Choose any one or two stories from the collection and explore how Carter uses language to present any two non-human characters.
Angela Carter’s stories are colourful and vivid, partly because they feature extremes and represent hopes and fears of ordinary people. Fear is usually of disaster, death or being eaten by ugly, fearful, supernatural beings and monsters. The hopeful, optimistic side is unrealistically represented by beautiful heroines and courageous, handsome heroes. Carter uses this hybrid of horror and wishfulfillment, but uses ornate, rococo and baroque language, heightening the emotion and developing the mood.
Carter illustrates non-human characters within “The Courtship of Mr Lyon” and “The Tiger’s Bride” by using highly metaphorical language, with many adjectives to a single noun which creates in depth descriptions of the attitudes and features of the non-human beings. By utilising simple characters, Carter projects her emphasis onto texture, colour and sensation with her sophisticated language.
Within “The Courtship of Mr Lyon”, the lion is illustrated by highly metaphorical lexis: “mazy head of hair, on the eyes green as agate, on the golden hairs of the great paws…”
These are connotations of a non-human creature, emphasised by the triplet and the use of the adjective “great” reflects the lion to be dominant and of power – which portrays his status. In addition his actions are that of an animal: “He reared on his hind legs like an angry lion, yet he wore a smoking jacket.” This amusing description compromises human and non-human qualities, therefore creating a surreal image as if the lion wants to be viewed by others as human. However, when the girl meets the lion, she is adamant that “a lion is a lion and a man is a man.” Although the lion wants to be personified as human, the parallel structure used by the girl indicates she has a natural fear of difference. Furthermore, we are given the impression the girl feels sorry for the...
...story of Adam and Eve, the creation of man and woman and temptation, drastically impacts the way women are portrayed in society as well as their rights as citizens. Eve, the first woman ever created, gives into temptation of the tree of knowledge and the devil according to the Bible. Eve thus imprinted a sense of vulnerability, lack of common sense and impurity on women throughout literature. In the late 20th century and now in the 21st century women and men are trying to change the way society see women as an inferior race. Angela Carter through her novel The BloodyChamber she uses her feminist perspective to try and change the role of women in literature and how they have been negatively imprinted through the biblical character Eve.
Women in countless novels, stories and fairytales are frail old women, menaces to society, a poor orphaned girl, a prissy princess or a wicked witch. These five types of characters are the building blocks that every author uses when developing the attributes for the women in their story. Although these five characters may seem miniscule compared to the slew of women in Western literature, they serve for the main components of what many women resemble in literature back to the biblical character Eve. Eve was categorized as a seductress with a distinct sexual appeal that allowed men, who were at the time the main gender writing novels, to create women, many in iconic...
...How does Carter present the experience of the girl in The BloodyChamber?
Carter has directed the narrative mostly, although not completely, from the older woman in the text, speaking back on the past (therefore past tense) as a first person narrative. There is interjections of dialogue throughout the text, although it is mostly constructed as a written text, as if the older women is writing in a diary, but has interjections of dialogue, possibly showing her memory traveling back and replaying moments. This is shown via the narrator speaking as if she remembers them, and then refers to them, such as: ‘And, ah! His castle’, ‘And surrounded by so many mirrors!’ These interjections break up the text, and give it more a feeling of an interview than a solid written text, as if she is dictating the story to someone.
Throughout the bloodychamber, there is a use of several narrative voices, although for the most part, the narrative voice is that of the older protagonist. This is mostly strongly shown in the middle of the story where extravagant, knowledgeable language is used to describe how she would have to dress up to eat dinner alone by her older voice, before it slipping into her younger self after the ellipsis, ‘to dress up in one of my Poiret extravaganzas with the jewelled turban and aigrette on my head | all alone in the baronial dining hall | at which King Mark was reputed to...
...Monomyth and personal quest of the heroine in AngelaCarter’s The BloodyChamber
Literatura inglesa contemporánea
2010 – 2011
All the great mythologies and much of the mythic story-telling of the world are from the male point of view. When I was writing The Hero with a Thousand Faces and wanted to bring female heroes in, I had to go to the fairy tales. These were told by women to children, you know, and you get a different perspective. It was the men who got involved in spinning most of the great myths. The women were too busy; they had too damn much to do to sit around thinking about stories.
The first conclusion that we could draw from Joseph Campbell’s statement is that myths are told by men, and fairy tales are told by women, that while men went out to create the myths, women stayed home and thought about them, and created their own myths, this time with a feminine hero, with a heroine. Certainly, many of the myths are told from a masculine point of view, all the good deeds are narrated in detail, and the hero eventually saves the princess. This part of saving the maiden in danger is just a part of the hero’s journey, while in a fairy tale, the maiden is saved by someone who appeared from nowhere just in the right moment (the forester in Little Red Hood, or the prince in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs). I should say that myths are about heroes saving the world,...
...As a feminist author, writing in the 1970’s post-feminist movement, it is no surprise that a focus on gender constructions and stereotypes is hugely apparent in ‘The BloodyChamber’ and many of the texts in this ‘remarkable collection’ are indicative of Carter’s own feminist opinions. The gothic elements of Femme Fatale and Byronic hero are both explored within the texts and it can be argued that Carter used this anthology as a method of challenging the ideas of a male-dominated society by telling ‘new stories not retelling’ the classic fairytales in which women are portrayed as weak and helpless, and the male characters are traditionally obliged to rescue the woman from a form of danger. However, it could be argued the remaining hostility towards the feminist movement may have prevented Carter from further challenging the conventions of gender stereotypes; therefore some of the stories follow the suggestion that the male characters still hold power over the females.
It is evident in many of the texts that the conventions of female roles are reversed, and particularly in the title story, in which the character of the Mother is portrayed as the strong character from early on in the novelette. The fact that she “shot a man-eating tiger with her own hand” is a cataphoric reference to the killing of the Marquis at the end of the story. The compound adjective ‘man-eating’ emphasizes that the savage animal was a predator of men rather...
...Comparative essay – Tigers bride and the Courtship of Mr Lyon
The BloodyChamber collection by Angela Carter is a selection of short gothic retellings of well known fairy tales. Two of the works “The Tigers Bride” and “The Courtship of Mr Lyon” are both based from the story Beauty and the beast. Beauty and the beast is a traditional French tale first created in 1740. As they are based off the same text it’s not surprising that they have some very similar elements, however their differences are where the deepest questions are to be asked.
From the opening of each story the characters of Beauty both have very distinct personalities, in the Tigers bride in the first line we are handed is a cynical statement from Beauty “My father lost me to the beast at cards”, instantly she is complaining about her own hardship and we become under the impression that she cares only for herself. However in the Courtship of Mr Lyon we hear from Beauty in the first paragraph “I hope he’ll be safe” her only concern is for her father’s safety, not for her own, we hear the emotion in this and I understand her to be the type of girl to express her emotion unlike the Beauty from Tiger’s bride. We know this because of the way Carter uses the object of these sentences to give clue of their personality, Beauty (tigers bride) uses “me” as the object so the statement is steered towards herself whereas Beauty (Courtship of Mr Lyon)...
...'Language is not just about learning material, it is about understanding its use in the real world. Discuss.' (35 marks)
In child language acquisition, there are many different theories for explaining how language is acquired. The debate over nature vs nurture is based upon the belief that language is either innate, so we’re born with it, or we simply imitate other people and gradually learn the meaning of the words. The two theories that believe that language has to be understood fully before we can use it, are the behaviourism and the nativism theories.
The behaviourist theory is a nurture theory that highlights the input of the caregivers to the child, by claiming that children acquire language through imitation of other people. The theory was developed by Skinner, a psychologist, who wrote a book called ‘verbal behavior’. His research for the theory came from testing on animals such as rats and pigeons to see their gut noise responses. He suggested that children are ‘trained’ to speak. He thought that input from adults lead to children’s speech output. His theory showed that children learn pragmatics such as humour and politeness through imitation. Therefore, children can use these pragmatics in the real world as they can link them to times that they have heard adults use them e.g. if an adult knocks something over and...
...Carter’s The BloodyChamber, uses pornography to critique the inequity of sexual relationships between males and females by focusing on the objectification and violence inherent in normative sexual gender roles. The text analyses and exploits the style and language of pornography to satirize the objectification of women (Barry 1995: 126). Additionally, The BloodyChamber integrates that if a through the objectification of the woman, she becomes the subject of violence. The only means of change is through self realization and self actualization, when she liberated from the position of dehumanization. Cater utilizes numerous literary devices, such as symbolism, imagery, and satire to scrutinize the relationship between the oppressed and objectified female and the dominant male.
The text uses the occurrence of sex as an act of aggression, erotic brutality, and dominance in which the male partner is seen as sadistic and the female partner is seen as oppressed. This is portrayed by The Marquis’ wives, both past and present, as he objectifies them by placing them on display, enabling him to manipulate and mold them to satisfy his perverse erotic tastes. Additionally, all of the female roles are unnamed, only referred to by jobs for example the Mother, the Opera Singer, the Evening Star Walking on the Rim of Night, and the Romanian Countess (Carter 1990: 4),...
...The BloodyChamber pages 11 to top of 15
In this extract the unnamed narrator and the Marquis consummate their marriage. We see this build up to their consummation where the Marquis teases her, enjoying her discomfort. Left about the in the ‘library’ she discovers a ‘Rops’ picture which is symbolic of their own relationship. Delighted to have found the narrator entranced with what she had seen. the Marquis relishes in her naivety and finally takes her virginity. Leaving her feeling exposed he announces his departure for America.
Within these four pages, Carter uses their sexual encounter to explore patriotic views on men through the characteristics of the Marquis and his treatment of the girl. This encounter foreshadows the outcome of the story but also reinforces the Gothic theme that she is renowned for.
Carter begins by using a simile to compare the girl to food: “gourmand that he was, as if he were stripping the leaves of an artichoke.” The fact that the Marquis is described as ‘gourmand’ implies that he is an expert at what he does and therefore takes advantage of his power. In addition, the imagery of the girl as an ‘artichoke’ suggests cannibalism, reinforcing his beastly attributes. The verbal pre-modification “Stripping” symbolises the Marquis taking away her innocence. Carter uses the simile “bare as a lamb chop” to describe the girl, reinforcing her innocence, as the connotations of a lamb can be...