Research Paper: Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders are characterized by many symptoms and often associated with depressive tendencies. Although the majority are produced in a person based off of their genetic material, other influences exist environmentally that can encourage or discourage the severity of the symptoms and prognosis it has on one’s overall well-being. Early diagnosis and a systematic combination of treatments can help reduce the tensions and encourage a more normal life than what was previously experienced by the person with the disorder.
Anxiety is a normal part of the human process that involves a reaction to adverse reaction due to a stressor. This becomes a disorder when the anxiety induced is “abnormally severe, unduly prolonged, occur in the absence of stress, and are associated with impairment of physical, social or occupational functioning” (Ajel, Baldwin, & Garner, 2008). Anxiety Disorders are more prevalent in society than most would expect. The most occurring ones are panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. There are several sources that these disorders stem from but the majority is characterized by a biological basis, while others exist as symptoms of brain damage. Anxiety Disorders are encouraged or brought to surface by environmental factors as well. Psychological and pharmacological treatment is necessary especially when the normal functioning of daily life is impaired (2008). Panic Disorder
Panic disorders are seen in people who have periodic episodes that consist of shortness of breath, sweating, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, lightheadedness and thoughts of being in a seriously debilitating situation. Women tend to be twice as likely as men to suffer from this disorder (Carlson, 2011). Like other Anxiety Disorders, people who experience this type, often reach out to emergency care because they feel as if they are experiencing a death-like situation because the timeframe is normally 30-40 minutes (Ajel, 2008). This type of disorder usually does not have a specific trigger; rather, people who suffer from this are plagued with a persistent fear that another attack may occur. The person’s fear is that a panic attack causes feelings of helplessness and a loss of self-control which they dread experiencing (Fleming & O’brien, 2012). Studies have looked into the possibility that this fear also has a social correlation. Therefore, a person with panic disorder may not want to leave their home because they worry that they will have another attack and do not want to be embarrassed or unable to escape. The term agoraphobia has been coined to describe this fear that is provoked from panic disorder (2008). Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This type of Anxiety Disorder is unlike panic disorder not only in its symptoms but because it is one of the most prevalent of the disorders even though it is rarely treated or diagnosed in most people that suffer from it (Fleming, 2012). Because a person with generalized anxiety disorders often displays similar symptoms as someone with a depressive linked illness, it is difficult to distinguish between the two. This may be why psychoanalysis postulates that the two disorders occur simultaneously (Ajel, 2008). It is important that questions are asked related to depressive tendencies in order to attempt to distinguish between the two as thoroughly as possible. As previously mentioned, anxiety is something that is experienced by many during stressful situations; however it becomes a disorder when there is a long period of chronic anxiety about multiple things that are functioning perfectly normal in a person’s life. Generalized anxiety disorder concentrates predominantly on concerns related to their work, family and health (Barone, Elsasser & Kavan, 2009). These fears cause acute stress because of...
Spectrum of symtpoms:
GAD: excessive anxiety occurring more days than not for >6mo with 3+ of (felling on edge, fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, sleep problems). Symptoms have significant overlap with depression. F:M = 2:1; highly comorbid with MDD (62); patients complaining of anxiety may have depression or comorbid depression.
8% (40% are exposed to trauma)
Comordbid with substance use and somatization d/o’s
Specific phobia: excessive persistent fear of a specific object or situation with avoidance and interference with functioning.
In social phobia, “scrutiny by others” and the discovery of anxiety by others is most feared (more than fear of appearing incompetent, weak, etc). Social phobia has younger average age of onset – mid-teens. Social phobia is a primary specific phobia, must be distinguished from secondary social anxiety which may be a consequence of panic disorder.
Beta-blockers is a good choice for performance anxiety. Pindolol is the only beta-blocker with serotonergic activity, less likely to contribute to depression.
Panic disorder: >=4 of symptoms, most of which are somatic; high...
...AnxietyDisordersAnxietydisorders are common place these days, with as many as 17% of people will/have suffer/ed some form of anxiety in their lives (Somers, Goldner, Waraich, & Hsu, 2006), from being concerned about most anything, to full blown attacks with physical symptoms. Anxietydisorders seem to be a result of a combination of biological, psychological and other individual factors (CAMH, 2014). If one feels nervous or fearful about a situation, this is normal, but if the feelings are ongoing and creates significant distress and causes disruption in daily living (CAMH, 2014), then this is considered a disorder.
An anxietydisorder, like a panic attack, can strike without warning and is accompanied by physical symptoms of heart pounding; heavy perspiration; rapid breathing (hyperventilating); shortness of breath or difficulty breathing; and weakness or dizziness (CAMH, 2014) (Nevid et al, 2013). Psychological symptoms, like unrealistic thoughts of losing control, going crazy or dying are described, and the experiencer is keenly aware of changes in their heart rates (S. Taylor, 2000), believing that they are having a heart attack, when there is nothing wrong with their heart. Panic attacks occur suddenly and quickly, reaching a peak in intensity within 10 minutes and lasts about 20 minutes (Nevid, et al, 2013).
An anxietydisorder does not develop over night; it develops slowly and could get worse if not treated by a physician when symptoms first occur. Feeling anxious is normal. People may feel anxious anxiety could worsen. An exam- during finals week, an individual anxiety level is high because more stress is increase. Doing activities that alleviates stress helps an individual’s anxiety decrease- going to the pool or going out to eat with friends- getting away from the “toxic” environment can help the individual let loose and worry less.
Some may confuse normal daily stress with anxietydisorders because symptoms can be similar. Symptoms such as constantly stressing about everyday activities, short breath, or even feeling tired. These symptoms can occur due to the environment that you’re in or even previously diagnosed symptoms. One can have short breath and feeling tired due to having low iron or having insomnia. That is why going to a health care professional, psychiatrist, can help diagnose you with the proper diagnosis. A psychiatrist will look for symptoms-“know that they worry too much more than they should, have headaches, muscle aches, stomach aches, or unexplained pains, and have a hard time concentrating” (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013).
Anxiety is related to depression....
Aug. 6, 2012
Jose J. Juarez
A psychological disorder, also referred to as a mental disorder, is an ongoing behavioral pattern, thoughts, feelings or actions that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. It impacts multiple life areas which create hardships for the person experiencing these symptoms that can seriously affect your day-to-day function in life and interfere with your ability to interact in society (Unknown, Psychological Disorders-Symptoms, Causes, Treatments). While the causes of psychological disorders are unknown, and some are varied, assessments and evaluations are done by psychiatrists and therapists. Afterwards, treatments are often done depending on the cause. Treatments usually involve psychotherapy to work on behaviors, skill development, and thought process. For some patients that have severe problems, such as substance abuse or serious complications, are hospitalized. To acquire a diagnosis, clinicians use the DMV-IV-TR guidelines and answer a serious of questions about observation behaviors, such as: “Is the person afraid to leave home?” (Myers). Common known disorders are anxietydisorder, panic disorder, general anxietydisorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, also...
...development of an individual depends on the success of human developmental stages and his or her exposure to positive socialization. In this research the reader will find a brief description of what an anxietydisorder is and how the relationship between human development and socialization is affected by this psychological disorder.
AnxietyDisorderAnxietydisorder is a common disorder that affects any race, culture, gender, and age that has increase in the modern world. However, they are probably as old as mankind, since a panic attack is the way for the body to detect and prepare to "fight or flight” imminent danger (McNally, 1990). This disorder is very common in life, childhood, or adolescence throughout the experience of changes in the process of physiological, social, and emotional development. Interactions with people, situations, and lifespan in different ways can create or contribute to the development of anxietydisorders. There are different types of anxietydisorders that include panic, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic, specific phobias, and generalized anxietydisorders (McNally, 1990). These different disorders may be different but they share many of the same emotional and physical...
* General term for several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying.
* Considered to be a normal reaction to a stressor.
* a blanket term covering several different forms of a type of common psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive rumination, worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future uncertainties either based on real or imagined events, which may affect both physical and psychological health
The Common Anxiety Symptoms
* Emotional Symptoms of Anxiety
* Feelings of dread without valid cause.
* Concentration problems
* Inner tension and nervousness.
* Absentmindedness and mind blanks.
* Intense/sudden feelings of panic or doom.
* Fear of losing control or going crazy.
* Feelings of detachment and unreality.
* Catastrophic thinking.
* Irritability or edginess.
* Restlessness and...
...AnxietyDisordersAnxiety is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior (Seligman, Walker, and Rosenhan). Everyone has felt anxiety at some point in their life, but for some, anxiety is much more severe and prevalent than the normal butterflies in the stomach. There are several types of anxietydisorders, including social phobia, panic disorder, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and generalized anxietydisorder. Each of these disorders has unique issues. I will be discussing generalized anxietydisorder.
A person that has generalized anxietydisorder, or GAD, feels anxious daily about a multitude of things. They worry excessively about everyday activities, so much so that often they cannot perform these tasks, which disrupt their home, social, and work lives. Even when the individual realizes that these fears are irrational, they cannot overcome them (NAMI). Exaggerated worry about health issues, death, family and interpersonal relationship problems, money, and work problems plague them (NIMH). There are many possible physical symptoms as well, such as headaches, sweating, hot flashes, irritability, fatigue, trembling/shaking, and sleep problems.
According to the...
...Anxiety is a normal reaction to a threatening situation and results from an increase in the amount of adrenaline from the sympathetic nervous system. This increased adrenaline speeds the heart and respiration rate, raises blood pressure, and diverts blood flow to the muscles. These physical reactions are appropriate for escaping from danger but when they cause anxiety in many situations throughout the day, they may be detrimental to a normal lifestyle. Ananxietydisorder is a disorder where feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety are disruptive or cause distortions in behavior, (Coon, 526); they are psychiatric illnesses that are not useful for normal functioning. At times, an underlying illness or disease can cause persistent anxiety. Treatment of the illness or disease will stop the anxiety. Anxiety illnesses affect more than 23 million Americans with about 10 million Americans suffering from the most common, general anxietydisorder . (Harvard, 1). Common anxietydisorders are panic attacks (panic disorder), phobias, and general anxietydisorder (GAD). Panic attacks Panic attacks can begin with a feeling of intense terror followed by physical symptoms of anxiety. A panic attack is characterized by unpredictable attacks of severe...