The period from 1700 to 1900 is dominated by European Imperialism, and it is no wonder that that would strongly affect the flow of long-distance migrants. During this time, people moved for the same reason they always did: better opportunities, yet the manifestation of these opportunities and their location were shifting. New technologies and the rise of imperialism affected the flow of people to the United States, from or to Asia, and from Africa. Time and again inhabitants of the United States resented new immigrants and foreigners, Ironically, the original settlers were immigrants themselves, and the definition of “foreigner” changed frequently as immigrants settle in, became “American”, and brand new wave of foreign immigrants swept in to take jobs from “Americans”. This resentment of long-distance immigrants is seen not only in the United States, but all over the world, in as diverse places as Great Britain and China, and this xenophobic view of change is not at all new. When the Irish and Germans immigrated to the United States, they were disliked by the Anglo-Saxon Protestants; when immigrants from Eastern Europe arrived, they were resented by the now American Irish and Germans; when Chinese railroad workers and gold miners arrived, they were certainly not welcomed by the totally “American” population. Though these long-distance immigrants hailed from different places over time, the pattern of distrust and hostility persisted in the United States and elsewhere. Historically speaking, the people of Eastern/Southeastern Asia did not tend to immigrate to Europe before Imperialism. (Nor the other way around). The Chinese who emigrated from China were largely those who sought better opportunities and ultimately meant to return after making enough money – the same, incidentally, is true for many Europeans who emigrated from Europe looking for opportunities, though their circumstances were quite different. China at this time was still a largely agricultural...
...and changes cultural somewhat but doesn't completely change their way of life.
The Han Dynasty began around 200 B.C.E. but took off and flourished close to
100 C.E. Throughout this time span the Han Empire accomplished many things including,
expansion, the silk road for trading , and a tributary system. During most of the Han dynasty
there was peace and even reached a time called the Pax Sinica (Chinese Peace) in the
beginning of 100 C.E., where economy, commerce, culture, and science was flourishing.They
established a strong central government that was designed to help the people and protect them.
Also, the government changed and positions were not given to the royal family but to the
most capable of people,based on a written exam. Then all very soon things became chaotic only
one hundred years later came the downfall of the Han Dynasty. The overall economic structure
fell, the government bureaucracy was corrupt and weak leadership resulted in this fast fall of the
Han Dynasty. Not only this but outside invaders, bandits, and rebels on the borders made it
difficult to protect their empire. All of these events played a role in the fall of the Empire. Finally by
220 C.E. the Han dynasty completely collapsed. Over the next several centuries many leaders
take control but do not succeed in reuniting China. Then in 600 C.E the Sui Dynasty comes into ...
The Conrad-Demarest Model of Empire: Basic Principles for the Roman, Han Chinese
I. Necessary preconditions for the rise of empires:
a. State-level government:
Rome: republic then empire with emperor
Han: kept most of Qin centralized government in place
b. High agricultural potential in the area:
Rome: wheat, grapes, cattle
Han: wheat, millet, pigs
c. An environmental mosaic
Rome: Alps, Mediterranean Sea, forests, Tiber and other rivers, hills
Han: Tianshan mountains, Yellow and Yangtze Rivers, loess soil, Pacific Ocean.
d. Several small states with no clearly dominant state (power vacuum)
Rome and other city-states on Italian peninsula; surrounding states in Mediterranean (Greek states, Egypt, Judea, Syria, Cyprus, Gaul, Romania, Spain, Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, etc.)
Han: Qin broke into smaller states
e. Mutual antagonisms among those states:
Rome: rivalry between pastoralists in hills and agriculturalists in plains
Han: Warring States period before Qin unification
f. Adequate military resources:
Rome: soldiers first recruited only from peasant class on Italian peninsula; population inexhaustible.
Han: Soldiers recruited from peasant class within the entire empire; population inexhaustible.
II. The primary reason a state succeeded in empire building was:
a. An ideology supporting personal identification with the state, empire, conquest and militarism:
Rome: “republic” based on citizenship of free men; citizenship...
...was the worlds introduction to modern agricultural and a time of vast improvements in the worlds fight in hunger. New technologies such as hi yield variety seeds Chemical fertilizer and agricultural machinery lid this revolution and are still a big part of the way we produce food for the world we live in today. The green revolution saved A lot of small developing countries throughout the world. Food is now a mass produced all around the world in fields and distributed to countries in need as well as countries who's people are willing to pay for foreign and exotic foods. The green revolution has one enemy, The reproductive rate of the human species is exceeding the rate and which we can make food to feed it. The green revolution was the worlds introduction to modern agricultural and a time of vast improvements in the worlds fight in hunger. New technologies such as hi yield variety seeds Chemical fertilizer and agricultural machinery lid this revolution and are still a big part of the way we produce food for the world we live in today. The green revolution saved A lot of small developing countries throughout the world. Food is now a mass produced all around the world in fields and distributed to countries in need as well as countries who's people are willing to pay for foreign and exotic foods. The green revolution has one enemy, The...
...Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition
Chapter 24: New Worlds: The Americas and Oceania
I. Colliding worlds
A. The Spanish Caribbean
1. Indigenous peoples were the Taino
a. Lived in small villages under authority of chiefs
b. Showed little resistance to European visitors
2. Columbus built the fort of Santo Domingo, capital of the Spanish Caribbean
a. Taino conscripted to mine gold
b. Encomiendas: land grants to Spanish settlers with total control over local people
c. Brutal abuses plus smallpox brought decline of Taino populations
B. The conquest of Mexico and Peru
1. Hernan Cortés
a. Aztec and Inca societies wealthier, more complex than Caribbean societies
b. With 450 men, Cortés conquered the Aztec empire, 1519-1521
c. Tribal resentment against the Mexica helped Cortés
d. Epidemic disease (smallpox) also aided Spanish efforts
2. Francisco Pizarro
a. Led a small band of men and toppled the Inca empire, 1532-1533
b. Internal problems and smallpox aided Pizarro's efforts
c. By 1540 Spanish forces controlled all the former Inca empire
C. Iberian empires in the Americas
1. Spanish colonial administration formalized by 1570
a. Administrative centers in Mexico and Peru governed by viceroys
b. Viceroys reviewed by audiencias, courts appointed by the king
c. Viceroys had sweeping powers within jurisdictions
2. Portuguese Brazil: given to Portugal by Treaty of Tordesillas
a. Portuguese king granted...
... The Mongol empire of the 1200s remains a sort of anomaly to this day. Their unconventional war tactics and nomadic way of life defied all other empires that were in existence at the time. However, their strategies proved extremely successful, and they were able to establish the largest empire the world had ever seen in a mere 20 year span. The unification of Asia (excluding India) under the strict rule of the Mongols brought about a period of relative peace and of economic improvement. While there were some negative factors due to Mongol reign, such as the spread of the black plague, they were far overshadowed by the improvements experienced by Asia as a whole.
The main reason for the initial success of the Mongols was their style of warfare. Being a nomadic tribe, they relied heavily on horses to maintain their land, and became extraordinary horsemen. Horses were not heavily used in combat in the rest of Asia, giving the Mongols an advantage over their enemies. Document 1 shows the extent of the Mongol empire at its height, which further goes to prove the effectiveness of these new strategies. Documents 2 and 3 attest to the potency of Mongol raids. Document two describes the very organized military structure of generals and captains ruling over the rest of the army. It also describes the severe consequences suffered if the warriors were to abandon the battle. This requirement to fight until the end of the battle made the Mongols formidable opponents,...
Chapter Processing Work
Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Periodization: Compare the author’s periodization in Parts One through Six to the Colleges Board’s historical periodization. How do the author’s dates and titles compare to the College Board’s? What explains the similarities and the differences? Why do you suppose the periodization in worldhistory can be so controversial?
Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Historical Argumentation: On pages 26-43 of this text, how does the author explain the emergence of agriculture? What inferences does he make?
Big Picture Question (BPQ) #2: The Agricultural Revolution marked a decisive turning point in human history. What evidence might you offer to support this claim, and how might you argue against it?
BPQ #3: How did early agricultural societies differ from those of the Paleolithic era?
Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Appropriate Use of Relevant Historical Evidence: Look at Document 2.2 in Ch 2, “Law and Justice in Ancient Mesopotamia,” on pages 95-97. Then review the chapter narrative and find the sections that provide the context for this document.
BPQ#3: How did the various First Civilizations differ from one another?
BPQ#1: What common features can you identify in the empires described in this chapter? In what ways did they differ from one...
...APWorldHistory Review: Comparative Questions
Directions: Use your textbook and or your Princeton Review Book to list as many facts about the following historical comparisons. Use the attached Societal Comparison sheet as a guideline for what to compare and contrast. Remember that you do not have to fill in every topic on the sheet, try and get used to looking for these topics when you are comparing societies-in this way you will increase your speed in breaking down the comparative essay on the actual exam. After you have finished all of your comparisons, you should attempt to write a thesis statement for every topic based on the comparisons. You should try to do as many of your comparisons as soon as you can. The test is scheduled for the first week in May!
Comparative questions ask students to decide how two different subjects are similar and different. It is expected that these questions will only compare within time periods. Example. 8000 B.C.E. to 600C.E, 600 to 1450, 1450 to 1750, 1750-1914, 1914 to Present
Use the index of the textbook and the table of contents (chapter headings) to help you to expedite the needed information!
**If possible type out your work so that it is neat and can be studied from before the APexam****
1. Compare and contrast any two of the river valley civilizations
2. Compare and contrast Buddhism and Hinduism for their...
...Ch 20 Packet
Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade
1. Describe the characteristics of the “Atlantic System”.
The Atlantic System was a major catalyst in the growth and development of the Atlantic slave trade, which boosted the world economy significantly. The Atlantic system a link between Africa and the rest of the world. It simply was the destiny that Africans were going to face, being shipped to the Middle East, Europe, and especially across the Atlantic to the Americas, also known as a diaspora. This forced migration was part of the international exchange of foods, diseases, animals, and ideas that marked the era and had a profound influence on the indigenous peoples in various regions.
2. What motivated Portuguese interactions with Africans and how did the Atlantic slave trade develop?
Portuguese ships pushed down the west African coast and finally reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1487. Along the coast, the Portuguese established factories: forts and trading posts with resident merchants. Trade was the basis of Portuguese relations with Africans, but in the wake of commerce followed political, religious, and social relations. Missionary efforts were made to convert the rulers of Benin, Kongo, and other African kingdoms. These first contacts were marked by cultural preconceptions as well as by appreciation and curiosity. Portuguese exploration continued southward toward the Cape of Good...