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ARA240 Final

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American University of Sharjah
College of Arts and Science
Department of Arabic and Translation Studies
ARA 240 - Arab-Islamic Culture and Civilization

Assignment Question
Assess the significance and status of the Qur’an and hadith in the Islamic intellectual tradition

By: Abdullah Altheraawi
ID: b00045643

Under the supervision of
Dr. Gavin Picken

Fall 2014

Introduction
The Quran and Hadith influence all facets of Muslim life. It is the responsibility of the mankind to resolve every issue with the knowledge and understanding bestowed by Allah, in the light of the teachings of Quran and Hadith. Quran and Hadith, the traditional sources of Islam, not only guide the spiritual lives of Muslims but also regulate their worldly affairs such as day-to-day financial transactions. This research paper discusses the influence of Quran and Hadith on two distinct but equally significant aspects of life, which are Sufism and Economics.

Significance of Quran and Hadith in Islam
The two essential sources of Islam are the Quran (which is the word of God) and the Sunnah (which includes the deeds, sayings and silent disapprovals or consents given by the Prophet). Hadith refers to the sayings of the Prophet. The Quran lends authority to Hadith, and it is impossible to understand the sacred text in its entirety without referring to Hadith. Therefore, both Quran and Hadith are mandatory for each other and for understanding the tenets of Islam.

What Is Islamic Sufism?
The term Sufism is synonymous with various terms in Islamic tradition. Some of them are Ihsan (beautification of conduct), Qurb (approaching God), Tariqat (path- the journey unto God), Suluk (journey- unto God) and Tasawwuf (to wear woolen clothes- a trait of Sufis) (Ali, 1998). Simply put, Sufism can be defined as a process aimed at achieving spiritual peace and tranquility. It is a means to purify the senses and human will by the submission of one’s wishes and desires to the will of Allah. Moreover, it is characterized by high self- discipline, which means abstaining from what is forbidden and performing what is ordered by the Almighty Allah. (Al- Qaradawi, 2003).

Sufism A Significant Part of Islamic Tradition
The traditional thought is that Sufism is the spiritual school of Islam which has its origins in the first centuries subsequent to the life of Prophet Mohammad. Devotees who responded without hesitation to the call of Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed, were Sufis, and were not simply the followers of a religion but had an insight into heavenly facts. They recognized every messenger of God and united with all of them. Before the time of Mohammed mystics were called Ekuanul Safa, Brothers of Purity, but after his coming they were named by him as Sahabi Safa, Knights of Purity. (Sufiway, 2001) Quran and Hadith - Views on Sufism

Spiritualism can be referred to as refraining from worldly affairs and seeking the truth within oneself. This concept is common among all beliefs and schools of thought with minor differences of attitude. Sufism is a significant component of Islam’s speculative, vigilant and cultural legacy. It is the means to achieve Islamic spiritual maturity through worship, morality and ego training which are defined as “Tazkiya (purification)”, “taqwa(piety)” and “tabattul (renouncement)” in the Quran. That is why, just like other Islamic sciences, Sufism emerged in the second and third centuries of Islamic history, as a systematic extension of knowledge, with procedures and objectives. The emergence of Sufism is characterized by two significant factors, Spiritual factor and Social factor. (Yilmaz, 2010)

The Spiritual Factor- Quran
The primary force behind the appearance of Sufism is the spiritual factor which revolves around the principles of Islam described by Quran and Sunnah. The Quran and Sunnah have delivered several messages to guide mankind towards the path of Sufism by adopting simple and self-restrained life... Show More

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