Alcohol Abuse Among the Elderly Population
Alcohol abuse among the elderly is a widespread problem through the United States. It is hard to discover by physicians and medical providers, because many of these people have been abusing alcohol secretly for years. The population is extremely unlikely to admit that they have problems with alcohol, especially during a routine health care visit. As many as 15% of the population over 65 may be heavy drinkers, although this number is hard to pin down.
Elderly people usually drink due to depression, loneliness and lack of social support. Most alcohol abuse comes from a lifetime history; whereas others develop alcoholic drinking patterns later in life.
Alcoholism accounts for more than 15% of health care costs in the elderly. It is associated with an estimated 100,000 deaths per year in the United States. Alcohol consumption can produce both benefits and risks. In terms of benefits, men who drink two to six alcoholic beverages per week have decreased mortality rates and lower cardiovascular disease when compared with abstainers. On the negative side, two studies of 300,000 men demonstrated increased mortality among those consuming more than 2 to 3 drinks daily. Women, are more affected by less alcohol than men, perhaps because they have a lower blood volume, and so it's distribution and decreased activity for gastric alcohol dehydrogenase are increased.
The primary care physician plays an important role in making the diagnosis and in helping the older alcoholic receive proper medical and psychological care.
As patients grow older, and develop conditions that require prescription and over the counter medications, opportunities for dangerous alcohol/drug interactions increase. Elderly patients should be encouraged to monitor their alcohol intake so that it does not conflict with their medications.
When a problem is identified, begin by counseling patients and the family. Increased...
...Running Head: Alcohol Misuse among the ElderlyAlcohol Misuse among the Elderly
Psychology of Adulthood and Aging
University of Southern Maine
Ruth Mugisha Brasier
Alcohol misuse in elderly people is a common but under recognized issue associated with major physical and psychological health problems. The misuse of alcoholamong the elderly develops later in life often due to issues such as bereavement, feeling of loneliness, or depression. The effects of alcohol may be increased in elderly patients because of pharmacologic changes associated with aging. Interactions between alcohol and drugs, prescription and over-the-counter, may also be more serious in elderly persons. Additionally, physiologic changes related to aging can alter the presentation of medical complications of alcoholism. Because alcohol misuse in the elderly has unique causes and characteristics, treatments designed specifically for the elderly might help combat this problem. Better integrated and outreach services are needed. Training of healthcare professionals in this area and pragmatic research should be prioritized to improve detection, treatment and service provision for this vulnerable and neglected population....
Intro- Sociology 110
Substance Abuseamong the Elderly
There seem to be a problem growing in our society today that is affecting our Elderly, which is substance abuse. The baby boomers born between 1946 and 1964 which are reaching the retirement age seem to be the rising population in treatment centers in the United States. The reason this is an important subject is simple; the elderly people whom I’m talking about are dying from overdose of prescription and non-prescription drugs, also someone’s mother or farther. Inasmuch, it is also costing a great deal of money to treat them, and also very profitable. What is causing the elderly to use drugs at such a high rate and at a really late stage in their lives? There is not just one variable in this matter I think it is a combination of variables that play a part in the use of substance abuse.
When a person gets to retirement age, they seem not to be able to function in their normal routine which causes some older people to fall into a state of depression. Not only depression but a sense lost loneliness and even aging pains. The word Anomie means, a lack of purpose. Anomie is the primary variable that drive the elderly to seek out a way to medicate these feelings Many older adults also have prescriptions for medications and use OCT (over-the-counter)...
May 21st, 2014
"National Institute on AlcoholAbuse and Alcoholism." Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 May 2014.
"AlcoholAbuse and Addiction." Alcohol and Tobacco: America's Drugs of Choice. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Information Plus Reference Series. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 May 2014.
"Drunkard Attacks Wife." Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Adrienne Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 40-42. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 May 2014.
Alcoholabuse is the habitual misuse of alcohol. As children move from adolescence to young adulthood, they encounter dramatic physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes. Developmental transitions, such as puberty and increasing independence, have been associated with alcohol use. Some, adolescence take a dark turn, especially when underage drinking is involved. “Everybody is doing it” so they do it too. They drink because they want to change something about their lives, however they increases the risk of academic failure, and can cause suicide and homicide. Research shows that annually about 4,700 people under age 21 die from injuries involving underage drinking.
People take drugs mainly...
It's very interesting that I find myself writing about something that not only is commonsense, but what is more, something that every one knows about in general but may not in particular. Alcohol use among teenagers is a serious problem and is responsible for death and injury in automobile accidents, physical and emotional disability, deterioration of academic performances, aggressive behavior that causes a number of other sociological problems in families and among friends. It is also the primary cause of criminal behavior and a leading cause of broken marriages. As we know it's a broad topic therefore I'll look at the role that alcohol plays in the society and it's impact on teenage addiction.
MATTER OF CONCERN (Causes and effects)
The age when young people are taking their first drink is becoming lower each year. Many studies show that preteens are experimenting with alcohol and many are already heavy drinkers (Cahalan 1997). It may be difficult for parents and teachers to believe that a seventh grade student can have an alcohol problem, but a study of student drinking practices shows that 5% of seventh-grade boys and 4.4% of seventh-grade girls are seriously abusing alcohol (Royce 1996). That's why we see the consequences in terms of antisocial behavior, school failure,...
Alcohol is one of the most readily available and most misused substances. Teenagers are going to experiment with drugs and alcohol, but they don’t seem to see the link between what they do today and the consequences on tomorrow. Alcoholabuse in teenagers is on the decline but it is also still the leading cause of teenage death. There are also long term and short term health effects that come along with abusingalcohol as a teenager. Children of alcoholics are a lot more likely to abusealcohol because of what they went through growing up. There are a ton of warning signs that your teenager will also display if they are abusing alcohol.
Teenage AlcoholAbuseAlcohol is the number one abused substance by teenagers. Experimentation with drugs and alcohol is common and the average age for first alcohol consumption is 12 years old. Teenagers experiment with drugs and alcohol and they don’t see the link between their actions today and their consequences tomorrow. Even though teenage alcoholabuse is on the decline, it is still one of the leading causes of death for teenagers. (Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs,2008)
There are a lot of warning signs to tell if your teenager is abusing alcohol....
...Alcoholabuse has quickly become one of the most common, yet detrimental issues in modern society. It is harmful to both the abuser, the abuser’s family and friends, and also society as a whole. Alcoholabuse is defined as “a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite its negative consequences” (“AlcoholAbuse”). While the definition may seem like a simple one,alcoholabuse is actually the complete opposite. It is a very complex issue with many variables accounting for the causes, effects and consequences, the tell-tale symptoms, and also how to begin to correct the problem.
There are very many reasons that a person may begin to abusealcohol at some point in life, and with the number of Americans alone that abusealcohol, these reasons are acceptable, at least to a certain extent. The popular news channel CBS has reported that according to a government study, more than thirty percent of American adults have, at some point, abused alcohol or have fallen victim to alcoholism (Roberts, “30% of Americans AbuseAlcohol…). Why is it that so many people fall prey to what is quite obviously a long, troublesome trap? A road filled with so many public examples that even the most stubborn of people wouldn’t dare trudge along.
...AlcoholAbuseAlcoholabuse is a very dangerous condition in that it can cause many
problems in a persons life and affect many aspects of their lifestyle.
Alcoholism (or alcoholabuse) somehow effects everyone's life at some point in
time; through a parent, a sibling, a friend, or even personal encounters.
Alcoholabuse, as a medical diagnosis, refers to a pattern of behavior
characterized by excessive alcohol consumption. This consumption can occur at
regular intervals, regular weekend intervals, or during binges, which are
considered as being intoxicated for at least two successive days. Difficulty in
stopping, reducing the amount of alcohol use, and impaired social/occupational
role functioning are all characteristics of alcoholabuse.
A number of theories in the medical feild are used to explain alcoholabuse. These are the biologic-genetic model, learning/social model, the
psychodynamic model, and the multidimensional model (McFarland 457). Each
different model, for alcoholism have varied explanations as to how and why
people use and abusealcohol.
The biologic-genetic model states that there is a specific genetic
vulnerability for alcoholism. There has been extensive studies on factors in
the genes that could determine or influence the...
...overall work productivity is shortchanged when all alcoholics are considered. Yet according to the National Institute on AlcoholAbuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), some studies of primary care practices have shown that alcoholics receive an assessment by a medical professional and a referral to treatment only about 10 percent of the time.According to a study released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration in 2004, in considering the state averages of the percentages of people with alcohol dependence, the nationwide average statewide percentage for individuals ages 12 years and older for 2002 was 3.5 percent of the population, with the highest nationwide percentage seen among young adults ages 18-25 years, or 7 percent. In considering alcohol dependence on a state-by-state basis, the highest percentage of alcohol dependence was in the District of Columbia (5.20 percent) and the lowest rate in Pennsylvania: 2.79 percent.Genetic IssuesThere is a family history of alcoholism among many alcoholics and this may be due at least in part to a genetic predisposition. Studies of adoptees and their adoptive parents, with no genetic relationship to each other, have indicated that adopted adults (especially males) who have birth parents who are alcoholics have an increased risk for the development of alcoholism themselves.According to a 2002 article in...