Migration-movement from one place to another: the act or process of moving from one region or country to another -Explain the effects migrations have had on both geography and history Migration has changed and formed history in many ways, for example the U.S was formed by refugees and by people looking for a better life. The U.S is its ow n country and has formed its own culture and history. We Americans have changed many countries with our interventions, and our helping hand. -Understand that migration occurs at different scales
Migration occurs at different scales with long term migration for a permanent life, for forced migrants either political or religious. Professional to start a new life or to invest. Labor migrants for permanent employment somewhere else. Migration can also occur at a lower scale at the temporary level. Labor, professional or student and scholar reasons. For example the Puritans were a fairly small population compared to massive amount in the 40s that the U.S experienced. -Explain why people change their residential location
People could change their residential location for business, forced, or for choice. -Analyze migrations in terms of classifications (forced, voluntary, imposed) and types Forced- The people migrating could have been in a bad political situation and had to relocate for fear of death or persecution. The migrant could have been a slave. Voluntary- The migrant just chose to, maybe for a new life or to for a job. Imposed- The person was forced to move for financial reasons or just something that wasn’t necessary was just for the better. -Explain the decision to migrate in terms of push and pull factors Push and pull factors are what people look at to decide whether migrating is a good choice or not. For example refugees usually look for better situations usually a safe place, this is a push factor, but this refugee might look and see that he is going to die for religious reasons and that’s a pull...
...The Demographic Transition
One attempt to summarize an observed voluntary relationship between population growth and economic development is the demographic transition model.
It traces the changing levels of human fertility and mortality presumably associated with industrialization and urbanization.
The first stage of that replacement process-and of the demographic transition model-is characterized by high birth and high but fluctuating death rates.
As long as births only slightly exceed deaths, even when the rates of both are high, the population will grow only slowly.
The Western Experience
The demographic transition model was developed to explain the population history of Western Europe.
That area entered a second stage with the industrialization that began about 1750.
Its effects-declining death rates accompanied by continuing high birth rates-have been dispersed worldwide even without universal conversion to an industrial economy.
The third stage follows when birth rates decline as people begin to control family size.
When the birth rate falls and the death rate remains low, the population size begins to level off.
The classic demographic transition model ends with a fourth and final stage characterized by very low birth and death rates.
This stage yields at best only very slight percentage increases in population and doubling times stretch to a thousand years more.
This extension of the fourth stage into a fifth of population decrease...
Chapter 3 Notes APhumangeo
•Haitians would try to leave their country on overcrowded boats
• they would come to the southern coast of florida
•it was very dangerous and many lost their lives doing it
•if they made it over without getting caught then they were able to stay if they made it to shore and could find their way to the home of friends and family and they can find employment and live under the radar of the Immigration and Naturalization Service
•the southwestern US and southern Florida attract millions of immigrants(both legal and illegal
•today, about 10 million illegal immigrants live in the United States
•illegal immigrants usually live with multiple families or adults in one apartment or home
•they work two or more jobs, live as cheaply as possible, and send home as much money as possible
•legal immigration was allowed from Mexico,Guatemala,El Salvador, Nicaragua, Columbia,Venezuela,Cuba,and Haiti(1981-2002)
•Haitians living in the US send home about $350 million annually
•the economies of many poorer countries depend in part on remittances sent to their citizens
•of the 34 million immigrants in the US today, 24 million are legal immigrants, the other 10 million are illegal
•movement is inherently geographical;movement of people changes the people as well as the way they see themselves in the world.
• movement also changes places-both the places the people left and...
3. Most long distance migrants are male
4. Most long distance migrants are adult individuals rather than families with Children.
5. Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within the same country.
6. Long-distance migrants to other countries head for major centers of economic activity.
i) Ravenstein Claimed that migrants have typical characteristics:
* Most long distance migrants are male.
* Most long distance migrants are adults rather than families with children.
3. Where do People Migrate?
j) Global Migration Flows-
* Occurred haphazardly, typically in pursuit of spices, fame, or exploration.
* The past five centuries have witnessed human migration on an unprecedented scale, much of it generated by European colonization.
k) From southern Europe to South and North America
l) From Britain and Ireland to Africa and Australia
m) From Africa to the America during the period of slavery
n) From India to eastern Africa, Southeast Asia, and Caribbean America.
* Undocumented immigrants- individuals who enter the U.S. without proper documents.
k) Regional Migration Flows:
* The stories of huge flows of migrants were unprecedented and meet dew rivals in terms of sheer number today.
o) Regional Scale- with migrants going to a neighboring country to take advantage of short-...
...use of/for that term in a real life example
Do NOT change the set up of the attachment
Make sure you have double spaced between each
Define each word FIRST & THEN provide the applicable, real life example for the term after the “ex.”
Unit II. Population - Basic Vocabulary & Concepts
1. Population densities: A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land
ex.- Divide population 1,000,000 by area 2000 sq km = 500 people per sq km
2. Demographic regions: Regions grouped together by the stage of the demographic transition model that most countries in the region are in
ex.- Cape Verde (Africa) is in Stage 2 (High Growth), Chile (Latin America) is in Stage 3 (Moderate Growth), and Denmark (Europe) is in Stage 4 (Low Growth)
3. Population distributions: how population is spread out in an area
ex.- The more wealthy people in Tallahassee live in the Northeastern side
4. Natality: the number of live births divided by the population
ex.- 2,342 per month/320,000,000
5. Mortality: the number of deaths per thousand people
ex.- 289 deaths/1,000
6. Population explosion: the rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century
ex.- Baby-boomer generation
7. Thomas Malthus: A British economist that concluded that the rate of population was...
Sub-Saharan Africa- Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda
Migration selectivity- the tendency for certain types of people to move
Age- young people between 18 and 30 are most likely to migrate
Education- people with higher levels of education are more likely to make long distance moves
Kinship and friendship ties- people who have relatives and/or friends who have migrated previously are more likely to migrate
Chain migration- a stream of people out of an area as first movers communicate with people back home and stimulate migration
Short Term Circulation and Activity Space
Demography is the study of population. Population geography focuses primarily on the number, composition, and distribution of human beings on Earth. Distribution is the arrangements of the areas people live in. The two ways to calculate population density are arithmetic and physiological. A population pyramid shows a populations age and gender composition. Population is concentrates in East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe. Distributions of populations are affected by race and ethnicity. There are three Agricultural Revolutions. Thomas Malthus that the population would increase faster than the supplies needed to sustain it. There are four stages to the Demographic Transition Theory. Some countries like China and Indi have population restriction policies. Ravenstein had four laws of migration. Push and pull factors are reasons for...
APHuman Geography: Summer Assignment 2013
Pick at least one of the following books to read as your primary selected reading:
- Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser ISBN 0-395-97789-4
- How Soccer Explains the World by Franklin Foer ISBN 0-06-621234-0
-Why Geography Matters by Harm de Blij ISBN-13:978-0-19-518301-6
-Hot, Flat, and Crowded by Thomas L Friedman ISBN-13:978-0-312-42892-1 or ISBN-10: 0-312-42892-8
- The World is Flat by Thomas Friedman ISBN -13-978-0-312-42507-4 or ISBN-10 0-312-42507-4
Write a minimum 5 page review plus references in MLA format discussing the following:
1. Main Theme(s)/Premise
2. Points of agreement and critique from your perspective
3. Motive(s) for the Author(s) to write the book
4. Why the book is important in the study of Human Geography
5. The most important thing you learned through reading the book
Insure you cite your sources and refer to page numbers (you should have at least two additional sources besides the primary book you read). Organize your paper with respect to the five points above. Books should be read by July 1st with an outline of its main points submitted by July 1st to the teacher via email. [email protected] or [email protected]
Papers are due the first day of school in August 2013 for all students registered for the class by June 30th.
Students registered after June 30, 2013 will...
...ways. It is not an official religion.
Syncretic religion: separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the pat and the present.
Secularism- This is the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs. This is important to HG because this has caused conflicts in a lot of different places including politics.
Monotheism/polytheism- Monotheism this is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in many gods. This affects HG because many religions spread throughout the world fall under
Intrafaith boundaries: describes the boundaries within a major religion (e.g., Belgium; Switzerland; Northern Ireland is mostly Protestant, whereas the rest of Ireland is mostly Catholic)
Fundamentalism (extremism): literal interpretation and strict adherence to a set of basic principles (usually religious; many can take these beliefs to an extreme and even violent level.ese two categories.
Folk culture: cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, customs, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities.
Popular culture: (mass culture) cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies.
Race: categorization of humans based on skin color and other physical characteristics; based on the idea that some characteristics are more important than others (e.g., skin color over height)....
20. The boundaries of independent African states were drawn at the Berlin Conference and were essentially drawn arbitrarily
21. The process of adjustment of the number of representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives to reflect shifts in population patterns is known as reapportionment
22. A series of concrete pillars _________ the northern boundary of Kuwait with Iraq. demarcates
23. A boundary between countries is a vertical plane that cuts through the rocks below and the airspace above, dividing one state territory from another
24. The present number of countries and territories in the world is around 200.
25. In The Territorial Imperative, Robert Ardery argued that humans are concerned with collecting and securing territory
26. Robert Sack’s view of human territorial behavior implies an expression of control over space and time. This control is closely related to the concept of sovereignty
27. The Peace of Westphalia is the seminal moment in the emergence of the European state. This marked the end of the Thirty Years War
28. The boundary between the United States and Canada west of the Great Lakes is an example of a(n) geometric boundary
29. Which is an example of an allocational boundary dispute? dispute over rights to resources (e.g. oil, water) crossed by international boundaries
30. Geometric boundaries, totally unrelated to any aspects of the cultural or physical landscape, were made...