You and I are very lucky we live in the twentieth century. There are not as many irrational yet accepted laws, beliefs and norms that stifle our creativity and autonomy. You could be a vegetarian and no one will condemn you for not eating meat. You could wear unconventional clothing if you want to and just let people stare at eccentricity. You have the right to choose to be part of a religion or otherwise. Yes, our ways of life today are different from what people practiced in the sixteenth century. Even freedom of speech is encouraged among young people nowadays when in those days, adolescents were hardly allowed to speak what was on their mind. Not only adolescents but also women were regarded as inferior and not privileged to express their opinions. They were considered unfit for something as important as freedom of speech especially when the topic was religion. Religion was not something anyone could talk about freely. It is not to be questioned at all. A victim of this absurd century was Anne Hutchinson. She expressed her opinions about her religious beliefs without reservations and unfortunately, faced a regrettable punishment in the end. Anne Hutchinson overtly portrayed nonconformity in the society she was part of in terms of her religious beliefs, practices and most importantly, gender, which eventually led to an unjust trial and verdict.
From the beginning to the end of her trial, Hutchinson believed she was not guilty. "I am called here to answer before you but I hear no things laid to my charge," says Anne at the beginning of the trial. The jury was frustrated with her words but they continued to present evidence they believed was enough to convict Anne. One of their evidences was that she was blasphemous. In her words, "He hath let me see which was the clear ministry and which the wrong. Since that time I confess I have been more choice and he hath left me to distinguish between the voice of my beloved and the voice of Moses, the voice of John the...
...The Trial of AnneHutchinson
The first word that comes to mind is unbelievable. AnneHutchinson choose to privately believe in a theory that the Puritans way of thinking, was not the only or right way to think about religion. At first the Bay Colony found Anne to be an upright female citizen with knowledge and contributions to offer, as long as those contributions stayed within the theories and beliefs of the Puritans as they were known as “the people of God”. Governor Winthrop believed that in order to carry out the wishes of God against those whose beliefs were different or controversial was to use the theory of criminology to protect the public’s Christian needs over the needs of the private Christian.
AnneHutchinson tried to be smart about her beliefs and teachings, she did not go public with her doctrines at the Bay Colony nor did she publicize her feelings on how the state should be changed from its current state. I think about how defeated she must have felt at times even scared but never letting her fears get the best of her. However, she still could not escape from being accused of “countenancing and incouraging “. She was also accused of holding meetings in her home which the General Assembly deemed as a condemned house because a female was not worthy of holding such meetings.
After being wrongly accused she defended herself to the General...
...AnneHutchinson: An Early Feminist
In 1637, women were considered servants of their husbands, and child bearing creatures of many. There were set rules “enforced by the Puritans” which stated women should only bear as many children as possible, raise them, take care of their husbands, and then remain quiet. They were seen as “morally feeble creatures”, who could do no more than “lead men to damnation if [men were to allow them] to form an opinion or express a [belief].”  AnneHutchinson of the Massachusetts Bay Colony challenged the standard ways of women, however, when she was brought forth at the Court at Newton regarding private meetings in her home which involved discussing God and religion. The trial, written as the Document “The Examination of Mrs. AnneHutchinson at the Court at Newton” can be viewed as a piece of the emergence of early feminism, and allows readers to acknowledge the place women were given in the Puritan society.
AnneHutchinson, born Anne Marbury in Alford, Lincolnshire, England July, 1591 was born into a family of a very intelligent man, who she grew to admire and look after. Anne was home-schooled, and became very intrigued by religion and theology at a young age. She read her father’s books, and studied religion as much as possible. She grew up to be a very smart, determined,...
Biographical Essay: AnneHutchinson
Born in Lincolnshire, England in 1591 AnneHutchinson was a puritan spiritual advisor whose strong religious convictions caught the attention of many puritans in the New England area. She was a key role model in the developing time of New England’s colonies and was also recognized for her contribution to the history of women’s ministry. Hutchinson stood up for what she believed in, even when it wasn’t the popular opinion. She was and still is a role model for women and religious leaders all over the world.
Born to a family with strong puritan believes and a father that was an Anglican minister, Anne grew up with a lot of religious influences. Her father had ideas and beliefs that often clashed with his superiors. Anne of course followed in his footsteps. She was well educated with schooling that was usually exclusive for boys and men and always formed her own opinions. Anne married her husband William Hutchinson in 1612 and then began her life journey. She and William began following the religious beliefs of John Cotton. Cotton’s spiritual message and beliefs were unlike any others. He was known as one of the leading puritan ministers in all of New England. His theory focused on “absolute grace” which very much interested Anne. In fact, she then began to hold weekly meetings at...
...Why was AnneHutchinson such a threat to Puritan society that leaders decided to banish her? Remember that other dissenters in Puritan society were treated differently. Be sure to consider social, political, and religious reasons. This situation was more complex than a bunch of fanatical or sexist leaders using their power to oppress, so make sure you approach the complexity of the history appropriately.
AnneHutchinson was an outspoken, confident woman who, just like John Winthrop, left England to find religious reform in the new world. Governor Winthrop had a dream to build a puritan society with strict rules on his “city on the hill”. He was not going to let AnneHutchinson, a forceful woman with unique religious beliefs, decompose his plan.
Anne developed a respectful reputation during her early years in New England as a midwife, healer and a devout Christian. It was because of this reputation and her general magnetic personality that drew people to her. She was an intelligent woman, which was rare, so people wanted to listen to what she had to say. This would have been fine, except what she wanted to talk about was her religious beliefs. A woman preaching in a Puritan rich colony was unacceptable and was not to be tolerated. Although, the strong willed Anne, who finally had the freedom to express her religious beliefs was not about to quit....
...AnneHutchinson Versus Massachusetts
AnneHutchinson, filled with a strong sense of religious destiny, was trialled and punished for exposing the flaws in the Puritans doctrine.
AnneHutchinson troubled the commonwealth and the churches beliefs in Massachusetts. In return, she was accused of traducing, humiliating and causing disgrace by making malicious and false statements through accusing the ministers of preaching a covenant of works. In the end, she was prosecuted and excommunicated.
The story of AnneHutchinson is of much significance because it illustrates the importance of how hard the freedom of religion is to come by. She was a firm self-believer and had many advocates in support of her religious destiny. However, the majority saw her as a pest that needed to be removed from their society. She was a talented woman who “knew how to speak the language of religious comfort to the sick.”
One thing I found important is her gender. It was a very patriarchal society with patriarchal values. An important factor in their decision was based on how her beliefs were unfit for her gender.
Another thing I found important is the fact that the ministers who were to be witnesses against her were also her judges. In their community, the church was the government, and whatever the majority thought, ruled. This was extremely biased and...
Thesis Statement: AnneHutchinson is a famous Puritan Leader who lived during the 15th and 16th century, Anne changed the role of women of her time period drastically because of her deep belief to freedom of speech.
I. Early Years
A. Anne was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England. As a young girl Anne quickly began to follow in her father’s footsteps learning everything he ever knew about the Puritan ways and teaching her all about John Cotton, the man who helped start the Puritan’s Religious views. (AnneHutchinson, para #3)
B. Her father, Francis Marbury, was an English minister and a deacon of the Church of England. As a young, married adult she and her husband along with their 15 children moved to Boston because of their personal beliefs.(AnneHutchinson, para #1)
II. Life on her own.
A. She married a man named William Hutchinson, and stayed in her hometown in England and raised 15 children with him. Anne held private religious preaching ceremonies in her house because of her busy schedule as a married, stay at home, working mother. (AnneHutchinson, para #5)
III. The Trial of AnneHutchinson.
A. When the governor of Boston found out about the private...
September 19, 2005
The Threat of AnneHutchinson
What had AnneHutchinson done?
Why was AnneHutchinson such a threat to the Massachusetts Bay colony?
How was Anne Hutchinson's trial an ordeal for her and how was it an ordeal for
AnneHutchinson, for centuries now, has been seen as a woman who
paved the way for religious freedom. She was a great leader in the cause for
religious toleration in America and the advancement of women in society. AnneHutchinson was "a magnetic woman of extraordinary talent and intellect" as well
as a woman "who quickly gained respect among Boston's women as a midwife,
healer, and spiritual counselor" (AP, p. 92).
Although Hutchinson is documented to have been banished as a religious
dissenter, the real motive for her persecution was that she challenged the
submissive role of women in Puritan society by standing up and expressing her
own religious convictions.
AnneHutchinson seemed destined for banishment from the Puritan
Church and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. She had a strong demeanor, no doubt
from the 14 children she bore to her husband William, and possessed an avid
interest in religion and theology. Add to this the influence of John Cotton, and the
fact that her father...
...virginia.edu/%7eCAP/PURITAN/purhist.html#pil, 3). Roger Williams and AnneHutchinson believed and preached “Individualisme”
Puritan ideas further than they were meant to go in the context of the colony’s hierarchal society (http://xroads.virginia.edu/%7eCAP/PURITAN/purhist.html#pil, 5). In consequence, the religious leaders of the community decided to banish them.
AnneHutchinson had many religious beliefs that where in conflict with the Massachusetts Bay Colony church leaders. Hutchinson was considered “an outbreak of dangerous individualism” with her Quaker idea of “inner light” which allowed everyone direct access to God (http://xroads.virginia.edu/%7eCAP/PURITAN/purhist.html#pil, 5). This was in direct conflict with the Puritan belief that “the Bible was the Lord’s revealed word, and only through it does He directly communicate to human beings” http://xroads.virginia.edu/%7eCAP/PURITAN/purhist.html#pil, 5). At the church of Boston, she was thought to have brought two errors with her.
“1. That the person of the Holy Ghost dwells in a justified person. 2. That no sanctification can help to evidence to us our justification. From these two grew many branches; as, 1, Our union with the Holy Ghost, so as a Christian remains dead to every spiritual action, and hath no gifts nor graces, other than such as are in hypocrites, nor any other sanctification but the Holy Ghost Himself” (NAAL, 160)....