AP World History
8 March 2015
The rise and expansion of Islam both broadened and restricted women's rights throughout the 20th century. There is evidence of prior advancements towards women's rights found in the ancient writings of The Holy Qur'an. Women in every religion, especially Islam, had to fight for their own rights. In Islam, that fight is continuing and many documents, photos, quotes and other sources show the back-and-forth struggle to get women out from under the veils and into the lights.
Writings in the Qur'an show that there was a time of praising women for their work. Mohammad Keramat Ali said, in The Message: Selected Verses from The Holy Qur'an, "I shall not lose sight of the work of any of you who works (in My way) be it man or woman." That statement is clear proof that at the start of Islam, women were not viewed as inferior to men in a credible man's eyes. At the same time, other writings in The Holy Qur'an, one specifically by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, shows the belief that the Prophet must tell women to "draw their veils" because it is more likely they will not be hurt if they are covered. This infers that an exposed woman is a women in danger. The Prophet Muhammad was one of the main sources in The Holy Qur'an and he was known to love and respect his wife, Khadijah. With that respect of women in mind, other women became his earliest and bravest followers of his revelations. Muhammad's wives also played a huge, drastic role in the compiling of the Qur'an.
In Islam, women's roles and rights were all controlled by men, specifically their husbands. A women's knowledge came from whatever her husband chose to share with her, and they must be obedient. Now, there is a fine line in which this could be broadening their rights. Women were not necessarily denied knowledge or jobs or other things, but it was the husbands job to allow it and help her. Women were by no means allowed to be independent in most...
...was the worlds introduction to modern agricultural and a time of vast improvements in the worlds fight in hunger. New technologies such as hi yield variety seeds Chemical fertilizer and agricultural machinery lid this revolution and are still a big part of the way we produce food for the world we live in today. The green revolution saved A lot of small developing countries throughout the world. Food is now a mass produced all around the world in fields and distributed to countries in need as well as countries who's people are willing to pay for foreign and exotic foods. The green revolution has one enemy, The reproductive rate of the human species is exceeding the rate and which we can make food to feed it. The green revolution was the worlds introduction to modern agricultural and a time of vast improvements in the worlds fight in hunger. New technologies such as hi yield variety seeds Chemical fertilizer and agricultural machinery lid this revolution and are still a big part of the way we produce food for the world we live in today. The green revolution saved A lot of small developing countries throughout the world. Food is now a mass produced all around the world in fields and distributed to countries in need as well as countries who's people are willing to pay for foreign and exotic foods. The green revolution has one enemy, The...
... The Mongol empire of the 1200s remains a sort of anomaly to this day. Their unconventional war tactics and nomadic way of life defied all other empires that were in existence at the time. However, their strategies proved extremely successful, and they were able to establish the largest empire the world had ever seen in a mere 20 year span. The unification of Asia (excluding India) under the strict rule of the Mongols brought about a period of relative peace and of economic improvement. While there were some negative factors due to Mongol reign, such as the spread of the black plague, they were far overshadowed by the improvements experienced by Asia as a whole.
The main reason for the initial success of the Mongols was their style of warfare. Being a nomadic tribe, they relied heavily on horses to maintain their land, and became extraordinary horsemen. Horses were not heavily used in combat in the rest of Asia, giving the Mongols an advantage over their enemies. Document 1 shows the extent of the Mongol empire at its height, which further goes to prove the effectiveness of these new strategies. Documents 2 and 3 attest to the potency of Mongol raids. Document two describes the very organized military structure of generals and captains ruling over the rest of the army. It also describes the severe consequences suffered if the warriors were to abandon the battle. This requirement to fight until the end of the battle made the Mongols formidable opponents,...
...APWORLDDBQ ESSAY MUSLIM
Muslim leaders in south Asia and northern Africa both had many issues and difficulties when it came to defining their nationalism as an empire. Both southern Asia and Northern Africa struggled politically, educationally, and religiously to define their nationalism.
Both Northern Africa and Southern Asia struggled to define their empires nationalism because of political issues. (4,6). A Muslim Egyptian nationalist is speaking about how the east will never see eye to eye with the west. The Nationalist is saying how Egypt can never create nationalism if his country is at civil war, and cannot see eye to eye and agree on things. (4.) This personal bias is an issue because it is only giving an opinion of an eastern African citizen. A western African citizen could be feeling a complete opposite way about politics. This matters because a western African could have a solution to see eye to eye about politics, and completely fix the problem. It would help to see a document showing the opinion of a western African citizen saying how he feels about the east and the west agreeing on politics.
Education was a big factor in South Asia and Southern Africa. (3,1). An educator of an oriental college is saying how people would rather chose to save and adopt Islam then to take in the new British education system. This creates nationalism in a way that Islam is looking for new education that will be...
...AP® WORLD HISTORY
2007 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2—Continuity/Change Over Time
BASIC CORE (competence)
1. Has acceptable thesis.
• The thesis correctly specifies both change and continuity in the formation of
national identity in the region of the Middle East, Southeast Asia, OR
Sub-Saharan Africa from 1914 to the present.
• The thesis must be explicitly stated in the introduction or the conclusion of the essay.
• The thesis may appear as one sentence or as multiple sentences.
• A thesis that is split among multiple paragraphs, or merely restates the prompt,
• Thesis sentences may not be used for any other rubric points.
2. Addresses all parts of the question, though not necessarily evenly or
For 2 points:
• The essay provides relevant discussion of both continuity and change within
the time period in the formation of national identity in one of the regions.
For 1 point:
• The essay provides relevant discussion of either continuity or change within
the time period in the formation of national identity in one of the regions.
3. Substantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence.
For 2 points:
• The essay provides FOUR pieces of accurate evidence of change AND continuity.
o Change evidence must be a concrete example related to a specific country.
o Continuity evidence may be general to the selected region.
o At least one piece of...
...swords. Great leaders like Samudragupta and Chandragupta II understood the need for combined armed tactics and proper logical organization which is why Gupta’s army was powerful and dominant. Gupta military success came from the constant use of elephants, armored cavalry, and foot archers against both Hindu kingdoms and foreign armies. The Guptas also maintained a navy, allowing them to control regional waters. During the reign of Chandragupta II, Gupta Empire maintained a large army consisting of 500,000 infantry, 50,000 cavalry, 20,000 charioteers and 10,000 elephants along with a powerful navy with more than 1200 ships. Chandragupta II controlled the whole of the Indian subcontinent; the Gupta Empire was the most powerful empire in the world during his reign, at a time when the Roman Empire in the west was in decline.
The decline of the Gupta Empire was based of poor leadership and attacks from other clans. Skandagupta was followed by weak rulers Purugupta (467–473C.E.), Kumaragupta II (473–476C.E.), Budhagupta (476–495 C.E.), Narasimhagupta, Kumaragupta III, Vishnugupta, Vainyagupta and Bhanugupta. The line of the sixth-century Gupta leaders is unclear, but the last recognized ruler of the dynasty's main line was king Vishnugupta, who reigned from 540 to 550 C.E. In the 480 C.E., the White Huns broke through the Gupta defenses in the northwest, and much of the empire in northwest was overrun by the Hun by 500. (Gupta Empire). The Huns were defeated and...
...Unit 6 DBQ
When thinking about the history of the world, one must always consider that merchants as well as trade have played an immerse role in shaping the world as it is today. They are responsible for many of the cross-cultural interactions that we have had in the past. Christianity and Islam, the two predominant religions of the world today, have both grown and spread through merchants and trade also. These two chief religions both have attitudes towards merchants and trade that have either developed or decreased overtime. According to these documents, from up to the year 1500, Christianity went from a negative view of merchants and trade to a positive view while Islam went from a positive view to a negative view, but both sides imposed on a sense of honesty.
In the beginning of Christianity at about 70-80 CE, they had a very negative approach toward merchants (Doc. 1). Christianity's shift from a negative view to a positive view is a demonstrated in documents 1, 3, 4, and 6. Document 1 states that no rich man can enter the kingdom of heaven. This is indirectly stating that merchants cheat people and it's not a worthy profession. The author specifically enforces this statement by saying that hypothetically, it is easier for a camel to go through an eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of god. This document also demonstrated bias because it shows the strong dislike for merchants. The...
Cricket and Politics
In South Asia, cricket was a new found religion for the people of India. India’s win in the
World Cup in 1983 was a defining moment, cricket was at an all time high, with the media and
Bollywood as well. Between 1880 and 2005 cricket effected politics by bridging religious
tensions, a way to express nationalism and a way of unifying people of different groups together.
Cricket was a unique game that brought people together. Documents 1,2,3,4 and 5 all
show that cricket unified people of all different groups to come together in playing the game of
cricket. In document 1, Indian cricket players were getting fed up with the English polo players
that kept playing on their turf with their ponies because the ponies would tear up and ruin the
grass, so the Indians wanted the English to go back to their own land or let the Indians play on
their land that was way to big for them. The petition they wrote for the land may have helped
them get along better politically if both sides followed the petition. In document 2, cricketer,
Prince Ranjitsinhji plans to join the English sussex team in England, play for them and then
come back to India as the head of the English cricket team. Then in 1990 he will then return to
England as the new head of the India cricket team and play for them. Prince Ranjitsinhji was
probably a higher class individual which let him play for both teams in India and England and he
The game of cricket between 1880-2005 played a very important political role in South Asia. Cricket both strengthened the relationship between Britain and India, and created good social changes. Although, the game weakened the religious and political rivalry according to the different perspectives of ten different sources.
Cricket helped unify and strengthen the relationship between Britain and India. As shown in document 3, Cecil Headlam, an English cricketer and historian, says that “Cricket unites the rulers and the ruled. It also provides a moral training, an education in pluck, and nerve, and self restraint.” It also allowed India to compete with the english on even terms, according to Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay in document 6. In document 6 it showed Kumars opinion on the Indians victory over the English, in what was made the only thing they could compete in. This brought turned cricket into a political battlefield. Each religion could battle it out with a game of cricket and whoever won, would have pride.
In document 10, the chairman of the Pakistan Cricket Board tells an interviewer in an interview that cricket brings people together mentioning that there are 20,000 Indian cricket fans. In a way she is right, the game does bring people from all over the world together; for example the prince of india mentioned in document 2. Although, since it came from a cricket historians point of view, it gave more of a biased...