There are many types of anxiety disorders that include panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder. Anxiety is a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. Anxiety disorders, however, are different. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life. An anxiety disorder is a serious mental illness. For people with anxiety disorders, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be crippling. What Are the Types of Anxiety Disorders?
There are several recognized types of anxiety disorders, including: * Panic disorder: People with this condition have feelings of terror that strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning. Other symptoms of a panic attack include sweating, chest pain, palpitations (irregular heartbeats), and a feeling of choking, which may make the person feel like he or she is having a heart attack or "going crazy." * Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals or routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions. An example is a person with an unreasonable fear of germs who constantly washes his or her hands. * Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): PTSD is a condition that can develop following a traumatic and/or terrifying event, such as a sexual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event and tend to be emotionally numb. * Social anxiety disorder: Also called social phobia, social anxiety disorder involves overwhelming worry and self-consciousness about...
...What is anxiety? We have all felt anxiety—the nervousness before a date, test, competition, presentation—but what exactly is it? Anxiety is our body's way of preparing to face a challenge. Our heart pumps more blood and oxygen so we are ready for action. We are alert and perform physical and emotional tasks more efficiently.
It is normal to feel anxious when our safety, health, or happiness is threatened; however, sometimes anxiety can become overwhelming and disruptive and may even occur for no identifiable reason. Excessive, lasting bouts of worry may reflect an anxietydisorder.
Symptoms of anxietydisorders: Anyone may experience these symptoms during stressful times. However, individuals with anxietydisorders may experience them in absence of stress, with more severe symptoms and with several symptoms appearing together.
* Inability to relax
* Unrealistic or excessive worry
* Difficulty falling asleep
* Rapid pulse or pounding, skipping, racing heart
* Nausea, chest pain or pressure
* Feeling a "lump in the throat"
* Dry mouth
* Irregular breathing
* Feelings of dread, apprehension or losing control
* Trembling or shaking, sweating or chills
* Fainting or dizziness, feelings of detachment
* Thoughts of death
Types of AnxietyDisorders:...
...Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs
Conditions that are characterized by the individual presenting with behaviors that are defined as abnormal are termed psychiatric disorders o psychiatric disease. An abnormal behavior is one that has been defined within the field of mental health as being atypical or unusual. Those patients who are diagnosed as suffering psychiatric disorders or diseases may have altered perceptions of reality or have impaired abilities to interpret reality. This alteration or impairment can result in great distress for the individual and may lead to self-defeating and/or dangerous behaviors. The behaviors termed abnormal are often also considered socially unacceptable within the culture that is the person’s own (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).One of the most complicated of all of these psychiatric diseases is schizophrenia. The name of this disease indicates that the mind is experiencing a “splitting of psychic functions” (Pinel, 2007, p.481). Schizophrenics present with symptoms that include hallucinations, incoherent thought patterns, bizarre delusions, inappropriate affect and odd behaviors. The range of severity and occurrence of the symptom patterns may vary from individual to individual (Pinel, 2007). A number of theories have been advanced about schizophrenia. Some theories hold that there is a genetic component to the disease that may be triggered by stress or trauma. This genetic component can be...
...AnxietyAnxiety is defined as a normal human emotion that is experienced by the majority of people. There are several different levels of anxiety; the most common is General AnxietyDisorder, or GAD. Other types include panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxietydisorder, and specific phobias. (Katz MD) When one goes through an anxiety experience, they feel anxious or nervous. Everyone encounters anxiety in their lives; however anxietydisorders cause such stress in the body to interfere with one’s ability to carry on life normally. Anxietydisorders are considered serious mental illnesses, causing constant worry and or fear, which can be crippling. (Katz MD)
GAD is the most common anxietydisorder that primary care doctors find in their patients; about 5% of people will develop GAD within their lifetime. (Dryden-Edwards MD) There is no single cause of GAD. Women tend to develop the condition, along with other anxietydisorders more commonly than men. Those with family history of anxiety and depression are at an even higher risk for developing GAD or social anxietydisorder. (Dryden-Edwards MD) Being...
Imagine this, as you walk around the grocery store and precede to shop, suddenly your entire body feels frozen, your chest begins to hurt, you feel as though you cannot breathe. You have an overwhelming feeling of terror for absolutely no reason. Everyone is staring, wondering what is wrong with you, until you finally pull yourself together. Doesn’t sound very appealing now does it? Imagine having to live your day to day life not knowing when or if this was going to happen to you, or even why it happens to you. Panic attacks are very common symptoms in people with anxietydisorders. Upon my research I have found what can cause an anxietydisorder, how to treat it and what the different types of anxietydisorders are.
What is an anxietydisorder you may wonder? An anxietydisorder is a mental disorder in which severe anxiety is a symptom. To experience anxiety is to have the feeling of constant worry or unease. There is a difference in experiencing anxiety and having an anciety disorder. Many people experience anxiety in everyday life, for example, when facing problems at work or before taking a big test you may have a feeling of worry or you may feel nervous. This is normal for most...
Types of AnxietyDisorders and its Symptoms
Keanne Louise S. Ariola
English 1, RTA
October 11, 2013
Types of AnxietyDisorders and its Symptoms
People get anxious in their everyday life just by worrying what to eat, how to earn
money, how to finish a work before its deadline, how to pass their job interview, etc.
Anxiety is among the second most common psychiatric disorders among children,
adolescents and adults. Anxietydisorders are characterized by distorted beliefs about the
dangerousness of certain situations and/or internal stimuli. (Clark, 1999)
Anxietydisorders can have a significant effect on a person's mood, self-esteem, and
quality of life. Many people with mild anxiety can still work, study, and have healthy
relationships, but this is harder for people with moderate or severe anxiety. Anxiety may
restrict what people do and when they do it. Many people become worried that they can’t
control their anxiety, and may become worried that they will become lonely, or
According to eCentreClinic.org, there are five types of anxietydisorders which are
the Generalized Anxiety...
AnxietyAnxiety is the brain’s way of telling the body that there is danger and that something painful is coming. It is a biological process that tells us when we can stay where we are, and when we either need to protect ourselves or move to a safer place. When the brain tells the body that it is in danger, the Sympathetic Nervous System starts up, making the person anxious. They increase their oxygen by breathing faster and shallower. It increases the heart rate and the blood rushes to the muscles of the arms and legs (WebMD, 2013). It is also what makes the body focus its attention on running and fighting. The Sympathetic Nervous System is what causes you to have clammy hands and feet, an upset stomach, or a sense of dread when you’re anxious (WebMD, 2013). When studying worry, scientists found more activity in the left-hemisphere (WebMD, 2013). Worry is associated more with obsessing, going over and over something, or making up stories in your head. Anxietydisorders affect about 19 million Americans and most anxietydisorders begin in childhood, teenage years, and early adulthood (Henig, 2009). They also occur slightly more often in women than in men.
When the brain recognizes that you’re not in danger anymore, the Parasympathetic Nervous System starts to work and does the exact opposite, to bring the systems back to normal. Sometimes the brain gets stuck in the Sympathetic mode,...
Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a form of anxietydisorder that is the result of witnessing or experiencing a terrifying event. As human beings, whenever we sense that we are in danger, there is a natural “fight or flight” response that serves to protect ourselves from harm. In post traumatic stress disorder this response is flawed, which leaves an overwhelming sense of anxiety and fear even when there is no sign of a prominent danger. Once called “Shell Shock” PTSD is the lasting consequence of an ordeal in which a person was faced with serious harm or death. Rape, military combat, a car accident and even natural disasters are all potential reasons for PTSD. The reaction to such trauma varies within each individual, some people may only develop ASD or acute stress disorder which will disappear in a couple of weeks, but others whose symptoms continue and become disruptive in their daily lives have encountered post traumatic stress disorder. (Katz, 2012) (Goldberg, 2013)
Most often symptoms start occurring three months after an event but some people can experience delayed onset, where symptoms develop 6 months or longer after the trauma. PTSD causes a multitude of symptoms that are linked into the following categories: reliving, avoiding and increased arousal. Any reminders such as objects, situations or even a person’s thoughts can trigger re-experiencing the...
...What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is one of the most fundamental emotions shared by all species of animals. When confronted with danger, the fight or flight response of the sympathetic nervous system is triggered so that we are prepared to react and protect ourselves. Without anxiety and its physiological manifestations, such as hypersensitivity to environment and enhanced blood supply to leg muscles, the likelihood of harm or disaster in threatening situations would undoubtedly dramatically increase. A moderate amount of anxiety also has the result of prompting individuals to prepare for certain events, such as exams and presentations, that clearly benefit from this action.
Anxiety is a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. Anxietydisorders, however, are different. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life.
An anxietydisorder is a serious mental illness. For people with anxietydisorders, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be crippling.
Anxiety is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints and rumination. It is...