Whether human rights are universal or culturally relative has been highly debated for decades. Increasingly, there are have been a large number of individuals and societies who oppose the notion that all human rights are universal. To protect the universe and those living among it from tragedies such as genocide, war, and domestic violence, it is critical that all nations abide by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration of Human Rights was drafted in 1948 to recognize the dignity and unalienable rights of all members. This document was created to serve as a foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. In order to promote the development of friendly relations between nations, it is essential that all nations cooperate with the declaration. To say that all countries abide by the Declaration would not only be naïve, but simply false. But to declare that Human Rights are not universal would prevent further growth to a peaceful universe. Slavery was legal for over 2,000 years before it was outlawed. The Declaration of Human Rights was only written roughly 50 years ago. Change for the better is a process, not an instant solution. Those who disagree that human rights are universal believe that human rights are relative based on your culture. This idea says that different cultures have different moral codes. What is thought right within one group may be utterly abhorrent to the members of another group, and vice versa. (Rachels, 1) Although this is a valid statement, it is irrelevant that conditions are different. The intention of Universal Human Rights is still the same. If it was truly necessary that we, as people, accept cultural relativism than why was the Declaration of Human Rights created in the first place? If we simply ignored abuse in other cultures just because it was not our own, slavery would still exist. There would still be a Holocaust. According to Pannikar in the article, Is_ The Notion of Human Rights a Western...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrightsuniversal and innate or is...
WOMEN’S RIGHTS: A RE-VISION OF HUMANRIGHTS
Shailendra Pal Singh
Third Year Learner (2010-2015)
Second Year Learner (2011-2016)
Symbiosis Law School, Noida
Symbiosis Law School, Noida
Ph. +91 7503636717
Ph. +91 8527556944
Postal Address: Symbiosis Laws School Noida
Postal Address: Symbiosis Laws School Noida
Plot No. 47/48, Block A, Noida (U.P.) 201301
Plot No. 47/48, Block A, Noida (U.P.) 201301
Email: shail[email protected]
Email: [email protected]
Woman, the very creation of God that makes living beautiful is often at the receiving end of trauma. In 2009 rape cases have reached 2,497, domestic violence has crossed the 10,000 mark. Around 2.8 million social workers have been employed by the government to reach into villages across the country, to make women aware of their rights. But, much to the surprise women are not even aware that they have any rights in a man’s world. Significant numbers of the world's population are routinely subject to torture, starvation, terrorism, humiliation, and even murder simply because they are female. It is generally known that women are disproportionally affected by the social and economic factors such as poverty, gender biased, unemployment, inequality, oppressive social structure and son preference. Violence against women cuts across race, religion,...
...“HumanRights, Development, Challenges and Democracy”
Hardik Sharma, Aniket Rajpurohit
Institute of Law
C-302, ICB Park,
Near Gota Circle,
(M) 09752562689, 08460699456
[email protected][email protected]
Abbreviations and Acronyms
CEDAW - Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women
ICCPR - International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICESCR - International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
JJ – Juvenile Justice
NCM – National commission for minorities
NCW – National Commission for Women
NGO - Non-governmental organization
NHRC – National Humanrights commission
OVW – Office on Violence against Women
PCMA – Prohibition of Child Marriage Act
PIL – Public Interest Litigation
UDHR - Universal Declaration of HumanRights
UN - United Nations
WHO – World Health Organization.
HumanRights, Development, Challenges and Democracy
The protection of Humanrights act, 1993 of India, in section 2(d) defines Humanrights as the “the right relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual, guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants,...
...1 Violence against women is rooted in a global culture of discrimination which denies women equal rights with men and which legitimizes the appropriation of women's bodies for individual gratification or political ends.
* Violence against women feeds off discrimination and serves to reinforce it. When women are abused in custody, when they are raped by armed forces as "spoils of war", or when they are terrorized by violence in the home, unequal power relations between men and women are both manifested and enforced.
* Violence against women is compounded by discrimination on the grounds of race, ethnicity, sexual identity, social status, class, and age. Such multiple forms of discrimination further restrict women's choices, increase their vulnerability to violence and make it even harder for women to obtain justice.
* There is an unbroken spectrum of violence that women face at the hands of people who exert control over them. States have the obligation to prevent, protect against, and punish violence against women whether perpetrated by private or public actors. States have a responsibility to uphold standards of due diligence and take steps to fulfill their responsibility to protect individuals from humanrights abuses.
Violence Against Women : A HumanRights Violation
Violence against women is rampant in all corners of the world. Such violence is a...
SSC 102 – Global Perspective
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights
“THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMANRIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.”
The above statement was pulled directly from the declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948 in Paris, France. The declaration was created due to the disadvantages learned during World War II. It was the first deposition created concerning the rights of all human beings across the globe. The declaration is comprised of 30 articles which “elaborate in subsequent international treaties, regional humanrights instruments, national constitutions and laws.”...
...States does not follow this document, which means that the United States does not respect; and I can think of other nations and peoples who do not follow the declaration as well, right off the top of my head. If the answer to those questions id yes, then I do believe that every nation, including the United States should have to follow it. However, that does not seem to be the case. So therefore, I do not think that any nation should scrutinize or punish another nation for not following the document if that nation does not as well. Furthermore, I think that if all, or most nations, do not follow the Universal Declaration of HumanRights then it was a pretty big waste of time and energy making it and since not respected it should become null and void, and just another piece of failed history.
First I am going to write about the Declaration in general; it’s history and what it consists of. The declaration was created and adopted in 1948. It arouse from the Second World War where people of the Jewish community were subject to very intense and tragic discrimination. The United Nations General Assembly had created it. The declaration includes thirty articles that are supposed to protect and identify the rights and liberties of each and every human life on this planet. On December 10, 1948 the Universal Declaration had been voted on. Forty eight nations voted in favor of it and...
...The concept of UniversalHumanRights is a fairly new conception in human history. Rights are not the same thing as social or cultural norms, which can be used to oppress minority interest and be fundamentally unfair to individuals. The beginnings of this concept can be traced back to the Enlightenment Era of the mid 17th through the 18th century. The formal international consensus of this idea did not take effect until after World War II, when the United Nations (U.N.) adapted the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) on December 10, 1948 establishing an international standard of humanrights. Although the majority of member nations of the U.N. agreed on this resolution, there where nations that argued against it. Thus the question still persist today, Are humanrightsuniversal? I believe that they are.
Humans use morals and ethics to determine “right” from “wrong” on an individual as well as a cultural basis. An individual belief of right and wrong is derived from life long experiences; and influenced by culture, religion, parents, schools, relationships, etc. Cultural beliefs of right and wrong are a consensus of those beliefs in a nation or region, which can, and do vary widely between different cultures....
The doctrine of humanrights is one of the main topics that were created to protect every single human regardless of race, gender, sex, nationality, sexual orientation and other differences. It based on human dignity and that no one can take this away from another human being. It is that every ‘man’ has the inalienable rights for equality, but is this true? Are humanrightuniversal? Whether humanrights are universal has been greatly debated for decades. There have been individuals and even countries that oppose the idea that humanrights are for everybody. This argument shall be investigated in this essay, by: exploring definitions and history on humanrights, debating on whether it is universal while providing examples and background information while supporting my hypothesis that humanrights should be based on particular cultural values and finally drawing a conclusion..
A general definition of humanrights are that they are rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled to, simply because there human. It is the idea that ‘all human beings are...