a victim of that disaster, I recognized that the world is no longer as safe as before. Today, not only America but also Britain, Spain, Indonesia…became the target of terrorists. The terror tissue is the most challenged thing for all the governments to solve. Even though after September 11, 2001, US has attacked and destroyed a lot terrorists’ bases in over the world, the terrorists still survive and keep aiming to US and its allies.
There is an old proverb of ancient Asian military: “understanding yourself and your enemies is the key to win every battle.” Thus, in order to annihilate terrorism, we need to comprehend what it is. From the book “War on Terror” of Patrick Coaty, we will be able understand deeply how and why terror has an influence in our society by basing on 3 perspectives: terror and international environment, terror and state, and terror with individual.
Terror was first used From the French revolution to the end of World War II as a tool to clean the monarchy in a society by the...
...terrorize America, primarily the American Government. It is my belief that more people need to know more about why the United States should continue its war on terror. More people need to know about those organizations that terrorize the United States, such as Al Qaeda and how terrorism affects America.
What is the United States “War on Terror”? The term “War on Terror” was created one day after the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks when 2,995 innocent people were killed in the United States. In response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, the Bush administration created a descriptive dynamic strategy that could be used for assembling resources and support to combat the terrorist who carried out the September 11 attacks and those who supported them. The attacks of September 11th traumatized our nation and the response by our government needed to be immediate and aggressive. The War on Terror was used to justify and fast-track changes to our foreign policy that would ensure that there would never be another 9/11 in the United States again. The War on Terror continues to serve as a powerful primary vehicle used to sway political communication, shape public opinion, assemble resources and support and influence public policy change in the United States. (academia)
If the United States would not have enacted a...
...War on terrorism, is that right strategy?
Table of Contents
War on terrorism’ what is that
Budget on war on terror
Since September 11, the world has been changed. It did not a matter for just Americans, but also it became a matter to the world. American government announced a War on terrorism and its allies engaged in that plan. After 7 years, they still fight against terrorism but now we do not know what the war on terrorism and what that is for. Every single time when we watching TV, most victims are American or its allies’ soldier or citizen of Afghanistan or Iraq. Terrorists still are out of the surrounding area and they are planning another attack. I’ll look for the way of how we are going to plan for fight against terrorists and effectiveness of war on terror to explore whether it is working or not. And it needs to be defined why the world choose ‘war on terror’ option as a counterterrorism from several options. There have been huge incidents happened by terrorist but most of them were very small damaged to the public. They can choose another options such as hiring more police officers or spend more money on the analyze them. I will explore what impact ‘war on terrorism’ has...
...THIS IS OUR WAR!
“We must not harbour any doubts, it is Pakistan’s war”, says Gen. Kayani
It is our history that whenever is finally united on something, a propaganda is produced to create confusion. Ever since the restoration of democratic system in Pakistan, a debate has been started on the topic that “Is war on terror our war or not?” The whole nation was supporting the Pakistan army until our beloved political parties like Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) and Jamaat-e-Islami decided to come up with mix-up statements like “This is America’s war” or “We were forced into joining this war”. These parties act like the political wing of Tehreek-e-Taliban and are constantly trying to manipulate the minds of people by forcing them to believe that if Pakistan stops supporting USA and NATO Forces in this war against terror, the lives of the innocent Pakistani people will be saved and there will be no more bombings and killings in the country. If people really believe that this is not our war and peace will find its way back into the country once we withdraw from it then they are the biggest fools.
Patricia Briggs said in Dragon Bones, “Stupidity will kill you more surely than your opponent's blade”
I am afraid the future of this nation won’t be pretty until and unless our...
...Iraq and Iran; Cold War Tension is War on Terror’s Motive
Particular events that took place during the Cold War would later foreshadow and affect the events during the War on Terror, specifically regarding Iran and Iraq. During the Cold War Iraq invaded Iran and thus began the Iran-Iraq War in 1980, which would later involve the United States. This would just be the beginning of the affairs the United States would face when providing support for Iraq through this time. To completely understand the reasoning behind the War on Terror, the history of terrorism should be analyzed between the Cold War and September 11, 2001.The War on Terror was initialized by the attacks that took place on September 11. Although the attacks were carried out by Al Qaeda members, Iran and Iraq were investigated as well. The events during the Cold War provided a framework that would continue to build until the War on Terror campaign was launched. Iran and Iraq maintained a presence through both wars and the incidents that took place throughout the Cold War slowly led to the full blown War on Terror.
As technology advanced, countries struggled for power in an arms and space race throughout the Cold War in 1947. The...
...U.S. Involvement in the War on Terror
The War on Terror is tough to define. It is considered a war, but not in the traditional sense. When one thinks of war they think of enemies, a battlefield, weapons, and death. However, the war on terror is slightly different. The lines that define enemies and allies are blurred, there is no battlefield, and the weapons come in all shapes and sizes. Nonetheless, there has still been death.
Starting on September 11, 2001, the War on Terror has been waged for many years and has included many groups of people. On September 11, 2001, hijacked planes crashed in to the World Trade Center in New York City. Known as the Twin Towers, the World Trade Center is symbolic of the United State’s “economic power and military might” (Rahman). Immediately following the attacks, President Bush named Osama Bin Laden at fault and declared the War Against Terrorism. United States Congress had allocated billions of dollars and authorized President Bush to take any measures necessary (Moore). This war, however, is differentfrom a typical war. President Bush told people to “go about their daily lives” unlike during World War II where 90% of Americans helped the war effort in some way. The...