Home Assignment 2: Summary of the Empirical Article
The primary goal of the authors of this article was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy as a treatment for three eating disorders—purging and nonpurging bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. These three eating disorders all have something in common, as they are all classified as mental disorders. Because these disorders share some common ground, the researchers wanted to look at where they differed—in this case, how people suffering from these eating disorders differed in treatment response to cognitive behavioral therapy and how the rates of dropout from treatment differed. It was explained in the background section that clinical differences between people diagnosed with these three disorders have been studied but differences in treatment responses have never been formally investigated. The authors hypothesized that the subjects with binge eating disorder would show the most improvement from the CBT treatment along with the lowest dropout rate, while they predicted that subjects with purging bulimia would show the least improvement from the treatment along with the highest dropout rate. Subjects with nonpurging bulimia were predicted to have dropout and treatment success rates somewhere between the rates for the other two groups.
The primary findings of the authors was that, among the subjects that completed the full CBT program, there was the highest number of patients in full remission from the binge eating disorder group. There were fewer patients in full remission from both of the bulimia groups (the rates were similar between these two groups). They also found that there was a higher dropout rate from the treatment program among the patients with binge eating disorder compared to the patients with bulimia. The treatment dropout rates were similar for patients with purging and nonpurging bulimia. It is important to note that the researchers took other factors into account...
Abnormal Psychology 280
April 17th, 2013
CBT also known as cognitive-behavioraltherapy “…helps individuals make changes not only in their overt behavior but also in their underlying thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes” (Nevid, 113). CBT helps you become aware of inaccurate or negative thinking, so you can view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way. It can be very useful to most people who are suffering from a mental illness such as anxiety and depression. Not only does CBT help with mental illness, it can help someone overcome stressful situations.
CBT is the preferred choice of psychotherapy because it “takes fewer sessions and is a lot quicker to help someone” (Mayoclinic). The type of emotional challenges it helps are trauma, helps resolve relationship conflicts, grief, prevent a relapse, and ways to manage a medical illness. Some mental illnesses it helps treat sleep/sexual disorders, eating disorders like anorexia, schizophrenia, and even phobias. In some cases “[CBT] is most effective when combined with
other treatments and medications.
Cognitive-behavioraltherapy is the most effective therapy when it comes to depression and anxiety. Most effective physiological treatment for severe depression and it is as effective as antidepressants. There are some problems with CBT just like any other type...
Cognitivebehavioral therapy’s reduction of stress and improvements in sleeping habits
Stress affects every person in two different dimensions; it is either positive or negative. When stress leads a person to positive outcomes, it can be looked at as beneficial because it could possibly enhance confidence, performance and lead to outstanding end results. But if stress has a negative effect on a person’s life it can lead to physical and psychological destruction (Cooper et al, 2002). The larger workloads increased working hours and increased pressure to compete on a global level. Companies increased the occupational stress of the human resource. According to the Salleh (2008) Occupational stress is a real problem and cost that an organization needs to address to effectively navigate the business world (Riaz, A., & Ramzan, M 2013). Understanding where stress comes from and how to manage it properly can have astounding effects on a person’s life. The mental issue of stress is one of the most crippling and expensive conditions facing both the employers and employees; because of this insurance agencies have begun to focus on their ability to reduce stress, anxiety and depression through Cognitivebehavioraltherapy (The value of cognitivebehavioraltherapy 2012). Companies need to offer a proper stress management to...
Jennifer Z Lewis
Cognitivebehavioraltherapy is a form of treatment that helps clients detect and change dysfunctional and false thought and behavioral patterns through restructuring of their thought process. Cognitivebehavioraltherapy has shown to be effective with many areas of mental distress including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and substance abuse. Cognitivebehavioraltherapy has three main founders: Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, and Donald Meichenbaum. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses. Weaknesses of cognitivebehavioraltherapy include rigidity and lack of insight into ones past, which can create a cycling pattern in which the problems could resurface. Strengths of the theory are its use in anxiety disorders, phobias and depression, and helps people gain insight into their “disorder” allowing them to break free of the stigma of the mental illness label (Lam, 2008). Other strengths include retraining wrong self-beliefs and thought patterns, and its successful use in brief therapy scenarios. Care must be taken to ensure that cognitivebehavioraltherapy is the right fit for the client and if...
...Theory Critique on:
Aaron Beck is known as the pioneer of cognitivetherapy, which has been a
utilized approach to psychotherapy. Beck attempted to further Freud’s theory of
depression; however, the research moved more towards errors in logic, coined “cognitive distortions” which were deemed the basis of underlying dysfunction and depression. The fundamental aspect of cognitivetherapy, which later integrated components of behaviorism, was the carry-over of negative beliefs that reflected the individual’s pathological behavior.
In addition to Beck, Albert Ellis contributed to the development of a cognitive based theory in his combination of humanism, philosophy, and behavior therapy when he formed rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT). Ellis continues to provide therapy and speaking engagements as a means of continuing his work and developing this form of psychotherapy.
Cognitive-behavior therapy includes the restructuring of an individuals own statements and beliefs to develop resemblance with his or her behavior. The theory is founded on the belief there exists a relationship between...
Effects of Cognitive-BehavioralTherapy on Anxiety in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Doesn’t the name of this article just make you want to figure out what it’s going to be about? It did for me and after seeing the name of this study I found myself more than interested. Going into this paper I had no idea of what to write about. When I seen the title of this study, I immediately wanted to find out more about what cognitive-behavioraltherapy is, and how it was used on children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, also known as ASD, and those that suffer from an anxiety disorder. My mom is a special education teacher at an elementary school so I have been around Autism for quite a while and I had never heard of ASD. Through further research, I found that ASD is just a broader term than Autism. Autism is just a specific diagnosis, as to where ASD is a category that withholds similar disorders.
In this 16-week program, the effects of a Cognitive-BehavioralTherapy (CBT) program, and a Social Recreational (SR) program, on children that suffer from an anxiety disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder was compared. The study was conducted on seventy children, varying in age from nine, to sixteen years old. What was being looked at was a comparison of two different programs being conducted on these...
...Historical Origins & Major Contributions:
In the early 1960’s there was a drift towards Cognitive Behavior Therapy as people turned away out of disappointment in the psychodynamic theory for psychotherapy. Also at this time social learning theory was the new and upcoming study. This is when Cognitive theory emerged with Alfred Adler. He was the first Cognitive therapist who came up with the idea that an individuals beliefs and ideas is what makes up their behavior (Lantz, 1996). He believed that this type of psychotherapy would allow the clients to make changes in the way they think to change their behavior and solve their problems.
Alfred Adler was not the only contributor to Cognitive theory. Between the late 1950’s and early 1960’s Albert Ellis came up with dysfunctional thinking or emotions that come from irrational beliefs. He sought out to change these unclear emotions with psychotherapy and by challenging these beliefs. His books are very well known and used a lot of by different therapist. He is basically considered the grandfather of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and his ABC model is used widely. Albert came up with Rational-emotive therapy, which was later on changed to Rational-emotive behavior therapy because Ellis wanted his clients to act upon their new beliefs by putting them into practice (Wilde, 1996, p. 9). Others who...
...anxiety. Zoloft and Paxil are two examples of antidepressants that are used for post-traumatic stress disorder. Anti-anxiety medications can improve feelings of anxiety and less stress (Katsounari, 2011).
Several types of therapy can be used to treat children and adults with post-traumatic stress disorder. More than one can be used, or combining the different types is tried before finding which one works for the individual. You may also try individual therapy, group therapy or both. Group therapy can offer a way to connect to others going through similar experiences (Peirce, 2009). Cognitivetherapy is a form of talk therapy used to help change the way of thinking. In this therapy the purpose is to perceive a normal situation positive, instead of thinking negative about it. When treating post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitivetherapy is used along with a behavioraltherapy called exposure therapy. This technique helps the victim confront the same thing that is terrifying to them. The purpose of exposure therapy is to help the victim cope with the situation that is traumatizing to them. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is another form of therapy that is used in treating post-traumatic stress disorder. This form of therapy...
...such approach that will be focused on throughout this essay is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Different from the many other forms of psychotherapy cognitive behaviour therapy has been proved scientifically to be effective in hundreds of clinical trials for many different disorders. (Beck 2013). This particular approach is generally more focused on the present whereas other approaches taken can be more orientated towards looking into the past of the client. Cognitive behavioural therapy therefore focuses with the current issues and problems of the client. It is usually more problem-solving orientated and more restricted by the amount of time limited to treatment. A bonus of effective cognitive behavioural therapy is that patients will develop skills that will aid them to; identify distorted thinking; modify their beliefs; relate to others in different ways, and change their behaviour. These skills can be useful not just after therapy but for the rest of their lives (Beck website). However, by failing to consider the past experiences of a person and only focusing on the here and now can this approach to therapy not have negative consequences towards the thinking or behaviour of a person also? What happens in peoples past can surely have some form of effect on how that person is thinking or behaving in the present. The...