A recent study by Dr. Ming D. Li shows that alcoholism (the addiction to alcohol) may actually be linked to a genetic trait- making alcoholism a product of nature. Dr. Li is the head of neurobiology at the University of Virginia, and states that this research is “unique” because it shows that a single gene variation- one which alters the brain’s control of serotonin, a mood influencing neurological chemical- is connected to a kind of behavior: alcoholism.
“This research really takes the next step down the line,” said Dr. Robert Philbert, Director of the Laboratory of Psychiatric Genetics at the University of Iowa.
Though this research does prove that nature (or genetics) is the cause of alcoholism, the study says these genes only account for 40 to 50% of a person’s risk of becoming an alcoholic- the rest of the risk spawns from the atmosphere and environment in which the individual develops. Li also cautioned that it is unlikely that a single genetic trait by itself would make someone more susceptible to alcoholism. It is more likely that a genetic variation works with other genes to raise the risk, he said.
It is my personal opinion that alcoholism is more likely based on nurture than nature. Environmental factors have a larger influence than genetics. I feel that alcoholism, although ones genes may predispose them to the disease, can be controlled, or even stopped from ever beginning. It is my belief that if a person wills themselves not to drink alcohol insatiably, then they can do so. Alcoholism is a conscious decision that individuals can control with a strong mindset. Without one, however, the disease can control...
...Alcoholism: Nature Versus Nurture
For years people have argued that alcoholism is a choice and not a learned or inherited disease. These people will normally agree that yes, children are in fact influenced by family, but purely of a social nature, and that this disease is actually caused by poor economic status, poor social upbringings, or merely by imitating the behaviors of those who raised them. However, research has proven that in a great deal of cases there is in fact enormous basis for alcoholism being a genetic or inherited disease. While genetics cannot predict alcoholics very well, research can show that one can be born to be an alcoholic; the action and reaction taken in spite of or because of this gene however determines the outcome. When paired with a poor social upbringing it can prove to be quite difficult for one to overcome the influences that are trying to determine their lifestyle choices. As with everything in our lives alcoholism is a product of Nature versus Nurture, completely made up by both.
In “The Behavioral Genetics of Alcoholism” Matt McGue explains some of the people who are at a higher risk for alcoholism. “People who were reared in an environment where drinking was tolerated and encouraged, people suffering from a mental illness and people who are biologically related to an alcoholic”...
Homosexuality, Addictions and Intelligence
There have always been disputes on whether the decision to be homosexual or heterosexual was based on biological or environmental factors. These disputes are known as the Naturevs. Nurture argument. The two sides argue over how gender is chosen within a person. Based on reproductive organs, sex is easily determined at birth: male or female. Gender, however; is the sexual identity an individual takes on. It is possible for sex and gender to be different.
For an example of nurture children who were both born with an injured or damaged reproductive organ, males usually can be raised successfully as females. In order to understand which factor is the deciding factor of a person’s gender, both sides of the case must be fully evaluated. DNA studies which appear to prove that gender is a genetic trait. Researchers have analyzed the makeup of the human brain of homosexuals and heterosexuals seeking a connection between gender and the brains physiology. They found when studying the part of the brain directly related to a persons’ sexual drive, that homosexuals had an enlarged hypothalamus, whereas heterosexuals had a normal one indicating a direct correlation between the brain and gender selections (AllPsych).
In researching DNA’s role in gender identity, some scientist have identified the gene that determines...
Child Development p.3
Naturevs. NurtureNaturevs. Nurture
There is a constant battle between researchers from different fields saying almost all traits come from genetic makeup and that traits are based off of the environment a person is living in. When it comes down to the argument of nature versus nurture, there is no clear answer. Based on the research, I believe the environment plays a larger role in determining a person’s traits than genes do. The way an individual is raised can have different influences on their intelligence and how they will end up as adults. Family is also a major role in the upbringing of a child.
When a person in raised in an environment with negative factors, they could be slightly off mentally, and even physically, as an adult. A person that grows up with parents that are addicted to toxic substances, it is believed they have a greater risk of being addicts throughout their life because that is what they were raised with. However, some researchers believe it is in your genes to be an addict if your mother was doing drugs or drinking will pregnant. That is wrong. An individual raised with addicts have parents have the ability to make the choice to be different from their parents and to stay away from toxic substances. Studies show that addiction is 50-60% genetic. (Genetics of Addiction 2014). There are still...
...Alcoholism and the Naturevs. Nurture Argument
Does the environment that one grows up in contribute to alcoholism or is alcoholism determined by genetics? It wasn’t until 1991 that alcoholism was considered both a medical and psychiatric disease by the American Medical Association. Alcoholism is defined in the dictionary as a chronic disorder characterized by dependence on alcohol, repeated excessive use of alcoholic beverages, the development of withdrawal symptoms on reducing or ceasing intake, morbidity that may include cirrhosis of the liver, and decreased ability to function socially and vocationally. (dictionary.com). It is also defined as an addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental illness and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency. Today in America there are 12 million who have this life long disease. (Alcohol and Depression) Alcoholism is a treatable disease, but one of the most important factors when trying to successfully treat this disease and prevent relapse, is finding its root cause. This is where the naturevs. nurture debate merges with alcoholism. Researchers have two main theories as to why certain individuals become and alcoholic and others can continue to drink socially with no issues. The first belief is that...
...Psych 111 030 Paper #1 Elliot Schaja
Dr. Grayson 2/14/2011
A personal characteristic that fits well into the naturevs. nurture debate is my Arithmetic ability. While this attribute can be defined as my actual math ability, measured by my high school and college grade-point-average in Math courses as well as my SAT scores on the Math section, I am also referring to the advantages assimilated with “being good at math.” This includes being able to think in an analytical way to solve puzzles and being able to estimate certain calculations with greater proximity such as tipping a waitress. After analyzing how my math skills have developed throughout my life, I have noticed the incredible influence both nature and nurture have had on me.
Throughout the course of my life, nature has played a significant role in my observable math abilities. Nature refers to the characteristics that are inherited from our parents. In my case, both my mother and father have very strong analytical backgrounds that lead me to believe that my arithmetic skills are inherited genes. My mother studied economics and graduated with a degree in business from Columbia University before spending a majority of her career in finance. My father majored in Physics in his undergraduate studies, earned a...
When we first started learning about the age old question of naturevs. nurture, I agreed with the concept of nature. I hated the idea of nurture, that no one is truly unique. I was against that. I liked to think that everyone is individual. But then as I thought more about it, I started to not like the idea of Nature. That we dont have a choice in who we are, that it has all been decided for us.
I was thinking about a lot
of things that could affect how someone is. There are some things that can describe how someone is using both nature and nurture.
The question regarding nature and nurture can be argued either way and has by countless brilliant people and psychologists.There are lots of examples supporting both sides. But what does this mean for me? I am an 15 year old young girl trying to shape myself into an ideal person, I have tendencies, habits, talents, these come from both sides of the issue that we have before us, nature or nurture, what is it? For me I think it is a little of both, nurture can explain a lot of what is me, however it can't explain everything and for everything else we look to nature. I personally believe I am who I am because of both nature and...
It is a matter of concern whether human behaviors and characteristics are determined by nature or nurture. If a person’s behavior is inherited directly from the genes of his/her parents or other biological factors, then it is the nature that determines his character. But if the environment that a person grew up in, affects his behavior, then it is the nurture that determines his/her character. It became a great matter of controversy among scientists, psychologists and sociologists. Previously, many people believed that human behavior was instinctive. It can neither be taught nor learned. But later some psychologists came to the conclusion that human behavior is learned throughout the lifetime which is not instinctive. I believe that it is the combination of both nature and nurture that determine one’s characteristics. Nature only or nurture only cannot be the determining factors for one’s behavior and characteristic.
A person’s behavior is determined by the equal blend of nature and nurture. Brent Staples in his essay “Black Men and Pubic Space” proves that one’s character cannot always be determined by their race which is a biological factor or one’s upbringing and society. But both the nature and the nurture affect the way one behaves, “I...
...The concept ‘naturevs. nurture’ refers to the debate surrounding the influence of genetic factors and the environment in determining personality. It still remains contentious as to whether our personality is primarily determined by inherent genetics (biological approach) or by environmental conditioning (behaviourist approach). Shelley effectively embodies this life-long debate through the characterisation of Victor Frankenstein and the Frankenstein creature. She highlights the significance of the environment in creating personality as indicated by the influence of Victor’s home education and the creature’s character development. This essay shall hence illustrate that Frankenstein does not only engage with the naturevs. nurture debate, but significantly supports the behaviourist stance.
The prominence of the behaviourist approach in Frankenstein is made obvious in the first chapter. Victor Frankenstein nostalgically describes his warm and supportive father who ‘had devoted himself to the education of his children’1 from early on in Victor’s life. Victor enhances the significance of behaviourism as he states that ‘no creature could have more tender parents than mine’2 which highlights the loving and compassionate environment that Victor was brought up in. This explicitly presents elements of the behaviourist approach which attributes Victor’s education to his familial environment....