Name: Gerosshanth Satkunam
Student Number: 500461906
Course: SSH301– Research Design and
Dr. Melanie Knight
Department of Sociology
Jorgenson Hall 324
DATE OF SUBMISSION: Nov. 23, 201
On September 11th, 2001, the entire world witnessed the revolutionary terrorist acts of global militant group Al Qaeda, as US commercial airplanes were high jacked and crashed onto American soil leading to the death of thousands of innocent lives, shining a new light onto the face of global terrorism (The 9/11 Commission, 2004). Although this tragedy was recognized and publicized more extensively than others, the idea of Al Qaeda has existed for approximately 30 years, effectuating the meaning behind its name, which can be translated int Arabic into a “bare of operations”, or “foundation” (Burke, 2004, p.18).
According to testimonies given before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Al Qaida’s transnational terror network and ideology has become one of the most dominant threats against western civilization (Borum & Gelles, 2005). Although most view Al Qaeda as a terrorist organization, it is not that which poses the biggest threat to our national safety. It is more than that. It is an ideology. It serves as a vanguard for an enterprise of transnational Muslims to indulge in extremist methods reinforcing a worldwide Muslim jihad against western civilization. (Borum & Gelles, 2005). Their efforts to achieve this goal have left a trail of destruction and devastation throughout our world.
In this paper, I will dispute that Al Qaeda, through their tactics and ideologies play an influential role in global jihadism against the western civilization. To do so, I begin by setting a research question, to outline the overall frame of the paper: Who/What are the Al Qaeda, and what role do they play in the global jihad movement against western civilization? I will begin to answer this question, by rewinding back to the birth of the organization and its ideologies (The 9/11 Commission, 2004). By identifying the roots of the organization, it will create a better understanding regarding the people, influences, and incidents that took place in both influencing and propelling the birth of the organization and its ideologies. I will then go further into the beliefs reinforcing their ideology, and the reasoning towards their aggressive perception of the west, more specifically the United States of America (Burke, 2004). After setting up this foundation of comprehension, I will outline the tactics and methods used by the group to convey and implement themselves onto the Muslim population, and how this ideology is converted into the terrorism that is, and has been inflicted upon both the US, and other western countries. After illustrating these important details through research conducted through plausible and academic secondary sources, I will ultimately analyze and manifest the way this reinforces my argument, in the influential power of this terrorist organization regarding jihad against western civilization, and discuss the key details and themes regarding the issue.
Despite the world’s outlook on Al Qaeda as a terrorist group, or bureaucratic entity/army that could be defeated through war, it has now become a transnational movement that feeds into the Arabic translation of its name – “the base of operation” or the “foundation” (Hoffman, 2004, p. 552). They aren’t necessarily a “central hub” for Islamic militancy, but they pose as a “venture capital firm” – providing funding, intelligence, contacts/affiliates and experienced advice to Islamic militant groups and individuals all over the world, as their worldview grows stronger and more influential every day (Burke, 2004, P. 18).
The birth of Al Qaeda began with the fusing of two of the most extremist minds, of both Usama Bin Laden, and an Egyptian fugitive, Ayman al Zawahiri, both...
...Inside Al-Qaida: Ideology, Structure, Targets, and Tactics
Columbia Southern University
October 30, 2012
Inside Al-Qaida: Ideology, Structure, Targets, and Tactics
The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe and analyze the USA Patriot Act and its abilities to prevent, protect, and/or respond to current and/or future Al-Qaida terrorists attacks.
On the morning of September 11, 2001, 19 of Al-Qaida’s workers hijacked four
U.S. commercial airliners for use as suicide weapons, killing 2,972 people making it the most deadly act of terrorism and the first known suicide terrorist attack in the U.S. “How much freedom are Americans willing to give up for safety from terrorists?” This question, proposed by a January 2003 feature in USA Today newspaper, resides at the center of debates about homeland security. More than a year after 9/11 terrorists attacks on the U.S., the federal government’s stepped up security efforts are still a major focus today” (Torr, 2004).
New homeland security measures weighed by policy makers and outside viewers using two values: “their success in preventing terrorist attacks and the impact it would have on the American people”. It included a combination of efforts to prevent terrorist attacks such as random bag checks at the airport, as well as wide-ranging policies in the way...
...Paper - I
1. Sources: Archaeological sources:Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
2. Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).
3. Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.
4. Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.
5. Aryans and Vedic Period: Expansions of Aryans in India. Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
6. Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States (Mahajanapada): Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
7. Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka;...
...wRGEARJGNEJRLK HREJKH ERN GREKGERgkwergwEGJ WJRE GWKJER GWKERGKWERJG KW EJRGKJEW GEWKJG WJKEW tgkjE WGWEwejk GREJkgerkah earh jkearherakjh earkjh earkjh eraljherajl heral jhreajl heraj lheralj heralj her jlheraljh earh erah teh eat haahearh erah eath eath eta heth urhgqaehg isodghsdouihgaeuhwrg rwlnslnsdlgnetlnlsnrlgneorignerg eth yrh yr wehfb ygrwugy wrghrGrigirGW BER GBR TB AD B ADB RTAH ART HBAED TH ATEH ERTA HET AH RTH AER G ERAG ERA GE RAG REA GYA ER TRE HG R gera ha terh aerh brt h erag er yht hqrajgkjjern jkwrbn rejk bkrjw r wgj rg hgr kgh jurghurghrgr guhrg uh rg huri i hur uh o rgoh h hgeohuwfeuhwf hewouu rwoeqoiew uowefh uwrugowfeugwfe ugo wefugo uwegf ugowfe guoewfugwfe guwegufew guwfe ugefw ug feguw geufw guwefguwefgufewugewfgufgukdgdask g jksdjkwgjhwerjkt jhwjkwget kwettw t y wu u 7jae ga efv SD Gf hh eahr hreh tthr th ht he her rherhe erh rhejt rtjr jy kuu kku yu kkty j j ht gr gr gr gr RE REAHT EAHA ERT HET YH TE JTE AJ TAE J TE JA ETJ TE HE TAH ET J EATJ ET HA ET HAE TH AER AERH RE H AE HRER AH EAHLTRKE ALJHB KJB HK VFR DFF J UIJI IOH UHU IO I KIVNJK RERUUHGRE NTHENMTHE KT THT HTTJT Over the years, many have arisen to become what is commonly known as, a leader. Traits of a leader vary from being dedicated and altruistic to having courage and making sacrifices. All of those who step up to be a leader have a certain goal that they are trying to achieve. However, not all are successful in reaching what they aim for. This is what separates the true...
Today one of the most cherished ideologies of America is the fact that everyone is and should be created equal. With this cherished ideology bringing a sense of pride and diversity to America we must keep in mind that this cherished ideology did not always exist. Since 1865 various individuals and groups have not been able to receive and express their rights to full equal status in the United States. These different individuals and groups have seemingly fought for their rights in equality and have become pioneers in the fight for evolution for equality.
In 1865 African Americans in the United States under the 13th amendment were freed from the terrible burden of slavery. Through the 14th amendment they were given the right to citizenship and the right to equal protection. The 15th amendment gave them the right to vote regardless of their skin color race or any other type of servitude. These amendments were meant to be enforced and make a serious change in the everyday life of the average American.
With these amendments passing in 1865 they were meant to make a serious change towards the evolution of equality. These changes did not seem to happen right away and African Americans were still not being treated with equality. The average African American at this time were being denied there newly given rights every day making life extremely hard to stay...
Final Exam Part 2
On this world map, indicate the following features:
The Ring of Fire
The Mississippi River
The Gobi Desert
II. Graphic Organizer
Fill in the table below about these five major world religions. Do not fill in the shaded boxes.
Name at least
one Holy Text
How do you achieve
Describe their view about the afterlife.
Do good deeds to get good karma until you break the samsara or cycle of reincarnation and reach enlightenment
Believe the Four Truths are true and real, follow the Eightfold Path, meditation is one of the major steps to reach enlightenment
God promised the Jews, people of Israel, paradise and those who hate the Jews and mistreat them are going to go to Hell
People who believe in all the five pillars and do them and do righteous deeds go to heaven while the disbelievers and those who sin are punished and go to Hell
III. Short Answer
1. Explain the role of river valleys in the development of civilizations. Name at
least two river valleys as examples. (10 points)
Rivier valleys first and foremost provided water, a basic necessity for humans. It also provided fertile soil for agriculture, which led to settlements and brought hunting and gathering to an end....
...Name: Andiswa Mlambo
Unique number: 844868
Assignment : 04
The reform of Alexander11 [1855-1881] were meaningless and left tsarist Russia unchanged ; do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
I agree that the reform of Alexander11 [1855-1881] were meaningless and left tsarist Russia unchanged. The disastrous state of affairs left by Nicholas I meant that change had to come to Russia. His son, Alexander II was responsible for introducing major changes to the social system and other important aspects of life in Russia. Because of this, the reign of Alexander II was one of the most important periods in Russian history. Many historians believe that if Alexander II had been prepared to grant moderate political concessions, along with his social, legal and military reforms, Russia might have gradually become a constitutional monarchy. But although Alexander did tackle the urgent problem of serfdom, his reforms did not go far enough and he too was determined to hang on to his autocratic power.
After the defeat in the Crimean War many Russians now realised that Russia's only hope for military survival lay with modernisation. This would mean industrialisation to supply the military, improvements to communications and the introduction of a railway system. Financial reforms were introduced to meet the needs of the government not of the private sector. In 1860 Alexander II established the State Bank to provide credit...
...was very worried about my name in the US because it has another meaning, I do not want people to make fun of my name when they pronoun it. But then, nothing happens, people in there do not care who am I, how I look or treat me in different ways. I realized in there has so many races of people who come from other countries and they treat each other equally. To be honest, I not really like Black African Americans much because I think they always annoy, but not because of that reason I treat them not equally or have bad attitude toward them!
This is the first time I had heard about Latino. It is really a new knowledge for me. Although I am very confused and did not understand all of thing about Latino, I still enjoy and interested in their history. According to the book “Harvest of Empire-Juan Gonzales,” it said: “…Latinos numbered a mere 9.1 million and represented just 4.5 percent of the population as recently as 1970.” (Juan Gonzalez, p.16) In my opinion, when Latino immigrates to the US with a huge amount, they all bring to the US a new culture, new race, new physical characteristic, etc. For example, the popular music in the US at that time was Latin music. “But now Latino migrant, the product of those old relationships, have invaded the North American garden, kitchen, and living room. We are overflowing its schools, its army, even its jails.” (Juan Gonalez, p.18) In another side, Latino also brings immigrant different skin color in the US and that made...
Shackleton’s Way: Analysis & Review
Weber State University
Shackleton’s Way: Analysis & Review
Unfortunately, I missed the opportunity to participate in the group discussion in person on the day we were on campus. I have since emailed both particpants in my group, Anna Guzman and Tara Rhodes, who both responded promptly that everyone was submitting short answers to the questions in our discussion group, to compare and analyze. I have since compared and reviewed their answers with mine and we have similar opinions on Shackleton’s leadership traits, the meaning of the great achievement of failure to us all seemed to be that his greatest achievement was successfully keeping his team of men alive for two years. Not only did he keep them alive, they were for the most part happy and positive until the end. I think we also all agreed that leading by example was the greatest motivator he gave to his team. People are more likely to do what you ask if they see you alongside of them working just as hard. Learning about Shackleton has been one of the most enjoyable parts of my BSN education and I look forward to researching and learning more about him.
Shackleton possessed many leadership traits that I am still in awe of after reading this book. He was thoughtful, organized, determined, and passionate to name a few. The trait that stands out the most that sets him apart is flexibility. He planned for months, even years...